1. Chapter- 1 backdrop of the proposed plan



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2. CHAPTER-II



MULTI-SECTORAL DISTRICT DEVELOPMENT PLAN FOR MINORITY:
Gajapati District has been created from the erstwhile Ganjam District on 2nd October 1992 (vide notification No- 48552 DT:-28.09.92). Very aptly named after the ex- Raja Sahib of the princely estate Parlakhemundi, Maharaja Sri Krushna Chandra Gajapati Narayan Deo, the district has Parlakhemundi as its headquarters. It has in all 7 blocks, 3 tahsils and two urban local bodies namely Parlakhemundi Municipality and NAC Kasinagar. Importantly, Gajapati District is a Tribal District with Christians forming 34% of its total population. A sizable number of Buddhists and Muslims also live in the district along with the Christians.

The Multi-Sectoral District Development plan for Minority would concentrate on the following Areas as outlined in Para 1.7(i) to (Viii) of guidelines.



The MDP aims at improving the socio-economic parameters of basic amenities for improving the quality of life of the people and reducing imbalances among other categories. The MDP would throw light upon “development deficits” brought out by a baseline survey to improve the socio-economic parameters and the basic amenities parameters of the District as a whole. As such, this district has identified the following areas:

  • Better infrastructure for schools and Secondary Education

  • Safe drinking water and sanitation

  • Electricity supply

  • Construction of AWC and Mini AWCs

  • Critical infrastructure like Road, Basic Health Infra-Structure, Skill Development, Marketing facilities etc.

  • Income Generating Schemes through Irrigation facilities and Skill Up- Gradations

The Programme area would cover 7 blocks. The core data is used in development of Multi-Sectoral Development Plan for minority. This ranking was based on a composite index covering 11 social and economic indicators. Views of Elderly persons, PRI members and Subject Matter Specialists were considered in the plan preparation methodology.

The objectives of the programme are as follows:-



  • Enhancing opportunities for education.




  • Ensuring an equitable share for minorities in economic activities and employment, through the existing and new schemes, enhanced credit support for self-employment, and recruitment to State and Central Government jobs.




  • Improving the conditions of living of minorities by ensuring an appropriate share for them in infrastructure development schemes.




  • Prevention and control of communal disharmony and violence.




3. CHAPTER III

DEVELOPMENT PROFILE OF THE DISTRICT
BRIEF PROFILE OF THE DISTRICT
Gajapati district is located in southern part of Orissa. The district is relatively new and is formed in the year 1992 by subdividing the erstwhile Ganjam District. The total geographical area of the district consists of 4325 sq.km. The district has a total population of 518837. Out of this, 8.77 % belong to Scheduled Caste and 47.88% belong to ST population. The decadal growth rate of the population is found to be 14.02% with crude birth rate of 32.4 %. The population in the district exhibits imbalance with a sex ratio of 1031. The sex ratio in urban area is 988 while that of rural area is 1036. The literacy level in the district is only 42% compared to the state average of 62%. There exist widespread variation in literacy level in urban areas and rural areas. Disparities are also found in female and male literacy rate. The female literacy rate is only 28.1% while male literacy rate is 55.14%. The district has two subdivisions, three Tahasils, seven development Blocks, 129 Grama Panchayats, one Municipality, and one NAC. A brief description on the development profile of the district is provided in the following paragraphs.


TOPOGRAPHY
Major part of the district is hilly terrain. The hilly areas are mostly inhabited by Tribals. The highest mountain of the district Mahendragiri lies at an altitude of 4,923 feet above the sea level.  The soil quality is of alluvial, brown, laterites, clay loam, sandy loam and red. This district comes under “NORTH EASTERN GHAT AGRO CLIMATIC ZONE” with light textured brown forest soil which is highly acidic in nature with medium percentage of Nitrogen, Phosphorous and Potash. Due to typical characteristic of the agro-climatic zone, the terrain has rolling topography, rugged hills, and perennial streams. Due to steep and rugged terrain and non availability of water, the land available for cultivation is very less. The farmers mostly practice shifting cultivation which sometimes is the main cause of land sliding and damage of life and property. Gosani, Gumma, Kasinagar, Rayagada and R.Udayagiri blocks have almost 90% laterites soil. Brown forest soil is found in Nuagada and Mohana blocks. Gosani, Kasinagar blocks comes under plain lands where as the tribal blocks consists of hill and table land in the North-East part of the district.



Sl.No

Name of the Block

North Latitude

East Longitude

1

GOSANI

180.47 North

840.08 East

2

GUMMA

180.59’ North

830.48’ East

3

KASHINAGAR

-

-

4

MOHANA

190.27 North

840.16 East

5

NUAGADA

190.06 North

840.17 East

6

R.UDAYGIRI

190.10’ North

840.08’ East

7

RAYAGADA

180.58 North

840.10 East


CLIMATE
The climate of the district is sub-tropical with extreme variation in temperature and rain fall. The temperature varies from 16 to 48 degree Celsius. The lowest temperature has been experienced in the month of November -December and the highest temperature occurs during May-June. The second fortnight of March to the first fortnight of June is the hottest period with the Mercury rising up to 490C .

RAINFALL
The district receives annual rainfall in between 1500 mm to 2080 mm. The average annual rainfall is 1403.30mm with nearly 71 rainy days in a year. The maximum precipitation is received between July -September. During February and May the rain fall is almost erratic. The data regarding the average rainfall in the district during the year 1993 to 2007 is provided in the following table.

Figure 1: Rain fall in the district from 1994 to 2007


Table 1: Details of rainfall in the district


Year

Rainfall in mm.

