Emotions: feelings that generally have both physiological and cognitive elements and that influence behavior
Theories of emotions
Schachter-Singer (Two-Factor) Theory
Must cognition precede emotion?
Zajonc – argues that emotional reactions can be quicker than our interpretations of a situation…so we feel before we think
Research on neurological processes support this idea – some neural pathways involved in emotion bypass the cortical areas involved in thinking
Lazarus – argues that while our brain does process a lot unconsciously, even instantaneously felt emotions require some sort of cognitive appraisal of the situation – otherwise, how do we KNOW what we are responding to
Appraisal may be effortless and may not be conscious of it, but it is still happening