The engine shall meet all regulatory requirements when operating on fuel equal to CARB Specifications for Compressed Natural Gas #2292.5. The four predominant characteristics that must be met are Methane, Ethane, Butane, and Propane.
Propulsion System (Hybrid)
Propulsion System Description
The bus shall be powered by a hybrid propulsion system. Function and operation of the bus shall be transparent to the Bus Operator and passengers. The OEM shall assure that the bus structure can successfully accept the installation of the propulsion system and be operated on the stated duty-cycle for a period of 12 years without a structural failure. At a minimum, propulsion system shall comply with applicable local, state, and/or federal emissions and useful life requirements. The propulsion system shall comply with local, state, and federal (maintenance) and other applicable sections.
The Hybrid Drive System shall be rated for the GVWR or greater of the bus.
Propulsion System Service
The propulsion system shall be arranged so that accessibility for all routine maintenance is assured. No special tools, other than dollies and hoists, shall be required to remove the propulsion system or any subsystems. However, the Agency shall recognize that properly rated test equipment and safe electrical work practices are essential when servicing high voltage hybrid components. The exhaust system, air cleaner, air compressor, starter (if used), alternator, radiator, all engine accessories, and any other component requiring service or replacement shall be easily removable. Contractor shall provide all specialty tools and diagnostic equipment required for maintaining the Propulsion System in accordance with Special Tools List.
Primary Propulsion Unit and Traction Motor
The PPU and traction motor may be configured in a variety of methods dependent upon type of drive, series and/or parallel. The definition of motor in the context of this specification assumes the device can provide or consume energy as well as provide or retard mechanical motion.
Energy Storage and Controller
Design and performance shall be provided to the Agency. Energy storage shall be of a commercial design capable of operating in the Agency transit environment. The primary charging of the energy storage system shall be accomplished by the on-board PPU and regenerative braking.
Thermal management will be provided to ensure optimal life and performance of the ESS over the environmental operating range.
Hybrid System Controller (HSC)
The HSC regulates energy flow throughout hybrid system components in order to provide motive performance and accessory loads, as applicable, while maintaining critical system parameters (e.g., voltages, currents, temperatures, etc.) within specified operating ranges.
The controller shall monitor and process inputs and execute outputs as appropriate to control the operation of all propulsion system components.
Prime Power Unit (PPU)
The PPU and related emission systems shall meet all applicable emissions and design/durability guidelines and standards.
Contractor shall provide Agency with expected durability of the PPU and related emission systems.
NOTE: Agency will provide desired fuel type.
Supplier shall recommend powerplant.
Agency shall define required powerplant.
The PPU shall be equipped with an electronically controlled management system, compatible with multiplex wiring systems and either 12- or 24-volt electrical systems.
The engine shall have on-board diagnostic capabilities, able to monitor vital functions, store out-of-parameter conditions in memory, and communicate faults and vital conditions to service personnel. Diagnostic reader device connector ports, suitably protected against dirt and moisture, shall be provided in operator’s area and near or inside engine compartment. The on-board diagnostic system shall inform the operator via visual and/or audible alarms when out-of-parameter conditions exist for vital engine functions.
The engine starting system shall be protected by an interlock that prevents its engagement when the engine is running. Special equipment or procedures may be employed to start the engine when exposed to temperatures less than 30° F for a minimum of four hours without the engine in operation. All cold weather starting aids, engine heating devices and procedures shall be of the type recommended by the engine manufacturer and approved by the Agency.
Standard Requirements for a Fast Idle Device
The engine shall be equipped with an operator-controlled fast idle device. The fast idle control shall be a two-way switch mounted on the dash or side console and shall activate only with the transmission in neutral and the parking brake applied.
Automatically Activated Fast Idle as Required
The fast idle device shall be activated and controlled automatically by the control system.
The cooling systems shall be of sufficient size to maintain all engine and transmission fluids and engine intake air at safe, continuous operating temperatures during the most severe operations possible and in accordance with engine and transmission manufacturers’ cooling system requirements. The cooling system fan controls should sense the temperatures of the operating fluids and the intake air, and if either is above safe operating conditions the cooling fan should be engaged. The fan control system shall be designed with a fail-safe mode of “fan on.” The cooling system shall meet the requirements stated in the operating environment.
A means of determining satisfactory engine coolant level shall be provided. A spring-loaded, push-button type valve or lever shall be provided to safely release pressure or vacuum in the cooling system with both it and the water filler no more than +/- 60 in. above the ground. Both shall be accessible through the same access door.
The radiator and charge air cooler shall be of durable, corrosion-resistant construction with non-removable tanks.
The radiator and charge air cooler shall be of durable, corrosion-resistant construction with non-removable radiator headers.
For roof mounted radiators, a pressure filler will be provided in the engine compartment no more than +/- 60 in. above the ground.
No screen in front of radiator
Screen in Front of Radiator
The radiator input shall be protected by an easily cleanable screen designed to collect large debris. Radiators with a fin density greater than 12 fins per in. or a louvered slit design shall not be used. No heat-producing components or climate control system components shall be mounted between the engine cooling air intake aperture and the radiator. The radiator and charge air cooler shall be designed to withstand thermal fatigue and vibration associated with the installed configuration. The radiator and charge air cooler cores shall be easily cleaned (to include engine side core surface) with standard pressure-washing equipment.
Standard Requirement for Coolant Filtration
The engine cooling system shall be equipped with a properly sized water filter with a spin-on element and an automatic system for releasing supplemental coolant additives as needed to replenish and maintain protection properties. When replacing the water filter, only the water in the filter will be lost.
No requirement for coolant filtration
Coolant Filtration without Supplemental Additives
The engine cooling system shall be equipped with a properly sized water filter with a spin-on element. The filter shall not release or contain supplemental coolant additives.
Standard Control and Drive Design
Control and drive of the radiator and charge air cooler fan(s) shall be the Contractor’s standard design.
Radiator and charge air cooler fan(s) shall be electrically driven and capable of automated reverse operations for periodic self-cleaning of the radiator and charge air cooler.
Standard Mounting Design
Mounting location of radiator and charge air cooler shall be the Contractor’s standard design.
Higher Mounting Design
The lower edge of the radiator and charge air cooler core(s) shall be mounted at a height no less than 3 ft above street level to minimize core fouling caused by dirt, debris, leaves, etc.
Cooling Fan Controls
The cooling fan shall be temperature controlled, allowing the engine to reach operating temperature quickly.