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1773/09/30 William Ware and his wife Ann Ware of Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia for 220 pounds, 9 shillings and 4 pence sold to John Chapman of the same parish and county 247 acres, together with all houses, outhouses, gardens, orchards and woods, etc. located thereon, which was located in Raliegh Parish ("Raleigh Parish") in Amelia County, Virginia adjacent to the line of Hugh Cavender, a branch, and the line of George Foster. The indenture was witnessed by John Wright, John Green and William Wright.393 & DB12/26
1773/10/01 Thomas Cavender witnessed the execution of a deed in Dorchester County, Maryland.286
1773/10/02 William Allin ("William Allen") of Amelia County, Virginia sold to Paulin Anderson, Jr. ("Pauling Anderson") for 150 pounds various household furnishing and effects as if Pauling Anderson, Jr. was setting up his own residence. The indenture was witnessed by William Ford, Jr., Joseph Ward, Sr., John Ford, Jr., Thomas Ellis and John Chapman.DB12/35
1773/10/12 Francis Hopkin ("Francis Hopkins"?) and Jeney Hopkin ("Jenny Hopkins"?) of Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia sold to William Ware of Raliegh Parish in Amelia County, Virginia for 140 pounds 215 acres in Raleigh Parish, together with all houses, gardens, fences, orchards, etc., which was located adjacent to the line of Hugh Cavender, the road, and the line James Wood. The indenture was witnessed by Christopher Ford, Francis Anderson, Edmund Booker, Jr. and Abraham Whitworth. It is to be noted that, at an earlier time a Hezekiel Ford was first a justice of the County Court of Amelia County, Virginia, and later became a sheriff of Amelia County.393 & DB12/24
1773/12/16 The "Boston Tea Party" dumped 340 chests of tea into the Boston harbor. 261 & 265
1773-1776 John Lavender ("John Cavender"?), age 27 and a blacksmith, left the port of Essex, England on the ship "Peggy" bound for the colony of Maryland as an indentured servant.112
1773 (1) George Kavanour ("George Cavender"?) apparently was Court Constable at Pipe Creek Hundred, Maryland. 266

