p155 In their day the word of the Olivers was law; and it would be no exaggeration to say that the Olivers were harsh and despotic in wielding the power at their disposal. Capt. Charles Silver Oliver is remembered as the man responsible for the hanging of the highly respected "Staker" (Patrick) Wallis
in 1798. (Quoting Fr. John Fleming's book Ardpatrick p59:) "The last quarter of the 18th century saw the power of the Olivers reach its height. They dominated the military and parliamentary scenes in southeast Limerick completely. By that time they were regarded as the owners of two seats in parliament, and made vast profits from these. They also had command of the Volunteer and Yeomanry forces, and so to a very large extent, had control of law and order in the area
Thorne, R.G.: The House of Commons, 1790-1820; London, History of Parliament Trust, 1986; Vol. VI, page 690
CHARLES SILVER OLIVER: Born c.1763, son of Silver Oliver of Castle Oliver by Isabella Sarah, daughter and coheiress of Richard Newman of Newbury, Co. Cork (married 1759) educated Eton 1778-1780, married January 1805 Maria Elisabeth, daughter of Abraham Morris of Dunkettle, Co. Cork, 3 sons 4 daughters
MP in Ireland 1798-1800, MP in Westminster for Co. Limerick 1802-1806
Cornet 4 Horse 1786; lt 7 Drag 1788-90
Sheriff Co Limerick 1791-92
Commandant Kilfinane yeomanry 1796-1807
In the last Irish parliament for the family borough of Kilmallock. His father, who died in 1799, had represented Limerick in two parliaments, and in 1802 he got the seat by beating his brother-in-law John Waller (reportedly due to interest of Lord Clare). Did not seek reelection in 1806. Died 10 Oct 1817.
Will of Charles Silver Oliver
Irish Land Commission, Box 3643; Sch A, No.2; Rec. No. EC 4332
Original Will of Charles Silver Oliver, dated and signed in Old Brompton
Country of Middlesex, 3 May 1815
[Manuscript note on back of will indicates it was introduced as evidence in the case of Oliver v. Oliver, Chancery, 1819 20 Nov, 23 Nov 1819, before extraordinary commissioner in Chancery of Ireland for the London District; witnesses to the will were all called to testify. All records of this apparent will dispute seem to have been destoyed during the storming of the Four Courts Building in Dublin in 1920 during the Irish Civil War.]
"....I give and bequeath to my reputed son John Oliver now an apprentice to a Grocer at Cork the sum of Five hundred pounds to my reputed son Thomas Oliver bound to a Grocer at Limerick the sum of Five hundred pounds to my reputed Daughter Mary Oliver bound to Mrs. Hall a Milliner and Dress Maker at Cork the sum of Five hundred pounds and to my reputed Daughter Elizabeth Oliver bound also to Mrs. Hall all children of Mary Green deceased the sum of Five hundred pounds to be paid to my said reputed Children at their respective Ages of twenty-one years or sooner if my said trustees shall think fit with Interest in the mean time at the Rate of Six pounds per cent per annum. And I direct that during the minority of each of my reputed children or until his legacy is payable the interest thereof only shall be raised from time to time...."
Notes on Higgens, Records of the King's Own Borderers
p 284 Dec 1816 change to felt top caps for infantry with white band and two peaks
2nd Battalion disbanded at Cork on the 24th of Feb 1816 and the effective men sent to Hilsea Barracks, to await the arrival of the 1st Battalion from the West Indies
p 285 Regt arrives from Caribbean at Depford on 27 July and 1 August 1817; marches to Northhamtonshire where it is joined by the remains of the late 2nd Battalion, dibanded 24 Feb 1816, of 20 sergeants, 11 drummers, 335 rank and file.
