Name of fish Description



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Name of fish

Description

1

black molly

Entirely black, ovoviviparous, tropical brackish water fish often found in pet stores

2

right-eyed flounder

Flatfish found in the salt marsh

3

white sturgeon

Gigantic anadromous fish with barbels under its long snout and a heterocercal tail

4

archerfish

Tropical brackish water fish with precision spitting ability

5

Sockeye salmon

A green face, white mandible, and red body will distinguish this anadromous salmonid from the rest

6

mosquito fish

Little white ovoviviparous fish that demonstrate sexual dimorphism and are known for eating Culex larvae

7

smallmouth bass

In Chesapeake Bay, males of these poor fish were exhibiting intersex

8

tidepool sculpin

Euryhaline critter with large pectoral fins nicely camouflaged in the tidepools

9

bumblebee goby

A cute tiny brackish water fish named after an insect

10

chum salmon

Salmonid with a characteristic “fire belly” color pattern

11

Atlantic menhaden

Comes to the salt marsh to lay eggs in the brackish water, but spends most its life in the Atlantic Ocean

12

yellowfin tuna

Large, fast swimming oceanic fish used to represent the stenohalic tendency

13

Devil’s Hole pupfish

Rare little fish that could be called an extremophile because it can tolerate super saline water in excess of 100 degrees

14

American eel

Elongated serpentine fish on the Atlantic coast that demonstrates the catadromous lifestyle

15

Chinook salmon

Largest of the salmonids, recognized by its black gums

16

American shad

Generic looking fish with no visible lateral line and only a single dorsal fin. It is anadromous and exhibits sexual dimorphism.

17

pink salmon

Salmonid with the most extreme hump

18

three-spine stickleback

Living in temperate brackish water, this little fish is recognized by an unusually dangerous looking anterior dorsal fin

19

striped bass

This highly edible fish lives in the salt marsh and is recognized by horizontal stripes along its body

20

brook trout

A typical fresh water fish, often snapping at mayfly lures, and demonstrating a stenohaline lifestyle

21

Coho salmon

The most athletic of the Pacific salmonids, leaping up waterfalls and trying to avoid bears

22

Columbia River smelt

Smallest of the anadromous fish on the Pacific coast, these fish swim up the Columbia River in droves

23

steelhead/rainbow trout

A fish with two possible identities, depending on whether it migrates to the ocean or stays in fresh water



24

capelin

Slender fish that throws itself onshore to spawn during high tide

25

manta ray

Huge pectoral fins that look like wings help this cartilaginous fish glide through the air.

26

cleaner wrasse

Using pectoral fins to propel itself, this colorful denizen of the coral reef plucks parasites from thankful larger fish

27

Amphioxus/ lancelet

Not even quite a fish, this sword-shaped critter burrows in the sand and filter feeds. It’s a chordate, but not a vertebrate

28

black seadevil

Looks like a head with fins, this slow moving monstrous fish lures its prey with a bioluminescent dorsal spine

29

barbel

A member of the carp family that, in some locations, depends on hippos for their sustenance

30

hagfish/slime eel

No eyes, no jaws, keratin plates for teeth, no paired fins, and lots of slime

31

ratfish/ chimera

Related to sharks, but named after a Greek mythical creature because of their mixed characteristics

32

Plecostomus

A genus of armored catfish, often found in pet stores sucking on glass

33

weedy sea dragon

This unusual seahorse blends into the seaweed quite well

34

spiny dogfish

A fairly generic shark, named after the spine on the anterior end of its dorsal fin

35

flying fish

Amazing fish that can glide with oversized pectoral and pelvic fins

36

common skate

Looks somewhat like a stingray, but has a thicker tail with numerous spines, and two dorsal fins on the tip of its tail

37

pipefish

Looks like a straightened out seahorse, with armor plates and a fused jaw

38

mudskipper

Weird fish that can breathe air, make burrows on the mudflats, and jump to attract mates

39

betta/Siamese fighting fish

Freshwater fish of tropical Asia that has bright iridescent scales and wide showy fins that males use to intimidate each other

40

candirú

Tiny catfish of the Amazon (a.k.a. pencilfish or vampire fish) with the reputation of entering the urethra of human bathers

41

basking shark

Second largest shark in the world, also a filter feeder using its gill rakers

42

Antarctic ice fish

This fish can tolerate freezing polar waters because of a special protein in its blood

43

clown knifefish

Can move forward and backward using undulating waves of its long anal fin

44

lamprey

Agnathan with seven gill openings, and a nasty habit of attaching itself onto other fish to parasitize them

45

clownfish

These pretty little fish all start off life as males, but when the dominant female dies, the largest male has a sex change

46

lungfish

Strange fish found in the deserts of Africa, has lobe fins, cosmoid scales, and can breathe air



47

gar

One of the few living fish with ganoid scales. It can be big and scary, looking like an alligator

48

clingfish

Like a goby, these little tidepool fish adhere to rocks with specialized fused pelvic fins

49

coelacanth

Ancient fish with cosmoid scales and lobefins, in the same subclass as all tetrapods

50

mola mola/ocean sunfish

Heaviest of the bony fish, massive, weirdly shaped, slow moving, likes to bask on its side right at the surface


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