Cutnell and Johnson, Physics, 10e – The Physics of…



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Cutnell and Johnson, Physics, 10e – The Physics of…






Chapter 1:

1.3, Body mass index, pg. 4


Chapter 2:

2.5, Spacecraft retrorockets, pg. 36


Chapter 3:

3.3, The “hang time” of a football, pg. 64

3.4, Raindrops falling on car windows, pg. 69
Chapter 4:

4.2, Seat belts, pg. 81

4.5, Automatic trailer brakes, pg. 86

4.8, The human skeleton, pg. 91

4.9, Rock Climbing, pg. 97

4.9, Walking, pg. 100

4.11, Traction for the foot, pg. 102
Chapter 5:

5.2, A bobsled track, pg. 123

5.3, A trapeze act, pg. 126

5.3, Flying an airplane in a banked turn, pg. 127

5.4, The Daytona International Speedway, pg. 129

5.5, The Hubble Space Telescope, pg. 130

5.5, The Global Positioning System, pg. 130

5.5, Locating a black hole, pg. 131

5.5, Digital satellite system TV, pg. 132

5.6, Apparent weightlessness, pg. 133

5.6, Artificial gravity, pg. 134

5.7, The loop-the-loop motorcycle stunt, pg. 135


Chapter 6:

6.1, Weight lifting, pg. 144

6.2, An ion propulsion drive, pg. 147

6.5, A giant roller coaster, pg. 158

6.7, Human metabolism, pg. 161

6.8, Transforming chemical energy in food into mechanical energy, pg. 162

6.9, A compound bow, pg. 163
Chapter 7:

7.3, Measuring the speed of a bullet, pg. 185


Chapter 8:

8.1, Synchronous communications satellites, pg. 198

8.1, A total solar eclipse, pg. 198

8.4, “Crack-the-whip”, pg. 204



Chapter 9:

9.1, The Achilles tendon, pg. 220

9.2, Bodybuilding, pg. 224

9.3, The static stability factor and rollover, pg. 227

9.4, Wheelchairs, pg. 234

9.4, Archery and bow stabilizers, pg. 234

9.6, A spinning skater, pg. 239

9.6, A satellite in an elliptical orbit, pg. 240


Chapter 10:

10.1, A tire pressure gauge, pg. 252

10.2, A loudspeaker diaphragm, pg. 256

10.2, A body-mass measurement device, pg. 258

10.2, Detecting and measuring small amounts of chemicals, pg. 259

10.3, A door-closing unit, pg. 260

10.4, Walking, pg. 264

10.5, A shock absorber, pg. 266

10.6, High tides at the Bay of Fundy, pg. 267

10.7, Surgical implants, pg. 268

10.7, Bone structure, pg. 268

10.7, Bone compression, pg. 269


Chapter 11:

11.2, Lynx paws, pg. 283

11.3, Blood pressure, pg. 286

11.3, Pumping water, pg. 287

11.4, A sphygmomanometer, pg. 288

11.5, A hydraulic car lift, pg. 289

11.6, A state-of-charge battery indicator, pg. 293

11.6, A Goodyear airship, pg. 293

11.8, A clogged artery, pg. 298

11.10, Household plumbing, pg. 302

11.10, Airplane wings, pg. 302

11.10, A curveball, pg. 302

11.11, Pipeline pumping stations, pg. 306

11.11, A hypodermic syringe, pg. 306


Chapter 12:

12.3, Thermography, pg. 319

12.4, An antiscalding device, pg. 321

12.4, Thermal stress, pg. 322

12.4, An automatic coffee maker, pg. 323

12.5, The overflow of an automobile radiator, pg. 326

12.5, Ice formation and the survival of aquatic life, pg. 327

12.5, Bursting water pipes, pg. 327

12.8, Steam burns, pg. 333

12.8, High-tech clothing, pg. 333

12.8, A dye-sublimation color printer, pg. 335

12.9, Spray cans, pg. 337

12.9, Evaporative cooling of the human body, pg. 338

12.10, Relative humidity, pg. 339

12.10, Fog formation pg. 339

12.10, A home dehumidifier, pg. 340


Chapter 13:

