2.00: long closure here: cluster? Surely ends with stop
2.50: another element? Not sure.
Assignment 2. Identify vowels
0.25: vowel: high F1/ low F2 = /a/
0.35: vowel or approximant = low F1/F2 nearly 2000 Hz = /I/ or it’s a diphthong with the previous vowel.
0.52: vowel: F1 is nondescript and low/F2 around 2000 Hz = nasalized /i/
0.70: vowel (short): F1 is low/ F2 nearly 2000 Hz = /i/ or /I/
0.90: vowel (short): F1 is low/ F2 around 1800 Hz and short = probably /I/
1.10: vowel (short): low F1/F2 very high = /i/ but not very stressed? Maybe /I/
1.35: vowel: F1 around 400 Hz/ F2 = 1500 Hz = looks like a schwa.
1.60: vowel: see 0.25: high F1/low F2 = /a/
1.80: another vowel: trailer at 1.67 looks a lot like diphthongal element = /aj/. However, the long period following it has low F1/high F2, so it looks like a sequence of this diphthong with an /i/ following it.
2.20: vowel: high F1/low F2 = /a/
2.40: vowel?: if so, it really a schwa
2.50: another element? Not sure. If this is a vowel, it’s the schwa of schwas.
Assignment 3: Identify consonants.
0.15: fricative, stop: appears to have really obvious noise in the formant frequencies corresponding to F1 and F2, etc. This really should indicate a posterior fricative, and I would guess /h/. It’s possible that we have an aspirated stop here, but the burst is missing, so that would be unusual.
0.35: vowel or approximant: if an approximant, it’s /j/. There’s no edge to suggest a lateral or nasal or what not. If post-vocalic /j/, then it would probably get analyzed as a diphthong.
0.45: fricative: noise all over the place, but not very strong means non-sibilant. No voicing. Noise isn’t really in the formants particularly, so it’s not /h/, leaving the evil twins = /f/ and theta.
0.65: consonant, perhaps cluster ending with a stop: stop part is clear, but not at all clear which point of articulation. The strong voicing, etc., at 0.61 suggests a nasal before it, which would make the consonant voiceless. There’s no aspiration after the stop, so if it’s initial, it would be /b,d,g/, but it could be word-final, in which case /p,t,k/.
0.80: fricative: sibilant with strong frequencies corresponding to F3 = /ʃ/
1.00: sonorant: giant hole surrounding 1000Hz suggests nasal. F3 is too low for a lateral, and the sharp edge after the sonorant would indicate that it isn’t the rhotic or an approximant. Among the nasals, it could be/m/ or /n/. The velar would have to be final, and there’s a suggestion of a low F2 transition into the following vowel, which wouldn’t match that of a front velar expected in this vowel environment.
1.25: plosive: F2 transition appears to be around 1700Hz, with a strong burst (not double). Would suggest /t/, with a puzzle that there’s no clear aspiration, but with a short and positive VOT.
1.43: fricative (sibilant): sibilant with noise around F4 = /s/. There might be voicing going into it, so /z/ is also possible.
1.53: stop/ fricative?: problem here is that there’s no burst. Thus, this could be a non-sibilant fricative (one of the evil twins) or a ‘voiced’ stop. Transitions are pretty sketchy, which would suggest a labial, so /b/ or /f/. Note low F3 transition below 2000 Hz, which might indicate a rhotic in a cluster.
2.00: long closure here: cluster? Surely ends with stop: Hard to tell about why such a long closure, but noise concentrated in F2 transition suggests a /k/.
2.33: fricative: high sibilant noise again = /s/. Voicing leakage means, maybe /z/, but long duration here makes this unlikely.
2.50: another element? Not sure. As a consonant, the low-freqency concentration doesn’t really fit with any possible codas, so I’d be pretty reluctant to place weight on any particular consonant here.
haj f/θiN p/t/k i/ɪ ʃɪ m/nit Vs br/fraji kasV
Post-mortem. It’s not likely that you can guess the right sentence given this input. Sorry about this; even in over-articulated sentences, some things just don’t come out! The actual sequence is a follows:
ʔaj θiNk wi ʃɪd mit θəs frajɾi ɪf pasəbə
- /h/ for glottal stop at beginning.
- Can’t tell which non-sibilant fricative.
- The combination of /k/ and /w/ creates something that’s not obviously any particular plosive.
- ‘Should’ actually has a front vowel, and not the expected back vowel. /m/ and /n/ are hard to distinguish, even in clear cases like this one.
- /t/ plus theta is actually producing an unaspirated dental stop here.
- /f/ is hard to distinguish from an unaspirated stop as well.
- the medial /d/ in Friday is simply not there. Welcome to America.
- in addition, ‘if’ is blended in with the previous vowel.
- I plain got the /p/ wrong, thinking it’s a /k/. I suppose there’s no velar pinch, but not all velars have the pinch, esp. ones preceding posterior articulated vowels like this one. So, I think this is a real ambiguity.
- ‘ible’ at the end is plain hopeless. This is also true when you listen to the recording.