(2) Jane Cavender, daughter of John M.. Cavender, was born about 1773 in Noyes, New Buryport Parish, Essex County, England.399
1774/01/04 Clemeth Cavender, Sr. ("Clemith Cavender"?), was born. He apparently was the son of Ezekiel Cavender and Elizabeth Cavender. Ezekiel Cavender came from England to Maryland at the age of 32 and at one time settled in Westmoreland County, Virginia about 1771 where five children were born, and later settled in Jasper County, Georgia in Indian Territory. Clemeth Cavender, Sr. married Rebecca Dedman in Rowan County, North Carolina, and later moved to Hall County, Georgia, by 1820 and where he died February 14, 1836. He is buried in the Cavender-Barnes Cemetery at Murrayville, Hall County, Georgia, along with his wife, Rebecca Dedman, born October 5, 1778 and died January 29, 1852. His son, Clemeth Cavender, Jr., was born on May 12, 1821, died in 1898 and is also buried in the same cemetery.135, 295, 296 , 297, 306 & 309 Ezekiel Cavender and Elizabeth Cavender had a daughter named Catherine Cavender ("Katherine Cavender"?) who was born about 1764 in Maryland.397
1774/02/18 Moses Loving of Amelia County, Virginia sold to Francis Anderson of Amelia County for 14 pounds, 5 shillings and 6 pence 150 acres in Amelia County adjacent to the lines of John Wayles, deceased, William Johnson, Paulin Anderson ("Pauling Anderson") and Thomas Foster, and being the land on which Moses Loving was then living. The indenture was witnessed by John Ford, Jr., William Ford, Paulin Anderson, Jr. ("Pauling Anderson,Jr.") and William Ford, Jr.DB13/31
1774/03/31 The British Parliament closed the port of Boston until payment was made for the tea dumped in the Boston harbor on March 12, 1773.
1774/04/03 Hezekiah Ford of Amelia County, Virginia sold to William Ford of the same county for 160 pounds 300 acres of land located in Amelia County, Virginia on Bent Creek and adjacent to the lines of Jacob Seay, Isaac Tindsley and James Barden and being land that Hezekiah Ford, then deceased, had purchased from Abraham Hurt and formerly was patented to Joseph Hurt in 1740. The indenture was witnessed by Thomas Ellis, Daniel Walthall, John Dowdy and Thomas Whiteworth.DB12/36
1774/05/27 Date of birth of a second son named James Caverner ("James Cavender"?) born to James Caverner and Catherine Caverner ("Catherine Cavender" or "Hannah Cavender"?) at Londonderry in Newburyport, Essex County, Massachusetts. He may be the same James Cavender who appeared in the 1790 Census for South Carolina. 283, 305 & 306
1774/05/?? It was reported that a group of white men led by Thomas Cresap and Michael Cresap murdered a group of inoffensive Shawnee Indians, including several women and children. Logan, the Shawnee Chief, took revenge by having his Shawness kill a number of white persons, including a Cavender family. Virginia’s Governor, Lord Dunmore, led a group of Virginia militia into the area and defeated the Shawnee Indians in the Battle of Point Pleasant now in West Virginia. The captured Shawnee Chief made a speech in his defense that was apparently widely reported in the Virginia press in 1775.
1774/06/22 The British Parliament passed the so-called "Quebec Act" which moved the boundary of Quebec to the Ohio River and which was vigorously protested by the Continental Congress. 164
1774/08/01 John Montgomery, administrator of the estate of John Cavender of Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts who died on November 4, 1772, filed in court his account of administration. In the account filed by John Montgomery, he stated that John Cavender had previously sold a fat hog to William Cavender and William Ripley for 4 pounds sterling.247 The above John Montgomery is probably the same John Montgomery of Middleboro, Plymouth County, Massachusetts whose last will and testament was dated September 28, 1785 and was probated on December 3, 1787, and in which will he named his wife Mary Montgomery, his sons Hugh Montgomery, William Montgomery, Robert Montgomery, John Montgomery, Thomas Montgomery and Samuel Montgomery, and in which will he named his daughters Margaret Andrews (“Margaret Montgomery”?), Isabel Ritchie (“Isabel Montgomery”?), Jean Foster (“Jean Montgomery”) and Rebecca Montgomery.
1774/09/05 Date of the first Continental Congress in Philadelphia. Peyton Randolph was elected president.
1774/09/13 William Winston and his wife, Rebecca Winston, of Amelia County, Virginia sold to William Ware of the same county for 74 pounds 100 acres located on Sandy Creed in Amelia County, Virginia adjacent to Little Sandy Creek, the fence of John Wright, and the line of William Winston.DB13/45
1774/09/17 Stephen Watkins and his wife, Sally Watkins, of Amelia County, Virginia sold to William Archer of the same county for 214 pounds 107 acres, together with all houses thereon, located in Amelia County on the bank of the Appomattox River at the Mossing Ford, bounded by Horsepen Branch and the lines of Richard Puckett and William Archer. The indenture was witnessed by John Booker, Jr., Daniel Hardaway and T.B. Willson ("T.B. Wilson"?).DB13/43
1774/10/19 Maryland patriots burn the ship "Peggy Stewart" and its cargo of British tea in Annapolis harbor.261
1774/10/29 Charles Cavender of New Hampshire and who is believed to have been born about 1750 in Wexford, Ireland, purchased property in Rockingham County, New Hampshire.290
1774/12/23 William Cavenaugh ("William Cavender"?) was listed as being in a meeting in Leonardtown, St. Mary's County, Maryland along with John Barnes, Col. Abraham Barnes, and Richard Barnes.374
1775/03/22 Hugh Cavender (“John Hugh Cavender”?) of Reighley Parish ("Raleigh Parish"), Amelia County, Virginia, sold 6.75 acres of land to John Green of the same parish and county for 6 pounds and 15 shillings, together with all houses, fences, gardens, etc., which was located between the "plantation" of Hugh Cavender in Raleigh Parish in Amelia County, Virginia and land then owned by John Green. The indenture was witnessed by Thomas Amohundro ("Thomas Omohundro") and John Jay Cavender who may have been the father of Hugh Cavender. Hugh Cavender signed the document with his mark consisting of a plus sign (+).

