A History of the Yoakum, Yocom, Yocum, Families. H. C. Smith, M.D. 1963.
“[There was a] great Hegira from Montgomery County, Kentucky, to Clay County, (and some other counties), Indiana in the early 1830's.” (page 255).
Harold M. Yoakum: “In Hardy County, West Virginia in 1861, the beginning of the Civil War, Virginia had cast its lot with the Confederacy. However, the settlers along the south fork of the Potomac River valley seceded in 1863 to become a separate state and joined the Union. In 1785, Hardy County, Virginia, was created from Hampshire County, with Hampshire County have been created in 1753 from Fredrick County, Fredrick County was created from lands originally called Orange and August Counties, and previous to 1738 county boundaries were changed a number of times. Therefore, it is a bit confusing insofar as county records of this area are concerned.”
Yoakum's Station: Powell Mountain, River, and Valley, lying in the present Lee County, Virginia, they were named for Ambrose Powell, a member of Dr. Thomas Walker's exploring party in 1750. Ambrose had amused himself by carving his name on trees and later travellers finding these, gave the area his name. The river had been originally named Beargrass, because of the heavy growth of this grass along the stream, but was renamed Powell by the travellers. Their route was named The Wilderness Road later. It passed first through Little Stone Gap, then through Big Stone Gap, some 3 miles nearer the Cumberland Mountains. This gap, being very deep, made an arduous and slow crossing. Travellers being in full view of the Indians in the mountains after leaving Little Stone Gap, permitted the Indians to swoop down and ambush them in Big Stone Gap and few of them escaped. In consequence, a second and safer route was established down the Holston River. At Bean's Station, it turned north to Cumberland Gap. The first Yoakum's Station was on the original route, the second between Bean's Station and the Gap in Claiborne County, Tennessee. The present most used route is shorter, being a short cut from the original route direct to the Gap through Jonesville, Virginia. (A History of The Yoakum, Yocom, Yocum Families, H. C. Smith, 1963.
Harold M. Yoakum: The Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR), along with the State of Tennessee, have established a historical marker on Tennessee Highway 63, and located between LoFollette, Tennessee and Middlesboro, Kentucky, which reads as follows:
“ID-19 YOAKUM'S STATION. The 1791 Holston Treaty prohibited settlers from entering the Cherokee lands in the Powell Valley, however, recipients of North Carolina land grants moved into the area. President George Washington directed by official proclamation that the pioneers leave the valley and this area. Captain Richard Sparks and John Wade read the executive order to the settlers at Yoakum's Station, one mile southeast (this notes the location of Yoakum's Station from the historical marker) in February, 1797. The Treaty of Tellico in 1798 resolved the controversy.” The settlers were allowed to remain on their adopted lands and holdings.
History of Augusta County, Virginia p138
After the massacre at Muddy Creek “they (the Indians under Cornstalk) proceeded to the Big Levels, and on the next day, after having been as hospitably entertained as at Muddy Creek, they reenacted the revolting scenes of the previous day. Every white man in the settlement but Conrad Yolkom, who was some distance from his house, was slain, and every woman but Mrs. Glendinin. Yolkom, when alarmed by the outcries of the women, took in the situation and fled to Jackson's River telling the story. The people were unwilling to believe him, till convinced by the approach of the Indians. All fled before them, and they pursued on to Carr's Creek in Rockbridge, where many families were murdered and others captured.” (Cornstalk was a Shawnee born Greenbrier ca 1747. He was about 16 at the time of the Muddy Creek Massacre and Big Levels Massacre in Greenbrier. He was killed in the spring of 1777 by white men).
ca 1621: born Germany.
no date: married Gertrude (Geertje) _______.
*ca 1653: son Mathias born.
1655: daughter Ann born.
1657: daughter Jane born.
9 May 1661: emigrated to New Amsterdam in 1661 on the ship “Beaver.” Holland Society Year Book 1902, p8.
Variations of his name included: Henrick, Hendrickje, Jochem, Jochems.
Ann Jochem; Jane Jochem.
Yoakum Family History by Harold M. Yoakum, April 1987: Heinrich Jochem was born in Germany and with his wife, Geertje (Gertrude), son Mathias and daughters Ann and Jane, of palatinate German descent, immigrated from Hamburg, Germany. They arrive May 9, 1661 to New Amsterdam (New York State) on the English ship “Beaver,” having left a depressed area of Germany to try to make a new life in a new and growing land.
