Convective coupled waves and mjo



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This page contains some suggested topics supplementing our class. More topics are available in the rest of the document. (1/24/2012)
Compare convective coupled waves and MJO (1 or 2 presentations)

Kiladis, G. N., K. H. Straub, and P. T. Haertel, 2005: Zonal and vertical structure of the Madden-Julian Oscillation. J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 2790-2809.

Wheeler, M., G. N. Kiladis, and P. J. Webster, 2000: Large-scale dynamical fields associated with convectively coupled equatorial waves. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 613-640.

Monsoon

Wang, Bin, LinHo, 2002: Rainy Season of the Asian–Pacific Summer Monsoon*. J. Climate, 15, 386–398.


Hawaii climate

Yang, Y., Y.L. Chen, and F.M. Fujioka, 2005: Numerical simulations of the island induced circulations for the island of Hawaii during HaRP. Mon. Wea. Rev., 133, 3693-3713.


Modes of interannual SST variability

Deser, C., M. A. Alexander, S.-P. Xie and A. S. Phillips, 2010: Sea surface temperature variability: Patterns and mechanisms. Ann. Rev. Marine Sci., 2, 115-143.


ENSO teleconnection

Lau, Ngar-Cheung, 1997: Interactions between Global SST Anomalies and the Midlatitude Atmospheric Circulation. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 78, 21–33.


Indo-western Pacific predictibility

Chowdary, J. S., S.-P. Xie, J.-J. Luo, J. Hafner, S. Behera, Y. Masumoto, and T. Yamagata, 2011: Predictability of Northwest Pacific climate during summer and the role of the tropical Indian Ocean. Clim. Dyn., 36, 607-621, doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0686-5.


Patterns of observed climate change (compare Tokinaga and Merrifield; 2-3 presentations)

Sang-Ik Shin and Prashant D. Sardeshmukh, 2011: Critical influence of the pattern of Tropical Ocean warming on remote climate trends. Clim. Dyn. 36, 1577-1591

Merrifield, Mark A., 2011: A Shift in Western Tropical Pacific Sea Level Trends during the 1990s. J. Climate, 24, 4126–4138.

Tokinaga, H., S.-P. Xie, A. Timmermann, S. McGregor, T. Ogata, H. Kubota, and Y.M. Okumura, 2012: Regional patterns of tropical Indo-Pacific climate change: Evidence of the Walker Circulation weakening. J. Climate, in press. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00263.1


Student presentations
Each student is to make a 12-minute presentation (<10 PowerPoint slides), which will be followed by 3-minute questioning. A computer will be available to load your ppt file. Please bring a written summary and discussion (in about two pages) in your own words about the major findings, significance, and implications of the paper(s).

The presentation should be targeted at your fellow students so please include necessary background to inform and motivate your audience. Key points to cover: what is the paper about? What are the major phenomena/scientific questions it addresses? What methods does it use and what are the major results? What are the major contributions of the research? What do you feel most excited at, and why?

Usually it is not feasible to present the whole paper in a 12-minute talk so you need to be selective, choosing the most important results and building a coherent story for your talk. You can earn extra credits with additional reading and synthesis with other related papers. (Usually one can find additional reading in the References section of the main paper or by searching on AMS/AGU journal sites. If you choose a short paper in Nature, Science or Geophys Res Lett, usually you need to read one additional paper to fill 10 slides.)

Below is a list of papers that could form the basis for your presentation. Your presentation could still be on a topic/paper outside this list. In that case, please consult me by e-mailing or showing me the paper(s) you would like to present.

The presentations are scheduled on February 14 (Monday) and 18 (Friday) afternoon 1:30-3:00pm in HIG309, as the make-up for the missing lecture of January 27. Please e-mail me the reference for the paper(s) you are going to present by February 7 (Monday).

General reviews

Deser, C., M. A. Alexander, S.-P. Xie and A. S. Phillips, 2010: Sea surface temperature variability: Patterns and mechanisms. Ann. Rev. Marine Sci., 2, 115-143.

