NC for children with special needs is different from NC for other children. There are correction lessons which help to rehabilitate some defects.
for children with cerebral palsy, who usually have the speech defects ‘disartria’ lessons with a speech therapist are provided.
for children with destroyed motor activities, they need physical training and massage.
according to the profile of the school (e.g. for deaf children) – lessons for developing hearing and pronunciation skills (18 hours per week) are provided.
During the soviet times
, deaf children were not allowed to speak with sign language. All children were made to read/understand by lips. However, all teachers in the world recently came to the decision that sign language between deaf people is normal communication, it is their own natural language. There are lessons for sign language in all ex Soviet republics.
In the school for deaf and partially deaf children, there is training for 1 hour in first class (aged 7 years) and from 7th class (14 years) sign language lessons increase to 2/3 hours per week.
For blind children:
1 special lesson to orient in space (1 hour)
2 special lessons in physical training
3 special lessons for partially blind children: individual group lessons for development of eyesight.
For children with mental disabilities:
Special program: defectology (speech therapy) – now called rehabilitation pedagogy. The aim of schools for children with special needs is to adapt them to independent life in society. Special emphasis is given to labour education e.g. carpentry and carpet making.
During an academic year, 40% of the time must be devoted to labor lessons.
Children with mental disabilities have lessons in social-household orientation (life skills), where the teacher introduces them to environment, house, hygiene, nature etc. These children must also have rhythmic lessons, speech therapy and physical training.
Appendix 14 Food Standards
Standards for 1 day’s food per child (7-17 years) for all type of boarding schools:
2nd quarter, 2000