We are not able to verify that Heinrich Jochem was descendant of the noted Jochims, Electors of Brandenburg, or the other famous and Saint Joachims, however, the possibility does exist, inasmuch as Heinrich and Gertrude Jochem were from the same general area of Germany, and history has recorded that the reign of the Joachims by the early to mid 1600's had ended and the area was under new political leadership, and depressed and unsettled time.
We do not know where Heinrich and Gertrude are buried, nor do we have any further information on daughters Ann and Jane. It would appear that they lived out their lives in the New Amsterdam colony.
Reference: Holland Society Year Book of 1902, p8.
*Mathias Jochem (son of Heinrich and Gertrude (_______) Jochem)
ca 1653: born Germany.
no date: married Eleanor _______.
*ca 1678: son Francis born.
no date: died New York.
*Francis Jochem (son of Mathias Jochem)
ca 1678: born New Amsterdam, New York.
no date: married Millie Felty (1678 New Amsterdam, New York-1751 Botetourt County, Virginia). According to Harold M. Yoakum, the name of Felty was said to be a name of importance in the New Amsterdam colony.
*1706: son Matthias born.
1709: son John Yocum born.
1711: son Jacob born.
1713: son Conrad born.
1717: son Felty born.
1719: son George born.
1721: son Valentine born.
1751: died Botetourt or Hampshire County, Virginia (estate administered Frederick County, Virginia?).
1752: will probated.
“These seven sons were born in New York and came to Pennsylvania with their parents who settled the Dutch colony on the South Branch of the Potomac, and at the mouth of Muddy Creek, in Greenbrier County, Virginia.”
Harold M. Yoakum: “These seven sons were born in New Amsterdam (New York State) and came to Pennsylvania with their parents to Lancaster County in about 1729. Later on the family moved on to Virginia on the south branch of Peach Creek on the Potomac in Hampshire County, now Hardy County, West Virginia. Francis died in 1751, evidenced by the settlement of his estate in Hampshire County, Virginia in 1752, and is said to be buried in Fredrick County, Virginia. Millie is probably buried there also.”
*Matthias Yoakum (son of Francis and Millie (Felty) Jochem)
1706: born New Amsterdam, New York.
no date: moved to Pennsylvania with his parents, who settled the Dutch Colony on the South Branch of the Potomac, and at the mouth of Muddy Creek in Greenbrier County, Virginia.
no date: Matthias bought land in Pennsylvania but, not liking the laws and regulations of the state, moved to the Northern Neck of Virginia. He settled on what was then unsurveyed land owned by Thomas Lord Fairfax, at Moorefield, the county seat of the present Hardy County, West Virginia, located on the Wappaconnec or Great South Branch of the Potomac.
ca 1731: married Hardy County, Virginia, Eleanor See (1712 Silesia, Germany-18 Feb 1783 Lincoln County, Kentucky) daughter of George Ludwig and Margaret (Judy) See of Silesia, Germany.
ca 1729: son Francis born.
ca 1730: son Felty born.
1732: son Jacob born.
ca 1734: son Valentine born.
ca 1736: son Mathias born.
ca 1738: son Jesse born.
ca 1740: son Michael born.
ca 1742: son Conrad born.
ca 1745: Matthias Yocum, Michael Harness and George Stump were the first three men that ever brought wagons down to the South Branch. Matthias and the others came by way of Winchester, then up the Big Capon (Cacopon), Lost River and to the mountains. Crossing over the mountains, they came to the South Branch. Matthias settled a half mile from the north of South Fork (Draper MSS. 12 c.c.-137 and 139). Tradition has the year of this settlement as 1745. The Moravian (United Brethren) missionaries, Leonard Schnell and John Grandmueller, in their diaries of travels from Maryland to Virginia and the present West Virginia, visited Matthias Jochem and his family as early as 30 Mar 1747 and M. D. Gottschalk, A. G. (alias Joseph) Spangenberg again visited Matthias and his family in October 1749 and described Matthias as a well-to-do German. They had traveled twelve miles from the home of George Zeh, The Virginia Magazine of History and Genealogy.
Michael Harness was married to Elizabeth (Jephebe) Westfall of Pennsylvania. They had 13 children: Elizabeth Harness married Philip Powell Yoakum, (Barbara) Rebecca Harness married 1732 Michael See, John Harness married Elizabeth Youcum. Reference: General Sketches of Families in Virginia and Kentucky, p172.
no date: Harold M. Yoakum believed that Philip Powell Yoakum was a son of Matthias and Eleanor.
1747: son John born.
*1750: son William born.
