Art terminologies in three dimensional art
IN THREE DIMENSIONAL ART
Abstract/Abstraction: the simplification or distortion or distortion of an object that makes it difficult to recognize as reality.
Achromatic :without color.
Addictive Process :(1) in color theory, the presence of all light wavelengths that produce "white light";(2) in
, adding or assembling materials (modeling or constructing).
Amorphous : without clear shape or form.
Approximate Symmetry :similar to formal symmetry, but is not a true mirror image, however, there are equally placed objects or figures on either side of an imaginary center line.
Armature :a framework for supporting a pliable materials.
Assemblage :a work of art that consists of three-dimensional objects
assembled to create an image
; actual objects can be combined with paints or printed images as well.
Asymmetrical Balance: visual balance in which the areas of a composition contain different shapes, colors, textures or other elements, but still gives the impression of equal weight.
Bas Relief: sculpture that projects only slightly from its background or base material.
having the form of a living organism.
Carving : in sculpture, the process of cutting away material, such as wood or clay.
Casting : an object made y pouring liquid metal into a mold
and letting it cool and harden
; the actual object made through this process.
Ceramics : the art of creating baked clay objects, such as pottery and earthenware.
Classical Art : the general term for the high artistic achievement periods in ancient Greece and Rome; can also mean art, ideas, styles, etc., that are or have been long-enduring.
Collage : an assemblage of two dimensional objects to create an image;
works of art in which paper
, cloth and wood are pasted on a two dimension surface.
Constructed Sculpture : sculpture in which forms are built up from such materials as wood, paper, string, sheet metal and wire.
Contour Line : the perceived line that marks the edge of a figure; the basic outline that defines the shape of an object.
Curvilinear : consisting of a curved line or lines.
Design : the combination of the visual elements in a work of art according to such principles as balance and utility; also COMPOSITION.
Emboss : to decorate with designs that are raised above a surface.
Figurative : representing the likeness of humans or other figures.
Focal Point : a specific part of a work of art that seizes and holds the viewer's attention.
Freestanding Sculpture : sculpture that is carved or cast "in the round" unconnected to a wall, and thereby capable of being viewed in it's entirety by walking around it or turning it.
Geometric Shape or Form :
a shape that is regular
, easy to measure, and easy to describe (rectangle, square, cube, triangle, sphere, etc.) as distinct from an organic or biomorphic shape or form.
Graphic Design : design for advertising and industry that includes typography and images for communication purposes.
High Relief : sculpture that deeply projects from the background material.
Iconography : a set of conventional meanings attached to images; as an artist approach, representation or illustration that uses the visual conventions and symbols of a culture.
Implied Line/Edge: a line that is completed by the viewer (not actually completed).
to cut into with a tool.
Kinetic Art :
art that moves
, such as mobile.
Kinetic Sculpture: sculpture that actually moves, as opposed to providing the illusion of movement.
Lamination : the process of building up a surface by layers.
Logo : a distinctive company trademark or signature (short for "logogram" or "logotype".
Mass : in three-dimensional art, the bulk of an object.
Medium/Media: the materials and methods used to create an image or object in a drawing, painting, sculpture, and other arts.
Minimalism: a 20th century style of non-objective art in which a minimal number of visual elements are arranged in a simple fashion.
Mixed Media ; the use of two or more media to create an image.
Mobile: a type of kinetic sculpture that moves in response to an air current.
Modeling in sculpture: the process of shaping a pliable material, such as clay or wax, into a three-dimensional form.
Monolith : a single large block of stone; in sculpture it refers to a work that retains much the same shape of the original material.
Mosaic: a medium in which small, colored tiles
are set in a bed of plaster
, usually a flat surface such as a wall or floor.
Naturalism : representation that strives to imitate nature (as it actually is) rather than express an idealized version.
Non-objective ; art that does not portray objects or figures; art without real models or subject matter.
Organic Shape or Form : characteristics of living things and thus appearing curvilinear and irregular (mankind has not had any input into its shape).
Pictograph : a simplified symbol of an object or action; an abstracted image of an animal for example.
Plasticity : capacity of a material to be molded or shaped.
Quatrefoil: a design made up of four converging arcs that are similar in appearance to a flower with four petals.
Radical Balance: balance in which the design elements radiate out from a central point.
Rasp : a rough file that has raised points instead of ridges.
Readymade: found objects that are exhibited as works of art, especially in a new context.
Realism: a style characterized by accurate and truthful portrayal of subject matter.
Rectilinear : characterized by straight lines.
Sculpture: the art of carving, casting,
, or assembling materials into three-dimensional figures or forms as works of art.
Subtractive Process: in sculpture, the removable of material, as in carving.
Subversive Texture: texture that is chosen or created by artists to foil or undermine our ideas about the object they depict.
Symmetrical Balance/Symmetry : the placing of identical objects or elements on either sides of a central axis; a mirror image from one side of a composition to the other.
Volume: the mass or bulk of a three-dimensional work; the amount of space such a work takes up.
Share with your friends:
The database is protected by copyright ©ininet.org 2020