Geography Year 12 Urban Places Sydney Olympic Park, 2127– a case Study of Urban Renewal



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Geography Year 12 Urban Places

Sydney Olympic Park, 2127– A Case Study of Urban Renewal

Outcomes:


The student:

H1 explains the changing nature, spatial patterns and interaction of ecosystems, urban places and economic activity

H3 analyses contemporary urban dynamics and applies them in specific contexts

H7 justifies geographical methods applicable and useful in the workplace and relevant to a changing world

H8 plans geographical inquiries to analyse and synthesise information from a variety of sources

H9 evaluates geographical information and sources for usefulness, validity and reliability

H10 applies maps, graphs and statistics, photographs and fieldwork to analyse and integrate data in geographical contexts
H11 applies mathematical ideas and techniques to analyse geographical data

H12 explains geographical patterns, processes and future trends through appropriate case studies and illustrative examples

H13 communicates complex geographical information, ideas and issues effectively, using appropriate written and/or oral, cartographic and graphic forms.

Use geographical skills and tools such as:


  • synthesising and evaluating fieldwork data about the dynamics of change in a country town or suburb.



Urban Dynamics


  • a case study of the results of the urban dynamics in a large city selected from the developed world including its

– social structure and spatial patterns of advantage and disadvantage, wealth and poverty, ethnicity

changing economic character, nature and location of residential land, commercial and industrial development

– culture of place as expressed in the architecture, streetscape, heritage architecture, noise, colour, street life, energy, vitality and lifestyles

– growth, development, future trends and ecological sustainability.

Spatial information on Sydney Olympic Park




Sydney Olympic Park

  • Is located ___km west of Sydney’s CBD

  • officially became a suburb in 2009 – postcode ________

  • sits within the ___________ City Council boundary.

  • is ____ hectares in size (larger than the area of the Sydney’s CBD)

  • has ____ hectares of urban parkland (the largest urban parkland in Australia.

  • Latitude – 33.85° _______

  • Longitude – 151° _______








1

  • The suburbs of _____________ and _________________Point are not within the Sydney Olympic Park boundary, but have been part of the extensive remediation works and urban renewal of the area over the past 20 years. They are now both thriving suburbs!




Précis maps – Construct a précis map for 2 different eras of the Sydney Olympic Park area.


1950

2015






2

2

3
Catalyst for land use change at Sydney Olympic Park

What factors (catalysts) influenced the change in industry and urban development over the past 250 years?



Land Use

Time period

Factors causing change (catalyst)

Urban Dynamic

Indigenous











Colonial








Brick Pit, Abattoir & Armory







Suburbanisation

Decentralisation

Chemical & Manufacturing






Urban Decline

Decentralisation


Bicentennial Park

Sport Precinct

Tech. Park







Urban Renewal



Olympic Games

Commercial & Financial Centre

Sport

Entertainment



Major Events






Suburbanisation

Master Plan 2030

Vision for the future













Parklands; 430 hectares (67% of the suburbs land area)



What purpose do the Parklands serve?




What are the benefits of the Parklands?




How are the Parkland areas managed?




Maintaining the Heritage of Place – Adaptive reuse List the current uses of the heritage listed sites below.




Armory : adaptive re-useuse:

Abattoir: adaptive re-useuse:



4


Maintaining the Heritage of Place – Adaptive reuse.


Activity: Sketch in the current uses of the brick pit over this photo of the brick works from the 1950’s (annotations are on the right)


Brick Pit Ring

Water Recycling Reservoir

Frog Pond Habitat

image result for brick pit homebush

5


Ecologically Sustainable Development (ESD) at Sydney Olympic Park:


Buildings (grey infrastructure)

Sustainable Building Initiatives

Lion Building


Train Station
Aquatic Centre
Allphone Arena
ANZ Stadium
Novotel






Landscaping – (green Infrastructure

Sustainable Landscaping Initiatives

Water Sensitive Urban Design (WSUD)


  • Permeable Paving





  • Gutter breaks





  • Street fall





  • Water garden





Deciduous Trees





Field Sketch Activity Draw a field sketch of the residential Towers from the new park

7




8
Growth, Development &Future Trends

Demographics

Sydney Olympic Park is now a suburb with over 1000 residents, 220 commercial enterprises and hosts over 5,000 events a year. It is the home of the GWS Giants AFL team, the Royal Agricultural Society & Sydney Showground, ANZ stadium and allphones Arena (the world’s second highest selling entertainment venue based on ticket sales – second only to Madison Square Garden in New York City). The Park has an integrated public transport system and one of the largest urban parklands in Australia.