24 Apr 1751: received a grant of 330 acres on the west side of Muddy Creek, Greenbrier County, (West) Virginia, adjoining his son, Felty Yockham (sic).
13 Aug 1751: Frederick County, Virginia, administrator's bond to Matthias Yoakum, on the estate of Francis Yoakum, with John Varvel and Michael Harness as his sureties. Frederick County, Virginia, Will Bk, p480. The final settlement of the estate was recorded in 1752.
ca 1753: son Henry born.
ca 1755: son George born.
9 Aug 1755: received a survey of acreage “in the lower end of Augusta County, Virginia, on the north side of the Roanoke River in Virginia.” Kegley's Virginia Frontier, B. Kegley, Roanoke, Virginia: The Southwest Virginia Historical Society, 1938. Matthias Yaokum Survey 267A on N side of Roanoke above Arthur's Bottom (Augusta County). Page 562 shows map of property.
1755: Tax delinquents 1755 Mathias Yoakum. “Some found [tax delinquents] in ye lower end of Augusta County.” Kegley's, p106.
1756: fee books of August County: in ye lower end of Augusta County, Mathias Yoakam. Chalkley, v2, p419.
16 Nov 1760: Mathias M. Youcam, of Bedford County, to William Thompson power of attorney to convey 267A whereon Mathias formerly dwelt, joining land lately possessed by James Campbell, on Roanoke River, to Alexander Boyd, paymaster to the Virginia Regiment. Chalkley, p538, Old Papers.
Aug 1762: Chalkley, p328, County Court Judgments. Matthias and Felty were witnesses to the murder of a man.
1763: lived in Bedford County, Virginia, on the James River at the time of the Chief Cornstalk Massacre (according to the History of Bath County, Virginia).
11 Feb 1764: Abstract of Virginia Surveys, p. 14, 20A on the Roanoke River.
19 May 1768: constables: Matthias Yoakum, vice constable John Neeley. Chalkley, p149, Order Book XII.
1770/71: hemp certificates granted by the court of Botetourt County: Matthias Yoakum, 660 lbs. and Matthias Yoakum, 586 lbs. (Kegley's).
10 Apr 1770: Court at Miller's mill: Matthias Yoakum proved a certificate according to law for 4,586 pounds of winter rotted hemp made on his plantation in Botetourt County, Virginia (Annals of Southwest Virginia, p75).
12 June 1770: Matthias Yoakum, 660 pounds of winter rotted hemp, p84.
10 Sept 1770: jury duty (Andrew Hatfield vs Richard Cally) p93.
11 June 1771: Matthias Yoakum, 1200 pounds of hemp, p127.
8 Oct 1771: jury duty, p133.
12 Nov 1772: jury duty, p165.
31 July 1773: jury duty, p197.
10 Aug 1773: jury duty, p197.
15 Apr 1774: jury trial: Samuel Barton vs Mathias Youkum. Barton won and Mathias was fined 17 pounds, 13 shillings, 8 pence (Annals of Southwest Virginia, p221).
15 Apr 1774: Matthias Yoakum surety for John Bowman, guardian of James Tosh. Botetourt County, Virginia.
26 Apr 1780: Matthias Yoakum 1000A, Bk1 p23, Watercourse, Chaplins Fork. Jillson, Old Kentucky Entries and Deeds, Lincoln County, Kentucky, entries.
29 Jan 1780: will written.
18 Feb 1783: will probated. Lincoln County, Kentucky, Will Bk A, p148. Harold M Yoakum: His place of residence at the time of signing his “X” to his will was in the then named county of Botecourt, in what was then a part of Virginia before it became a part of the later formed state of West Virginia.
History of Grant and Hardy County, West Virginia, pVI: George Yokum, John Yokum, and Mathias Yokum were among the first settlers.
Will mentions son Felty and unmarried son George.
Will of Matthias Yoakum (Will Book A, page 148, Lincoln County, Kentucky):
“In the name of God Amen, this the 29th day of January, Anno Dom: 1780 I Mathias Yoakam of Botetourt County, Virginia, being sick and weak of body, but of perfect mind and memory, and - calling to mind the mortality of my body, and knowning that is appointed for all men once to die, do make and ordain this to be my last Will and Testament, in the manner and form as followeth, and first I recommend my soul to God who gave it and my Body I recommend to the Earth to be buried in a Christian manner at the discretion of my Executors.