Xie, S.-P., 2004: The shape of continents, air-sea interaction, and the rising branch of the Hadley circulation. In The Hadley Circulation: Past, Present and Future, H. F. Diaz and R. S. Bradley (eds.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 121-152. http://iprc.soest.hawaii.edu/~xie/hadley4camera.pdf

Madden-Julian Oscillation

Madden, R.A., and P.R. Julian, 1972: Description of Global-Scale Circulation Cells in the Tropics with a 40–50 Day Period. J. Atmos. Sci., 29, 1109–1123. Madden and Julian 1972, J Atmos. Sci.

Nakazawa, T., 1988: Tropical Super Clusters within Intraseasonal Variations over the Western Pacific. J Met Soc Japan, 66, 823-839. (available at http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jmsj/-char/en).

Maloney, E.D., and D.L. Hartmann, 2000: Modulation of Eastern North Pacific Hurricanes by the Madden–Julian Oscillation. J. Climate, 13, 1451–1460.

Mori, M, and M. Watanabe, 2008: The growth and triggering mechanisms of the PNA: A MJO-PNA coherence. J.Meteor.Soc.Japan, 86, 213-236.

Wheeler, Matthew C., Harry H. Hendon, 2004: An All-Season Real-Time Multivariate MJO Index: Development of an Index for Monitoring and Prediction. Mon. Wea. Rev., 132, 1917–1932.

Kiladis, G. N., K. H. Straub, and P. T. Haertel, 2005: Zonal and vertical structure of the Madden-Julian Oscillation. J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 2790-2809.

Wheeler, M., G. N. Kiladis, and P. J. Webster, 2000: Large-scale dynamical fields associated with convectively coupled equatorial waves. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 613-640.


Monsoons
Sampe, T. and S.-P. Xie, 2010: Large-scale dynamics of the Meiyu-Baiu rain band: Environmental forcing by the westerly jet. J. Climate, 23, 113-134. 

Wang, Bin, LinHo, 2002: Rainy Season of the Asian–Pacific Summer Monsoon*. J. Climate, 15, 386–398.

Xie, S.-P., H. Xu, N.H. Saji, Y. Wang, and W.T. Liu, 2006: Role of narrow mountains in large-scale organization of Asian monsoon convection. J. Climate, 19, 3420-3429.

Zuidema, 2003: Convective clouds over the Bay of Bengal. Mon. Wea. Rev., 131,780-798.



Equatorial annual cycle

Mitchell, T.P., and J.M. Wallace, 1992: The Annual Cycle in Equatorial Convection and Sea Surface Temperature. J. Climate, 5, 1140–1156.

Xie, S.-P., 1994: On the genesis of the equatorial annual cycle. J. Climate, 7, 2008-2013.

Okumura, Y. and S.-P. Xie, 2004: Interaction of the Atlantic equatorial cold tongue and African monsoon. J. Climate, 17, 3588-3601.



ENSO

BJERKNES, J., 1969: ATMOSPHERIC TELECONNECTIONS FROM THE EQUATORIAL PACIFIC. Mon. Wea. Rev., 97, 163–172.

McPhaden, M.J., 1999: Genesis and evolution of the 1997–98 El Niño. Science, 283, 950–954.

Chen, D., M. A. Cane, A. Kaplan, S. E. Zebiak and D. J. Huang, 2004: Predictability of El Niño over the past 148 years. Nature, 428, 733-736.



ENSO teleconnection

Alexander, M.A., I. Bladé, M. Newman, J.R. Lanzante, N.C. Lau, and J.D. Scott, 2002: The Atmospheric Bridge: The Influence of ENSO Teleconnections on Air–Sea Interaction over the Global Oceans. J. Climate, 15, 2205–2231.

Hoerling, M.P., and A. Kumar, 2002: Atmospheric Response Patterns Associated with Tropical Forcing. J. Climate, 15, 2184–2203.