Table of visitation changes at Sydney Olympic Park since the 2000 Olympic Games




2001

2006

2011

2014

Future projections(2030)

Annual Visitation

5 million

8 million

9 million

10 million




Organisations




60

130

220
























2001

2006

2011

2014

Future projections(2030)

Workers




10,000

13,000

17,000

31,000

Students




1,000

1,000

1,500

5000

Residents




0

0

1,607

14,000

Total

















Population Table for Sydney Olympic Park and surrounding suburbs (2127)




Sydney Olympic Park

Newington

Wentworth Point

2001

0

15,000*

0

2006

0

4911

0

2011

0

5320

2759

2014

1607

5547

6632

Future Projection (2030)

14,000

5273

20630


What infrastructure considerations need to be made as the population of Sydney Olympic Park and the surrounding suburbs of Newington and Wentworth Point increases?

Culture of Place – A Diverse and Vibrant Township



Public Art

Create a photo gallery and list of the public art works you see throughout the Park.



  1. The Discobolus





















Major Sport & Event Destination : List 5 major events that take place here each year.

What are the advantages & disadvantages of living in a major event township?

Advantages:

Disadvantages:


The culture of place at Sydney Olympic Park is influenced by its Olympic Legacy – major events, sport, and sustainability .

Fill out the survey below to rate the ‘Liveability’ of Sydney Olympic Park from your perspective.



Liveability Survey

Safety & Health: Personal Security, public health, traffic safety

Poor

Fair

Good

Excellent

Environmental Conditions: Cleanliness, noise, air pollution & water quality

Poor

Fair

Good

Excellent

Quality of Social Interactions: community pride and identity, friendliness of people

Poor

Fair

Good

Excellent

Recreation & Entertainment opportunities: Sport facilities, green space, bike tracks, theatre/entertainment arena

Poor

Fair

Good

Excellent

Aesthetics: How nice the area looks.

Poor

Fair

Good

Excellent

Unique cultural / environmental characteristics: public art, historic buildings, landscape architecture

Poor

Fair

Good

Excellent

Use your results to rate the ‘liveability’ of Sydney Olympic Park:

List the services you can see that are provided to this community

9
List the services that are not here that may be needed in the future.

Sydney Olympic Park – A leading example of best practice ‘sustainable’ urban renewal



Make notes on the remediation of the site in the 1990’s to prepare it for the development of the Olympic Games

List the main reasons why this site was chosen for the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games
Sydney Olympic Park is internationally recognised as a world leader in best practice urban renewal and environmental remediation.

.


Factors contributing to best practice urban renewal:

  1. Waste mounds

  2. Athletes Village (Newington)

  3. Narawang Wetlands

  4. Venue design & construction

  5. Integrated and adaptable transport system

  6. Future Planning


6

5

4

2

3

1

10

Annotate the Olympic Boulevard photo


Annotate the photograph using the following labels - ANZ stadium, removable bollards, paving fall to centre of road, native, fig trees, , solar light towers, Olympic poles, stormwater drain, cars, continued footpath, permeable paving. Include a Title, and orientation (North arrow)


11

http://cdn3.vtourist.com/19/6168416-olympic_park_main_precinctwith_anz_main_stadium_homebush.jpg?version=2


Post Excursion Activities


Use your ‘A Living Legacy’ booklet

Refer to the photographs in the ‘A changing landscape’ pages

Refer to the transparent image:

Estimate the year that this photo was taken. ___________________________________

List the major features in this photograph. _____________________________________________________________________________________________

What time of day was this photo taken? __________________________________________

What evidence (visual cues) have you used to estimate the time of day this photo was taken:


  1. ______________________________________________________________________________

  2. ______________________________________________________________________________

  3. ______________________________________________________________________________

Refer to the Photograph on the following page:

Estimate the year that this photo was taken. ___________________________________________________________________

What commercial industry is located in the building in the centre of Photo B? ________________________________________________________________

Compare the two (2) photographs: What land use was previously located where the Commonwealth Bank building now stands? ________________________

What are the benefits of having a commercial space where a carpark used to be located?


1

90


Post Excursion Activity: Changing Economic CharacterPhoto interpretation Skills: Caption each of these images that depict the land activities in this area over time and the time period.