13.1, Heating and cooling by convection, pg. 349

13.1, Thermals, pg. 349

13.1, An inversion layer, pg. 350

13.1, Rapid thermal exchange, pg.350

13.1, The windchill factor, pg. 351

13.2, Dressing warmly, pg. 353

13.2, Heat transfer in the human body, pg. 353

13.2, Layered insulation, pg. 355

13.2, Protecting fruit plants from freezing, pg. 355

13.3, Summer clothing, pg. 358

13.3, A white sifaka lemur warming up, pg. 358

13.4, Rating thermal insulation by R values, pg. 361

13.4, Regulating the temperature of an orbiting satellite, pg. 361

13.4, A thermos bottle, pg. 361

13.4, A halogen cooktop stove, pg. 362


Chapter 14:

14.1, Gemstones, pg. 368

14.2, Oxygen in the lungs, pg. 371

14.2, Rising beer bubbles, pg. 372

14.2, Scuba diving, pg. 373

14.4, Drug delivery systems, pg. 379

14.4, Water loss from plant leaves, pg. 381
Chapter 15:

15.8, A heat engine, pg. 400

15.9, Extracting work from a warm ocean, pg. 403

15.9, Thermal pollution, pg. 404

15.10, Refrigerators, pg. 405

15.10, Air conditioners, pg. 405

15.10, Heat pumps, pg. 407

Chapter 16:

16.3, Waves on guitar strings, pg. 426

16.5, A loudspeaker diaphragm, pg. 428

16.5, A touch-tone telephone, pg. 429

16.6, An ultrasonic ruler, pg. 432

16.6, Sonar, pg. 433

16.6, Cataract surgery, pg. 434

16.9, NEXRAD, pg. 442

16.10, Ultrasonic imaging, pg. 444

16.10, The cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator, pg. 444

16.10, Bloodless surgery with HIFU, pg. 445

16.10, The Doppler flow meter, pg. 445

16.11, Hearing, pg. 446
Chapter 17:

17.2, Noise-cancelling headphones, pg. 458

17.2, Wiring the speakers in an audio system, pg. 460

17.3, Loudspeakers, pg. 462

17.4,Tuning a musical instrument, pg. 464

17.5, Frets on a guitar, pg. 468

17.6, A flute, pg. 470

17.7, A spectrum analyzer, pg. 472


Chapter 18:

18.2, Electronic ink, pg. 483

18.5, Adhesion, pg. 489

18.8, Shielding electronic circuits, pg. 500

18.10, Xerography, pg. 505

18.10, A laser printer, pg. 506

18.10, An inkjet printer, pg. 506
Chapter 19:

19.5, Random-access memory (RAM) chips, pg. 528

19.5, A computer keyboard, pg. 530

19.5, An electronic flash attachment for a camera, pg. 531

19.5, A defibrillator, pg. 531

19.6, An action potential, pg. 532

19.6, Electrocardiography, pg. 533

19.6, Electroencephalography, pg. 534

19.6, Electroretinography, pg. 534
Chapter 20:

20.3, Electrical extension cords, pg. 545

20.3, Impedance plethysmography, pg. 545

20.3, A heating element on an electric stove, pg. 546

20.6, Personal digital assistants, pg. 554

20.6, A joystick, pg. 555

20.7, Main and remote stereo speakers, pg. 557

20.7, A three-way light bulb, pg. 558

20.9, Automobile batteries, pg. 561

20.10, An automobile electrical system, pg. 563

20.11, An ammeter, pg. 565

20.11, A voltmeter, pg. 565

20.13, Heart pacemakers, pg. 568

20.13, Windshield wipers, pg. 568

20.14, Safe electrical grounding, pg. 569

20.14, The physiological effects of current, pg. 570


Chapter 21:

21.1, Navigation in animals, pg. 582

21.3, A Velocity Selector, pg. 585

21.4, A mass spectrometer, pg. 589

21.5, A loudspeaker, pg. 591

21.6, A direct-current electric motor, pg. 593

21.7, Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), pg. 599

21.7, Television screens and computer display monitors, pg. 599

21.9, Detecting fingerprints, pg. 604

21.9, Magnetic tape recording, pg. 604

21.9, A magnetically levitated train, pg. 604
Chapter 22:

22.1, An automobile cruise control, pg. 616

22.4, A ground fault interrupter, pg. 626

22.4, An induction stove, pg. 627

22.6, The electric guitar pickup, pg. 630

22.6, A tape-deck playback head, pg. 630

22.6, Microphones, pg. 631

22.7, An electric generator, pg. 631

22.7, A bike generator, pg. 633

22.7, Operating a motor, pg. 636

22.8, Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), pg. 637

22.9, Transformers, pg. 639


Chapter 23:

