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Thomas Magens van Beverhoudt:
Enslaved Persons:
Bewerhoudt, Thomas Magens von (1) [T. M. v. Beverhoudt (2)]:

Purchased 1 boy, no. 374, for 140 rd., on 24 March 1779 (1) and took out a mortgage with the Guineiske Handels Direction, the same date, for 140 rd. for man, Tomyris (2).

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(1) NA, RG55, Entry No. 313, Box 723, f. 74-75; (2) RA, VL, Xsted Byfoged, Byting, vol. O, f. 426


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Johannes van Beverhoudt, Cz.
Enslaved Persons:
Qwasiba, was baptized on 17 June 1792 in the Christiansted Lutheran Mission Church as Carolina Charlotte. 603 Witnesses to the baptism were: Christian Wilhelm, Stephanu[s] Losang [Lerang], Christianna Yard and Nehemi MacNobni. 604

1 RA, Generaltoldkammeret - Ældre del …, 365, Etatsråd Martfeldt's samling …, 1760-1770, 406, "Origenen af familierne paa St, Thomas og St. Jans," no. 1.

2 RA, V-gK, Nr. 484, Landets Protokol 6 March 1672-2 October 1684, f. 9.

3 J. Hartog, History of Saba, Saba: The Saba Artisan Foundation, 1988, pp. 25-26.

4 RA, V-gK, Nr. 484, Landets Protokol 6 March 1672-2 October 1684, f. 14v.

5 Rigsarkiv [National Archives], Copenhagen [hereafter, RA], Vestindisk-Guineisk Kompagni [hereafter, V-gK], Nr. 731, Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, List for February 1691, fol. 22, [no. 112].

6 RA, V-gK, Nr. 731, Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Planterne paa Ste. Thomas, 25 July 1688; published as The 1688 Census of the Danish West Indies, translated by Gary T. Horlacher, Edited and Annotated by David W. Knight (St. Thomas: Little Northside Press, 1998).

7 The Regional Archive for Zeeland, Denmark, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas , Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 9.

8 RA, V-gK, Nr. 731, Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, List for February 1691, fol. 12, [no. 60].

9 RA, V-gK, Nr. 731, Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Liste over alle Planters en Habitantendes ..., March 1, 1692-March 1, 1693, f. 16.

10 RA, V-gK, Nr. 731, Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Liste over all D Planters en Habitanten ...c1693-94.

11 RA, V-gK, Nr. 487, Landetprotokol, 1694-96. However, these may have been new inhabitants.

12 RA, V-gK, Nr. Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Liste ofuer alle Plantere og Indevaaner ...1697-1698, f. 9

13 RA, V-gK, Nr. Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Liste ofuer alle Plantere og Indevaaner ...1697-1698, f. 16.

14 RA, V-gK, Nr. Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Liste Ower Deese Landts Planteres & Inwoonders ... 1699.

15 RA, V-gK, Nr. Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Liste Ower Deese Landts Planteres & Inwoonders ... 1699.

16 RA, V-gK, Nr. Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Liste Ower Deese Landts Planteres & Inwoonders ... 1699.

17 RA, V-gK, Nr. Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Lands Liste ... tot d 1 Marty 1700.

18 Census records from the ARA WIC

19 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 20 April 1701.

20 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 11 May 1701.

21 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 13 May 1701.

22 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 21 May 1701.

23 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 28 May 1701.

24 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 1 June 1701.

25 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 10 June 1701.

26 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 11 & 14 June 1701.

27 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 20 June 1701.

28 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 16 July 1701.

29 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 17 July 1701.

30 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 4 August 1701.

31 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 11 October 1701.

32 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 20 November 1701.

33 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 26 November 1701.

34 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 2 December 1701.

35 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 3 December 1701.

36 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 29 December 1701.

37 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 1 January 1702.

38 RA, V-gK, Nr. 501, Journaler over det paa St. Thomas passerede, 1696-1702, 6 & 7 January 1702.

39 Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1691-1795, f. 56, Baptisms, 1708/no. 1.

40 Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1691-1795, f. 56, Baptisms, 1708/no. 8.

41 RA, Lutheran Church, Church Book, St. Thomas, 1671-1795, f.76, Baptism no. 33/1710..

42 Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 80, Baptism no. 11/1712.

43 Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 84, Baptism no. 6/1714.

44 RA, Lutheran Church, Church Book, St. Thomas, 1671-1795, f. 87, Marriages, no. 7/1715..

45 RA, V-gK, Direktionenes korrespondeance, Breve og dokumenter fra Vestindian, nr. 95, 28/5 1719-27/7 1724, 20 Juli 1722, Character paa Indvaaneer paa Eylandet St. Jan.

46 RA, V-gK, Direktionenes korrespondance, Breve og dokumenter fra Vestindian, nr. 95, 28/5 1719-27/7 1724, 20 Juli 1722, Character paa Indvaaneer paa Eylandet St. Jan.