Ocean adjustment in ENSO

McCreary, J.P., and D.L. Anderson, 1984: A Simple Model of El Niño and the Southern Oscillation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 112, 934–946.

Wyrtki, K., 1975: El Niño—The Dynamic Response of the Equatorial Pacific Ocean to Atmospheric Forcing. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 5, 572–584.

Indian Ocean variability

N. H. Saji, B. N. Goswami, P. N. Vinayachandran, T. Yamagata , 1999: A dipole mode in the tropical Indian Ocean. Nature 401, 360-363, doi:10.1038/43854

Xie, S.-P., K. Hu, J. Hafner, H. Tokinaga, Y. Du, G. Huang, and T. Sampe, 2009: Indian Ocean capacitor effect on Indo-western Pacific climate during the summer following El Nino. J. Climate, 22, 730–747.

Atlantic climate

Nobre, P., and J. Shukla, Variations of sea surface temperature, wind stress, and rainfall over the tropical Atlantic and South America, J. Climate, 9, 2464-2479, 1996.

Saravanan, R., and P. Chang, Interaction between tropical Atlantic variability and El Nino-Southern Oscillation, J. Climate, 13, 2177-2194, 2000.

Philander, S. G. H., Unusual conditions in the tropical Atlantic Ocean in 1984, Nature, 222, 236-238, 1986.

Okumura, Y., and S.-P. Xie, 2006: Some overlooked features of tropical Atlantic climate leading to a new Nino-like phenomenon. J. Climate, 19, 5859-5874.

Atlantic multi-decadal oscillation

Enfield, D. B., A. M. Mestas‐Nuñez, and P. J. Trimble (2001), The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and its relation to rainfall and river flows in the continental U.S., Geophys. Res. Lett., 28(10), 2077-2080.

Stanley B. Goldenberg, Christopher W. Landsea, Alberto M. Mestas-Nuñez, and William M. Gray (20 July 2001): The Recent Increase in Atlantic Hurricane Activity: Causes and Implications. Science 293 (5529), 474. [DOI: 10.1126/science.1060040]

Rowan T. Sutton and Daniel L. R. Hodson (1 July 2005): Atlantic Ocean Forcing of North American and European Summer Climate. Science 309 (5731), 115. [DOI: 10.1126/science.1109496]

Timmermann, A., Y. Okumura, S.-I. An, A. Clement, B. Dong, E. Guilyardi, A. Hu, J. Jungclaus, U. Krebs, M. Renold, T.F. Stocker, R.J. Stouffer, R. Sutton, S.-P. Xie, J, Yin, 2007: The influence of a weakening of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation on ENSO. J. Climate, 20, 4899-4919.

Zhang, R., and T. L. Delworth (2006), Impact of Atlantic multidecadal oscillations on India/Sahel rainfall and Atlantic hurricanes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L17712, doi:10.1029/2006GL026267.



North Atlantic Oscillation/Annular modes

James W. Hurrell: Decadal Trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation: Regional Temperatures and Precipitation. Science 4 August 1995 269: 676-679 [DOI: 10.1126/science.269.5224.676]

Thompson, D.W.J., and J.M. Wallace, 2000: Annular Modes in the Extratropical Circulation. Part I: Month-to-Month Variability. J. Climate, 13, 1000–1016.

Pacific decadal oscillation

Mantua, N.J., S.R. Hare, Y. Zhang, J.M. Wallace, and R.C. Francis, 1997: A Pacific Interdecadal Climate Oscillation with Impacts on Salmon Production. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 78, 1069–1079.

E. Di Lorenzo, K. M. Cobb, J. C. Furtado, N. Schneider, B. T. Anderson, A. Bracco, M. A. Alexander, D. J. Vimont, 2010: Central Pacific El Niño and decadal climate change in the North Pacific Ocean. Nature Geoscience 3, 762-765

Subtropical low cloud variability

Klein, S.A., D.L. Hartmann, and J.R. Norris, 1995: On the Relationships among Low-Cloud Structure, Sea Surface Temperature, and Atmospheric Circulation in the Summertime Northeast Pacific. J. Climate, 8, 1140–1155.

