Waart, Edo de. 56 Wachmann, Eduard 56


Wasitodiningrat [Tjokrowasito, Wasitodipuro, Wasitolodoro], Kanjeng Radèn Tumenggung [Ki]



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Wasitodiningrat [Tjokrowasito, Wasitodipuro, Wasitolodoro], Kanjeng Radèn Tumenggung [Ki]


(b Yogyakarta, Java, 17 March 1909). Javanese gamelan musician and composer. He grew up in the Pakualaman court, where his father was gamelan musical director. Outside the court, Wasitodiningrat (known then as Tjokrowasito) performed with several famous gamelan groups, including Daya Pradangga, and in 1934 became gamelan musical director at the radio station MAVRO (Mataramsche Vereeniging Radio Omroep). He continued in this position during the Japanese occupation of Indonesia (1942–5) at Radio Hosokyoku gamelan and, after Indonesian independence, at the national radio station (Radio Republik Indonesia) in Yogyakarta. In 1962 he succeeded his father as gamelan musical director at the Pakualaman, and in 1964–5 led the Javanese gamelan musicians at the Indonesian Pavilion of the New York World's Fair. During the 1960s, Wasitodiningrat composed music for a new genre, the sendratari dance-drama, including the first performances held at the Lara Jonggrang temple complex in Prambanan. He taught at Konservatori Tari Indonesia (KONRI) and Akademi Seni Tari Indonesia (ASTI) and founded his own school for the study of vocal music (Pusat Olah Vokal Wasitodipuro). He also collaborated with choreographer Bagong Kussudiardjo and composed numerous light gamelan pieces (lagu dolanan) and experimental works (kreasi baru), many of which have become staples of the gamelan repertory. In 1971 he moved to Valencia, California, where he taught at the California Institute of the Arts until his retirement and return to Yogyakarta in 1992. While based in Valencia, he taught at a number of colleges and universities in California, and elsewhere in the USA and Canada.

WORKS


(selective list)

extended works


Jaya Manggala Gita, 1952

musical arrangements for sendratari dance-dramas


Alleluyah; Arjuna Wiwaha; Bandung Bandawasa; Calonarang; Damar Wulan; Dewi Saraswati; Diponegoro; Hamlet; Kelahiran dan Kebangitan Kristus; Mangkubumi; Menuntut Balas; Nyai Ratu Kidul/Loro Kidul; Pangéran Mangkubumi; Ramayana ‘Rara Jonggrang’; Samgita Nusantara; Samgita Pancasona; Sri Tanjung; Sumpah Palapa

individual gamelan and vocal works


Burbaran Purnama Siddi, sléndro pathet sanga; Vadera, pélog pathet barang, arr. 3vv

Dolanan: Dong Dong Dung, sléndro pathet manyura; Gemibira Loka, sléndro pathet sanga; Kaé Lho Kaé, sléndro pathet sanga; Kuwi Apa Kuwi, pélog pathet barang; Ok Ok, pélog ?pathet barang; Paman Tani, sléndro pathet manyura; Rondha Malam, sléndro pathet sanga; Sepur Trutuk, pélog pathet lima; Sundra Nirmala, sléndro pathet manyura; Tari Bali, pélog pathet barang

Gendhing: Hanrang Yuda, pélog pathet barang; Gotong Royong, pélog pathet nem; Gumarang, pélog pathet barang; Jahnawi, pélog pathet nem; Jangèr, pélog pathet barang; Kemanak Mangkungkung, sléndro pathet sanga; Lokananta, pélog pathet barang; Mbangun Kuta, pélog pathet nem; Pangéran Diponegoro, pélog pathet nem; Windu Kencana, pélog pathet lima

