Draft conference program



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The Great Transformation?

Reassessing the Causes and Consequences of the End of the Cold War
The Graduate Institute, Geneva

September 24-26, 2015

DRAFT CONFERENCE PROGRAM

Thursday, September 24th
9.00- 10.30 Opening words and Roundtable: the Great Powers and the end of the Cold War


  • Odd Arne Westad (Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University)

  • Vladislav Zubok (London School of Economics)

  • Jeremi Suri (University of Texas at Austin)

  • Anne Deighton (University of Oxford)

Chair: Jussi Hanhimäki (The Graduate Institute, Geneva)


10.30-11.00 Coffee break
11.00-12.30 Panel I: Did the Unites States ‘win’ the Cold War?


  • Susan Colborn (University of Toronto): Reagan as an ‘Atlantist’: NATO’s role in US policy

  • Simon Miles (University of Texas at Austin): the Reagan administration’s initial engagement with Soviet Union

  • Tom Blanton (The National Security Archive, Washington DC): Reagan, Gorbachev and the end of the Cold War

Comments: Jeremi Suri (University of Texas at Austin)

Chair: Geir Lundestad (The Norwegian Nobel Institute)
12.30-14.00 Lunch
14.00-15.30 Panel II: Developments in the Soviet bloc


  • Wolfgang Muller (Austrian Academy of Sciences): The role of second rank political actors in ending the Cold War

  • Svetlana Savaranskaya (The National Security Archive, Washington): Soviet withdrawal from Eastern Europe

  • Robert Brier (German Historical Institute in Warsaw): US support for East European dissidents, the end of the Cold War and the contested meaning of human rights

Comments: Vladislav Zubok (LSE)

Chair: Odd Arne Westad (Harvard University)
15.30-16.00 Coffee break
16.00-17.30 Panel III: The ‘Arc of Crisis’ and its impact on the end of the Cold War


  • Sean Kalic (US Army Command and Staff College, Kansas): The unattended consequences of US policy in Afghanistan

  • Barbara Zanchetta (The Graduate Institute, Geneva): Arming the ‘freedom fighters’: from the Carter doctrine to the Reagan doctrine

  • Malcolm Byrne (The National Security Archive): The Iran-Iraq war and its repercussions

Comments: Olav Njolstad (Norwegian Nobel Institute)

Chair: Michael Cox (LSE)
17.30-19.00 Keynote speech and aperitif:
Geir Lundestad (Norwegian Nobel Institute): “A prize winning performance: Mikhail Gorbachev, the Nobel Peace Prize and the End of the Cold War.”
19.30 Conference Dinner

* * *


Friday, September 25th
9.30-11.00 Panel IV: Western European developments


  • Bernhard Blumenau (The Graduate Institute, Geneva): German foreign policy and the ‘German problem’ before and after unification

  • Eleonora Guasconi (University of Genoa): The Single European Act, European political cooperation and the end of the Cold War

  • Ruud Van Dijk (University of Amsterdam): Peace activists and the end of the Cold War: the case of the Dutch Inter-Church peace council

Comments: Anne Deighton (University of Oxford)

Chair: Mario del Pero (Science Po, Paris)
11.00-11.30 Coffee break
11.30-13.00 Panel V: Eastern European developments


  • Sielke Kelner (The Graduate Institute, Geneva): The survival of the Socialist Republic of Romania at the end of the Cold War: dependency on the bipolar world

  • Maximilian Graf (Austrian Academy of Science): The opening of the Austria-Hungarian border revisited: how European détente contributed to overcoming the Iron Curtain

  • Paul Maddrell (University of Loughborough, UK): The KGB, the Stasi and the End of the Cold War

Comments: Svetlana Savaranskaya (The National Security Archive, Washington DC)

Chair: Federico Romero (European University Institute)
13.00-14.30 Lunch
14.30-15.30 Panel VI: Negotiating the end of arms race or managing continued Cold War? The impact of nuclear arms control


  • James Graham Wilson (Office of the Historian, US Department of State): SALT II and the INF Treaty

  • Andrea Chiampan (The Graduate Institute): Did Nuclear Weapons? Evidence from the TNF/INF Controversy, 1973-1983

Comments: Olav Njolstad (The Norwegian Nobel Institute) and Leopoldo Nuti (University of Roma III)

Chair: Christian Ostermann (The Wilson Center, Washington DC)
15.30-16.00 Coffee break
16.00-17.00 Discussion: Accessing sources on the end of the Cold War


  • Matthew Connelly (Columbia University)

  • Tom Blanton (National Security Archive, Washington DC)

  • Christian Ostermann (The Wilson Center, Washington DC)

Chair: Jussi Hanhimaki (The Graduate Institute, Geneva)


17.00 Aperitif (sponsored by the History and Policy-Making Initiative)
17.30-19.00 History and Policy Roundtable: Did the Cold War really ‘matter’? Lessons for today’s policy-makers


  • Jussi Hanhimäki (The Graduate Institute, Geneva)

  • Mahmoud Mohamedou (Geneva Centre for Security Policy and Graduate Institute)

  • James Goldgeier (American University)

  • Michael Cox (LSE)

  • Odd Arne Westad (Harvard University)

Chair: Barbara Zanchetta (The Graduate Institute, Geneva)


19.30 Boat excursion on Lake Geneva and dinner
Saturday, September 26th
9.30-10.30 Panel VII: Exploring the causes of Soviet ‘implosion’


  • Chris Miller (Yale University): The Tiananmen Crisis and Soviet debate about Perestroika

  • Fredrik Stocker (Uppsala University, Sweden) – The economic ‘Westernization’ of Soviet Estonia

Comments: Vladislav Zubok (London School of Economics)

Chair: Svetlana Savaranskaya (The National Security Archive)
10.30-11.00 Coffee break

11.00-1200 Panel VIII: The End of the Cold War and the rise of non-state actors


  • Timothy Nunan (Harvard University): Humanitarian invasion: the Soviet Union and Humanitarianism in Afghanistan

  • Riina Turtio (The Graduate Institute): Private military companies in Africa and the end of the Cold War

Comments: Christian Ostermann (The Wilson Center, Washington DC)



Chair: Tom Blanton (The National Security Archive)

12.00-14.00 Lunch and closing roundtable: the end of the Cold War and the transformation of the international system


  • Michael Cox (London School of Economics)

  • Leopoldo Nuti (University of Rome III)

  • Mario del Pero (Science Po, Paris)

  • Federico Romero (EUI)

  • Olav Njolstad (The Norwegian Nobel Institute)


Chair: Jussi Hanhimäki (The Graduate Institute, Geneva)

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