Mutants - A term describing abnormal creatures created by genetic or environmental mutations.
Nymph - Divine female nature spirits who inhabit certain natural sites.
Ogre - An ugly, oversized humanoid creature with great physical strength and little intelligence.
Pegasus - Technically the proper name of Bellerophon's winged horse, which became the general name for winged horses.
Phoenix - The golden bird who, at the end of its life, burst into flames only to be reborn again.
Pixie - A small humanoid creature with pointy ears who likes to cause mischief.
Sasquatch - Large, hairy, man-like beasts that live in the woods.
Satyr - Half-men, half-goats who were wild and lustful. The god Pan was one of these.
Sea Monsters - The generic term for several breeds of water-based monsters.
Shapeshifters - Humans who can willingly take the form of an animal while maintaining their consciousness.
Sirens - Man-eating beautiful women whose song compels men to them.
Sphinx - The half-human, half-lion that forces those it meets to answer its riddles, or die.
Thunderbird - A giant bird that creates storms with its wings.
Typhon - The fire-breathing giant who challenged Zeus for control of Mount Olympus. Also the father of most Greek monsters.
Unicorn - A magical horse with a single horn on its forehead.
Valkyries - Mythical Norse female divinities who choose heroes to die in battle and carry them to the great Valhalla.
Vampire - Legend's most charming bloodsucker gets a whole section of this website all to itself.
Werewolf - Human by day, wolf by night.
Wraith - Evil spirits of the dead who are trapped on Earth.
Zombie - The living dead who feed on human flesh.
Throughout history, tales have been told to explorers about mythical places that no-one has ever seen – cities of gold, valleys of milk and honey. Many people have gone in search of these places, but none have succeeded and some have not come back at all.
10. El Dorado
This South American legend is possibly the most famous city of gold, thanks to the Disney adaptation of the story, and the failed British soap opera that used its name. But it’s also the most misinterpreted myth, as El Dorado was never a place, but a person. It was apparently the name given to the rulers ofMuisca society, who would cover themselves in gold every morning, and bathe in a sacred lake to wash it off again (the Muisca people saw gold as spiritually valuable rather than materially valuable). But when this legend reached the ears of greedy Spanish conquistadors, all they noted was the abundance of gold…and the story grew so that it was an entire city made of gold rather than an individual. The Muisca people did have amazingly intricate pieces of gold artwork, so looters would not be disappointed, but there was never a city called El Dorado that fitted the legend.