Training development in support of the operational domain



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8-2. Analysis for STPs

a. Requirement. STPs are a minimum essential requirement if identified as a requirement through a job analysis and a CTSSB. When analyzing individual tasks to determine the need for an STP, the developer must determine if the task is critical to training. If a product review identifies a revision requirement, then an STP is revised. Proponents determine the criticality and requirement to develop or revise STPs, including SMs and SM-TGs.

b. Start points for new and revised STPs:
(1) New. During needs analysis, proponents determine the criticality of and need to develop a new STP to support a new job.
(2) Revised. The STP is the output (printed or electronic) that includes the individual critical tasks for an MOS. Revisions must be considered when individual task analysis information changes. Electronic updates can be completed efficiently and effectively to keep information up-to-date. Additionally, in accordance with AR 25-30, preparing agencies must review each training product at least every 18 months to verify that the publication is still current and relevant, and then revised as appropriate.
(3) Critical task list. When creating or revising a critical task list for an MOS, be sure to include or link those common tasks found on the warrior task list. This ensures the list is comprehensive.

8-3. Design an STP

a. STP requirements. Since an STP is a publication with a predetermined format, the design of the content of the STP is already provided. In addition, much of the STP information is pre-populated or automatically generated in the CAC-approved automated development system. Figure 8-1 shows how an STP is designed and organized in the CAC-approved automated development system.


Figure 8-1. STP content organization


b. Chapter 1 explains how to use the STP in establishing an effective individual training program, including an overview of the Army/branch/MOS/job training strategy. The end of this chapter includes the professional development model. This model shows a Soldier what education and training is needed throughout the Soldier's entire career.
c. Chapter 2 lists the subject area numbers and titles used throughout the MOS training plan, defines the training requirements for each duty position, and provides a recommendation for cross-training and train-up or merger requirements. The STP also lists, by subject areas, the critical tasks to be trained, task numbers, task titles, training locations, sustainment training frequencies, and sustainment training skill levels.
d. Chapters 3 and 4 contain the individual task summaries—the job-specific and job-unique position tasks. Task summaries outline the performance requirements of each individual critical task included in the STP. They provide the Soldier and the trainer with the information necessary to prepare, conduct, and evaluate critical task training in the unit. At a minimum, task summaries include information on the tasks the Soldier must be able to perform to prescribed standards.
e. The glossary and references are the final two sections of the STP. The glossary contains a comprehensive list of acronyms and abbreviations that are in the STP. The references section identifies references that provide additional information.

8-4. Develop the STP

a. STP development requirements are as follows.


(1) STP development begins with the task summary. Task summaries outline performance requirements for each critical task in the STP. They provide the Soldier and trainer with the information necessary to prepare, conduct, and evaluate critical task training. At a minimum, task summaries include information Soldiers must know and skills they must perform to standard for each task.
(2) Much of the content of an STP is pre-populated or automatically generated by the CAC-approved automated development system. Because STP information and format are pre-populated and generated in the CAC-approved automated development system, which is used to build individual tasks and STPs, the requirements for developing an STP are based on compiling the individual critical tasks as developed in this system. As such, the ADDIE development phase of an STP is the compilation of the job-specific task summaries appearing as chapter 3 in the STP, and compilation of any job-unique duty position tasks appearing as chapter 4. Task summaries are based on information extracted from the individual critical tasks developed in the CAC-approved automated development system as depicted in table 8-2.


Table 8-2
Task summary format for an STP


Task summary format

Part

Description

1. Task title

Describes the required action with an action verb-object-qualifier.

2. Task number

Provides a unique, permanent identification number.

3. Condition

Describes the operating conditions under which the task will be performed. The condition expands on the information in the task title by identifying when, where, and why the Soldier performs the task as well as what materials, personnel, and equipment the Soldier must have to perform the task.

4. Standard

Establishes criteria for how well the task must be performed. The standard specifies how well, completely, or accurately a process must be performed or product developed.

5. Training and evaluation guide

Contains two sections:

(a) Task performance steps, which provide details required to perform the task.

(b) Performance evaluation guide that contains:

(1) Evaluation preparation. Provides special setup procedures and instructions for evaluating task performance (if required).

(2) Performance measures with GO/NO GO criteria.

(3) Evaluation guidance. Indicates requirements for receiving a GO and other special guidance (if required).



6. References

Identifies required and related references.

7. Integrated safety statements and environmental considerations

Provides special safety requirements and environmental considerations identified during task analysis. Safety and environmental factors and considerations are included in the task steps as identified during task analysis.

Note: Extract task summary information verbatim from the task analysis. See chapter 7 for development of an individual task.

b. When developing the task summary, note which type of task summary is needed.


(1) Reference-dependent task summary. A summary written for those tasks which require the trained Soldier to refer to one or more publications while performing all or part of a task in operational conditions.
(2) Reference-independent task summary. A summary written for those tasks which require the trained Soldier to perform the task in operational conditions from memory (without referring to any publications).
(3) Paragraph B-4 is an example of part of the task summary portion (chapter 3 of an SM-TG) of an STP.
c. The proponent agencies that prepare the STP for publication and distribution further develop the STP. The proponent/preparing agencies:

(1) Plan, manage, and develop new and revised ADTLP publications and prescribed forms in accordance with this pamphlet and the policy and procedures in required references.


(2) Ensure that doctrine principles and TTPs in their areas of responsibility are consistent throughout doctrinal and training literature.
(3) Enter, prioritize, and maintain currency of prioritization and developmental status of ADTLP requirements in the CAC-approved automated development system.
(4) Review drafts of doctrinal and training publications from preparing agencies for sufficiency and integration in areas of expertise.
(5) Ensure integration of new and revised doctrine to maintain currency of proponent publications..
(6) When required, develop TRADOC memorandums of understanding or memorandums of agreement for developing multiservice or multinational training literature with other services, Army commands (ACOMs), or unified and specified commands.
(7) Establish local procedures to staff, manage, coordinate, and approve ADTLP publications.
(8) Ensure compliance with copyright requirements for publications in both print and electronic media; determine and apply appropriate foreign disclosure restriction statements on ADTLP publications containing classified military information and controlled unclassified information in accordance with applicable DA and TRADOC regulations, training product classification, foreign disclosure restriction statements, and copyright/proprietary materials.
(9) Determine and assign to all ADTL publications in accordance with AR 25-30 appropriate:

(a) Security classification markings (also in accordance with AR 380-5).


(b) Distribution restriction statement.
(c) Publication number.
(10) Exercise approval authority for requests for release of ADTLP publications containing a distribution restriction.
(11) Ensure safety and environmental concerns are integrated in applicable training literature; coordinate threat, safety, risk assessment, and environment issues with appropriate offices.

(12) (Sustainment CoE off-site schools only) Provide ADTLP print/replication schedule priorities to Commander, Sustainment CoE, upon request.

(13) Develop and forward electronic copy for ADTLPs, including page changes to the Army Training Support Center (ATSC) for authentication, replication, and distribution.

(14) Upload and maintain currency of authenticated Army ADTLP publications, including changes, in the CAC-approved automated development system.


d. Supporting tasks include the process that involves preparing and submitting DA Form 260 in accordance with AR 25-30. Commander, ATSC, verifies the DA Form 260 to ensure conformity to AR 25-30 and required TRADOC regulatory guidance.



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