Waart, Edo de. 56 Wachmann, Eduard 56


Weingartner Liederhandschrift



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Weingartner Liederhandschrift


(D-Sl HB XIII, 1).

See Sources, MS, §III, 5.

Weinlig, Christian Theodor


(b Dresden, 25 July 1780; d Leipzig, 7 March 1842). German Kantor, composer and teacher. He was the nephew of Christian Ehregott Weinlig (b Dresden, 30 Sept 1743; d Dresden, 14 March 1813), who was an organist in Leipzig (1767–73), a renowned Kantor at the Dresden Kreuzschule from 1785 and a composer of sacred and instrumental music. He first studied and practised law (1797–1803), then took music lessons (especially in composition) with his uncle (1804–6) and with Stanislao Mattei in Bologna (1806). He was Kantor of the Kreuzschule from 1814 to 1817, and in 1823 moved from Dresden to succeed Schicht as Kantor of the Thomaskirche in Leipzig: Weber’s letter of recommendation for this position described him as deeply devoted to his art and gifted with profound insight. In Leipzig Weinlig set himself to maintain the great tradition of the Thomaskirche and raised the standard of performance to a high level. Among others, Mendelssohn praised his activity at the Thomaskirche, where Weinlig remained until his death. A learned and conscientious teacher, he numbered among his pupils Clara Schumann, E.F.E. Richter and Richard Wagner. Though Wagner studied with Weinlig for only about six months (beginning about October 1831), he benefited permanently from the strict course in counterpoint and later from a close imitative study of classical models; Wagner wrote in his autobiography that Weinlig finally dismissed him with the words: ‘Probably you will never write fugues or canons, but what you have mastered is independence: you can now stand alone and rely upon having a fine technique at your fingertips, should you want it’. As attested in his autobiography, diary, letters and articles, Wagner remained appreciative of Weinlig's teaching throughout his life. He dedicated his B Piano Sonata (1832) to Weinlig, who arranged for its publication, and his Liebesmahl der Apostel (1843) was dedicated to Weinlig’s widow. Weinlig’s compositions, most of them sacred choral works, include a German Magnificat; he also wrote an important treatise on fugue entitled Theoretisch-praktische Anleitung zur Fuge für den Selbstunterricht (Dresden, 1845, 2/1852).

BIBLIOGRAPHY


K. Held: Das Kreuzkantorat zu Dresden (diss., U. of Leipzig, 1894)

A. Kurz: Geschichte der Familie Weinlig von 1580 bis 1850 (Bonn, 1912)

R. Roch: Christian Theodor Weinlig, der Lehrer Richard Wagners (diss., U. of Leipzig, 1917)

M. Gregor-Dellin, ed.: Richard Wagner: Mein Leben (Munich, 1963, 2/1976; Eng. trans., 1983)

JOHN WARRACK/JAMES DEAVILLE


Weinmann, Alexander


(b Vienna, 20 Feb 1901; d Vienna, 3 Oct 1987). Austrian musicologist. He studied the flute at the Vienna Academy and musicology at Vienna University under Adler and at Innsbruck University under Wilhelm Fischer. Being a professional musician and Kapellmeister from 1922 to 1962, he did not take the doctorate at Innsbruck until 1955 (with a dissertation on the complete Artaria catalogue). His 24 volumes on Viennese publishers of the late 18th century and early 19th (which contain the opus numbers and date of issue of each work published) brought him international recognition; in addition he compiled catalogues on many lesser-known composers (including Vanhal, Druschetzky and Kauer) and thematic catalogues of the music in Melk. Many of his writings appeared in the two monograph series, Beiträge zur Geschichte des Alt-Wiener Musik Verlags and Wiener Archivstudien, which he founded. He was a leading member of the Austrian division of RISM, co-editor of the sixth edition of the Köchel catalogue, and author of numerous articles, including many for the Österreichische Musikzeitschrift. His arrangements for small ensembles of light music by Viennese composers such as the Strauss family and Lanner have been used worldwide. His important collection of manuscripts and prints is divided among the Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde and Duke University.

His brother Ignaz Weinmann (b Vienna, 20 Sept 1897; d Vienna, 16 Oct 1976) was a leading expert on Schubert and his time and an adviser to the Neue Schubert Ausgabe.