As previously noted, in the early colonial days, a 14 year old male could witness a legal document, and could even choose his legal guardian in the event both of his parents were then deceased. However, he had to be at least 21 years of age in order to own and sell property in his own name, even though he could inherit property at whatever age which will be held in trust for him until he reaches the age of 21. At times, the court would recognize a person younger that 14 years of age to serve as a witness to the execution of a document if he/she seemed cognizant of the duty.

It is significant to note that as Hugh Cavender's oldest son, Joseph Cavender, was born about 1760 and therefore was about 15 years of age in 1775. Consequently, he was therefore legally old enough to serve as one of the witnesses to his father's signature on the above indenture. However, for some unknown reason, an unidentified John Jay Cavender ("John Cavender") served as the witness. This particular John Jay Cavender all of a sudden appeared in Amelia County, Virginia and apparently did not thereafter again appear in any Amelia County legal document, even in the tithing records. This provides some support for the fact that he must have been exempt from tithe taxes because of his young age, i.e., below the age of 15, or because advanced age or because he was infirmed. 11, 393 & DB13/53

1775/03/23 Patrick Henry made his famous "Liberty or Death" speech.
1775/04/18 Paul Revere made his famous ride to warn of approach of British troops.261
1775/03/19 Battles of Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts..
1775/04/22 Isaac Cavender, planter, sold personal property to Ezekiel Reed in Dorchester County, Maryland. He apparently served in the Revolutionary War in the fifth Regiment of the Delaware Infantry Volunteers Company. 286, 313 & 352
1775/05/xx Having had news of the battles of Lexington and Concord, Lord John Murray Dunmore, then appointed the governor of Virginia by the British House of Lords, prompted a revolutionary uprising by transferring part of the colony’s gunpowder stores from Williamsburg to the British warship, “Magdalen”. After a riot at the June session of the colonial legislature, Dunmore transferred the seat of government to the British man-of-war, the “Fowey” anchored off Yorktown. The colonial Burgesses declared that he had abdicated, and they vested a committee of safety with executive powers. Dunmore equipped a flotilla and used it to attack Hampton. After he had burned Norfolk on January 1, 1776, the Americans drove him from his station on Gwynn’s Island in the Chesapeake Bay. Dunmore then sent his fleet to the West Indies and returned to England.
1775/05/04 Joseph Cavender of Westminster, Massachusetts, enlisted to serve in the Revolutionary War in Capt. Edmund Bemis's company. He served an initial term of only three months and five days. However, it appears that he continued to re-enlist and was serving until at least May 19, 1780 and most probably was the particular Joseph Cavender who is said to have served in the 5th. Virginia Regiment under Colonel William Crawford and Lt. Nathaniel Gist.374

The above Joseph Cavender apparently is not the same Joseph Cavender who was born in Raleigh Parish, Amelia County, Virginia about 1760 as the oldest child of Hugh Cavender, and died on August 13, 1826 in Christian County, Kentucky shortly after he filed an affidavit on October 2, 1820 in support for a Revolutionary War pension Application No. 10508 and which was granted as No. S35818. Christian County, Kentucky includes the City of Hopkinsville located in Western Kentucky. According to his affidavit, this latter Joseph Cavender stated that he first enlisted in the Revolutionary War on March 1, 1777 in Amelia County, Virginia for a period of 3 years, and then re-enlisted during the war in 1779 in the Virginia Regiment commanded by Col Ennis and in the Company commanded by James Foster. 77, 281, 284, 326 & 356

The following Cavenders are listed as having served in the Revolutionary War:

(1) Arther Cavender or Arthur Cavender (Corporal in Patterson's "Flying Camp Battalion" from Delaware);

(2) David Cavender (Patterson's "Flying Camp Battalion" from Delaware);

(3) Charles Cavener or Charles Cavender (Sergeant, 3rd. Maryland Regiment);

(4) Garrate Cavener or Garrett Cavender (7th Virginia Regiment);

(5) George Cavendire, George Cavener or George Cavender (1st.New Jersey Regiment);

(6) James Cavender or James Cavenaugh (New Hampshire);

(7) James Cavender (Corporal in Hall's Delaware Regiment);

(8) James Cavender (2nd. New Hampshire Regiment);

(9) James Cavender (Company "C" of Virginia Artillery Regiment);