Year

Rainfall

1994

1,415.43

2001

1,281.54

1995

2,080.42

2002

707.15

1996

893.36

2003

1,618.77

1997

1,338.42

2004

1,280.94

1998

1,246.91

2005

1,452.42

1999

1,048.12

2006

1,704.50

2000

1,164.34

2007

1206.31

Source: District statistical Hand Book: 2005


WATER RESOURCES

There are three major rivers namely Vasandhara, Mahendranayana and Badanadi, flowing through the district. Water from these three major rivers form the sources of irrigation. The river Vansadhara originates from Lanjigarh area of Kalahandi district and passes through Kashinagar block and flows southwards along the borderline of Gajapati district.  The river Mahendratanaya is originating from the Mahendragiri range and flows in the westward direction through Rayagada block and then to southward direction through Gosani block.  The river Badanadi flows through western part of Mohona block.



FOREST RESOURCES
The total forest area of the district is 2,301.98 sq. km. Out of which 437.52 sq. km is reserve forest. Timber, bamboo, hill broom, Patala garuda, soap nut, B. kaliakhali, marsinga leaf, dhatuki flowers, kochila seeds, genduli gum, siali leaves and kathalai etc forms the major forest products of the district.

MINERAL RESOURCES
The granite decorative stones found in some part of Parlakhemundi are the mineral resources available in the district.
LAND USE PATTERN
Table given below provides the details of land utilization in the district. Out of the total geographical area of 432500 ha, the land available for agriculture is nearly 77335 ha. The forest land constitutes 68785 ha and barren and uncultivable waste 119718 ha. Cultivable waste constitutes nearly 3619 ha. The land utilization data of the district reveals a net sown area of 76125 ha and 46322 ha as area sown more than once. It observed some positive trends in the land use pattern in the district during the few years. The net sown area of the district increased from 65075 in 2002 to 46322 ha in 2007. Similarly the area sown more than once also increased from 30327 ha in 2002 to 46322 ha in 2008.

LAND USE PATTERN

Table given below provides the details of land utilization in the district. Out of the total geographical area of 432500 ha, the land available for agriculture is nearly 77335 ha. The forest land constitutes 68785 ha and barren and uncultivable waste 119718 ha. Cultivable waste constitutes nearly 3619 ha. The land utilization data of the district reveals a net sown area of 76125 ha and 46322 ha as area sown more than once. It observed some positive trends in the land use pattern in the district during the few years. The net sown area of the district increased from 65075 in 2002 to 46322 ha in 2007. Similarly the area sown more than once also increased from 30327 ha in 2002 to 46322 ha in 2008.



Table 2: Land use pattern in the district

Heads of classification( ha)

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

Total Geographical Area (Ha)

432500

432500

432500

432500

432500

432500

Forests ( Ha)

68785

68785

68785

68785

68785

68785

Land put in non agricultural use( Ha)

10815

10815

10815

10815

11514

11514

Barren and uncultivable land( Ha)

110609

110609

110609

110609

119718

119718

Permanent pastures and other gazing land

8336

8336

8336

8336

11990

11990

Land under miscellaneous tree corps ( Ha)

2002

2002

2002

2002

7582

7582

Cultivable waste( Ha)

2716

2716

2716

2716

3619

3619

Fallow and other than cultivable land( Ha)

10515

10515

10515

10515

5327

5327

Current fallow

12260

12260

3661

1258

680

430

Net sown area

65075

64865

73709

75352

75875

76125

Area sown more than once

30327

41180

40730

43852

46128

46322

Source: District Agriculture Office
DEMOGRAPHIC DETAILS

Population

The district has a total population of 518,837 which constitutes 1.41 % of the total population of the state. Nearly 90 percent of the population lives in rural areas. Scheduled Tribe population accounts for 50.5 % of the total population and the Scheduled Caste population is nearly 7.5 %. The sex ratio in the district is 1.031 and the density of population of 120. The population growth of the district is found to be 14.5 %.



Table 3: Demographic details of the district

Particulars

Population

% to total population

Population (as per 2001 census)        

518,837

 ---

Male                             

2,55,423         

49.2

Female                          

2,63,414

50.8

Population (URBAN)                          

52,888

10.2

Male                             

26,528

5.1

Female                         

26,360

5.1

Population (RURAL)                          

4,65,949

89.8

Male                             

2,28,760

44.1

Female                         

2,37,189

45.7

Population (S.T)                                

2, 63,476

50.8

Population (S.C)                                

38,928

7.5

Other population(General )

2,16,433

41.7

Population growth rate                             




14.10

Sex ratio




1.031

Density of Population                         

120 Per Sq. Km.




Source: District Statistical Hand Book: 2005

Demography as per 2001 census




Population

Male

Female

Total

Population (District as a whole)

255423

263414

518837

SC Population

18973

19955

38928

ST Population

128679

134797

263476

Other Population

107771

108662

216433

Children (0-6 years)

47189

45497

92686



BLOCK-WISE POPULATION (2001 Census)


Name of

the Block



No. of

GPs


No. of

Villages


No. of

Inhabited



No. of

Un inhabited



No. of

Household


Population



Male

Female

Total

Gosani

21

136

120

16

16432

34709

35593

70302

Gumma

19

220

207

13

14067

31491

33859

65350

Kashinagar

12

102

87

15

11148

23884

24458

48342

Mohana

32

500

474

26

23809

57378

58492

115870

Nuagada

14

185

176

9

9277

22619

23981

46600

Rayagada

18

225

213

12

14275

30990

33053

64043

R.Udayagiri

13

252

235

17

11298

27791

27651

55442

Total

129

1620

1512

108

100306

228862

237087

465949



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