Imprimis: and as touching such worldly goods wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me with in this life, I give devise and dispose of it in the following manner and form - And first to my beloved Wife Eleanor I give and bequeath all my household Goods and furniture during her natural life, and also a dark bay mare and Saddle two Colts, and Cow, and Musket and Pistol and four Deer Skins, and a chain halter to her Heirs forever - And to my son Felty Yoakums oldest son George his Heir, I give and bequeath one dollar. And whereas I have already given what I intended to my other Children who are all married Excepting my youngest son George Youkam, to him I give and bequeath all my land and Improvements, and also all my Horses, mares and Cattle - excepting what is already bequeathed to my Wife whom hers to maintain during her natural life, and he is to collect all Debts due to me, and also to pay what Debts I owe, and what money is over and above what will pay my just Debts I give and bequeath to my beloved Wife, and also her bed and furniture.
And lastly I nominate and appoint my Wife Eleanor and my son George to be whole and sole Executors of this my last Will and Testament, and I do hereby Revoke all and every other to be my last Will and Testament the day and year first above Written.” Mathias Yoakam in the presence of William Walton, Peter Deyerle, and Peter Keeney.
Francis Yoakum (son of Matthias and Eleanor (See) Yoakum)
ca 1729: born Frederick County, Virginia.
no date: ?son Francis born.
1751: lived Frederick County, Virginia.
14 Nov 1780: died Frederick County, Virginia.
Francis Yoakum (son of Francis Yoakum)
1800: census, Montgomery County, Kentucky, next to Francis Yocum, John Yocum, Sr., and William Yocum.
1810: census, Montgomery County, Kentucky, born 1760-1784.
Felty Yoakum (son of Matthias and Eleanor (See) Yoakum)
ca 1730: born Greenbrier County, West Virginia.
22 Nov 1750: took up 480 acres of land in what is now Greenbrier County, West Virginia.
ca 1750/51: married Margaret? _______.
ca 1751: ?daughter Elizabeth born.
ca 1753: son George born.
ca 1755: son John born.
17 July 1763: died Greenbrier County, Virginia, massacred by Chief Cornstalk's band of Indians.
Maria Thompson Davis, in her History of Mercer and Boyles Counties, Kentucky, stated, “The Indians killed all of Felty's family but his wife and two children. She escaped but came back at night and lay in his bosom in gore.” “Witnesses to the killing of Felthe Yoken: Mathes Yoken, Nap Gregory, Robt. Allin and William Elliott.”
A daughter has been mentioned by some authorities. According to Henry Howe's Historical Recollections of Virginia, “among captives of the Indians surrendered and sent to Fort Pitt in January 1765, was Elizabeth Yoakim, 12 years old, taken July 1763 from Greenbrier County” and it is believed that this may have been the daughter and the eldest child of Felty Yoakim. From notes by Florence (Mrs. Derrell) Dyke, Fifth at Olive Street, Marysville, Ohio 43040: Mrs. Irene (See) (G.D.) Brasel of Hoopeston, Illinois, was descended from Elizabeth, the oldest daughter of Felty Yoakum)
Elizabeth Yokim (?daughter of Felty and Margaret (_______) Yoakum)
ca 1751: born.
George Yokim (?son of Felty and Margaret (_______) Yoakum)
29 Jan 1780: received a bequest from his grandfather Matthias' will, as “George Yoakum, eldest son of my son Felty.”
18 May 1780: signed a petition in Greenbrier County, (W.) Virginia, requesting higher pay for those who watch for the approach of Indians. The same day he signed a petition of settlers who are on land patented to others. The settlers couldn't afford to pay the composition money within six months which would keep the land from reverting to the original owner.
It is presumed that he established, or helped establish, Yoakum's Station, Lee County, Virginia in Powell Valley and situated on the original Wilderness Road, as a deed of conveyance of the land upon which it was located `dated in 1796' is signed by George Yokim and his wife Patty.
***This George is mixed up with George, son of Valentine. Maybe they are the same person.
John Yokim (?son of Felty and Margaret (_______) Yoakum)
ca 1755: born Greenbrier County, (W.) Virginia.
ca 1780: married ________ _______ (_______-Salisbury Township, Sangamon County, Illinois).
1781: son John born.
ca 1783: son Peter born.
ca 1785: son Matthias born.
ca 1787: son James born.
no date: moved down the Powell River to Yoakum's Station, Claiborne County, Tennessee.
27 Dec 1788: son William born.
1790: moved to Claiborne County, Tennessee.
ca 1791: died Yoakum's Station, Claiborne County, Tennessee.
After his death, when William was about two years old, John's wife remained in Tennessee. About 1810 she and her grown family moved to near Edwardsville, Madison County, Illinois.
