Arc 6911 Section 1H88 Graduate Seminar Spring Term 2017 arc 4930 Section 2371 Undergraduate Seminar Spring Term 2017

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ARC 6911 Section 1H88 Graduate Seminar Spring Term 2017

ARC 4930 Section 2371 Undergraduate Seminar Spring Term 2017

3 Credits/

Professor Martha Kohen 352 2941475

Invited lecturer Prof. Nancy Clark

Tuesdays periods 7-9 (2.00-5.00 pm) ROOM NRN 0342 (Norman Hall)

Office Hours : Monday 2.00 to 4.00, Wednesday 2.00- 4.00 pm room ARC 262

Archi-genesis of Amphibious Typologies

Archi. Architecture. The process and the product of planning, designing and constructing buildings and places

Genesis. Origin, generation, creation

Amphibious. Adjective applied to objects or living creatures able to function in land and water. Combining two characteristics, or adapted to land and water.

Typology (in Urban Planning and Architecture) is the taxonomic classification of physical characteristics found in buildings and urban places, according to their association with different categories. (see ref.)

The Seminar (a meeting for research and discussion) will study the precedents of the coexistence of human settlements with coastal and tidal environments. the Seminar will select successful proposals from around the world and study its adaptability to our local Florida environments. Students will create a website to upload and share their work in progress. The analysis will develop from selected historical periods and geographical occurrence to contemporary situations at national and international levels. From informal to formally planned examples, the Seminar will establish the permanence or variability, the adaptive capability of amphibious settlement patterns and associated architectural responses deriving from the analytical inputs from the research, the students will seek to develop a Catalog of operative principles in paradigmatic situations. Case studies will include Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Seaboard communities. As the challenges posed by climate change to our existing coastal communities continue to unfold, the Seminar will advance proposals of principles and discernable responses to both existing and future urbanely conscious architectural typologies. Throughout the Seminar students will address all their observations in the search for the amphibious qualities of the human adaptation to the wet and dry conditions of existence.

The Seminar is a documentation and analysis group effort that will produce a collective final power point as well a printed report. Maybe a book…. The graphic content should be of excellent quality. Active participation is required for this class.

Module 1 (2 Classes)

Water resources for settlement viability include human survival, agricultural production, navigation and exchanges, recreation and tourism. Explore the multiple declinations of water for the State of Florida through:

-Water bodies: coastal beaches, mangles, marshes, rivers, estuaries, creeks, waterways, springs, lakes, canals

-Navigational use: Intra-costal navigation, ports,

-Production use: irrigation, energy generation, water provision, water treatment and management, canals

- Settlement creation: Adapting the human habitat. Coastal developments, dredge and fill, canal communities.

Module 2 (2 classes)

The human-water interphase in a geographical and historical perspective. Examples to be analyzed and presented though a power point to the class:

. Timucua and Calusa cultures

. Iquitos and Manaus, two Amazonian river towns trading on stilts

. Bangkok and Guangzhou (Canton) historic river boat cultures

. Jakarta Indonesia, a nation of Islands and a history of sinking

. Lagos water settlements, the informal paradigm

. Amsterdam, Rotterdam and the Netherlands. Keeping menacing water under control.

. The river Nile, its delta and cities Alexandria and Cairo. Using water cycles.

. Mississippi River Basin. Chicago and the river reversal. New Orleans, facing the consequences.

. Savannah, Charleston, Miami and New York, the Eastern American Seaboard, internal waterways

Module 3 (2 classes)

Climate change, Sea Level Rise and Storm surge. Study of the science behind it. Academic sources. Evaluate the impact of SLR and storm surge to settlements and infrastructure. Evaluate the proposal and actions by Federal bodies and legislation, State of Florida Legislation, Local Authorities proposals. The South East Florida Compact.

New York responses to Sandy. MOMA Exhibition, Rebuild by Design

New Orleans responses to Katrina.

Module 4 (1 class)

Amphibious planning and architectural responses. Addressing the Adaptation Project. Coastal treatment modalities from dredge and fill, seawalls, platforms, stilts, water retention, podium strategies. Retreat as an inclusive response. Examples from previous intervention proposals along the Gulf of Mexico, Tampa Bay and in Longboat Key, Saint Augustine, Intracoastal Waterways, Miami and Fort Lauderdale, New Orleans, New York, Amsterdam, Jakarta and more. Select architectural examples from round the planet towards the creation of an amphibious response data bank.

Module 5 (4 classes)

The typology of water based settlements in Florida as a Case study. Review of the recurring patterns of settlement, the typological analysis of the recurring establishment and its risks. This analytical tool, in crossing with the determined response modalities results on a proactive tool that the class provides the academic and administration realms as a visionary proposal towards addressing planning, establishing codes and architectural proposals for a resilient future.


January 10. Introductions, presentation of the Seminar Syllabus as a research Seminar. Formation of work teams for addressing modules. Groups start with Module 1 in teams.

January 17 Module 1

January 24 Module 1

January 31 Module 2

February 7 Module 2

February 14 Module 3

February 21 Module 3

February 28 Module 4

March 7 No class Spring Break

March 14 Module 5 initiates

March 21 Module 5

March 28 Module 5

April 04 Power point and Report draft presentations

April 11 Final consignments of Power Point and report

April 18 No Class/ classes finished

Bibliography / Consultation materials

Bergdoll, Barry Rising Currents, Projects for the New York Waterfront, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, 2011

Englander, John High Tide in Main Street. Rising Sea Level and the coming Coastal Crisis. The Science Bookshelf 2016

Farr, Douglas Sustainable Urbanism, Urban Design with Nature, Wiley 2008

Gadanho, Pedro Uneven Growth, Tactical Urbanisms for expanding Megacities. The Museum of Modern Art, New York 2014

Gendall, John Rebuild by Design, HUD 2015

Loes Nillesen, Anne Amphibious Housing in the Netherlands. Architecture and Urbanism on the Water NAI Uitgevers Publishers 2010.

Morgan, William Precolumbian architecture in Eastern North America. University Press of Florida. 1999.

Morgan, William Earth Architecture from Ancient to Modern, University Press of Florida , 2008

McCarter, Robert William Morgan Selected and current works. Images Press 2002

Pilkey, Orrin Retreat from the Rising Sea, Hard Choices in an age of Climate Change. Columbia University Press, New York 2016

Satterthwaite, David Cities on a Finite Planet.. Towards transformative responses to Climate Change. Published by Earth Scan from Routledge 2016

New York Times article, Ian Urbina 11- 25- 2016 Rising Seas turn Coastal Houses into a Gamble

New York Times article, Justin Gillis, 9- 4 -2016, Flooding of Coast by Global Warming has already begun.

Videos: National Geographic, the Years of living dangerously Season 2 session 2

Former courses results: The Florida Atlas Seminar/ The Resilient Miami Studio/ Re-charting Longboat Key toward Community, Economy and Resiliency, The Florida Sao Paulo Dialogs.

100 Resilient Cities. Rockefeller Foundation Inniciative.

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