Trade-off da – gdi 2011 1 Earth Science D/A 2



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Orion—Impact—Misc


Orion isn’t reusable – salt water corrodes the metal
AP 11 (5/25/11, http://www.newser.com/story/119417/nasa-to-use-moon-capsule-orion-for-deep-space-exploration.html) JPG

The Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle is the same ship with almost no changes—except now the ship will be attached to a still-to-be-designed big rocket and go out of Earth's orbit, a NASA administrator said yesterday. The ship would not be reusable because it will land in the Pacific Ocean and salt water corrodes metal, which critics say is wasteful. But Sen. Bill Nelson pointed out that taxpayers have already spent billions on Orion. "It shows real progress towards the goal of exploring deep space and eventually getting to Mars," he said.
Cant solve colonization
ScienceRay 11 (6/16/11, http://scienceray.com/technology/nasa-announced-the-spaceship-mpcv-for-mars-missions/) JPG

Experts say that a new capsule was originally a project of flights beyond low Earth orbit, especially for flights on the same Mars. These flights will take several months. Despite the fact that the capsule rather cramped, four astronauts will be there quite comfortably, they promise to NASA. At the same time, the agency emphasizes that it is created MPCV for flights, rather than to live on other planets.



Satellites – NUQ – $ Down


Cuts to NASA are inevitable, both sides agree – they’ll come from satellites

Xinhua News 3/9 (http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/sci/2011-03/09/c_13768759.htm) JPG

Glory's loss increased pressure from the Congress to cut the budget for Earth science. The House of Representatives has already approved cutting NASA's budget for the rest of 2011 by 600 million dollars while the Senate Democrats, 200 million. NASA originally expected the Congress to approve the president's request to grow the agency's budget for Earth science in the next four years from 1.8 billion dollars to 2.3 billion. However, given the budget pressure, NASA earth science budget expert Art Charothe speculates that 1.9 billion dollars that President Barack Obama requested for the 2012 fiscal year "is the high point." With the limited budget for Earth science, NASA has to think over the gloomy climate budget picture. NASA has already spent hundreds of millions of dollars on climate satellite missions that are still on the ground and need hundreds more to be able to fly. NASA's decision to build and launch a copy of the Orbiting Carbon Observatory craft, which crashed in 2009, has already taken money away from the budget for Earth science. The manned spaceflight program in recent years has also shrinked the budget specifically for climate satellite missions.
No internal link and impact – Obama empirically cuts earth observation satellites, its killed our forecasts

Baker 6/3 (Marcia Merry, Economics Intelligence director @ Executive Intelligence Review, http://www.larouchepub.com/other/2011/3822storms_thrtn_food.html) JPG

For more than a year, the Obama White House has waged war against the nation's leading Earth-observation and -exploration capabilities in space, including its potential collaboration with other spacefaring nations. Now, the Obama Administration has crippled some observation satellites already in space, and pushed off and cancelled others. By cuts in NASA's and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) budget in FY2011, and again for FY2012, three satellite arrays crucial for monitoring Sun, solar wind, and earthquake-precursor activity have been lost in the recent period: GOES 11 as of Feb. 28, when its data stopped being collected; DESDynI, which did not get launched; and the French-American Demeter, shut off in December 2010 after actually detecting precursor activity to the Haiti earthquake of February 2010. The White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB), in its FY2012 budget message, told NASA to indefinitely "defer" the Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) constellation of four satellites. It was designed for extremely precise data collection on solar radiation's interaction with the Earth. Beyond this, the Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) funding was cut out of the FY 2012 budget entirely, with "very serious consequences to our ability to do severe storm warning, long-term weather forecasting, search and rescue, and good weather forecasts" for the polar regions, according to testimony of the Administrator of NOAA.


EOS cuts now
Softpedia. No Date (http://news.softpedia.com/news/White-House-Cuts-Funds-for-Two-NASA-Climate-Satellites-188120.shtml, accessed 7-1-11, CH)

In a bid to save more money for the federal budget, the White House has just ordered the American space agency to cancel two important satellites for climate science, that were only last year approved to launch in 2017. These missions could have produced reliable scientific data about the changes our planet is going through, that may have helped sway policymakers and the general public in favor of taking action. Interestingly, the budget for Earth sciences that NASA got for 2012 is on the rise from 2011 levels, but still the White House made the decision to ask for this cancellation, Space reports. According to the agency, the two satellites that will no longer be built are called the Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) and the Deformation, Ecosystem Structure and Dynamics of Ice (DESDynI) missions.

Satellites – NUQ – $ Down


Satellite budget has already been raided
Clark 11 (Stephen, writer @ SpaceFlightNow.com, 2/7/11, http://spaceflightnow.com/news/n1102/07weathersat/) JPG

The federal government is operating on a continuing resolution, freezing the budget near last year's levels. The continuing resolution effectively cut funding for the JPSS program because it was considered a new initiative that didn't exist before 2010. "It has potentially a very profound effect on our launch date for JPSS 1," Burch said. The continuing resolution has so far cut this year's expected JPSS budget in half. The launch of NOAA's first next-generation weather satellite has already slipped nearly 24 months in the past year. "That's pushed us well into 2016," Burch said in an interview with Spaceflight Now. "It remains to be seen what happens in March. If, in March, we can get back to full funding, we'll be looking at ways to pull that launch date back, and hopefully we'll be able to launch in 2015."


Climate satellites will be cut – theyre perceived as accident prone
ABM 11 (About My Planet, writer holds B.A. in chem and bio, 3/6/11, http://www.aboutmyplanet.com/environment/nasa-climate-satellite-mission-fails-once-more/) JPG

At a time when NASA programs are being cut back and funding is being reduced, such a calamity will likely harm future missions. However, scientists working within and outside NASA are very concerned about the failure because it puts important climate tracking on hold once more. The current satellites in orbit are considered past their prime. Of the thirteen NASA satellites which observe the Earth, twelve of them are considered past due for replacement. Ruth DeFries, a professor at Columbia University, stated: “The nation’s weakening Earth-observing system is dimming the headlights needed to guide society in managing our planet in light of climate change and other myriad ways that humans are affecting the land, atmosphere and oceans.” Many are concerned that the recent mishap will trigger further program and funding cuts, putting NASA and the climate satellites in further danger of not succeeding. Satellites are considered a key resource in being able to properly assess and combat global warming and the loss of another satellite opportunity is yet another disappointment.
Satellites wont get the funding necessary to be effective
SpaceDaily 11 (4/12/11, http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Joint_Polar_Satellite_System_Program_And_The_US_Budget_999.html) JPG

Thanks to a series of stop-gap funding bills, JPSS continues to be funded at FY 2010 levels, well below NOAA's requested budget for this year. Program officials are expecting this situation to result in another delay of at least a year. Another roughly $2.6 billion in future spending is needed to produce the expected performance improvements for future weather forecasts. However, the House may well cut the funding significantly. If the funding is cut, there surely will be future gaps in weather forecasting capabilities and the government will wind up spending more money later, while increasing the dangers of not being able to forecast many severe weather situations. JPSS immediately needs $910 million to keep the program on track, but no word from congress as yet.





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