Waart, Edo de. 56 Wachmann, Eduard 56


Woodfill, Walter L(incon)



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Woodfill, Walter L(incon)


(b Spokane, WA, 7 Nov 1910). American historian. He was educated at the University of California at Berkeley, obtaining the BA in music and political science and, in 1940, the PhD with a dissertation on music in English social history from the mid-15th to the mid-16th century; while at Berkeley he worked with Albert Elkus and Glen Haydon in the department of music and George H. Guttridge in the department of history. Woodfill taught history at Princeton University from 1947 to 1952 and at the University of Delaware from 1952 to 1961. In 1961 he became professor of history at the University of California at Davis.

As a historian, Woodfill has concentrated on English social history between the 15th and the 18th centuries, with particular emphasis on music and musicians and, to a lesser extent, the other arts. His book Musicians in English Society from Elizabeth to Charles I (1953) is a sociological and historical rather than a musical study; but the many sources cited in it and quotations from contemporary material are of great value not only to the historian but also to the musicologist and even to the general reader.


WRITINGS


Music in English Social History, c.1535–1640 (diss., U. of California, Berkeley, 1940)

Musicians in English Society from Elizabeth to Charles I (Princeton, NJ, 1953/R)

‘Patronage and Music in England’, Aspects of the Renaissance: Austin 1964, ed. A.R. Lewis (Austin, 1967), 59–68

‘Music’, Bibliography of British History: Stuart Period, 1603–1714, ed. M. Keeler (Oxford, 2/1970), 400–03

PAULA MORGAN


Woodforde-Finden [née Ward], Amy [Amelia]


(b Valparaiso, Chile, 1860; d London, 13 March 1919). British composer. She was one of nine children of an American serving as British Consul in Valparaiso; on his death her mother took the surviving children to London. She began composing at an early age and was a pupil of Carl Schloesser and Amy Horrocks. Under the name Amy Ward she wrote some early songs which received little notice. In 1894 she married Woodforde-Finden of the Indian Army and for some years lived in India; when her Four Indian Love Lyrics (from Laurence Hope’s The Garden of Kama) were published privately in 1902, their success, particularly that of the Kashmiri Song (‘Pale hands I loved beside the Shalimar’), gained her a regular publisher and a faithful public. She followed these songs with A Lover in Damascus (Charles Hanson Towne; 1904), On Jhelum River (Frederick John Fraser; 1905), The Pagoda of Flowers (Fraser; 1907) and other collections, as well as many individual songs, often with oriental subjects and notable for their fluent, sentimental melody.

BIBLIOGRAPHY


GroveW

SchmidlD

M.R. Turner and A. Miall: The Edwardian Song Book (London, 1982)

ANDREW LAMB

Woodhouse, Violet Gordon.


See Gordon Woodhouse, Violet.

Woods [Wodds], Michael.


See Wood, John.

Woodson [Wodeson], Leonard.


(b Winchester, c1565; d ?Eton, ?1641). English composer. He was a choirboy at Winchester Cathedral from 1573 to 1577, and lay clerk at Windsor from 1598. He was acting Master of the Choristers at Windsor from 1605 and became organist of Eton College in 1615. He is mentioned in the Eton audited accounts until 1641 and in 1647, but the last entry appears to be an error since Woodson’s successor Charles Pearce is described as organist in rough accounts for 1645. Woodson is presumed to have died in 1641 as he is represented in John Barnard’s First Book of Selected Church Musick (London, 1641/R), which claimed to include no music by any living composer.

Woodson’s grandson, also Leonard (bap. Windsor, 1 July 1659; d Windsor, 14 March 1716/17), became a lay clerk at Windsor in 1679, a Gentleman of the Chapel Royal in 1681 and a member of the Private Musick in 1689; he was also a member of Westminster Abbey choir from 1697 to 1716. He is named as a bass soloist in the manuscripts of three of Henry Purcell’s odes: Hail, bright Cecilia, Celebrate this festival and Who can from joy refrain?.


WORKS


Sacred: 10 verse anthems, (9 inc.), GB-Cp, DRc, Lbl, Lcm, LF, Ob; Funeral sentences, full (inc.), WRch; TeD, 4vv, full, J. Barnard, First Book of Selected Church Musick (London, 1641/R); TeD, Bs, Mag, Nunc, verse (inc.), Ob

Other: 4 In Nomines, a 5, ed. in MB, xlv (1988); The mary gould of golden hue, 1v, bc, Och 439; Mall Sims, kbd, D-Bsb Lynar A1

BIBLIOGRAPHY


R.T. Daniel and P. Le Huray: The Sources of English Church Music, 1549–1660, EECM, suppl.i (1972)

W. Shaw: The Succession of Organists of the Chapel Royal and the Cathedrals of England and Wales from c.1538 (Oxford, 1991)

JOHN CALDWELL/ALAN BROWN


Woodson [Wodson], Thomas


(d ?London, after 1605). English composer. He was a singer at St Dunstan-in-the-West from 1576 to 1578 and also at St Paul's Cathedral. He became a member of the Chapel Royal in 1581 and ‘solde his place to William West of Canterbury’ in 1605. The only works undoubtedly by him are the 20 canonic settings of Miserere, laid out as for keyboard, in GB-Lbl Add.29996 (six canons ed. H.M. Miller, JAMS, viii, 1955, pp.14–21). To these should probably be added the textless three-part Ut re mee fa in John Baldwin's Commonplace Book (Lbl R.M.24.d.2) and the keyboard Miserere (non-canonic) ascribed to ‘Wodson’ in Och 371 (ed. in EECM, vi, 1966). The latter, however, may be the work of an earlier composer, on account of its style, appropriateness to the Latin liturgy, the date of the manuscript (c1560) and the spelling of Woodson's name. It certainly has no point of contact (apart from the cantus firmus itself) with the settings in Lbl Add.29996. (BDECM)

JOHN CALDWELL




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