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Executive summary 5
Feedback—tell us what you think 6
1.Are there any additional demand drivers supporting 5G network deployment in Australia not identified in this paper? 6
2.Are there any additional significant enablers or major inhibitors to 5G network deployment in Australia that are not identified in this paper? 6
1.Are there any additional demand drivers supporting 5G network deployment in Australia not identified in this paper? 17
Technological enablers for 5G 18
Technology developments and spectrum efficiency 18
6.Examples of 5G demonstrations at millimetre wave frequencies 19
Network infrastructure and topology 20
1.Ensuring spectrum management arrangements for bands expected to be used by mobile broadband services are made under suitable conditions including sufficient licence tenure and technology flexibility. 22
7.Optimisation of arrangements for spectrum already available for mobile broadband services. 23
8.Re-farming (as appropriate) additional spectrum for potential use by mobile broadband services. 23
Other 5G technological enablers 24
9.Are there any additional significant enablers or major inhibitors to 5G network deployment in Australia that are not identified in this paper? 25
Six 5G use cases 26
10.Drivers relevant to the IoT use case 26
11.Drivers relevant to the rich communication services use case 28
12.Drivers relevant to the augmented reality and tactile internet services use case 29
13.Drivers relevant to the vertical industry sectors use case 30
14.Drivers relevant to the ultra-reliable and lifeline communications use case 33
15.Demand drivers relevant to the mobile broadband access everywhere use case 34
5G developments and existing regulatory arrangements 36
User experience 41
1.Are there additional regulatory issues around 5G network deployment, relevant to the ACMA’s responsibilities, which are not discussed in this paper? 41
1.Are there any additional demand drivers supporting 5G network deployment in Australia not identified in this paper? 42
2.Are there any additional significant enablers or major inhibitors to 5G network deployment in Australia that are not identified in this paper? 42
3.Are there additional regulatory issues around 5G network deployment, relevant to the ACMA’s responsibilities, which are not discussed in this paper? 42
Four years after the initial deployment of 4G networks in Australia, the mobile sector is turning its attention to the specification and development of the next generation of mobile broadband services: 5G or fifth generation mobile.
Australia has benefited from progressive investments and upgrades in mobile network capabilities and service deployments. Successive generations of mobile technologies have been deployed in Australia approximately every ten years. 5G represents the next expected evolution in mobile technologies, with the first commercial deployments in Australia expected from 2020.
There are two defining requirements for 5G that separate it from previous developments. They are its near-zero latency and data rates of 1–10 Gbps.1
These two features support an ‘anytime, anywhere, anyone and anything’ capability of 5G, which is expected to play a role in supporting a wider deployment of the Internet of Things (IoT) in Australia.2
This paper uses the 5G characteristics identified in the GSM Association (GSMA) Intelligence’s Understanding 5G: perspectives on future technological advancements in mobile to assess consumer and industry demand, technology developments enabling 5G and potential use cases. These technology characteristics are outlined below.
Specific requirements for 5G (source: GSMA Intelligence)
Data rates 1–10 Gbps connection to end point in the field
Near zero latency: 1 millisecond end-to-end round trip
Perception of 99.999 per cent availability and 100 per cent coverage
90 per cent reduction in network energy usage
Up to 10-year battery life for low power, machine-type devices.
The ACMA’s current focus in this area, as outlined in its Corporate plan, is directed towards facilitating access to public resources such as spectrum and telephone numbers, as Australians move to adopt 4G and 5G technologies and make increased use of mobile broadband, machine-to-machine communications and the IoT.3
facilitation of access to mobile services by allocating resources necessary to allow wireless networks to develop
supporting the international harmonisation of spectrum arrangements to provide economies of scale for manufacturers and provide flow through benefits to Australian consumers arising from lower device costs.
This report examines:
the ongoing development of mobile networks in Australia
expected consumer and business drivers of demand for the next generation of mobile services