Related Issue Two: How does globalization impact identity? Review #2 Identity and Globalizing Forces



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Related Issue Two: How does globalization impact identity?
Review #2 Identity and Globalizing Forces


  1. The term culture means:




  1. A group of people who engage in interaction with one another on a continuous basis.

  2. The beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that constitute a people’s way of life

  3. An official Government policy and a social standard that has yet to be defined

  4. The practice of judging another society’s norms.



  1. Which of the following choices best reflects the definition of Globalization?




    1. The whole of the globe including all geographic areas, all peoples, and all cultures

    2. A total sum of international trade including the movement of goods into and out of a nations economy

    3. Increasing global integration whereby many political, economic and social relations become linked

    4. Globalization can best be explained as a series of successful businesses that have both a global supply chain and global market


U

Land has a significant value. It provides an anchor and focal point for Aboriginal communities – it is home. It provides the location for gatherings and spiritual ceremonies – virtually all of which traditionally take place in natural settings, using natural materials. Such gatherings reinforce a sense of community, feelings of belonging, a sense of identity, and self-esteem.



se the following quote to answer question 3:

3. Which value is being expressed in the above statement?


    1. environmental value

    2. multicultural value

    3. political value

    4. social value


Use the following information to answer question 4:

A student was researching different opinions of globalization and found the following quotes:
Bill Clinton “Globalization represents the world without walls”
Tony Blair “Globalization is inevitable and irresistible”
George W Bush “Globalization is the ties of trade and trust”
George Monbiot “Globalization allows companies to hold a gun to governments head.”

4. The two quotes that are the least alike with respect to globalization are:


  1. Blair and Bush

  2. Bush and Monbiot

  3. Clinton and Blair

  4. Clinton and Bush

5. Movies, rock concerts, and video games are all examples of __________ culture.


a. nonmaterial
b. universal

c. popular

d. high

Use the following quotation to answer questions 6 and 7:

Our world is a rapidly changing place.  Humans have seen more technological change, innovation, and development in the last 150 years than they have seen in the history of mankind: radio, television, telephone, automobiles, modern transportation, computer technology and the internet have connected the world in more ways than imaginable.  Paradoxically, although this interconnectedness enables sharing of local cultures across the world, it also results in universalization of culture into one worldwide culture of modern convenience – and thus the loss of local culture.  Furthermore, the automobile has produced detrimental suburban sprawl and commercial strip development.



http://www.aiaeasternpa.org/news/presidents_message.html


  1. The author of this passage states that the innovation of communications technology has led to:




  1. negative effects

  2. positives effects

  3. decrease in connectedness

  4. positive as well as negative effects


  1. The author of this passage agrees that the greatest negative effect of technological change has been:




    1. increased understanding of cultures

    2. increased interconnectivity

    3. suburban sprawl

    4. homogenization



Use the following quotation to answer question 8:

The threat does not lie in the commercial operation of the mass media. It is the best method there is and, with all its faults, it is not inherently bad. But narrow control, or corporations, is inherently bad. In the end, no small group, certainly no group with as much uniformity of outlook and as concentrated in power as the current media corporations, can be sufficiently open and flexible to reflect the full richness and variety of society’s values and needs. … The answer is not elimination of private enterprise in the media, but the opposite. It is the restoration of genuine competition and diversity.


Ben H. Bagdikian, The Media Monopoly, 2000

  1. In this passage, the author states that a consequence of the corporate concentration of media




  1. is the best method of ownership

  2. leads to uniformity in outlook

  3. provides fair, open and flexible reporting

d. reflects a variety of society’s values
Use the following information to answer questions 9, 10 and 11:

frame3


  1. Based on the continuum, the best understanding of hybridization is:




  1. different cultures expressed in and represented by the media

  2. the absorption of one culture into another due to the influence of media

  3. the blending of media and communications technology resulting in new modes of expression and cross-cultural consumption

  4. the production by media transnationals of the majority of television programs, films, magazines and other forms of popular culture that are consumed by a global audience



  1. Based on the continuum, the best understanding of diversity is:




  1. different cultures expressed and represented in media

  2. the absorption of one culture into another due to the influence of media

  3. the blending of media and communications technology resulting in new modes of expression and cross-cultural consumption

  4. the production by media transnationals of the majority of television programs, films, magazines and so on that are consumed by a vast world audience




  1. The best generalization from the above continuum would be




  1. as you move from right to left on the continuum there is a significant decrease in the impact of media on culture

  2. people need to be aware of the impact that media has on their cultural institutions

  3. hybridization occurs with cross-cultural consumption

  4. popular culture and media have a relationship that is difficult to explain



Use the following information to answer question 12:

frame4

A student using the above source made the following conclusions:




  1. Globalization is a positive and negative force for indigenous peoples

  2. When considering globalization as positive force we need to balance the needs of cultures and the environment

  3. globalization has dramatically increased the pressure on both indigenous cultures and the environment