Chen, Y.-L., and A.J. Nath, 1994: Diurnal variations of surface airflow and rainfall frequencies on the island of Hawaii. Mon. Wea. Rev., 122, 34-56.

Yang, Y., Y.L. Chen, and F.M. Fujioka, 2005: Numerical simulations of the island induced circulations for the island of Hawaii during HaRP. Mon. Wea. Rev., 133, 3693-3713.

Yang, Y., S.-P. Xie, and J. Hafner, 2008: Cloud patterns lee of Hawaii Island: A synthesis of satellite observations and numerical simulation. J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos,., 35, L04807, doi:10.1029/2008JD009889.

Global warming

Hoerling, M., J.W. Hurrell, J. Eischeid, and A. Phillips (2006), Detection and attribution of twentieth-century northern and southern African rainfall change, J. Clim., 19, 3989-4008.

Held I. M., and B. J. Soden, 2006: Robust responses of the hydrological cycle to global warming. J. Climate, 19, 5686–5699.

Xie, S.-P., C. Deser, G.A. Vecchi, J. Ma, H. Teng, and A.T. Wittenberg, 2010: Global warming pattern formation: Sea surface temperature and rainfall. J. Climate, 23, 966-986. (Sections 1-4, 7 & 9 are sufficient.) along with a commentary by A. Clement et al. (2010, Nature Geoscience, 3, 8-9).

Shin, S-I, and P.D. Sardeshmukh, 2010: Critical influence of the pattern of tropical ocean warming on remote climate trends. Clim. Dyn., doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0732-3.

Johnson, N.C., and S.-P. Xie, 2010: Changes in the sea surface temperature threshold for tropical convection. Nature Geosci., 3, 842-845. Along with a commentary by A. Sobel (2010, Nature Geoscience, 3, 821-822).



Global climate modeling

Manabe, S., D.G. Hahn, and J.L. Holloway, 1974: The Seasonal Variation of the Tropical Circulation as Simulated by a Global Model of the Atmosphere. J. Atmos. Sci., 31, 43–83.

The GFDL Global Atmospheric Model Development Team, 2004: The New GFDL Global Atmosphere and Land Model AM2–LM2: Evaluation with Prescribed SST Simulations. J. Climate, 17, 4641–4673.


Access to journal articles. By googling its title, you can find the journal’s website. Most relevant journals for this class are published by the American Meteorological Society (AMS) and American Geophysical Union (AGU). The links to their online archives are

http://ams.allenpress.com/perlserv/?request=get-archive

AMS: J. Climate (JC), J. Atmospheric Science (JAS), Monthly Weather Review (MWR), J. Physical Oceanography (JPO), Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (BAMS)



http://www.agu.org/journals/

AGU: J. Geophysical Research (JGR), Geophysical Research Letters (GRL), Review of Geophysics (RoG)

UH has institutional subscription to both groups so you should have free access to their journals. In general, you can access to most scientific journals via UH Library online:

http://micro189.lib3.hawaii.edu/ezproxy/

2010 spring

•Brandon: Mapping Hawaii clouds

•Steffen: Low clouds in the SE Pacific

•David: MJO in the NE Pacific

•Thien: ISO in the South Asian monsoon

•Duncan: Equatorial annual cycle

•Leigh Anne: Tropical Atlantic variability

•Doug: Tropical-induced teleconnection patterns

•Hiro: Northwest Pacific storm tracks



Painemal, David, René Garreaud, José Rutllant, Paquita Zuidema, 2010: Southeast Pacific Stratocumulus: High-Frequency Variability and Mesoscale Structures over San Félix Island. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 49, 463–477.

Zuidema et al. 2012: On Trade-wind Cumulus Cold Pools. JAS, http://dx.doi.org.eres.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/10.1175/JAS-D-11-0143.1


Stratocumulus clouds. R. Wood. Review paper, revised version submitted to Mon. Wea. Rev., November 2011.



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