WRITINGS


all writings in monograph series published in Vienna unless otherwise stated

Beiträge zur Geschichte des Alt-Wiener Musikverlages, 1st ser.: Werkverzeichnis Joseph Lanner (1948/R); Werkverzeichnis Johann Strauss Vater und Sohn (1956); Werkverzeichnis Josef und Eduard Strauss (1967); Ferdinand Schubert (1986); J.G. Albrechtsberger (1987)

Beiträge zur Geschichte des Alt-Wiener Musikverlages, 2nd ser.: Musikalischen Magazins in Wien, 1784–1802: Leopold Kozeluch (1950, 2/1978); Vollständiges Verlagsverzeichnis Artaria & Comp. (diss., U. of Innsbruck, 1955; 1952); Kunst- und Industrie-Comptoir (1955, 2/1978); Johann Traeg (1956, enlarged 2/1973); Wiener Musikverleger und Musikalienhändler von Mozarts Zeit bis gegen 1860 (1956); K.k. Hoftheater-Musik-Verlag (1961); Anton Huberty und Christoph Torricella (1962); Franz Anton Hoffmeister (1964, suppl. 1982); Tranquillo Mollo (1965–72); Pietro Mechetti quondam Carlo (1966); Giovanni Cappi bis A.O. Witzendorf (Vienna, 1967); Joseph Eder, Jeremias Bermann (1968); Wiener Musikverlag ‘Am Rande’ (1970); Maisch, Sprenger, Mathias Artaria (1970); Ignaz Sauer, Sauer und Leidesdorf und Anton Berka & Co. (1972); Vollständiges Verlagsverzeichnis Senefelder Steiner Haslinger (Munich, 1979–83); Anton Pennauer (1981); J.P. Gotthard (1981); Thadé Weigl (1982); Peter Cappi und Cappi & Diabelli (1983); Anton Diabelli & Co. (1985)

Wiener Archivstudien: Zwei Werkreihen des Verlages Anton Diabelli & Co. (1979); J.P. Gotthard (Bohumil Pazdirek) als späterer Originalverleger Franz Schuberts (1979); Ein erster gedruckter Verlagskatalog der Firma Anton Diabelli & Co. (1979); ‘Das Grab’ von Johann Gaudenz von Salis-Seewis: ein literarisch-musikalischer Bestseller (1979); Anton Huberty: Stücke für Viola d'amore mit und ohne Begleitung (1980); Die Anzeigen des Kopiaturbetriebes Johann Traeg in der Wiener Zeitung zwischen 1782 und 1805 (1981); Philippus Arnold: Opus primum Choralgesänge mit Orgelbegleitung (1983) [facs.]; Zwei unikate Wallfahrts-Liederbücher vom Sonntagberg (1984); Georg Druschetzky, ein vergessener Musiker (1986); Anton Diabellis Werkkatalog Franz Schuberts (1986); Themen-Verzeichnis der Kompositionen von Johann Baptiste Wanhal (1988)

‘Die Wiener Zeitung als Quelle für die Musikbibliographie’, Anthony van Hoboken: Festschrift, ed. J. Schmidt-Görg (Mainz, 1962), 153–60

‘Anton Bruckner und seine Verleger’, Bruckner-Studien: Leopold Nowak zum 60. Geburtstag, ed. F. Grasberger (Vienna, 1964), 121–38

ed., with F. Giegling and G. Sievers: L. von Köchel: Chronologisch-thematisches Verzeichnis sämtlicher Tonwerke Wolfgang Amadé Mozarts (Wiesbaden, 6/1964)

‘Eine “Aria von Bach” für die Storace’, ÖMz, xxi (1966), 53–61

‘Ein Streit mit untauglichen Mitteln: zur Frage nach der Autorschaft der österreichischen Bundeshymne’, Musik und Verlag: Karl Vötterle zum 65. Geburtstag, ed. R. Baum and W. Rehm (Kassel, 1968), 581–95

‘Eine österreichische Volkshymne von Franz Schubert’, ÖMz, xxvii (1972), 430–34

‘Zwei neue Schubert-Funde’, ÖMz, xxvii (1972), 75–7

‘Neues über Joseph Haydn und das Grazer Musikleben’, Mitteilungen des Steirischen Tonkünstlerbundes, lvii (1973), 1–11

‘Österreichische Kleinmeister der Musik’, Beiträge zur Musikdokumentation: Franz Grasberger zum 60. Geburtstag, ed. G. Brosche (Tutzing, 1975), 421–38

Der Alt-Wiener Musikverlag im Spiegel der ‘Wiener Zeitung’ (Tutzing, 1976)

‘Father Leopold Puschl of Seitenstetten and Schubert's Sojourn at Zseliz: the Late Ignaz Weinmann's Last Contribution to Schubert Research’, Schubert Studies: Problems of Style and Chronology, ed. E. Badura–Skoda and P. Branscombe (Cambridge and New York, 1982), 347–55


BIBLIOGRAPHY


J. Gmeiner: ‘Alexander Weinmann’, ÖMz, xlii (1987), 603–4

W. Litschauer: ‘In Memoriam Alexander Weinmann’, Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Gesellschaft für Musikwissenschaft, xviii (1988)

RUDOLF KLEIN/PAUL R. BRYAN




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