47 Evidence that Anna, Aletta and Anna Elisabeth are sisters comes from J. L. Carstens' St. Thomas in Early Danish Times ..., English edition and translation, Arnold R. Highfield (St. Croix: Virgin Islands Humanities Council, 1997), pp. 10-11.

48 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 105.

49 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1691-1795, Baptisms, f. 116; see variant spelling in: RA, Danske Kancelli E15... 4. Dept.s Lukkede og Aabne Breve 1771-73, ff. 47-55.

50 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1691-1795, f. 103, Marriages, no. 5/1724.

51 Herluf Nielsen, editor, “J. L. Carstens: En Almindelig Beskrivelse om All de Danske, Americanske eller West-Jndiske Ey-Lande,” Danske Magazin, 8 set, vol. 3/22 (1967-1970), f. 174.

52 RA, V-gK, Direktionenes korrespondeance, Breve og dokumenter fra Vestindian, nr. 95, 28/5 1719-27/7 1724, 20 Juli 1722, Character paa Indvaaneer paa Eylandet St. Jan.

53 RA, V-gK, Nr. 750, Landliste over Eylandet St. Jan, Anno 1728, no. 34.

54 RA, V-gK, Nr. 750, Lands Liste ower St. Jans ... Anno 1729 ..., no. 34.

55 RA, V-gK, Nr. 750, Lands Liste for St. Jan pro Anno 1730 ..., no. 34.

56 RA, V-gK, Nr. 750, Landliste over Eylandet St. Jan, Anno 1728, nos. 50 & 51.

57 RA, V-gK, Nr. 750, Lands Liste ower St. Jans ... Anno 1729 ..., nos. 50 & 51.

58 RA, V-gK, Nr. 750, Lands Liste for St. Jan pro Anno 1730 ..., no. 50.

59 RA, V-gK, Nr. 750, Lands Liste for St. Jan pro Anno 1730 ..., no. 51.

60 RA, V-gK, Nr. 750, Lands Liste ... Anno 1731..., no. 33.

61 RA, V-gK, Nr. 750, Lands Liste ... Anno 1731..., nos. 49 & 50.

62 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas , Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 126.

63 RA, VILA, 38.26.07, Christiansted Byfoged, Panteprotokol, Litra H (1765-67), f. 6v, no. 5.

64 St. Croix Dutch Reformed Church, Baptisms and Marriages, 1764-1787, f. 136.

65 St. Thomas Lutheran Church, Church Book, 1691-1795, Deaths.

66 RA, Lutheran Church, Church Book, St. Thomas, 1671-1795, f. 90, Baptism, no. 6/1719.

67 RA, Lutheran Church, Church Book, St. Thomas, 1671-1795, f. 90, Baptism, no. 6/1719.

68 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 98, Baptism, no. 2/1722.

69 RA, V-gK, Direktionenes korrespondeance, Breve og dokumenter fra Vestindian, nr. 95, 28/5 1719-27/7 1724, 20 Juli 1722, Character paa Indvaaneer paa Eylandet St. Jan.

70 [Attributed to] J. L. Carstens' St. Thomas in early Danish times:... English edition and translation by Arnold R. Highfield (St. Croix: Virgin Islands Humanities Council, 1997), p. 11.

71 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 99, Marriages, 1/1722.

72 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 99, Marriages, 1/1722.

73 RA, Lutheran Church, Church Book, 1691-1795. f. 102, Baptism, no. 4/1724.

74RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1691-1795. f. 163.

75 RA, Danske Kancelli E15... 4. Dept.s Lukkede og Aabne Breve 1771-73, ff. 47-55.

76 St. John's Anglican Church, Christiansted, Church Book, Marriages, 1761-1787, f. 7.

77 St. Croix Dutch Reformed Church, Church Book, Baptisms, 1764-1787, f. 81.

78 RA, Danske Kancelli E15... 4. Dept.s Lukkede og Aabne Breve 1771-73, ff. 47-55.

79 Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1691-1795, Baptisms, f. 116.

80 RA, St. Croix Matricle, 1760, f. 24 [Queen's Quarter, no. 37].

81 Kenneth Barta, "von Bretons."

82 Kenneth Barta, "von Bretons".

83 RA & NARA, RG55, St. Croix Matricle, 1790, ff. 54,55,68.

84 RA, Guineiske Kompagni, C.142, 3 June 1767 & A.23, ff. 30-33.

85 RA, St. Thomas-St. John Matricles, Charlotte Amalie, f. (1768), f. 6 (1769), f. 7 (1770), f. 7 (1771), f. 4 (1772), f. 3 (1773), f. 3 (1774), f. 4 (1775), f. 4 (1776), f. 1 (1777), f. 1 (1778). There was no listing for 1779.

