Transportation Safety


Average Cost to Employers ,500/crash (all crashes)



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Average Cost to Employers

  • $16,500/crash (all crashes)

  • $0.158/vehicle-miles traveled

  • $504,400/fatal injury

  • $76,300/injury (all injury)

  • $73,750/nonfatal injury

Economic Costs of Traffic Crashes in 2000

  • $230.6 billion - Total societal cost of motor vehicle crashes

  • $60 billion - Cost to Employers

  • $40 billion from on-the-job crashes

  • $20 billion off-the-job crashes for workers and their dependents

Employer Costs of Motor Vehicle Injuries

Employer Costs per Person Involved in a Crash

Unrestrained vs. Restrained

  • On-the-Job Crash

Unrestrained - $27,750

Restrained - $11,310

  • Off-the-Job Crash

Unrestrained - $2,980

Restrained - $600

Work-Related Crashes

  • Leading cause of occupational fatality

  • More than 1,300 deaths/year between 1992 and 2002

  • Accounted for 23% of all occupational deaths in 2000

  • While other causes of occupational death decreased, crash fatalities increased steadily between 1992 and 1999

Who is Involved?

Who is Involved?

Roadway Fatalities Among Older Workers

  • Roadway crashes are the leading cause of occupational fatalities for older workers in the U.S. Between 1992 and 2002, nearly 3,200 workers aged 55 years and older died in motor vehicle crashes on public highways, accounting for 22% of all occupational fatalities among this worker group

Who is Involved?

What Type of Crash?

What Type of Crash?

Crash Data

  • 25-50 percent of crashes caused by distracted driving

  • 40 percent of crashes are alcohol-related

  • 30 percent of crashes are speed-related

  • 52-58% of occupants aren't belted in fatal crashes

Reducing Transportation Accidents

  • Additional training modules have been developed as part of this series to assist employers in the education and training of their workforce involved in travel for work or commuting to and from work. Highlights of the modules are outlined on the next 4 slides……..

Accident Prevention

  • Major causes of accident are explored including:

  • Distracted drivers

  • Driving under the influence

  • Excessive speed

  • Driver fatigue

  • Aggressive driving

Defensive Driving

  • Defensive driving points

  • Avoiding rear-end collisions

  • Backing safety

  • Avoiding deer crashes

  • Inclement weather driving

  • Railroad crossings

  • Seat belt use

Workplace Safe Driving Programs

  • Employers who implement safe driving programs reap benefits that include:

  • Reduction in injuries and fatalities

  • Lower operating costs

  • Improved employee relations and higher morale

  • Enhanced corporate image

Commercial Driver Safety

  • A look at DOT regulations for commercial drivers including:

  • Pre and post trip inspections

  • Cargo securement

  • Hours of service regulations

  • Driver security awareness

  • Hazardous material

References

1. Dellinger AM, Langlois JA, Li G. Fatal crashes among older drivers: decomposition of rates into contributing factors. Am J Epidemiol 2002;155(3):234–41

2. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS). Fatality facts, older people. Arlington (VA): IIHS; 2003

3. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS). Fatality facts: teenagers 2003. Arlington (VA): IIHS 2005

4. Konicki, Kathy A Model: Corporate Traffic Safety Program; Director of Associate Safety, Nationwide Insurance

5. National Safety Council, NHTSA

6. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, NHTSA, 2007. Traffic Safety Facts, Overview

7. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, NHTSA [2003]. The economic burden of traffic crashes on employers: costs by state and industry and by alcohol and restraint use. Publication DOT HS 809 682

References

8. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, NHTSA, Work Related Crashes: Incidence and Remedies, Jeff Michael

9. National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, NIOSH; Older Drivers in the Workplace; Crash Prevention for Employers and Workers NIOSH Publication No. 2005-159

10. National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, NIOSH: “Roadway Crashes are the Leading Cause of Occupational Fatalities in the U.S.”, Publication No 2004-137, 2004.

11. Stevens JA, Hasbrouck L, Durant TM, Dellinger AM, Batabyal PK, Crosby AE, et al. Surveillance for injuries and violence among older adults. MMWR Surveillance Summaries 1999;48(SS-8):27–50.

12. U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2004

13. U.S. Department of Labor, OSHA; “Guidelines for Employers to Reduce Motor Vehicle Crashes”

14. U.S. Department of Labor, OSHA Safety and Health Topics, Motor Vehicle Safety

15. U.S.D.O.T Bureau of Transportation Statistics, 2005, Federal High Way Administration

Learning Exercise

1. The leading cause of on-the-job fatalities in the U.S. is

a. Heart attacks

b. Traffic crashes

c. Falls

2. More than ______ deaths a year result from occupational motor vehicle incidents.

a. 10,000

b. 5,000

c. 2,000

Learning Exercise

3. There were over 40,000 highway fatalities in 2003.


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