Trade-off da – gdi 2011 1 Earth Science D/A 2



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Link – NASA Budget Tight


NASA’s limited budget is needed to develop space launch systems.
Palm Beach Post 11(1/27, http://www.palmbeachpost.com/opinion/editorials/nasa-grounding-itself-with-complaints-about-deadlines-budget-1214893.html)

President Obama said Tuesday that America faces a "Sputnik moment." If so, the space agency founded in response to the launch of the Soviet Union's satellite isn't rising to that moment. On this date in 1986, the space shuttle Challenger broke apart 73 seconds after launch, killing all seven astronauts aboard. That tragedy did not end the shuttle program, which by that time had replaced travel to the moon as NASA's core mission. Showing characteristic resilience, NASA pressed ahead. Now, a new emphasis on commercial development of low-Earth-orbit space travel, coupled with budget constraints, is ending the shuttle program and leaving NASA's future in considerable doubt. Last year, President Obama and Congress replaced NASA's Bush-era goal of returning to the moon and then going to Mars - the Constellation program. The new mandate is to develop a "Space Launch System" and a "Multipurpose Crew Vehicle" - basically, a rocket capable of carrying heavy payloads and a manned spacecraft it would propel into the solar system and eventual deep-space exploration.
NASA doesn’t have enough budget to support extra costs.
Semeniuk 11 ( Ivan, Staff @ NatureNews, http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110210/full/news.2011.84.html?s=news_rss)

Some of the cuts look worse on paper than they may be in practice. Because the previous Congress was unable to reach a consensus and pass a 2011 budget last year, agencies are currently operating under a continuing resolution that directs them to spend money at 2010 levels. In some cases, the proposed cuts amount to maintaining that 2010 status quo. For example, NASA — which is slated by the Appropriations Committee for a $379-million cut — would remain near its 2010 funding levels. However, this leaves a number of questions unanswered, such as where the agency will find the money to support an extra shuttle flight — which was approved by Congress last year — and cover cost overruns by the James Webb Space Telescope project.


NASA has been forced to cut spending on traveling to the moon.
Hennigan 10 ( W.J., Aerospace Writer @ LA times, 4/5, http://articles.latimes.com/2010/apr/05/business/la-fi-rocket5-2010apr05)

The news comes as the Obama administration is pushing NASA to trim costs, an effort that agency staff and aerospace industry officials say could serve as a boon to space entrepreneurs in the private sector. In February, the president called on NASA to pull the plug on its plans to put astronauts back on the moon. The administration's proposed cuts, outlined in its 2011 budget, came after the federal government had already poured $9 billion into the lunar program. The agency, however, has also taken other cost-cutting measures, as in the March 26 propulsion contracts, said Karin E. Huth of NASA Glenn Research Center in Cleveland.


NASA needs budget for human space flight research
Cherry 11 (Mary Alys, staff @ HoustonNews,3/21 http://www.yourhoustonnews.com/bay_area/news/article_5ade7e55-0704-5b94-82e9-c76acbf789e0.html)

NASA’s future space missions are critical to the continued development of new American technologies, as well as our high-tech infrastructure throughout all sectors of the economy. “It is our belief that the commitments we make to the continuation of human space flight today will yield meaningful and sustained economic returns for decades to come.” Then, pointing to the nation’s debt problems, they added, “as our nation faces critical economic challenges, we must look to cut funding in places that will be challenging to accept . . . with a budget that also prioritizes current spending where it can do the most with the resources we have. This is why we are asking that any substantial reductions in programs or budget lines within the NASA budget would spare human spaceflight.”

Link – NASA Budget Tight


Budget cuts have caused setbacks in technology development and job losses
Gaudin 10 ( Sharon, Staff @ ComputerWorld, 2/1, http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9150382/Fla._senator_hits_White_House_over_reported_NASA_budget_plan)

"Based on initial reports about the administration's plan for NASA, they are replacing lost shuttle jobs in Florida too slowly, risking U.S. leadership in space to China and Russia, and relying too heavily on unproven commercial companies," said Sen. Bill Nelson, (D-Fla.) in a statement on his Web site. "If the $6 billion in extra funding is for a commercial rocket, then the bigger rocket for human exploration will be delayed well into the next decade. That is unacceptable." Nelson added, "We need a plan that provides America with uninterrupted access to space while also funding exploration to expand the boundaries of our knowledge." NASA scientists had been preparing in recent years for what the agency calls the Constellation moon landing plan initiated by former President George W. Bush. The latest budget plan reportedly ends the NASA plan to send humans back to the moon by 2020. And instead of building rockets to replace the retiring space shuttle fleet, several billion dollars will be set aside for contracts with private companies whose spacecraft will be used to ferry NASA astronauts on space missions.


NASA’s budget will only continue to decline over the next 4 years due to inflation
Atkinson 11 ( Nancy, Staff @ Universe Today, 3/4, http://www.universetoday.com/83740/nasa-mission-to-europa-may-fall-to-budget-cuts/)

The out-years budget means no major new starts of a flagship planetary [mission],” Ronald Greeley, a regent’s professor at Arizona State University in Tempe and chairman of the NASA Advisory Council’s planetary science subcommittee, said during a March 1 conference call with panel members. “That’s a major, major issue for our community.” The only flagship-class planetary mission in the works is the $2.5 billion Mars Science Laboratory Curiosity. The Juno mission to Jupiter, scheduled to launch in August 2011, is a medium-class “New Frontiers” mission set to study Jupiter only and not any of its moons. The 2012 budget request for NASA, unveiled February 14, 2011 by President Obama, would boost spending on planetary science activities from the current level of $1.36 billion to $1.54 billion next year. But funding would steadily decline over the following four years, to $1.25 billion in 2016. Space News reports that “NASA’s projected top-line budget is flat over the next five years at $18.72 billion, which when inflation is factored in translates into a decline in spending power. But there are budgetary scenarios under which NASA’s budget would decline over the next five years, even as the agency tries to replace the space shuttle and contends with runaway cost growth on the $5 billion-plus James Webb Space Telescope, the designated successor to the Hubble Space Telescope.”
NASA’s budget has been cut
Berger 11 (Brian, Staff @ space.com, http://www.foxnews.com/scitech/2011/04/15/congress-approves-1845-billion-nasa/)

The U.S. Congress included $18.45 billion for NASA in hard-fought spending compromise lawmakers passed April 14 to fund the federal government for the last five months of the 2011 budget year. Formal passage of the budget compromise Congress and the White House reached April 8 to avert a government shutdown brings an end to the uncertainty that has frustrated decision making at NASA and other federal agencies since the new fiscal year began last October. But it also leaves NASA with a budget some $240 million below last year's level.



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