p 286 Regt to Chatham in Jan 1818, on to Portsmouth late May 1818
17 Dec 1818 embark on the Borodino and Wyton for Cove of Cork, arrive 24 December, disembark, march to Fermoy, arriving on Xmas, marched on to new barracks at Cork, arriving 28 Dec
p 287 Dec 1819 help put out the Wise's Distillery fire
28 Feb 1820 Regt HQ marched to Templemore, arrives 5 March. One company left at Cashel and parties detached to New Inn, Thurles, Barrisoleigh, Nenagh, Cappaghwhite, Dundrum, Clonoulty, Tipperary Hospital, Little Bannaghan, Frankford, and Cameron Fort, in consequence of the disturbed state of the country
p 288 HQ marched from Templemore on 16 March 1820 for Birr, left for Loughrea on 4 April 1820, and occupied Ordanance Barracks sending detachments to Thomas's Mills, Kilrickle, Mt Shannon, Kiltormer, Tubbon Regt reviewed at Loughrea on 11 May 1820
27 May 1820 on to Boyle, Co of Roscommon (2 Boyle parishes)
Three companies to Sligo; detachments to Cootehall (Ardcarn or Tumna Parish), Grange 9 mi N of Sligo Ahamlish Parish), Farnvey, baronetcy in Monaghan, Co Roscommon; Elphin (co Roscommon 5 mi NW of Strokestown -- Shankhill or Clooncraft Parish); Ballaghdreen, Co Mayo, 14 Miles west of Boyle (Castlemore or Kilcommon Parish); Castlereagh, 17 mi NW of Roscommon (Kilkeevan Parish); Tubbercarry; Ballinamore, Co Leitrim (Oughteragh, no records); Ballyfarnan, 15 mi No of Roscommon (destroyed); Ballytogether, 6 mi SE of Sligo (Ballysadre Parish?); Ballymote 12 mi S of Sligo; and four unnamed etachments
5 Jan 1821 detachment to Roscommon until 13 June
27 April 21 Ballymote detachment withdrawn
7 May 21 Cootehill
June 1821 Farnevy-Carney (6 mi N of Sligo) to Sligo
25 Aug 21 Regt reduced from 8 to 10 companies
20 Sept 21 Detachment back to Roscommon
15 April 22 HQ to Belfastbut company and a half goes to Carrickfergus; Sligo companies march for Downpatrick and send detatchments to Maghera and Castledawson (Magherfelt)
Notes made at visit to 25th Regt HQ Museum, Berwick
An officer of the 25th Foot in 1815 wore a red coatee (jacket), white Sam Brown Belt, one (right) epaulette, single left lapel folded back, red sash belt, black shako with white regimental with red base; Belgie shako; blue facings; shako has badge, crossbelt has a plate; King's Own Borderers
PRO WO25/351 Description and Succession Book, 25th Regt, 1810-18
No record of Edward Gilbert as NCO. He was not raised from the ranks.
PRO ZJ1/263 London Gazette 19 July 1817 p1594.1
Edward Gilbert, Gent. to be Ensign, vice Pigott, deceased. Dated 3 July
PRO WO 25/65 Commissioning Book
Edward Gilbert is on page 384; commissioned as Ensign 3 July 1817; Pay(?) 3s8d
PRO WO12/4174 Musterlist of 25th Foot to 1818
PRO WO12/4175 Musterlist of the 25th Foot 1818-22
25th Regt returned to England late in July 1817 from the Caribbean to Deptford; Gilbert was not among them; his signature first appears in the regimental records signing the muster account on 29 June 1818 at Hilsea Barracks, Company 4. From 31 December 1817 to 8 Jan 1818 he marched with the regiment 102 miles in 8 days from Weedon to Chatham. From 19 May to 26 May he marched with the regiment from Chatham to Hilsea.
Shows E Gilbert sailed on the Borodino from Portsmouth to Coves on 25 December 1818 and joined the Battalion during that reporting period. Regt marched from Coves to Fermoy on 24-25 December 1818.
National Archives of Ireland, Dublin
Microfilm of Registers of Christ Church (Holy Trinity), Cork is reel MFCI 21
Parish Register of Holy Trinity Church (Christ Church), Cork Vol. 11, Marriages, p 119
This is to certify that Edward Gilbert, Ensign in his Majesty's 20th [sic] Regt of Foot and Eliza Oliver were married on the 29th day of April 1820 twenty,
Geary's Almanac for 1820
Rev Alexander Kennedy lived in George St and was one of two curates at Christ Church; he was also chaplain for the county jail
April 29 1820 sunrise at 4:42, set at 7:18 full moon
Easter was on April 2
Ennis Chronicle and Clare Advertiser 6 May 1820 page 3col1
Baptismal certificate for Elizabeth Rosanna Gilbert, daughter of Edward Gilbert, Gentleman, and Eliza, baptised on February 16, 1823, at St. Peter’s, Liverpool. On the back is an anonymous note stating “Elizabeth Rosanna Gilbert born at Grange in the County of Sligo Ireland on the 17th day of February 1821.”
