Coordinating conjunctions – and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet Josh wants to go to eat pizza, and he wants to go to a movie after dinner.
April has the flu, but she is going to school to take her test.
Use a comma after a dependent clause when it comes before an independent clause.
Dependent clause – A group of words that has both a subject and a verb but (unlike an independent clause) cannot stand alone as a sentence Independent clause - can stand alone as a sentence, also known as a main clause or simple sentence. Because the storm clouds continue to grow darker, we have decided to cancel our beach plans.
Although Zachary recently earned his driver’s license, he has been driving for several months with a permit.
Use a comma after an introductory element (yes, no, Lastly, in summary,)
Finally, I made a perfect score on my vocabulary pre-quiz today!
Despite her repeated requests, Susie could not get someone to return her phone call.
Use a comma between all items in a series
At the mall we bought two pairs of shoes, a gym bag, a water bottle, and a pair of workout shorts.
The flower medley consisted of tulips, roses, carnations, and lilies.
Use a comma between coordinate adjectives (adjectives describe nouns)
In the attic we found old, thin paper cutouts we used to play with when we were children.
TUESDAY WARM UP
Add commas correctly to each sentence. 1. Maria Rodriguez was born in Puerto Rico but she moved to Atlanta with her family.
2. Although Maria spoke only Spanish before the move she learned English very
3. Many Latin American children were in Maria’s new school so she felt comfortable.
4. Even though Eastwood Elementary was small it was well-funded and well-managed.
5. Ms. Karr Mr. Rivera and Mrs. Johnson were Maria’s fourth grade teachers.
RUN ON SENTENCES
A run on sentence is two or more sentences incorrectly written as one sentence. To correct a run – on, write separate sentences, using a period or combine the sentences using a comma and conjunction or a semicolon.
Example: Sally wrote novels she wrote essays.
Sally wrote novels. She wrote essays. (Period)
Sally wrote novels, and she wrote essays. (Comma and conjunction)
Sally wrote novels; she wrote essays. (Semicolon)
Make corrections to the following sentences. If a sentence is not a run-on, write “Correct.”
We went to a movie we stopped for a snack.
The school bus stopped at the corner of my street.
The scary dog barked and growled, the thief turned and ran.
Add commas to each sentence.
Because Maria made high grades the principal asked her parents to allow
her to go directly to the sixth grade.
Mr. Rodriquez Maria’s mother and the principal all wanted Maria to have a chance to go to college.
Circle the correct verb form that is in agreement with the subject.
Label the subject – S
In the alley behind the building (is, are) three dumpsters for recycling.
A brook (gurgles, gurgle) through the leafy forest.
The farms of Nebraska (produces, produce) millions of bushels of grain.
Michael (was, were) studying for the arduous science test.
Three months (passes, pass) during summer vacation.
Add commas where needed. Use comma rules for help.
When I wake up the other side of the bed is cold. My fingers stretch out seeking Prim’s warmth but finding only the rough canvas cover of the mattress. She must have had bad dreams and climbed in with our mother. Of course she did. This is the day of the reaping.
I prop myself up on one elbow. There’s enough light in the bedroom to see them. My little sister Prim curled up on her side cocooned in my mother’s body their cheeks pressed together. In sleep my mother looks younger still worn but not so beaten-down. Prim’s face is as fresh as a raindrop as lovely as the primrose for which she was named. My mother was very beautiful once too. Or so they tell me.
Excerpt from: The Hunger Games – Suzanne Collins
Subject – Verb Agreement
circle the correct verb form that is in agreement with the subject.
Label the subject – S
28. The world (change, changes) so rapidly that we can hardly keep up.
29. People (is, are) often ten or twenty years behind the times in their knowledge of the world.
30. People who (live, lives) in poverty often do not even have television or newspapers.
31. He (doesn’t, don’t) want to be the only one not chosen to play.
32. Life (is, are) very complicated for some students who struggle with expectations.
33. Traditionally, college students (has, have)been very active in politics.
34. There (is, are) both men and women at the meeting.
35. Unfortunately, students in class (has, have) very poor work habits.
36. Each of you (has, have) an equal chance to make good grades.
37. All of the children (was, were) hunting Easter eggs in the garden.
38. A notebook and a pen (is, are) lying on the desk in the library.
39. My son, along with two friends, (is, are) coming for the weekend.
40. Sitting on the sofa (was, were) two students from Thailand.