Art terminologies in three dimensional art

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  1. Abstract/Abstraction: the simplification or distortion or distortion of an object that makes it difficult to recognize as reality.

  1. Achromatic :without color.

  2. Addictive Process :(1) in color theory, the presence of all light wavelengths that produce "white light";(2) in sculpture, adding or assembling materials (modeling or constructing).

  3. Amorphous : without clear shape or form.

  4. Approximate Symmetry :similar to formal symmetry, but is not a true mirror image, however, there are equally placed objects or figures on either side of an imaginary center line.

  5. Armature :a framework for supporting a pliable materials.

  6. Assemblage :a work of art that consists of three-dimensional objects assembled to create an image; actual objects can be combined with paints or printed images as well.

  7. Asymmetrical Balance: visual balance in which the areas of a composition contain different shapes, colors, textures or other elements, but still gives the impression of equal weight.

  8. Bas Relief: sculpture that projects only slightly from its background or base material.

  9. Biomorphic

  10. having the form of a living organism.

  11. Carving : in sculpture, the process of cutting away material, such as wood or clay.

  12. Casting : an object made y pouring liquid metal into a mold and letting it cool and harden; the actual object made through this process.

  13. Ceramics : the art of creating baked clay objects, such as pottery and earthenware.

  14. Classical Art : the general term for the high artistic achievement periods in ancient Greece and Rome; can also mean art, ideas, styles, etc., that are or have been long-enduring.

  15. Collage : an assemblage of two dimensional objects to create an image; works of art in which paper, cloth and wood are pasted on a two dimension surface.

  16. Constructed Sculpture : sculpture in which forms are built up from such materials as wood, paper, string, sheet metal and wire.

  17. Contour Line : the perceived line that marks the edge of a figure; the basic outline that defines the shape of an object.

  18. Curvilinear : consisting of a curved line or lines.

  19. Design : the combination of the visual elements in a work of art according to such principles as balance and utility; also COMPOSITION.

  20. Emboss : to decorate with designs that are raised above a surface.

  21. Figurative : representing the likeness of humans or other figures.

  22. Focal Point : a specific part of a work of art that seizes and holds the viewer's attention.

  23. Freestanding Sculpture : sculpture that is carved or cast "in the round" unconnected to a wall, and thereby capable of being viewed in it's entirety by walking around it or turning it.

  24. Geometric Shape or Form : a shape that is regular, easy to measure, and easy to describe (rectangle, square, cube, triangle, sphere, etc.) as distinct from an organic or biomorphic shape or form.

  25. Graphic Design : design for advertising and industry that includes typography and images for communication purposes.

  26. High Relief : sculpture that deeply projects from the background material.

  27. Iconography : a set of conventional meanings attached to images; as an artist approach, representation or illustration that uses the visual conventions and symbols of a culture.

  28. Implied Line/Edge: a line that is completed by the viewer (not actually completed).

  29. Incise

  30. to cut into with a tool.

  31. Kinetic Art : art that moves, such as mobile.

  32. Kinetic Sculpture: sculpture that actually moves, as opposed to providing the illusion of movement.

  33. Lamination : the process of building up a surface by layers.

  34. Logo : a distinctive company trademark or signature (short for "logogram" or "logotype".

  35. Mass : in three-dimensional art, the bulk of an object.

  36. Medium/Media: the materials and methods used to create an image or object in a drawing, painting, sculpture, and other arts.

  37. Minimalism: a 20th century style of non-objective art in which a minimal number of visual elements are arranged in a simple fashion.

  38. Mixed Media ; the use of two or more media to create an image.

  39. Mobile: a type of kinetic sculpture that moves in response to an air current.

  40. Modeling in sculpture: the process of shaping a pliable material, such as clay or wax, into a three-dimensional form.

  41. Monolith : a single large block of stone; in sculpture it refers to a work that retains much the same shape of the original material.

  42. Mosaic: a medium in which small, colored tiles are set in a bed of plaster, usually a flat surface such as a wall or floor.

  43. Naturalism : representation that strives to imitate nature (as it actually is) rather than express an idealized version.

  44. Non-objective ; art that does not portray objects or figures; art without real models or subject matter.

  45. Organic Shape or Form : characteristics of living things and thus appearing curvilinear and irregular (mankind has not had any input into its shape).

  46. Pictograph : a simplified symbol of an object or action; an abstracted image of an animal for example.

  47. Plasticity : capacity of a material to be molded or shaped.

  48. Quatrefoil: a design made up of four converging arcs that are similar in appearance to a flower with four petals.

  49. Radical Balance: balance in which the design elements radiate out from a central point.

  50. Rasp : a rough file that has raised points instead of ridges.

  51. Readymade: found objects that are exhibited as works of art, especially in a new context.

  52. Realism: a style characterized by accurate and truthful portrayal of subject matter.

  53. Rectilinear : characterized by straight lines.

  54. Sculpture: the art of carving, casting, modeling, or assembling materials into three-dimensional figures or forms as works of art.

  55. Subtractive Process: in sculpture, the removable of material, as in carving.

  56. Subversive Texture: texture that is chosen or created by artists to foil or undermine our ideas about the object they depict.

  57. Symmetrical Balance/Symmetry : the placing of identical objects or elements on either sides of a central axis; a mirror image from one side of a composition to the other.

  58. Volume: the mass or bulk of a three-dimensional work; the amount of space such a work takes up.

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