86 RA, St. Croix Matricle, 1769, Christiansted, 1 Strand St., when Lucas is found alone.

87 RA, St. Thomas - St. John Matricle, 1769, f. 8.

88 RA, St. Thomas - St. John Matricle, 1770, f. 3, where it indicates that he has married Mrs. Lieutenant Major Suhm. They were members of the Dutch Reformed Church, whose records for this period have not survived.

89 St. Thomas Lutheran Church, Charlotte Amalia, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1691-1795, Baptisms, 2 April 1736, f. 142.

90 St. Thomas Lutheran Church, Church Book, 1691-1795, Marriages, 13 May 1751, f. 175.

91 Lutheran Church, Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1691-1795, baptisms, 1 April 1736, f. 148.

92 RA, 365, Generaltoldkammeret - Ældre ..., 406, Etatsraad Martfelds samling..., 1760-1770, "Invaanerne paa St. Thomas, no, 86.

93 RA, Danske Kancelli E15... 4. Dept.s Lukkede og Aabne Breve 1771-73, ff. 47-55.

94 RA, St. Thomas - St. John Matricle, 1770, f. 3.

95 RA, St. Thomas - St. John Matricle, 1771, f. 3.

96 RA, Danske Kancelli E15... 4. Dept.s Lukkede og Aabne Breve 1771-73, ff. 47-55.

97 RA, St. Thomas - St. John Matricle, 1772, f. 2.

98 RA, St. Croix Matricle, 1771, Christiansted, 2 Strand Street, f. 8.

99 RA, St. Croix Matricle, 1772, Christiansted, 2 Strand Street, f. 8.

100 RA, St. Croix Matricle, 1773, Christiansted, 2 Strand Street, f. 9.

101 RA, St. Croix Matricle, 1773, Christiansted, 2 Strand Street, f. 9.

102 NARA, RG55, St. Croix Matricle, 1774, Christiansted, 2 Strand Street, f. 8.

103 NARA, RG55, St. Croix Matricle, 1774, Christiansted, 2 Strand Street, f. 8.

104 RA, St. Croix Matricle, 1775, Christiansted, 2 Strand Street.

105 NARA, RG55, St. Croix Matricle, 1777, Christiansted, 2 Strand Street, f. 11. The 1776 matricle seems to be lost, as it is neither in Copenhagen or Washington.

106 St. Croix Dutch Reformed Church, Church Book, 1764-87, f. 81.

107 NARA, RG55, Entry no. 313, box 723, ff. 28-29; Record of Deeds, Christiansted, Landsting, Panteprotokol, vol. D, f. 78.

108 NARA, RG55, St. Croix Matricle, 1778, Christiansted, 1 Strand Street, f. 10.

109 Wade Catts Paper, 2003.

110 NARA, RG55, St. Croix Matricle, 1779, Christiansted, 1 Strand Street. f. 10.

111 The New-Jersey Journal. (Elizabeth-Town), xiv, no. 686 (Wednesday, November 30, 1796), “On Friday last Mr. Lucas Van Beverhoudt, of Troy, was thrown from his chair and killed. ‘Death’s thousand doors stand open.’” The citation found and shared by Lowell M. Mower, Colonial American Historian.

112 Tobias Boudinot to John Wheelock, May 30, 1798, John Wheelock Papers, Dartmouth College; Obituary, Mariana von Beverhoudt, Genius of Liberty (Morristown, NJ), May 31, 1798.

113 See website:< http://www.rootsweb.com/~njmorris/newspapers/genius-dn.htm>.

114 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas , Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 126.

115 It is not certain that this reference is sufficient documentation to be sure that Ruth was married to Johannes, as she was just referred to in the following as "my dear sister-in-law": RA, Danske Kancelli, 5E15 ... 4. Dept.s Lukkede og Aabne Breve, 1771-73, f. 49.

116 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas , Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 126; RA, 365, Generaltoldkammeret-Ældre …, 406, Etatsraad Martfeldts samling .., 1760-1770, "Indvaanerne paa St. Thomas , no. 71.

117 RA, Danske Kancelli E15... 4. Dept.s Lukkede og Aabne Breve 1771-73, ff. 47-55.

118 St. Thomas Lutheran Church, Church Book, 1691-1795, Baptisms, f. 132.

119 St. Croix Dutch Reformed Church, Church Book, 1764-87, f. 81.

120 RA, St. Croix Dutch Church, Baptism, 1760-1787, f. 74.

121 William C. Reichel & Wm. H. Bigler, A History of the Moravian Seminary for Young Ladies, at Bethlehem, PA., with a Catalogue of its Pupils, 1785-1870. Bethlehem, PA: Published for the Seminary, 1901., p. 342. The date given for her birth, a year earlier, does not agree with the Dutch Reformed Church Book, see above.

