Town in Switzerland. Its active musical life is promoted chiefly by the Musikkollegium Winterthur (founded in 1629 and maintained by private and public patronage), whose traditions have not prevented it from giving the town a reputation as a bastion of modern music, thanks particularly to the patronage of the merchant Werner Reinhart (1884–1951), whose manuscript collection is preserved in CH-W. The Musikkollegium administers the Orchester Musikkollegium Winterthur (formerly the Winterthur Stadtorchester, founded 1875) and the school of music (founded 1873), since 1999 called Musikschule und Konservatorium. In 1999 the former conservatory merged with its Zürich counterpart to become the Musikhochschule Winterthur Zürich. The Musikkollegium arranges many of the concerts which are the basis of local musical life including conventional symphony concerts and also free popular concerts and chamber concerts. Conductors have included Georg Rauchenecker, Hermann Scherchen, Joseph Keilberth, Victor Desarzens, Franz Welser-Möst, Heinz Holliger and Heinrich Schiff.
The Winterthur String Quartet was founded in 1920. There is a strong tradition of vocal music, with several choirs. An organ in the Stadtkirche was first mentioned in 1482 but was removed by 1529; it was not replaced until 1809, when the Riepp organ built in 1768 for the abbey of Salem in south Germany was purchased. Notable organists of the Stadtkirche have included Theodor Kirchner, Hermann Goetz, Karl Matthaei and (since 1976) Rudolf Meyer. The music publisher J.M. Rieter-Biedermann (1811–76) founded his firm in 1848, and was host to Clara Schumann, Liszt and Brahms, who wrote part of the German Requiem in Rieter’s home. In 1973 the Amadeus Verlag was established by Bernhard Päuler. The Swiss Viola da Gamba-Gesellschaft was founded in Winterthur in 1992. Since 1978 a popular music festival has been held annually in late summer.
Norwegian firm of music publishers. It was opened in Christiania in 1822 by the Dane Hans Thøger Winther (1786–1851). He traded in books, sheet music and instruments and also published books on music. In 1823 he set up the first music lending library in Norway. His firm was the most important music shop and publishing house in the country for the first half of the 19th century; it issued almost 200 light musical titles, some through the periodical Amphion. After Winther’s death in 1851 the business was sold by auction.
Winther’s son Edvard ran his own publishing and printing business from 1841. He published three music periodicals, Lyra, Musikalsk Løverdagsmagazin and Musikalsk Album, in which many Norwegian compositions appeared for the first time. Other Norwegian music publishers made much use of his printing firm. The business was taken over by Carl Warmuth in 1878.
K. Michelsen: Musikkhandel i Norge inntil 1929: en historisk oversikt (Oslo, 1980)
K. Michelsen: ‘Music Trade in Norway to 1929’, FAM, xxix (1982), 43–4
K. Michelsen: ‘Musikk-leiebibliotekene i Norge’, SMN, xi (1985), 81–9
Ø.Norheim: ‘Litt om trykking av noter’, Carl Warmuth, kongelig Hof-Musikhandler, Christiania: Festskrift til 150-Årsjubileet 1993, ed. Ø. Norheim and H. Herresthal (Oslo, 1993), 29–33
Wintonia, W. de
(fl 1270–1316). English cleric. His name signifies that he was from Winchester. In the 1270s and 1280s he was a member and, by 1281, sub-prior of Leominster Priory in Herefordshire. In the 1280s he carried out at least two assignments at its parent house in Reading, where he had probably begun his monastic career, and to which he may well have returned for an unknown period. He owned a music book probably written about 1290, which contained 164 polyphonic compositions, providing a generous cross-section of English polyphony of the later 13th century. Unfortunately the manuscript itself is lost, but there exists a detailed list of its contents, written by a late 13th-century hand and headed ‘Ordo li[bri] W. de Wint’, on ff.160v–161 of the manuscript that contains the rota Sumer is icumen in (GB-Lbl Harl.978). In 1316 he was in service as apparitor at the deanery in Pontesbury, Shropshire. (See alsoW. de Wycombe and R. de Burgate.)
B.Schofield: ‘The Provenance and Date of “Sumer is Icumen In”’, MR, ix (1948), 81–6, esp. 82–3
J.Handschin: ‘The Summer Canon and its Background’, MD, iii (1949), 55–94, esp. 91; v (1951), 65–113
ERNEST H. SANDERS
(bBirmingham, 12 May 1948). English rock singer, guitarist and keyboard player. Emerging from the mid-1960s British electric blues revival as a member of the Spencer Davis Group, he first made his mark in the UK with singles such as Keep on runnin’ (1965) and Somebody help me (1966). The group had hits in the USA with Gimme some lovin’ (1967) and I’m a man (1967); Winwood’s husky vocals and Hammond organ playing provided the most authentic-sounding rhythm and blues of the British scene in the 1960s. In 1967 he formed Traffic, whose lyrical, psychedelic pop style can best be heard on the song Paper Sun (1967). After one album with Eric Clapton (Blind Faith, Polydor, 1969), Winwood reformed Traffic. This second version of the band blended rock, pop and rhythm and blues with modal jazz improvisation to produce a series of albums that became staples of 1970s FM radio in the USA, especially John Barleycorn Must Die (Isl., 1970), The Low Spark of High Heeled Boys (Isl., 1971) and Shoot Out at the Fantasy Factory (Isl., 1973). With the breakup of Traffic in 1975, Winwood began a solo career. His 1980 album Arc of a Diver (Isl.) featured him singing and playing all parts, and its single ‘While You See a Chance’ was a US top ten hit. His album, Back in the High Life (Isl., 1986) generated the hit singles ‘Higher Love’, ‘Back in the High Life Again’ and ‘The Finer Things’, while Roll with It (Virgin, 1988) marked the peak of Winwood’s popularity.
C.Welch and S.Winwood: Steve Winwood: Roll with It (New York, 1990)
J.McDermott: disc notes, Steve Winwood: the Finer Things, Island, 314 516 860-2 (1995)