Acronyms & Symbols for Callan/Thomas Environmental Economics and Management, 6e



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Acronyms & Symbols for Callan/Thomas Environmental Economics and Management, 6e

A
ABT Averaging, banking, and trading

ACC American Chemistry Council

ADWR Aircraft Drinking Water Rule

AEM Averting Expenditure Method

AQCR Air Quality Control Region

AQI Air Quality Index

ARB California Air Resources Board

ARP Acid Rain Program

B
BACT Best available control technology

BADCT Best available demonstrated control technology

BART Best available retrofit technology

BAT Best available technology (drinking water)

BAT Best available technology economically achievable (existing point sources)

BCM Bromochloromethane

BCT Best conventional control technology

BEA Bureau of Economic Analysis

BEACH Beaches Environmental Assessment and Coastal Health Act

BFR Brominated flame retardant

BMP Best Management Practices

BOD Biological oxygen demand

BSR Business for Social Responsibility

Btu British thermal unit

C
CAAA Clean Air Act Amendments

CAFE Corporate Average-Fuel Economy

CAIR Clean Air Interstate Rule

CAIROS CAIR Ozone Season

CARS Car Allowance Rebate System

CB EMT Chesapeake Bay Environmental Markets Team

CBOT Chicago Board of Trade

CCL Construction Completions List

CCRI Climate Change Research Initiative

CCSP Climate Change Science Program

CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDM Clean Development Mechanism

CEC North American Commission for Environmental Cooperation

CEITs Countries with Economies in Transition

CEPA Canadian Environmental Protection Act

CER Certified Emission Reduction

CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act

CERCLIS Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Information System

C2F6 Perfluoroethane

C6H6 Benzene

CF4 Tetrofluoromethane

CFC-11 Chlorofluorocarbon-11

CFC-12 Chlorofluorocarbon-12

CFCs Chlorofluorocarbons

CFRP Carbon fiber reinforced polymers

CH4 Methane

CCRI Climate Change Research Initiative

CCSP Climate Change Science Program

CO Carbon monoxide

CO2 Carbon dioxide

COP Conference of the Parties

CPI Consumer Price Index

CSAPR Cross-State Air Pollution Rule

CTE Committee on Trade and Environment

CVM Contingent Valuation Method

CWA Clean Water Act

CWSRF Clean Water State Revolving Fund

CWSs Community Water Systems

CZARA Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments

D
DDT Dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane

DFD Design for Disassembly

DfE Design for the Environment

DOI Department of the Interior

DSD Duales System Deutschland AG

DWS Drinking Water Strategy

DWSRF Drinking Water State Revolving Fund

E
EA Economic Analysis

EAP Environmental Accounting Project

EDB Ethylene dibromide

EEE Electrical and electronics equipment

E85 Fuel with 85 percent ethanol and 15 percent gasoline

EHS Environmental Health and Safety

EIS Economic Impact Statement

EKC Environmental Kuznets Curve

EMS Environmental Management System

EPA Environmental Protection Agency

EPR Extended Product Responsibility

ERP Equipment replacement provision

ERU Emissions reduction unit

ESD Ecologically Sustainable Development

E10 Fuel with 10 percent ethanol and 90 percent gasoline

EU European Union

EU ETS European Union Emissions Trading Scheme

F
FAA Federal Aviation Administration

FDA Food and Drug Administration

FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency

FFDCA Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act

FFV Flexible fuel vehicle

FIFRA Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act

FLC Federal Leadership Committee

FQPA Food Quality Protection Act

FV Future value

FWPCA Federal Water Pollution Control Act

FWS Fish and Wildlife Service

G
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GDP Gross domestic product

GHG Greenhouse gas

GNP Gross national product

gplg Grams per leaded gallon

gpm Grams per mile

GWP Global warming potential

H
HBFCs Hydrobromofluorocarbons

HCFCs Hydrochlorofluorocarbons

HFCs Hydrofluorocarbons

Hg Mercury

HPM Hedonic Price Method

HRS Hazard Ranking System

I
IBEP Integrated Border Environmental Plan

ICCA International Council of Chemical Associations

ICI Integrated Cleanup Initiative

IIS Inflation Impact Statement

IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IPM Integrated Pest Management

IPPC Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control

IRIS Integrated Risk Information System

ISO International Organization for Standardization

IFSD institutional framework for sustainable development (IFSD)