I have seen the microfilm of this document at the PRO. Mr. Nicholas Shreeve found it there and a photocopy made by him can be found in this volume at Tab B.
PRO WO 12/4176 Musterlist for 25th Foot
Shows Edward Gilbert in Ballintoghea, 9 April 1822 in First Company.
PRO WO25/3503 Embarcation/Disembarkation Returns
page 82 of 1819-1822; Ensign Gilbert embarked on the Bridget from Gravesend on 14 March 1823. [This is clearly the departure of Gilbert, his wife, and daughter for India, but the Bridget was not bound for India and there is no indication where or how they changed ships and finally arrived in India.
A very thorough search of all the existing passenger lists in the BLIO and in the Calcutta newspapers for 1823 shows no evidence of the arrival of Gilbert and his family. How and exactly when he arrived in India remains a mystery, but it must have been around July, 1823, and he must have left Calcutta almost immediately to join the 44th Foot in Dinapore, where he died on 22 September 1823, possibly on the very day he arrived there.]
Bengal Hukaru (Calcutta) 28 February 1823 page 458col2
7 Feb 23 Lt Patrick Craigie, of the 19th Regiment Native Infantry, to the Command of the Guard with the Political Agent at Jyepoor.
Notes on Cadet's Guide to India by a Lieutenant of the Bengal Establishment;
London, Black, Kingsbury, Parbury and Allen, 1820
Passage to India 110 pounds sterling with small cabin; no washing at sea, wash at ports of call; East India Company's ships commonly have excellent band for dancing; Ships arrive at Diamond Harbour 90 miles from Calcutta; must hire ship to go to Ft William, 12 to 18 hours; bring letters of introduction3-4 weeks before reporting get uniform etc; journey up river 2 to 6 months; singing of rowers, shooting, author saved 120 pounds sterling in India in one year as ensign; East India Co pays fare home for sick leave but the party must pay return fare
rupee = 2/6
Pay of servants: Table attendant 8 rupees/mo; clothes man 6 Rs; cook 6 rs; punkha puller 4 rs; link boy 3; sweeper 3; in field tent pitchers; horse 16 rs per mo for groom and grass cutter
Ensign can live on 100 rs/mo; pay and allowances are 200 Rs/mo
Interest in England is 5%, in India it is 12%
Bengal Hukaru (Calcutta) 25 April 1823 page 413col1
Order of 15 April 1823: Gentleman Cadet George J. Smart, from the Royal Military College, to be ensign without purchase, 5th September 1822.
Government Gazette (Calcutta) 1 May 1823
Order of 22 April 1823: Gilbert granted leave from 10 Oct 1822 to 24 February 1823.
Government Gazette (Calcutta) 22 May 1823 page 7col1
General Order 2933 of 20 May 1823; 44th Foot: Ensign Edward Gilbert from the 25th Foot to be Ensign vice Smart who exchanges 10 October 1822
Ensign Edward Gilbert's name first appears, as staff officer, on accounting of period 25 April to 24 May showing him as being "without leave" but "effective and belonging to corps" [!].
In musters from 24 May through 24 August he is not present.
In the muster from 25 August to 24 September he appears assigned to the 4th company and a note indicates he died on 22 September.
Regiment is just under 1000 men.
BLIO Eur.Ms. B242
Journal of travel on Ganges from Aug 1853
no travel at night; insects are numerous near the banks; from Borkampur to Calcutta the Kurukpur mountains are on one side of the boat; boys with umbrella hats of bamboo strips and dried leaves; tiffin, dinner; pilots along the river
BLIO Eur.Ms. B208
Journal of Capt. Christopher D. Aplin of the 33rd NI
Sandy shoals, ducks, misquitos; left on 1 Dec 1829; cobra killed; no European station after Kishanaghur (5 Dec) for 15-16 days.