(10) John Cavener, John Cavendor or John Cavender (Corporal, Company "C" of Patton's Regiment, Continental Troops commanded by Colonel John Patton, with Capt. Joseph Powell being the Company Commander);

(11) John Cavender (Delaware);

(12) John Cavender (3rd. New Hampshire Regiment);

(13) Jno. Cavender ("Jonathan Cavender"? & “John Cavender”?) and John Cavender (Company "C" of the 2nd. Virginia Regiment commanded by Colonel Christian Febiger, Esq., with Capt. William Taylor being the Company Commander. This Company was designated at various times as Captain William Taylor's Company and the Company formerly commanded by Captain E. Meade. (The particular John Cavender who served for Delaware, Maryland and North Carolina and married a Margaret was issued pension No. 9776.);

(14) John Cavender (Company "C" of Patton's Regiment, Continental Troops. This regiment was organized by resolution of Congress on December 27, 1776 which authorized General Washington to raise 16 battalions of infantry and was incorporated with Colonel Hartley's additional regiment, except Captain McLane's Company, and was annexed to the Delaware Regiment to form the 11th Pennsylvania Regiment.);

(15) Joseph Cavender (Samuel Drake's New York Regiment);

(16) Joseph Cavender (Sergeant, 5th, 11th & 15th Virginia Regiments. About May 1778, the 11th Virginia Regiment and 15th Virginia Regiments were incorporated and designated the 11th and 15th Virginia Regiment until about September 1778. This particular Joseph Cavender was issued pension No. S35818);

(17) Joseph Cavendor or Joseph Cavender (5th Massachusetts Regiment);

(18) Joseph Cavender (3rd. Company of the Virginia Detachment commanded by Major Samuel Finley. This company was designated as the 3rd. Company and a company of the 2nd. Virginia Regiment)

(One of the foregoing Joseph Cavender received a pension designated S35818);

(19) Michael Cavender served in the Revolutionary War in Patton's Regiment, Continental Troops;

(20) Moses Cavener or Moses Cavender (2nd. New York Regiment. Received Land Warrant #6907 on September 27, 1790 which was assigned to Jacob Tremper);

(21) Patrick Cavender, believed to be a Catholic born in Ireland,(2nd. Maryland Regiment);

(22) Robert Cavannah or Robert Cavender from Georgia was a Major in the Revolutionary War according to "Georgia's Roster of the Revolution" by Knight;

(23) Samuel Cavender (3rd. New Hampshire Regiment). Samuel Cavener or Samuel Cavender apparently was granted Bounty Land Warrant #40 and Bounty Land Warrant #76 for his service as a seaman in the Virginia State Navy and apparently the names of the ships that he served on were the "Henry" and the "Galley";

(24) Thomas Cavener or Thomas Cavender (3rd. Maryland Regiment);

(25) William Cavender (Hall's Delaware Regiment);

(26) William Cavender (1st.Regiment, Light Dragoons, Continental Troops ).350, 355 & 383

(27) William Cavender enlisted in the Revolutionary War while living in North Carolina and later married Margaret Cox who was born in Virginia near the James River, the daughter of George Cox. William Cavender and George Cox both joined the North Carolina Militia under General Gates. After the defeat of General Gates in the battle at Camden, both William Cavender and her father returned home. Both William Cavender and George Cox later joined Colonel Cleveland and were at the battle of Kings Mountain. They later were with General Morgan in South Carolina and in the battle of Cowpens where he received 2 bayonet wounds in the thigh and leg, plus a bullet wound in the calf of his leg. Following the battle of Cowpens, they were pursued by the British and Tories under the command of General Cornwallis during their march toward and across the Catawha River, the Yadkin River, and the Dan River where they were joined by General Green and where William Cavender stayed when the American forces reversed their march in pursuit of the British and Tory troops and subsequently engaged in the battle of Guilford Old Court House. William Cavender rejoined General Green at Ransays Mills and was in the battle of Camden where the Americans were defeated, and he remained with General Green and fought at the Siege of Ninety-Six and at Eutaw Springs where George Cox was killed as witnessed by William Cavender. Sometime in the early part of the Spring of 1783, William Cavender arrived at the home of Margaret Cox then living in Wilkes County, Georgia and where they were married on May 12, 1783 with acting Justice of the Peace, Henry Ware performing the ceremony.