23.3, Body-fat scales, pg. 659

23.3, Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), pg. 659

23.5, A semiconductor diode, pg. 663

23.5, Light-emitting diodes (LEDs), pg. 664

23.5, A fetal oxygen monitor, pg. 664

23.5, Rectifier circuits, pg. 665

23.5, Solar cells, pg. 665

23.5, Transistors, pg. 665
Chapter 24:

24.1, Radio and television reception, pg. 675

24.1, Cochlear implants, pg. 676

24.1, Wireless capsule endoscopy, pg. 676

24.2, Astronomy and the electromagnetic spectrum, pg. 678

24.2, A pyroelectric ear thermometer, pg. 678

24.2, AM and FM radio reception, pg. 679

24.4, A microwave oven, pg. 681

24.4, The greenhouse effect, pg. 681

24.5, Astronomy and the Doppler effect, pg. 686

24.6, IMAX 3-D films, pg. 688

24.6, A liquid crystal display (LCD), pg. 690

24.6, Polaroid sunglasses, pg. 691

24.6, Butterflies and polarized light, pg. 691


Chapter 25:

25.2, Digital movie projectors and micromirrors, pg. 700

25.4, Capturing solar energy with mirrors, pg. 705

25.4, Automobile headlights, pg. 705

25.5, Makeup and shaving mirrors, pg. 707

25.5, A head-up display for automobiles, pg. 708

25.5, Passenger-side automobile mirrors, pg. 709

25.6, Keratometers, pg. 713


Chapter 26:

26.2, Rearview mirrors, pg. 723

26.3, Why a diamond sparkles, pg. 729

26.3, Fiber optics, pg. 730

26.3, Endoscopy, pg. 732

26.3, Arthroscopic surgery, pg. 732

26.5, Rainbows, pg. 734

26.7, A camera, pg. 738

26.7, A slide or film projector, pg. 738

26.7, A magnifying glass, pg. 738

26.10, The human eye, pg. 744

26.10, Nearsightedness, pg. 745

26.10, Farsightedness, pg. 746

26.12, The compound microscope, pg. 750

26.13, The telescope, pg. 751
Chapter 27:

27.3, Nonreflecting lens coating, pg. 774

27.4, The Michelson interferometer, pg. 775

27.5, Producing computer chips using photolithography, pg. 779

27.6, Comparing human eyes and eagle eyes, pg. 782

27.7, A diffraction grating, pg. 785

27.7, A grating spectroscope, pg. 787

27.8, Retrieving information from compact discs and digital video discs, pg. 788

27.8, The three-beam tracking method for compact discs, pg. 788

27.9, X-ray diffraction, pg. 789


Chapter 28:

28.3, The Global Positioning System and special relativity, pg. 803

28.3, Space travel and special relativity, pg. 803
Chapter 29:

29.3, Charge-coupled devices and digital cameras, pg. 828

29.3, A safety feature of garage door openers, pg. 829

29.3, Photoevaporation and star formation, pg. 829

29.4, Solar sails and spaceship propulsion, pg. 832
Chapter 30:

30.2, Neon signs and mercury vapor street lamps, pg. 846

30.3, Absorption lines in the sun’s spectrum, pg. 851

30.7, X-rays, pg. 859

30.7, CAT scanning, pg. 862

30.8, The laser, pg. 863

30.8, A laser altimeter, pg. 864

30.9, PRK eye surgery, pg. 865

30.9, LASIK eye surgery, pg. 865

30.9, Removing port-wine stains, pg. 866

30.9, Photodynamic therapy for cancer, pg. 866

30.10, Holography, pg. 867


Chapter 31:

31.4, Radioactivity and smoke detectors, pg. 884

31.4, Gamma Knife radiosurgery, pg. 886

31.4, An exercise thallium heart scan, pg. 886

31.4, Brachytherapy implants, pg. 887

31.6, Radioactive radon gas in house, pg. 889

31.7, Radioactive dating, pg. 891

31.9, Radiation detectors, pg. 895


Chapter 32:

32.1, The biological effects of ionizing radiation, pg. 903

32.4, Nuclear reactors, pg. 911

32.5, Magnetic confinement and fusion, pg. 914

32.5, Inertial confinement and fusion, pg. 914

32.6, PET scanning, pg. 915



32.7, An expanding universe, pg. 921

32.7, “Dark energy,” pg. 921

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