Jungle grass, waste lands, no hamlets, sand shoals; indigo factory, walk along as the boats travel; flowering mustard; natives fear and distrust whites;
10 Dec: small villages, farms; average speed 1 1/4 mph; silk farm with 10000 worms in a house and 20 houses
13 Dec: entered main branch of the Ganges, about three miles across; slow progress against the current but grand sights
14 Dec: navigation is difficult with sand shoals; boatmen wade waistdeep for more than an hour tugging the boat; anchored three miles below Bauleah
15 Dec: no meat since a kid on the 6th; bread is eight days old
16 Dec: Bogwaugola market, bought radishes; made 14 1/2 miles
17 Dec: poling boats; rupee equals two shillings; bought goats to milk
20 Dec: used a sail; squall
24 Dec: hills along the boundary of Bengal; muslim tombs
27 Dec: Puttuguttah; rocks in river; land is a garden, finest trees; apes in trees are slate colored with black faces, three or four feet tall with screeching howl
28 Dec: mid-day sun too hot to leave boats
29 Dec: Palmira trees near Boglipore; first military post; very fertile luxuriant forest; 374 miles from Calcutta
30 Dec: made 8 miles
31 Dec: cultivated fields of pulse, wheat, barley; we boil most of the water from wells
3 Jan: Mongher, an invalid station
6 Jan: took three days to go 17 miles; autumnal storms
8 Jan: rich vegetation, mango trees
9 Jan: enter a super swift channel
11 Jan: 24 miles from Patna; beggars from 3 years old to old age, very persistant
13 Jan: made 3/4 mile; sand bar formed by Patna; big market, many wealthy individuals; grain, cotton, wax candles and potatoes from here are famous; bought 80 pounds of candles for 60 rupees, 100 pounds of potatoes for a rupee
14 Jan: noise of washerwomen, watercarriers, bathers, all kinds of people is scarcely bearable; sand too deep and loose for easy walking; screaming and moaning as bodies are dumped in the river
17 Jan: Dinapore - Bungalows around a square; military music, turfed parade ground, cheerful and imposing; 526 miles from Calcutta.
Note of visit to Bareilly in 1831 remarks on availability of Rice, fish, beef, ham, milk, rolls, jelly, Devonshire cream, tea, coffee; visits received and returned
PRO WO25/1789 Casualty list of 44th Foot
Indicates Edward Gilbert died at Dinapore, 22 September 1823. Married. 60 pounds,4 shillings,1 1/2 pence paid to widow at the regiment.
Letter bound in declares widow was present and given pay and property.
AUCTION OF EFFECTS OF ENSIGN EDWARD GILBERT, Dinapore, 27 Oct 1823
1 Regimental Coat 5
1 Epaulette 20
1 Regt. Sword 37
1 Breast Plate 8/8
1 Shoulaer(?) 1/1
1 Regt Sword Nat.(?) 10
1 Regt. Cap 15/8
1 Undress Jacket 1/4
6 Pairs trousers etc.
8 White cotton jackets
26 " " shirts
18 pairs socks
1 Camlet jacket, waistcoat & trousers
3 pairs boots
1 pair black cloth garters
1 case of colours, pencils, drawing cards
1 concert flute w/ silver keys and case 40
1 pack patented playing cards
1 set shoe buckles
1 rifle piece w/ bayonet
1 powder horn & shot pouch
8 bags shot
1 Regt. feather
10 volumes "New British Theatre"
3 volumes of Pope's works
1 volume Army regs 1822
1 volume French grammar
1 volume Essays on Physigonomy
1 book Rhyme and Reason
21 false collars
7 pairs gloves
1 forage cap
1 Three Cafe Green Screen
1 large box Total receipts 460/2
PRO WO 23/105 Pension listing
p35 indicates widow's pension granted to Eliza Gilbert with note that she remarried, name Craigie
Notes on visit to Dinapore, India
St.Luke's church, commenced 1827, completed 1850. Sunbaked beige of the north Indian plain. Racous, disputatious ravens.
Mud and thatch villages. Farmers casually squatting to relieve themselves. Dust devils. Dung piled to dry.
Government of Bihar: List of Pre-Mutiny Inscriptions in Christian
Burial Grounds in the Patna District; no place, no date .
Page 48, Inscription 158, in Cemetery No.2, Dinapore
To the Memory of
Ensign EDWARD GILBERT H.M. 44th Regt., who departed this life
5)Thomas baptised 13 Jan 1804 Doctor in Perth(?) and Leith
6)John baptised Mar 1808
7)David baptised 21 Apr 1810
8)Margaret baptised 14 May 1812
9)William baptised 28 Nov 1814 buried 26 July 38 Doctor in Montrose?
