COURSE SYLLABUS
Cpse 790R (Section 2): Structural Equation Modeling
Spring 2013
Instructors:
Lane Fischer Richard Sudweeks
340L MCKB 150M MCKB
8014228293 8014227078
Email: lane_fischer@byu.edu Email: richard_sudweeks@byu.edu
Office Hours: Office Hours:
????????? T, Th, 10 a.m.–11. a.m.
Wed., 10 a.m.—3 p.m.
Class Meeting Schedule:
T & Th, 12:00—2:50 p.m.
102 SWKT
Required Textbooks
Geiser, C. (2010). Data analysis with Mplus. New York: Guilford.
Kline, R.B. (2011). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (3^{rd} ed.). New York: Guilford.
EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES
As a result of completing this course, students should be able to:

Explain the similarities and differences among (a) path analysis, (b) confirmatory factor analysis, (c) analysis of structural models, and (d) longitudinal growth curve analysis.

Use confirmatory factor analysis procedures to assess alternative measurement models describing hypothesized relationships between latent variables and their respective indicator variables.

Use confirmatory factor analysis to investigate questions related to reliability of measurement, construct validity, and factor invariance either across multiple groups of persons or with a single group across multiple occasions.

Test alternative structural models describing hypothesized patterns of relationships among endogenous and exogenous variables including direct effects as well as mediating and moderating effects.

Demonstrate proficiency in using SEM software (e.g., AMOS, Mplus, & LISREL) and interpreting the resulting output.

Prepare written reports of completed SEM studies in accordance with commonly accepted guidelines and recommendations.

Critique published reports of completed research and evaluation studies that utilized a SEM approach.
Overview and Rationale:
SEM is a family of methods that collectively provide a comprehensive data analytic framework for testing models that describe hypothesized relationships among sets of observed and latent variables. SEM is an extension of multiple regression, path analysis, and exploratory factor analysis that subsumes these narrower approaches as well as analysis of variance into a broader, more general framework. SEM can be used to test hypotheses about differences in group means as well as hypothesized associations among pairs of variables, but in SEM the focus is on testing alternative models that represent theories describing hypothesized patterns of relationships among sets of variables.
SEM can be used to analyze survey data, archival data, and other forms of nonexperimental data as well as data from experimental designs. SEM improves upon path analysis by allowing for the inclusion of latent variables as well as observed variables. In addition, SEM improves upon multiple regression by providing explicit estimates of measurement error and producing parameter estimates that describe relationships among latent variables after they have been adjusted for the estimated measurement error.
The roots of SEM can be traced back to developments in path analysis during the 1920s and 1960s, factor analysis in the 1920s and multiple regression during the 1950s and 60s. But the unifying framework and thee software that made SEM feasible were developed by Karl Joreskog and his colleagues in the 1960s and 1970s. Since that time SEM has been used for a wide variety of purposes in the social and natural sciences. During the last 20 years its use has grown exponentially. One reason for this growth has been the development of more userfriendly software such as EQS, AMOS, and Mplus. Another reason has been the ongoing development of refinements in SEM concepts and procedures.
SEM includes two main types of models that are used sequentially. The first is the measurement model which has come to be known as Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). It provides a way of testing whether a designated set of observed variables can be interpreted as one or more valid and reliable latent variables. The second type is the structural model that is used after a measurement model has been found to fit the data and which provides a way of testing hypothesized relationships among the latent variables defined by the measurement model.
SEM provides a language and a set of concepts for thinking about and designing research. It also provides a set of procedures and conventions for analyzing, interpreting, and reporting the results of research. Research journals in education as well as in psychology, sociology, and other related disciplines now regularly publish reports of studies based on SEM.
Course Outline:
Session

Date

Lead

Readings

Topic

Homework

1

4/30

LF

Lei & Wu (pdf)
Keith 17
(Keith 10,11,13)
Keith Appendix D & E
Kline 13, Keith 9

Overview
Fundamentals &
Data Screening


2

5/2

LF

Geiser 12
Geiser 3, pp 2461

Intro to Mplus
Manifest Regression, Latent Regression,
CFA


3

5/7

LF

Geiser 3, pp 6280

Path Modeling:
Manifest
Latent


4

5/9


In Class Exercises

In Class Exercises


5

5/14

RS

Kline 5 & 6

Specification & Identification


6

5/16

RS

Kline 7

Estimation


7

5/21

RS

Kline 8

Hypothesis Testing


8

5/23

RS

Kline 9
Keith 14

Measurement Models,
CFA


9

5/28

RS


Measurement Models,
CFA


10

5/30

LF

Kline 10
Keith 1516

SR Models


11

6/4

LF

Thompson

SR Models


12

6/6

RS

Geiser 4
Kline 11

Longitudinal Models


13

6/11

RS


Longitudinal Models


14

6/13


Geiser 5
Kline 12

Multilevel Models


Final

6/20


3:005:00



Supplementary Readings
Keith, T.Z. (2006). Multiple regression and beyond. Boston, MA: Pearson.
Lei, P.W. & Wu, Q. (2007). Introduction to structural equation modeling: Issues and practical considerations. Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 26(3), 3343.
Thompson, B. (2000). Ten commandments of structural equation modeling. In L.G. Grimm & P.R. Yarnold (Eds.), Reading and understanding more multivariate statistics (pp. 261283). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Additional Reference Materials
Baldwin, B. (1989). A primer in the use and interpretation of structural equation models. Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 22, 100112.
Bollen, K.A. (1989). Structural equations with latent variables. New York: Wiley.
Bollen, K.A. (2002). Latent variables in psychology and the social sciences. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 605634.
Bollen, K.A. & Curran, P.J. (2006). Latent curve models: A structural equation perspective. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Brown, T.A. (2006). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research. New York: Guilford.
Byrne, B.M. (2012). Structural equation modeling with Mplus: Basic concepts, applications, and programming. New York: Routledge.
Fassinger, R.E. (1987). Use of structural equation modeling in counseling psychology research. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 34, 425436.
Fox, J. (2006). Structural equation modeling with the sem package in R. Structural Equation Modeling, 13, 465486.
Graham, J.M. (2008). The general linear model as structural equation modeling. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 33, 485506.
Hancock, G.R. (1987). Structural equation modeling methods of hypothesis testing of latent variable means. Measurement Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 30, 91105.
Hancock, G.R. & Mueller, R.O. (Eds.) (2006). Structural equation modeling; A second course. Greenwich, CT: Age Publishing.
Hoyle, R.H. (1995). Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Hoyle, R.H. (Ed.) (2012). Handbook of structural equation modeling. New York: Guilford.
Kaplan, D. (2009). Structural equation modeling: Foundations and extensions (2^{nd} ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA; Sage.
Klem, L. (2000). Structural equation modeling. In L.G. Grimm & P.R. Yarnold (Eds.), Reading and understanding more multivariate statistics (pp. 227260). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
MacCullum, R.C., & Austin, J.T. (2000). Applications of structural equation modeling in psychological research. Annual Review of Psychology, 51, 201226.
MacKinnon, D.P. (2008). Introduction to statistical mediation analysis. New York: Psychology Press.
Mueller, R.O. (1997). Structural equation modeling: Back to basics. Structural Equation Modeling, 4, 353369.
Mulaik, S.A. (2009). Linear causal modeling with structural equations. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
Raykov, R. & Marcoulides, G.A. (2006). A first course in structural equation modeling (2^{nd} ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Schumacker, R.E. & Lomax, R.G. (2010). A beginner’s guide to structural equation modeling (3^{rd} ed.). New York: Routledge.
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