Country Study on Biodiversity of Azerbaijan Republic



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Specially Protected Nature Areas of the Republic of Azerbaijan
The Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources established under Decree dated May 23, 2001 and organized its countrywide activity efficiently. As evident from one fact, only total area of protected areas reached to 10.1% by increasing from 4.5% in relation to the country territory in the course of the Ministry activity.

For conformity with up-to-date requirements of protected areas system in the Republic, conservation of all necessary ecosystems and key species and creation of buffers and protective zones, departments and administrations at status of National Park have been established since 2003 for the first time in the country history through more sustainable actions within the last years. Actions carried on enhancement and expansion of Protected Areas since 2003 were continued according to “Towards effective protected areas system - A guide for action on implementation of PAs Work Programme of Convention of Biological Diversity” and presently, there exist protected areas at total 876236.1 ha, including 8 National Parks, 11 state nature reserves and 24 state nature sanctuaries in our country.



Moreover, Gobustan state nature reserve and Baku Seaside National Park (area of 80 ha) are functioning, there exist 2083 centennial trees, 37 geological and paleontological sites and 15 thousand ha endemic and valuable forest lands.




Name of the SPNA

Administrative territory

Area

Date of establishment




National Parks







1

Shirvan NP

Garadagh district of Baku city, Salyan and Neftchala regions

54373,50

2003

2

Aghgol NP

Aghjabadi and Beylagan regions

17924,00

2003

3

Hirkan NP

Lankaran and Astara regions

40358,00

2004

4

Altiaghaj NP

Khizi and Siyazan regions

11035,00

2004

5

Absheron NP

Azizbayov district of Baku city

783,00

2005

6

Shahdagh NP

Guba, Gusar, Ismayilly, Gabala, Oghuz and Shamakhy regions

115895,00

2006

7

Goygol NP

Goygol, Dashkasan and Goranboy regions

12755,00

2008

8

Zangazur NP named after Academician H.Aliyev

Nakhichevan AR

42797,4

2009




State Nature Reserves







1

Gizilaghaj SNR

Lankaran region

88360,00

1929

2

Zagatala SNR

Zagatala and Balakan regions

47349,00

1929

3

Turyanchay SNR

Aghdash, Oghuz,Yevlakh and Gabala regions

22488,00

1958

4

Shirvan SNR

Salyan and Neftchala regions

6232,00

1969

5

Basitchay SNR

Zangilan region

107,00

1974

6

Garayazy SNR

Gazakh region

9658,00

1978

7

Ilisu SNR

Gakh region

17381,60

1987

8

Garagol SNR

Lachin region

240,00

1987

9

Eldar shamy SNR

Samukh region

1686,00

2004

10

Mud volcanoes SNR

Baku and Absheron peninsula

20000,00

2007

11

Korchay SNR

Goranboy region

4833,60

2008




State Nature Sanctuaries







1

Lachin SNS

Lachin region

20000,00

1961

2

Korchay SNS

Goygol and Goranboy regions

15000,00

1961

3

Bandovan SNS

Salyan region and Garadagh district

4930,00

1961

4

Shaki SNS

Shaki region

10350,00

1964

5

Gusar SNS

Gusar region

15000,00

1964

6

Shamkir SNS

Shamkir region

10000,00

1964

7

Gil island SNS

Gil island

400,00

1964

8

Garayazy-Aghstafa SNS

Aghstafa region

10000,00

1964

9

Barda SNS

Barda and Aghdam regions

7500,00

1966

10

Zuvand SNS

Lerik,Yardimly regions

15000,00

1969

11

Ordubad SNS

Ordubad region

27869,00

1969

12

Ismayilly SNS

Ismayilly and Gabala region

23438,00

1969

13

Qubadlı SNS

Qubadlı, Lachin region

20000,00

1969

14

Lesser Gizilaghaj SNS

Lankaran region

10700,00

1978

15

Dashaltı SNS

Shusha region

450,00

1981

16

Qızılja SNS

Gedebey region

5135,00

1984

17

Arazboyu SNS

Zangilan region

2200,00

1993

18

Gabala SNS

Gabala region

39700,00

1993

19

Gakh SNS

Gakh region

36836,00

2003

20

Hirkan SNS

Lankaran and Astara regions

1553,00

2005

21

Arazboyu SNS

Nakhichevan AR

9118,00

2005

22

Zagatala SNS

Zagatala and Balakan regions

6557,00

2008

23

Arpachay SNS

Nakhichevan AR , Sharur region

68911,00

2009

24

Rvarud SNS

Lerik region

1333,00

2009



Appendix 4 – National indigators used in the report.
Refer to the Chapter 1.

Annexes

Annex 1.1


The morphometric description of the main rivers in the Republic is given below.


River

Where the river flows into (to which bank)

Length, km

Water collecting area,

km2



Height situation, m

origin

outfall

1

2

3

4

5

6

Kura river

Caspian sea

1515

188000

2740

-27

Ganikh

Mingachevir reservoir

413

16920

2560

75

Gabirri

Mingachevir reservoir

389

4840

2560

51

Khram

Kura river (right)

220

8340

2422

255

Aghstafachay

Kura river (right)

133

2586

3000

210

Kurakchay

Kura river (right)

126

2080

3100

18

Araz

Kura river (right)

1072

102000

2990

-11

Arpachay

Araz (left)

126

2630

2985

780

Hakarichay

Araz (left)

128

5540

3080

268

Samur

Caspian sea

216

4430

3600

-27

Pirsaat

Caspian sea

199

2280

2400

-11

Bolgarchay

Mahmudchala lake

168

2170

1710

-17

Annex 2.1


Status of the countrywide land use



YEARS

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Difference on 2003-2008

Total area

8641506

8641506

8641506

8641506

8641506

8641506

+

-

Agricultural lands, including irrigated, total

4524980

1282267


4524776

1287326



4528272

1289452


4524825

1287500


4524073

1287361


4523960

1286968





1020

4701




Arable lands,

irrigated hereof



1630813

1102045


1635420

1107734


1640964

1112595


1638301

1110068


1650153

1106065


1659672

1107371


28859




5326




Uncropped lands, irrigated hereof

53011

20432


49893

16945


45688

14915


45788

15176


45630

15076


41761

13434





11250




6998

Perennial arable lands,

irrigated hereof



158521

113186


155752

110417


155505

109710


155070

110046


158591

114070


161549

116484


3028




3298




Hayfield,

irrigated hereof



109031

6253


109027

6304


109629

6304


109549

6302


109689

6302


109689

6302


658




49




Pastures,

irrigated hereof



2573604

40351


2574684

45926


2576486

45928


2576117

45908


2560010

45848


2551289

43377





22315

3026




Household plots, irrigated hereof

254401

137308


255306

137459


255601

136910


256732

138281


258095

138855


258454

139157


4053




1849



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