Trade-off da – gdi 2011 1 Earth Science D/A 2



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Link—Inner NASA T/Off



NASA budget constrictions means Mars funding would have to trade-off within the agency
Smith 1 (Marcia, Pres. Space and Technology Policy Group, CRS Issue Brief for Congress, 5/11, http://www.cnie.org/NLE/CRSreports/science/st-57.cfm#_1_13, accessed 7-1-11, CH)

The 1999 Mars failures raised concerns in general about NASA's "faster, better, cheaper" (FBC) approach to building spacecraft. Three reports requested by NASA were released in March 2000 that looked at the Mars failures and/or at the FBC paradigm in general. Colloquially they are called the Stephenson Report, the Spear Report, and the Young Report and are available at http://www.nasa.gov/newsinfo/publicreports.html. A fourth report was prepared by the National Research Council at the request of Congress prior to the Mars failures (Assessment of Mission Size Trade-Offs for Earth and Space Science Missions). The reports generally founds flaws in the implementation of FBC but none suggested abandoning FBC. NASA released a new, more modest approach to Mars exploration in November 2000 that it hopes will lead to greater success. It also initiated reviews of other FBC programs and concluded that some required additional funding to maximize the probability of success. To provide that funding, NASA had to terminate other space science programs, such as a planned mission to Pluto--the only planet not yet visited by a NASA probe. Criticism of the Pluto mission's cancellation led NASA to open another "announcement of opportunity" (AO) for proposals for a lower cost mission to the planet. However, President Bush's FY2002 budget endorses a "robust" Mars exploration program, which requires additional funds for Mars from within the space science account. NASA therefore again said it would cancel the Pluto mission, as well as a Solar Probe project. Congress objected to NASA's cancellation of the Pluto mission, so NASA is still accepting proposals even though it is unclear if the program will be funded. NASA also has revealed $4 billion in cost growth on the space station program. At the same time, NASA announced it was cancelling two programs (X-33 and X-34) that were the centerpieces of NASA's attempt to develop new reusable launch vehicle (RLV) technology because of cost overruns and schedule delays. The agency plans to fund new RLV concepts through the Space Launch Initiative, begun in FY2001. Thus, NASA is facing challenges on many fronts in terms of program management and funding constraints. NASA's FY2002 budget request of $14.5 billion is approximately 2% more than its FY2001 level, an increase slightly less than the rate of inflation.


Obama’s budget freeze guarantess trade offs

FOX 10 (Fox News, 2/1/10, http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2010/01/31/obama-offers-budget-deficits-far-number-crunchers/) JPG

In the proposed budget, the White House is touting $20 billion in cuts and savings. But those savings are offset by increases elsewhere. For instance, the administration is budgeting a $20 billion increase in certain education funding -- a $17 billion increase for Pell Grant funding and a $3 billion increase for programs under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The budget assumes unemployment will remain high in the near future. It projects 10 percent unemployment on average for 2010 and 9.2 percent unemployment for 2011. It projects a 3.8 percent increase in GDP in 2011, compared with a 2.7 percent increase this year. And like last year, the budget includes a limit on charitable and mortgage deductions for families making more than $250,000 a year. The measure is expected to bring in $291 billion over the next decade. The numbers come as the president and congressional Democrats have pivoted from preparing a $1 trillion health care proposal to focusing on jobs and the deficit. Speaking at the State of the Union last week, Obama told a joint session of Congress that he wants to freeze spending -- beginning in 2011 -- on discretionary spending except the military, veterans and homeland security. The president said that would save $250 billion over 10 years. The budget also includes a freeze on pay for White House senior staff. But keeping budget deficits where they are currently projected will happen only if tax cuts passed in 2001 and 2003 expire as scheduled at the end of this year. The White House calculates tax hikes would generate $1.2 trillion in revenue over 10 years."We just did an 84 percent increase in a very short period of time of all this new spending. Democrats, since they took over Congress, increased domestic discretionary spending by $1.4 trillion," Rep. Paul Ryan, R-Wis., said on "Fox News Sunday." "We don't think taking all this money out of the private economy up to Washington and spending it through Washington is the way to create jobs. We believe we should keep that money in the economy," Ryan added. Under the proposed budget, NASA's moon mission would be put on hold, though NASA's overall budget would increase. The Pentagon and Department of Homeland Security budgets would also see increases.


Link—Inner NASA T/Off


NASA science budget is flat – Obama’s freeze guarantees funding trade-offs

LBA 8 (Lewis-Burke Associates, government relations firm specializing in public policy, 2/5/8, http://www.cswe.org/File.aspx?id=23851) JPG

The budget proposal presents a challenge to the Congress to deliver on the proposed ACI investments. Given that the overall domestic budget is essentially a freeze, these increases are proposed at the expense of funding reductions across the federal government. The President proposes to eliminate or reduce funding for 151 federal programs to save $18.2 billion in the budget. These proposed savings on paper help make room for the President to propose new spending initiatives, such as the ACI, within a flat domestic budget. These savings are likely to be rejected by Congress again this year, leaving it no choice but to increase domestic spending (as it did last year) or come up short on funding to implement the ACI. Following Defense Secretary Gates’ review of the Department of Defense science and technology programs, the FY 2009 budget proposes a promising increase of $65 million (4 percent) for DOD basic research. Not all federal research programs, however, would do as well under the FY 2009 Administration request as would the ACI agencies. The budget for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) would remain flat yet again with a request of $29.2 billion for FY 2009. The NASA science program would be essentially flat as well, and research at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) would decline by $20 million or 5 percent.





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