4

3

g:\education programs\school education\education resources\gis data for computers\gis\workspace\edugis\image_hyperlinks\1930\makingsausages 1937.jpg



g:\education programs\school education\education resources\gis data for computers\gis\workspace\edugis\image_hyperlinks\1930\darcy_wentworth_house_1819.jpg



5

2





6

7






8

sydney olympic park - aerial



Post Excursion Activity

Urban Development Changes in and around Sydney Olympic Park: Photo Interpretation Activity: For each of these images, describe the social structure of that community - type of development, the time period it was developed, the socio-economic status and the ethnicity of that community. Using the whole of site map, write the coordinates for each residential location.

Time period:


Type of development:
Socio-economic status:
Ethnicity:
Locate on Map:

  1. https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:and9gcrdqg1sgsndbcq1tp3cq_84chs4uheqslhynwzn0sk17lti3k8k

Time period:


Type of development:

Socio-economic status:


Ethnicity:
Locate on Map:
residential tower image

Time period:


Type of development:
Socio-economic status:
Ethnicity:

Locate on Map:



solar panels

Plans for the Future – Master Plan 2030


Graph the statistics from Page 8 to determine trends in the growth of visitation and population of Sydney Olympic Park over time.

Watch the Master Plan 2030 video again back at school or at home and discuss the future direction of Sydney Olympic Park.

http://www.sopa.nsw.gov.au/media/videos/animation_of_sydney_olympic_park_2030#content-main
g:\education programs\school education\excursions\urban core\yr 12 urban places excursion\demographics population graph.jpg

Using the graph below, explain the trends that you can see in relation to the age groups living at the Park and how they are expected to change over time.


Post Excursion Activity


Examine the historic auction advertisement for the sale of newly subdivided land in the Newington Estate in 1906. This sale of the subdivisions was unsuccessful. Examine the land uses and natural environments in this advertisement and discuss the possible reasons for the lack of interest in this land for private development.


g:\education programs\school education\education resources\gis data for computers\gis\workspace\edugis\image_hyperlinks\1930\ext0000149.jpg

Post Excursion Activity


Analyse this historic land subdivision map for the urban development surrounding the Homebush Bay area. Compare this map with a current map (from Google Earth) and discuss the changes in residential development between this historic map and today. Discuss the catalysts that have brought about these changes.


g:\education programs\school education\education resources\gis data for computers\gis\workspace\edugis\image_hyperlinks\1930\land_map_1838.jpg


Post Excursion Activity


Industrial and urban changes over time in the Homebush Bay area

Settlement type / Urban Dynamic: (indigenous settlement, colonisation, workers cottages, suburbanisation, urban decay, urban renewal)





































1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050



Economic Activity: (sustainable hunting & gathering / agriculture / salt harvesting & tannery / Royal Australian Naval Armaments Depot (RANAD) / Brick works &Abattoir / Chemical industries & Government Waste dumping sites/ warehousing & recreation/ Olympic Games, Tourism & recreation / Commercial & residential

Glossary of Terms


Abattoir – a slaughterhouse, where animals are killed for meat.

Adaptive re-use – the process of reusing an old building or site for a purpose other than for which it was designed. This process contributes to land conservation and reduces urban sprawl.

Brickworks – a company involved in extracting natural materials and using them to create bricks

Culture of place – the way of life of a group of people/community. It can be observed through architecture, streetscape, heritage architecture, noise, colour, street life, energy, vitality and lifestyles

Demographics – statistical data of a population. Statistics relating to age, income, employment and education are examples of demographics.

Ecologically Sustainable Development – this is development that meets the needs of the present population without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Ethnicity - a social group that shares a common and distinctive culture, religion and language.

Leachate – liquid that drains or leaches through landfill into the groundwater or local waterways,, taking chemicals or contaminates with it. The composition can vary depending on the type of waste the landfill contains.

Passive solar design – the use of the sun’s energy for the heating and cooling of living or working spaces. Examples include window orientation, shading and window glazing.

Remediation- environmental remediation involves the removal of contaminants from water, sediment or ground water.

Re-purpose – adapt for use in a different purpose

Socio-economic status – generally conceptualised as the social standing or class as an individual or group. It is commonly measured by combining education, income and occupation.

Water Reclamations and Management Scheme (WRAMS) – a large scale integrated urban water system. It includes collection and treatment of sewage and stormwater, storage of stormwater and supply of recycled water for non-drinking uses to residents, sporting venues and commercial premises.

Urban decay – a process where older parts of cities deteriorate and become neglected.

Urban density – the number of people per km squared in an urban area.

Urban renewal – the strategy of upgrading parts of a city through development which in turn, increases the population density.

Resources: Sydney Olympic Park website – www.sopa.nsw.gov.au & www.sydneyolympicpark.com.au


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