John Yoakum (son of John Yokim)
1781: born Yoakum Station, Claiborne County, Tennessee.
no date: married Rachael ________ (1784-1866).
ca 1805: daughter Nancy born.
ca 1806: son Isaac born.
ca 1808: son George born.
ca 1810: son Elijah born.
9 Dec 1812: son Valentine Washington born.
1815: daughter Margaret born.
ca 1816: daughter Martha born.
1817/18: moved to Hillsboro, Montgomery County, Illinois.
31 Jan 1818: daughter Rachel born.
15 Oct 1821: served on a grand jury in Montgomery County, Illinois.
1 Sept 1823: appointed to view the road from the County Seat to the Sangamon County line.
1823: daughter Sarah born.
6 Mar 1827: served as overseer of the poor in West Fork Township.
6 May 1828: son William Jefferson born.
Nov 1828: appointed road supervisor for District No. 6.
12 Sept 1831: granted a land patent in the county.
9 Apr 1848: died intestate.
4 Aug 1848: sale of property and personalty. John Killpatrick asked for administration of the estate and the widow and son relinquished their rights of administration. Joshua Preston was security. (Probate Court Journal, Bk F p62).
John came from Yoakum's Station, Lee County, Virginia, to Yoakum's Station, Claiborne County, Tennessee, then to Hillsboro, Montgomery County, Illinois in 1817 or 1818. His estate included real estate as follows: 80A E½ of the SE¼ S5 T8 R4 and 40A SW¼ of the NW¼ S4 R4.
From “Woman's Story of Pioneer Illinois” by Mrs. John Tilson:
“On your father's (John Tilson) quartersection, a squatter had made what was then termed an `improvement,' said improvement consisting of a few acres inclosed by a rail fence, with a cabin and a smokehouse in the center. The squatter made his appearance, expected to be paid well for all his improvements...The lord of the soil was no less a man than Commodore Yoakum, the best hunter, the life of the corn-shuckings, the best `corner man' at a log-cabin raising...
At his meeting - hard shell Baptists, no one could raise their voice louder in the hymnes `Old Grimes,' being his favorite tune. Being so clever and handy while he always maintained an air of command, the boys had honored him with the title of Commodore, which seemed to amuse and please him exceedingly. The Commodore was a large, black-eyed, black bearded dark skinned Tennesseean. He had had a grand or great-grandfather who had been a large land owner and slaveholder, and that circumstance, with the fact that the tract where his ancestors resided had been distinguished and still bore the name of Yoakum Station, combining with his large development of esteem, rendered our Commodore, in his own estimation, second to no man.”
From the Hillsboro Democrat, 20 Aug 1873 by A. H. H. Rountree:
“John Yoakum raised a large family, he was a wheelwright, millwright, carpenter, cooper, loom maker, and everything else of a kindred nature. Besides having made and used what was an early necessity, a kind of a hand mill for grinding corn and other grains. It is also understood that Mr. Yoakum also ran a forge and worked some in iron, perhaps in guns also. He was likewise a carpenter and skilled in a kind of business long since played out, that of `carrying up a corner of log building.' He was also a great and successful hunter and a jolly good fellow around the camp fires, full of yarns of which he was very fond, and with all was a good story teller after the old patriarchal style. It was not known if he ever held an office.”
Nancy Yoakum (daughter of John and Rachael (_______) Yoakum)
ca 1805: born.
7 June 1827: Montgomery County, Illinois, licensed to marry Jesse Johnson.
24 Mar 1829: Montgomery County, Illinois, licensed to marry Joseph H. Brammer.
9 Mar 1830: Montgomery County, Illinois, licensed to marry Robert Crow.
12 July 1830: married Montgomery County, Illinois, to Gilbert Mackey.
The igi lists 2 Jan 1827, Columbia County, George, to Jesse Johnson; 2 June 1827, Montgomery County, Illinois, to Jesse Johnson; 24 Mar 1829, Montgomery County, Illinois, to Joseph H. Brammer; and 12 July 1830, Montgomery County, Illinois, to Gilbert Mackey.
Isaac Yoakum (son of John and Rachael (_______) Yoakum)
ca 1806: born Tennessee.
20 Nov 1834: married Montgomery County, Illinois, to Rebecca McWilliams. The igi gives the marriage date as 30 Nov 1834.
According to the Hillsboro Democrat 20 Aug 1873, Isaac early left for the lead mines about Galena, Illinois, where he lived many years across the line in Wisconsin, but when the gold fever broke out in California, he removed to the Golden State where he died, leaving no children.