Total Manpower Strength 46,000



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# # # # 152-mm M-1937

# # # # 130-mm SM-4-1 towed

# # 130-mm M-1992

# # # # 122-mm M-1931/M-1937
Anti-Submarine

# # RBU 1200
MISSILES

Coastal Defense Surface-to-Surface

# # # # SSC-2B Samlet

# # # # HY-2 (6 sites) (China)

# # # # SS-N-2 Styx

Order of Battle



Command and Control

KPN (HQ Pyongyang) is under the Ministry of People’s Armed Forces (MPAF), along with Korean People’s Air Force (KPAF) and the Korean People’s Army (KPA).



  • Commander of the Navy: Admiral Kim Yun-Sim – subordinate to Chief of the General Staff Department

    • Commander of the Navy serves three functions:

      • Helps to formulate policy at MPAF-level

      • Commands the KPN through Naval Command Head Quarters Naval Staff

      • Coordinates naval ops with other armed forces branches

      • Coordination and Support Units – one coastal defense unit



      • Subordinates to the Commander of the Navy are:

        • East/West Sea Fleet Commanders

        • Chief of Naval Staff

        • Deputy Political Commander

        • Deputy Technical Commander

        • Deputy Rear Services Commander

        • Deputy Navigation Commander

        • Military Prosecution Office

        • Military Justice Office

        • Naval Medical Center (Navy Medical Hostpital)

        • Kim Chong-suk Nval Technical Training Center

        • Naval Officers School

        • Navy Petty Officers School

        • Naval Technical Training Center

        • Numerous ship building and repair facilities

        • Fleets do not exchange vessels/mutual support non-existent due to geographic/infrastructure/financial shortcomings.



  • Commander West Sea Fleet (also Yellow Sea Fleet – Namp’o): Rear Admiral Jyung Myung-Do – subordinate to Commander of the Navy

    • Six Squadrons (three names known – according to Jane’s Defense 09, 6 squadrons, according to Military Periscope, 5)

      • 8th Naval Squadron [Sagon-ni (37 49’ 23” N; 125 20’ 57”E), Hwanghae-Namdo ()]

      • 11th Naval Squadron (Namp’o)

      • 12th Naval Squadron (Yomju-gun, Pyongan-butko)

      • 3 Unknown Squadrons

      • 1 Navy Sniper Brigade\

      • Pip’a-got is the primary location for Submarines

      • Namp’o is primary repair and logistics base

      • 11th Naval Squadron HQ is Namp’o, but subs are located usually at Pip-a-got

      • Coastal Security Bureau provides an additional 50-60 vessels



  • Commander East Sea Fleet (T’oejo-dong, Nagwon-up): Rear Admiral Park Won-Shik – subordinate to Commander of the Navy

    • 10 Squadrons (Unknown)

    • Coastal Security Bureau – 70 to 80 additional vessels in East Sea

    • 1 Navy Sniper Brigade

    • Ch’aho, Mayang-do and Yukt’ae-tong (across from Mayang-do) are the primary submarine bases for Sang-o Class and Yugo class SSM; reported at Hwangt’do, Kosong-up and T’oejo-dong



  • Role of bases: organizational/logistics center

  • Most KPN patrol craft are in small ports, with 6-12 patrol craft, apparently

  • Organization of Squadrons

    • HQ

      • Batallions

        • Companies

    • Squadron Structure (Eg. 12th Naval Squadron - West Fleet)

      • HQ Battalion

      • 11 Batallions

        • 7 Batallions with nine small inshore patrol craft (suspected to be pontoon)

        • 2 Battalions for transport (of Snipers)

        • 1 Torpedo boat battalion

        • All vessels commanded by a 1st lieutenant or sub-Lieutenant

        • All missile-armed fast attack craft are commanded by lieutenant commanders



  • Operations/Tactical Doctrine

    • Influenced by ex-USSR/China

    • Focus on support of military/spec ops via infiltration operations and amphibious landings, supported by

      • Submarines

      • Missile craft

      • Naval rocket bombardment

      • Minelaying

    • Limitations:
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