L
LAER Lowest achievable emission rate

LCA Life Cycle Assessment

LCM Life Cycle Management

LDC London Dumping Convention

LEV Low-emission vehicle

M
MAC Marginal abatement cost

MACEX Marginal abatement cost for an existing stationary source

MACmkt Market-level MAC

MACN Marginal abatement cost for a new stationary source

MACT Maximum achievable control technology

MB Marginal benefit

MC Marginal cost

MCE Marginal cost of enforcement

MCL Maximum contaminant level

MCLG Maximum contaminant level goal

MEB Marginal external benefit

MEC Marginal external cost

MEF Marginal effluent fee

MFL Million fibers per liter

g/m3 Micrograms per cubic meter

mg/l Milligrams per liter

mg/m3 Milligrams per cubic meter

mmBtu Million British thermal units

MPB Marginal private benefit

MPC Marginal private cost

mpg Miles per gallon

mrem/yr Millirems per year

MSB Marginal social benefit

MSBNON Marginal social benefit of abatement in a nonattainment area

MSBPSD Marginal social benefit of abatement in a PSD area

MSC Marginal social cost

MSCNON Marginal social cost of abatement in a nonattainment area

MSCPSD Marginal social cost of abatement in a PSD area

MSW Municipal solid waste

MT Marginal tax

MTBE Methyl tertiary-butyl ether

M Marginal profit

N
N2O Nitrous oxide

NAAQS National Ambient Air Quality Standards

NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement

NAPAP National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program

NAS National Academy of Sciences

NBP NOX Budget Trading Program

NCOD National Contaminant Occurrence Database

NCP National Contingency Plan

NEPA National Environmental Policy Act

NEPIS National Environmental Publications Information System

NESHAP National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants

NHTSA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

NIMBY “Not in my backyard”

NMHC Non-methane hydrocarbons

NO2 Nitrogen dioxide

NOx Nitrogen oxides

NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System

NPDWRs National Primary Drinking Water Regulations

NPL National Priorities List

NRC National Research Council

NRC National Response Center

NSCEP National Service Center for Environmental Publications

NSDWRs National Secondary Drinking Water Regulations

NSPS New Source Performance Standards

NSR New Source Review

O
O2 Oxygen

O3 Ozone

ODP Ozone depletion potential

OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

OPA Oil Pollution Act of 1990

OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration

OTC Ozone Transport Commission

P
P2 Pollution prevention

PAYT Pay-as-you-throw

Pb Lead

PCBs Polychlorinated biphenyls



pCi/L Picocuries per liter

PEMA Pollutant Emission Management Area

PER Perchloroethylene

PESP Pesticide Environmental Stewardship Program

PFCs Perfluorocarbons

PHEV Plug-in hybrid vehicle

PM Particulate matter

PM-10 Particulate matter less than 10 micrometers in diameter

PM-2.5 Particulate matter less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter

PMN Premanufacture notice

POTWs Publicly owned treatment works

ppb Parts per billion

ppm Parts per million

ppm/l Parts per million per liter

PREPA Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority

PRIA 1 Pesticide Registration Improvement Act of 2003

PRIA 2 Pesticide Registration Improvement Renewal Act

PRO EUROPE Packaging Recovery Organisation Europe

PRP Potentially responsible party

PSD Prevention of significant deterioration

PV Present value

PVB Present value of benefits

PVC Present value of costs

PVC Polyvinyl chloride

PVNB Present value of net benefits

PWS Public water system

PZEV partial zero-emission vehicle

Q
QOL Quality of life

R
RACT Reasonably available control technology

RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act

REC Renewable Energy Certificate

RECLAIM Regional Clean Air Incentives Market

RED Reregistration Eligibility Decision

RfD Reference dose

RGGI Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative

RIA Regulatory Impact Analysis

RMU Removal Unit

RTC RECLAIM trading credits

S
SAB Science Advisory Board

SARA Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act

SCAQMD South Coast Air Quality Management District

SDWA Safe Drinking Water Act

SF6 Sulfur hexafluoride

SIP State Implementation Plan

SMCL Secondary maximum contaminant level

SNA System of National Accounts

SNAP Significant New Alternative Policy

SO2 Sulfur dioxide

SOx Sulfur oxides

SWDA Solid Waste Disposal Act

T
TAC Total abatement cost

TC Total costs

TCDD Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin

TCE Trichloroethylene

TCI Transportation and Climate Initiative

TCM Travel Cost Method

TCP Trichlorophenol

TD Total damages

TMDLs Total maximum daily loads

TR Total revenue

TRI Toxics Release Inventory

TSB Total social benefits

TSC Total social costs

TSCA Toxic Substances Control Act

TSDFs Treatment, storage, and disposal facilities

TT Treatment technique

TVA Tennessee Valley Authority

U
UNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

UNCSD United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development

UNEP United Nations Environment Programme

UNFCCC U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change

USCAR U.S. Council for Automobile Research

USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture

USFWS U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

V
VAVR Voluntary Accelerated Vehicle Retirement

VOC Volatile organic compound

W
WCI Western Climate Initiative

WSSD World Summit on Sustainable Development

WTO World Trade Organization

WTP Willingness to pay


Z
ZEV Zero-emission vehicle






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