  1. Which of the above conclusions is best supported in the source?




  1. 1

  2. 2

  3. 3

  4. All of the above



  1. Which of the following pairs are matched correctly?




  1. integration and inequality

  2. assimilation and diversity

  3. monoculture and homogenization

  4. marginalization and economic power



  1. Which cultural response is the most tolerant of cultural diversity?




  1. integration

  2. assimilation

  3. marginalization

  4. homogenization


  1. Homogenization and assimilation are similar because they both encourage




  1. an appreciation of diverse cultural groups

  2. the dominance of a cultural group

  3. a movement towards monoculture

  4. the destruction of traditions

Use the following information to answer question 16:




  1. What is the cultural relationship that is being described in the web?




  1. pluralism

  2. hybridization

  3. marginalization

  4. homogenization



  1. A dominant culture making religious concessions or allowances for a minority culture is an example of:




  1. assimilation

  2. marginalization

  3. homogenization

  4. accommodation



  1. A collective group that has little or no political power is considered to be:

a. assimilated



  1. marginalized

  2. homogenized

  3. accommodated



Use the following cartoon to answer question 19:




  1. The cartoonist who created the cartoon would most likely support




    1. assimilation

    2. marginalization

    3. homogenization

    4. ethnic diversity




  1. Getting a henna tattoo at a music festival is an example of:



    1. universalization of culture

    2. cultural assimilation

    3. cultural borrowing

    4. collective culture


Use the following information to answer question 21:
“The homogenizing influences of globalization that are most often condemned by nationalists and by cultural romanticists are actually positive: globalization promotes integration and the removal not only of cultural barriers but of many of the negative dimensions of culture. Globalization is a vital step toward both a more stable world and better lives for the people in it."
David Rothkopf, "In Praise of Cultural Imperialism," Foreign Policy. 1997


  1. The speaker would most likely agree with




  1. policies and programs designed to protect and preserve indigenous cultures

  2. policies and programs promoting cultural assimilation

  3. policies and programs aimed at cultural revitalization

d. policies and programs promoting cultural exchanges

Use the following political cartoon to answer questions 22 and 23:




  1. The best interpretation of the above cartoon is that




  1. globalization is a cultural equalizer for all nations involved

  2. globalization is harmful to nations who are engaged in trade

  3. globalization is a force which is destructive to distinctive languages and cultures

  4. globalization is a force which can used to determine the outcome of cultural conflicts




  1. Which statement best explains the cartoonist’s purpose?




  1. an attempt to emphasize the influence of regional trade

  2. push a nationalist agenda against another nation

  3. illustrate a potential threat to local cultures and languages

  4. negatively portray a competition between two cultures



  1. Is the disappearance of languages a matter of importance for those who believe in diversity?




    1. No, everyone should learn one common global language. This would reduce the differences among people and fewer conflicts would arise.

    2. No, everyone should learn English since it is the major language of business, science, and popular culture.

    3. Yes, people have always expressed their traditions, values, worldviews, and cultures through language.

    4. Yes, as oral language skills are far superior to written when maintaining cultural identity.


Use the following source to answer question 25:






  1. This cartoon illustrates:




    1. a negative result of acculturation and assimilation

    2. the dangers of allowing cultures to keep their identity

    3. how assimilation can allow for personal expression

    4. how nations who assimilate have fewer racial problems


Use the following information to answer question 26:
frame7



  1. Which of the following is the best example of cultural revitalization?




    1. Ukrainian Cultural Heritage Village

    2. keeping both French and English on Canadian products

    3. museums keeping cultural artefacts in elaborate displays

    4. residential schools for First Nations Métis Inuit (FNMI) children

U

"Canadian broadcasting should be Canadian." Pierre Juneau said those words in 1970 and he meant business. The Canadian Radio-Television Commission (CRTC) head said Canadian broadcasters were behaving like mouthpieces for American "entertainment factories," and introduced strict Canadian content rules for radio and television. These rules ensured that a certain amount of Canadian Content would have to be present in both TV and radio.




se the following source to answer questions 27 and 28:




  1. According to the source what is the primary role of the CRTC?




    1. it ensures that radio and TV stations include Canadian content

    2. it attempts to jam American radio and TV signals in Canada

    3. it produces Canadian TV and radio programs and music

    4. it provides monetary grants to Canadian singers and performers



  1. The best description of this sort of government action with respect to culture is?




    1. homogenization

    2. acculturation

    3. integration

    4. protection



  1. A community where many different minority groups are represented at all levels of society would be said to exhibit cultural




    1. homogenization

    2. acculturation

    3. integration

    4. assimilation



  1. A renewed interest in, and popularity of, traditional cultural practices which help a cultural group strengthen their sense of collective identity could be referred to as:




    1. cultural universalization

    2. cultural revitalization

    3. cultural dominance

    4. cultural retention

Related Issue #1

Identity and Globalizing Forces #2


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