BLIO N/1/vol 13/p189 Parish register of Dacca
August 16, 1824 Patrick Craigie, a Lieutenant in the 38th Regiment, N.I., a Bachelor and Eliza Gilbert, a widow, were married by license this 16th day of August by me, William Parish, Chaplain of Dacca and Chittagong
Bengal Hurkaru (Calcutta), 24 August 1824, page 2col3
At Dacca on the 16th August, by the Revd. W. Parrish, Lieut. P. Craigie, of the 38th Regiment to Mrs. Gilbert, second daughter of the late Silva [sic] Oliver, Esq. of Castle Oliver, County Limerick.
Service records in BLIO:
Patrick Craigie L/mil/10/24/ff33
Lt. Col. Innes was Craigie's brigadier; Craigie was quartermaster of the 19th NI 23 Jan 22; Guard of the Political Agent at Jyepore 22 Feb 23; Ordered back to the 19th NI on 23 Oct of 1823; to the 38th NI 17 June 24; in letter of 4 June 24 Innes asks to retain him at the Sylhet Frontier; acting adjutant to the 39th NI on 23 July 24; baggage master to Schulham's Division 24 Jan 25; joined the corps at Agra on 19 Nov 25; Duty at the seige of Bhutapore; 8 Feb 26 to the 1st European Regt.; 18 March 26 assigned to the Presidency at Calcutta; member of the Arsenal committee on 27 July 26; Dept. Asst. Adj.Gen. on 16 Oct 26, posted to Meerut; reports states that he rides well, has good appearance, punctual, cheerful, prompt, moderates Sir Jasper's severeness; 18 Dec 38 became Dept. Adj. Gen.; shared in the Ghanzee prize money; allowed to accept an honorary order from the King of Afghanistan; failed to make LtCol in 41; from 3 March 41, acting Adj.Gen; ordered to Allahabad for HQ on 9 Sept 43, to be established in early October
Bengal Hukaru(Calcutta) 25 December 1826 page 2col1
Departures per Ship Malcolm: For Madras, Ensign John Ogily, HM Royals; For London: LtCol Wm. Innes, Mrs. Eliza Innes, Lt Col George Sargeant, Miss Sophia Innes, Miss Eliza Renton, Miss Eliza Gilbert, Matthew Can, servant to Col Innes, and Suckeena, servant to Mrs Innes.
BLIO L/Mar/B/70B Log of the Malcolm
18 Dec 1826
Daylight: weighed anchor and dropped down to Coolie Bazar, downriver
passengers come on at Diamond Harbor, including Eliza Gilbert, Daughter of Mrs Craigie
Captain and Purser come on board
Ingeram - cargo loaded in bales
five pints of water per day, six pints on pea soup days
squalls and rain
private in the 89th going home dies at 1:30 a.m.; buried 8 a.m.
too stormy for divine service
another private dies, buried at noon
Cape Angullas sighted
saw English Bark and exchanged salutes
sighted St Helena at daylight; landed later in day
invalided private taken off for court-martial; depart; too busy for divine service
Ascension Island sighted
wet bales discovered in hold
Captain decides to alter trim by hoisting water butts and moving them to top deck
six pints water and pea soup
US ship sighted; seaman dies and is buried
sailor gets no grog and tea for a week for absenting himself from work for 24 hours without being sick
Baggage off; heavy rain
Madras Almanac for 1828; Madras, Asylum Press
Malcolm departed Madras Jan.27, 1827, under Capt James Eyles for London.
Passengers from Madras: Mrs. Goldingham, Misses Jane Anne Goldingham, Maria Bird, Jane Bird, Lucretia Gordon, Catherine Mary Gordon; Aitchins, Esq, J.Goldingham, Esq; J.Cotton, Esq.;Captain Fletcher (in charge of invalids), Lt Campbell; Masters Herbert John Oldingham, Alexander Tweadie, and Ann Tweedie; Ann Glassford, servant to Mrs. Goldingham, and Jane Squibb, servant in the care of the Misses Gordon.
From Calcutta: Miss Eliza Renter, dau of Dr. Renter, Miss Eliza Gilbert, Lt.Col.W. Innes, CB, Lt.Col.Sargeant, Lt Ogilvey to Madras, Mr.Carew and 4 Servants