El Nino & La Nina



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El Nino & La Nina

Remember the vertical air current called a Hadley Cell? These cells create winds called TRADE WINDS as the air rises and sinks.



Recall, in the Northern Hemisphere, warm air around the equator rises and flows north toward the pole. As the air moves away from the equator, the Coriolis effect deflects it toward the right. The air cools and descends near 30 degrees North latitude. The descending air blows from the northeast to the southwest, back toward the equator.

We call these winds the trade winds, because Captains used these winds to help push their boats quicker toward trading routes back when boats were the primary way to trade goods.



Every few years the trade winds in the tropics weaken or sometimes reverse direction. When this happens it is called an



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