Jineman: Mijil Wida Watèn, pélog ?pathet nem; Tatanya, pélog pathet barang

Ketawang: Alun, sléndro pathet sanga; Basanta, pélog pathet nem; Cakrawala, sléndro pathet sanga; Dana Wara, pélog pathet nem; Duksina, pélog pathet nem; Gendhing Purnama Siddi, sléndro pathet sanga; Kontap, pélog pathet nem; Kumudasmara, pélog pathet nem; Prihatin, pélog pathet lima; Sambang Dalu, pélog pathet nem; Santi, pélog pathet nem; Sasmitèngrat, pélog pathet barang; Sri Lulut, pélog pathet barang; Sumekar, pélog pathet nem; Sundari, pélog pathet barang; Swédakara, sléndro pathet nem; Wedyasmara, pélog pathet nem

Ladrang: Argolagu, pélog pathet nem; Argopèni, sléndro pathet manyura; Dupara, pélog pathet nem; Dwi Rocana, pélog pathet barang; Jati Asih, pélog pathet lima; Purnama Sidi, sléndro pathet sanga; Manjila, pélog pathet lima; Rondha Malam; Srenggara, pélog pathet lima; Sri Duhita, pélog pathet barang; Suka Bagya, pélog pathet barang; Westminster, sléndro pathet sanga [melody by Laras Sumbaga]

Lagu: Cacah Jiwa, pélog pathet lima; Catrik, pélog pathet nem; Gerilya, pélog pathet nem; Gora Marga, pélog pathet barang; KORPRI, pélog pathet barang; Membantu Sensus, sléndro pathet sanga; Paman Tani Sagung, pélog pathet nem; Pulo Bali, pélog pathet barang; Repelita, pélog pathet nem; Sepuran, sléndro ?pathet manyura; Sopir Bécak, pélog pathet nem; Ya, Ya, Ya, pélog pathet barang

Lancaran: Aja Ngono, pélog ?pathet nem; Banting Stir, sléndro pathet nem; Catrik, pélog pathet nem; Dahana, pélog pathet barang; Gembala, pélog pathet lima; Graksa, pélog ?pathet nem; Gugur Gunung, pélog pathet barang; Kagok Pangrawit, pélog pathet lima; Keluarga Berencana, pélog pathet barang; Mindana, pélog pathet nem; Modernisasi Désa, pélog pathet nem; Orde Baru, pélog pathet barang; Pawaka, pélog pathet barang; Penghijauan, sléndro pathet manyura; Rudita, pélog pathet nem; Tahu Tempé, pélog pathet nem (arr.); Tari Payung, sléndro and pélog; Umban, pélog pathet nem; Udan Angin, pélog pathet barang; Waditra, pélog pathet nem; Welasan Asih, pélog pathet lima

Sekar: Sekar Ageng Puspa Lalita, pélog pathet nem; Dhudha Gandrung, sléndro pathet sanga; Madya Lalita, pélog pathet barang

Other works: Ayo Nyang Ganéfo, sléndro pathet manyura; Banting Stir, pélog pathet liwung (Sundanese); Bedhayan Sundari, pélog pathet lima; Bémo, sléndro pathet sanga; Ginada, sléndro pathet manyura; Holopis Kontul Baris, sléndro ?pathet sanga; Kanca Tani, sléndro pathet sanga; Kartika, pélog pathet nem; Kawiwitan Meditasi/Konsentrasi, pélog pathet nem; Liwung Bayang Kara, pélog pathet nem; Mbangun Désa, pélog pathet barang; Nara Karva, sléndro pathet manyura; Sensus, sléndro pathet sanga; Sesaji, pélog pathet nem; Srepegan Mandira, sléndro pathet nem; Taman Sari, pélog pathet nem; Tri Narpati, pélog pathet nem; Welasan Lancar, pélog pathet barang; Welesan Rudatin, pélog pathet barang; Welesan Ruwida, pélog pathet nem; Welesan Tandasih, pélog pathet nem; Wus Miyos Ing Ratri, pélog pathet nem

BIBLIOGRAPHY

and other resources


J. Becker: Traditional Music in Modern Java (Honolulu, 1980)

The Music of K.R.T. Wasitodiningrat, perf. Gamelan Sekar Tunjung, CMP Records CMP CD 3007 (1992)

I N. Wenten: The Creative World of Ki Wasitodipuro: the Life and Work of a Javanese Gamelan Composer (diss., UCLA, 1996)

R. ANDERSON SUTTON




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