122 William C. Reichel & Wm. H. Bigler, A History of the Moravian Seminary for Young Ladies, at Bethlehem, PA., with a Catalogue of its Pupils, 1785-1870. Bethlehem, PA: Published for the Seminary, 1901., p. 342.

123 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas , Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 178, Baptisms, 14 January 1753.

124 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas , Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 126.

125 RA, Danske Kancelli E15... 4. Dept.s Lukkede og Aabne Breve 1771-73, ff. 47-55.

126 RA, Danske Kancelli E15... 4. Dept.s Lukkede og Aabne Breve 1771-73, ff. 47-55.

127 RA, Danske Kancelli E15... 4. Dept.s Lukkede og Aabne Breve 1771-73, ff. 47-55.

128 RA, Danske Kancelli E15... 4. Dept.s Lukkede og Aabne Breve 1771-73, ff. 47-55.

129 RA, Danske Kancelli E15... 4. Dept.s Lukkede og Aabne Breve 1771-73, ff. 47-55.

130 RA, V-gK, Nr. 499, Journal holden paa Ste. Thomas ... 29de January 1691 til 31te May 1692, 31 May 1692.

131 RA, Lutheran Church, St.. Thomas, Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 11 & 13.

132 RA, Lutheran Church, Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 63; Kay Larsen, Guvernører, Residenter, Kommandanter og Chefer ... (København: Arthur Jensens Forlag, 1940), p. 78.

133 RA, V-gK, Nr. Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Liste Ower Deese Landts Planteres & Inwoonders ... 1699 & ibid., Lands Liste ... tot d 1 Marty 1700.

134 RA, V-gK, Nr. Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Liste Ower Deese Landts Planteres & Inwoonders ... 1699

135 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 81.

136 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 125; E. Gullach-Jensen, "Bidrag til de dansk-vestindiske Øers Personhistorie," Personalhistorisk Tidsscrift, 7 Rk., 1 Bd. (1916), 251.

137 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 82, Baptism no. 4/1713.

138 St. Thomas & St. John, West Indies, Index to Probate Records: 1717-1814, Copied by Lolly Prime, Translated and edited by Gary T. Horlacher (St. Thomas, c1997), p. 53.

139 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 125; E. Gullach-Jensen, "Bidrag til de dansk-vestindiske Øers Personhistorie," Personalhistorisk Tidsscrift, 7 Rk., 1 Bd. (1916), 251.

140 J. L. Carstens' St. Thomas in Early Danish Times ..., English edition and translation, Arnold R. Highfield (St. Croix: Virgin Islands Humanities Council, 1997), x.

141 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas. Church Book, 1691-1796, f. 56, Baptism, no.3/1708

142 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 76, Baptism , no. 6/1711.

143 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 92, Baptism, no. 3/1720.

144 RA, V-gK, Nr. Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Liste ..., 1 March 1692-1 March 1693, f. 16.

145 RA, V-gK, Nr. Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Liste ... c1693-1694.

146 RA, V-gK, Nr. Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Liste Ower Deese Landts Planteres & Inwoonders ... 1699.

147 RA, V-gK, Nr. 487, Landets protokol, 1694-96.

148 RA, V-gK, Nr. Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Liste ofuer alle Plantere og Indevaaner ...1697-1698, f. 16.

149 RA, V-gK, Nr. Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Liste Ower Deese Landts Planteres & Inwoonders ... 1699. There is listed in a census of Saba from 1699, a Geloude van Beverhout, with a wife. He would seem to be a different Glaudi from the one on St. Thomas. At the same time there is a widow, Susanna Beverhout, with 29 slaves on Saba. She might have been the spouse of the Engel van Beverhoudt mentioned in the beginning. This all remains to be untangled. (Source: ARA WIC 247, "Liste van Saba also tegenvoordig te Manschappen Vrouwen Kinderen Negermans ... en Kinderenis bevindende op den 16 Mey 1699."

150 RA, V-gK, Nr. Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, Lands Liste ... tot d 1 Marty 1700.

151 RA, Lutheran Church, Church Book, St. Thomas, 1671-1795, ff. 31, 33.

152 The 1688 Census of the Danish West Indies, translated by Gary T. Horlacher, Edited and Annotated by David W. Knight (St. Thomas: Little Northside Press, 1998), no. 2(B); RA, V-gK, Nr. 731, Landlister for St. Thomas, 1688-1710, List for February 1691, fol. 14, no. [69].

153 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1671-1795, f. 34, Baptism no. 1/1704.

154 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1691-1795, f. 44, Baptisms.

155 RA, Lutheran Church, St. Thomas, Church Book, 1691-1795, f. 54, Baptisms, no. 34..

156 E. Gullach-Jensen, "Bidrag til de dansk-vestindiske Øers Personhistorie,"


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