A separate heating, ventilation and defroster system for the driver’s area shall be provided and shall be controlled by the driver. The system shall meet the following requirements:
The heater and defroster system shall provide heating for the driver and heated air to completely defrost and defog the windshield, driver’s side window, and the front door glasses in all operating conditions. Fan(s) shall be able to draw air from the bus body interior and/or the exterior through a control device and pass it through the heater core to the defroster system and over the driver’s feet. A minimum capacity of 100 cfm shall be provided. The driver shall have complete control of the heat and fresh airflow for the driver’s area.
The defroster supply outlets shall be located at the lower edge of the windshield. These outlets shall be durable and shall be free of sharp edges that can catch clothes during normal daily cleaning. The system shall be such that foreign objects such as coins or tickets cannot fall into the defroster air outlets. Adjustable ball vents or louvers shall be provided at the left of the driver’s position to allow direction of air onto the side windows.
A ventilation system shall be provided to ensure driver comfort and shall be capable of providing fresh air in both the foot and head areas. Vents shall be controllable by the driver from the normal driving position. Decals shall be provided, indicating “operating instructions” and “open” and “closed” positions. When closed, vents shall be sealed to prevent the migration of water or air into the bus.
No dedicated evaporator.
Separate Dedicated Evaporator
Using a separate, dedicated evaporator, the Climate Control System shall be designed to maintain the driver’s compartment temperatures within the range specified for the passenger compartment. The unit shall operate when the climate control switch is in the “Cool” position. It shall have a separate thermostatic control.
A separate fan unit shall provide 100 cfm of air to the driver’s area through directionally adjustable nozzles and an infinitely variable fan control, both of which shall be located above and ahead of the driver.
Air from the evaporator shall be provided to the driver’s area through vents located on the dash in front of the driver.
Driver’s booster blower.
Air shall be filtered before discharge into the passenger compartment. The filter shall meet the ANSI/ASHRAE 52.1 requirement for 5 percent or better atmospheric dust spot efficiency, 50 percent weight arrestance, and a minimum dust holding capacity of 120 g per 1000 cfm cell. Air filters shall be easily removable for service.
Air filters shall be cleanable.
Disposable Type Filters
Air filters shall be of disposable type.
Other Type Filters
Air filters shall be [Agency to specify].
One Roof Ventilator
One ventilator shall be provided in the roof of the bus.
Two Roof Ventilators
Two roof ventilators shall be provided in the roof of the bus, one approximately over or just forward of the front axle and the other approximately over the rear axle.
Each ventilator shall be easily opened and closed manually. When open with the bus in motion, this ventilator shall provide fresh air inside the bus. The ventilator shall cover an opening area no less than 425 sq in. and shall be capable of being positioned as a scoop with either the leading or trailing edge open no less than 4 in., or with all four edges raised simultaneously to a height of no less than 3½ in. An escape hatch shall be incorporated into the roof ventilator. Roof ventilator(s) shall be sealed to prevent entry of water when closed.
Alternative (ArticULATED BUSES)
Three roof ventilators.
An electronically controlled hatch shall be installed.
A tool shall be provided to manually open and close hatch.
Manually controlled shut-off valves in the refrigerant lines shall allow isolation of the compressor and dehydrator filter for service. To the extent practicable, self-sealing couplings utilizing O-ring seals shall be used to break and seal the refrigerant lines during removal of major components, such as the refrigerant compressor. Shut-off valves may be provided in lieu of self-sealing couplings. The condenser shall be located to efficiently transfer heat to the atmosphere and shall not ingest air warmed above the ambient temperature by the bus mechanical equipment, or to discharge air into any other system of the bus. The location of the condenser shall preclude its obstruction by wheel splash, road dirt or debris. HVAC components located within 6 in. of floor level shall be constructed to resist damage and corrosion.
High and low refrigerant pressure analog gauges to be located in the return air area.
High and low refrigerant pressure electronic gauges to be located in the return air area.
NOTE: The Agency may include the following sections if an alternative for colder ambient performance is specified above.
Entrance/exit area heating
No requirements for entrance/exit area heating.
Entrance/Exit Area Heating
Heat shall be supplied to the entrance and exit areas to maintain a tread surface temperature no less than 35 °F in an ambient of -10 °F to prevent accumulation of snow, ice or slush with the bus operating under design operating profile and corresponding door opening cycle.