Transport and logistics in croatia


PRIORITIES OF ROAD SECTOR



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PRIORITIES OF ROAD SECTOR:

  • Completion of the modernisation of the remaining sections of the TEN-T core network lines according to their functionality,

  • Improving connectivity of Dubrovnik with the rest of Croatian territory and with the neighbouring countries,

  • Increase the sustainability of the road system by performing a reorganisation of the sector, increase the efficiency of the maintenance of the network, reduce the environmental impact (especially the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions) and implement measures to increase the safety and reduce the influence of the seasonal constraints,

  • Improve the accessibility to ports, airports and other relevant nodes considering local and regional transport needs.


Today, Croatian ports annually reloaded about 21 million tons of cargo and transported more than 13 million passengers (data for 2015). Croatian ports are integrated into a comprehensive network of European transport corridors, which represents a growth potential that allows the inclusion of trade flows to the intra-European and world markets, as well as the transformation of port systems in modern logistics and distribution of economic centres.




Maritime Transport Statistics (year)

2015.

2014.

2013.

CARGO (‘000 tones)

21 376

20 335

24 744

PASSANGERS (‘000)

13 082

13 029

12 770

Source of data: www.dzs.hr
Six major ports (Rijeka, Zadar, Sibenik, Split, Ploce and Dubrovnik) are located along the mainland coast and all are declared ports of special (international) economic interests for the Republic of Croatia. Croatian seaports are conveniently positioned to facilitate maritime transport between Central and Eastern Europe and Southern Asia, Australia and Oceania and Europe (via the Suez Canal). They enable a shortening of voyages by 5 to 8 days, or by a minimum of 2 000 km compared to north European ports. Currently on EU market, Adriatic ports take only 3% of total freight. Therefore, there is a large potential to increase freight transport of all Adriatic ports.

The further development of Ports of Rijeka and Ploce depends partially on the development of their connections to the railways. The most important common interest project for cargo maritime sector is the development and reconstruction of railway section from Rijeka to Hungary while further railway development in Bosnia and Herzegovina is of crucial importance for the development of port of Ploce. Ports Pula, Zadar, Sibenik, Split, Dubrovnik and Ploce are classified as comprehensive ports on the TEN-T Network.



PRIORITIES OF MARITIME TRANSPORT SECTOR:

  • Specialisation of the ports according to the demand potential,

  • Increase the sustainability of the system by performing a reorganisation of the sector, improving the efficiency of the maintenance, reducing the environmental impact and implementing measures to increase the safety and the interoperability of the system,

  • Improve the accessibility of the ports and their connections to other transport modes to facilitate the development of multi-modal transport.




  • AIR TRANSPORT NETWORK

The historical legacy and political, market and financial circumstances resulted in one main national airline, Croatia Airlines, also a member of Star Alliance.







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