In the Spring of 1791 William Cavender died at his sister's house while on his way to North Carolina to obtain his share of the inheritance of his parents who had just died.


1775/06/17 The battle of Bunker Hill marked the beginning of the Revolutionary War. 164 During the Revolutionary War, a John Cavanaugh ("John Cavenaugh"? & “John Cavender”?) and a Robert Cavanaugh ("Robert Cavenaugh"? “Robert Cavender”?) of Somerset County, Maryland signed the "Oath of Allegiance and Fidelity" to the colony of Maryland.392
1775/08/27 Mary Cavender, daughter of Thomas Cavender and Mary Cavender, was christened in Saint Mary Parish, Tedburn Saint Mary, Devon County, England. 170 & 439
1775 (1) The Colony of Connecticut joined the American Revolution after the battle of Lexington.261

(2) Thomas Cavender was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia in 1775, believed to be the son of Thomas Cavender and the grandson of Henry Cavender, both of Westmoreland County, and married Sarah Scinner on May 16, 1809.294 & 371

(3) John Cavender born in North Carolina about 1775. He died in Marshall County, Tennessee and is buried in the Head Springs Cemetery in Lewisburg, Tennessee. With the exception of his two youngest children who were born in Tennessee, the remainder of his family were each born in North Carolina. In 1850, John Cavender was then 75 years old and thus born in North Carolina about 1775 and was living in Marshall County, Tennessee in 1850, with his wife Lively Cavender who was 38 years old and thus born in North Carolina about 1812. Their family comprised George Cavender age 17 and thus born in North Carolina about 1833, Thomas Cavender age 15 and thus was born about 1835 in North Carolina, Adolphus Cavender age 11 and thus was born about 1839 in North Carolina, Needham Cavender ("Needam Cavender" & "Needum Cavender") was then age 8 and thus born about 1842 in North Carolina, John Cavender was then age 7 and thus born about 1843 in North Carolina, Elizabeth Cavender was then age 6 and thus born about 1844 in Tennessee, and Sarah Cavender was then age 2 and thus born about 1848 in Tennessee. 137

(4) Samuel Cavender ("Samuel Cavandar") and Lambert Cavender both apparently enlisted in the 6th Company, 13th Battalion of the Kent County Militia of Kent County, Maryland in 1775, and served until 1778. 323



1775-1778 Samuel Cavendar ("Samuel Cavender"?) and Lambert Cavender both served in the 6th Company, 13th Battalion of the Kent County, Maryland, Militia.322
1776/01/24 John Cavender enlisted in the Revolutionary War in the 4th.. Company stationed at Baltimore Town, Maryland ("Baltimore County, Maryland"?).412
1776/04/25 Anderson Bagley ("Anderson Bagly" & "Anderson Badgly"?) of Amelia County, Virginia sold to Peter Burrow of the same county for 100 pounds 100 acres and all appurtenances, located in Amelia County on the south side of Woody Creek, being part of land which Anderson Bagley was willed by his father and is adjacent to the line of Thomas Short, line of Peter Jones near the Meeting House, and the old spring branch on the line of John Farley. DB13/64
1776/05/13 John Tabb of Amelia County, Virginia sold to Mack Goode of the same county for 300 pounds 400 acres in located in Amelia County and on which acreage William Johnson then lived and which was adjacent to the lines of Henry Skipwith (“Henry Skipworth”?), Moses Loving, Moses Youdaley ("Moses Eudaley") believed to be the brother-in-law of Hugh Cavender, Paulin Anderson ("Pauling Anderson") and Churchwell Anderson. The indenture was witnessed by William Johnson, Williamson Piles, Elizabeth Mayo and Harriot Peyton.393 & DB14/73
1776/11/27 William Cauender ("William Cavender") was born to James Cavender and Susanner Cavender ("Susannah Cavender" & “Susanna Cavender”) in St. Stephens Parish of Northumberland County, Virginia. 250 & 281 On May 20, 1778, John Sims Cavender ("John S. Cavender" & "John Cavender") was born to James Cavender and Susannah Cavender in Northumberland County, Virginia.Fleet, Va Col Ab, Vol1
1776/03/23 or 1773/03/23 Timothy Cavener ("Timothy Cavender"?) married Hannah Troy ("Hannah Toy"?) in Pennsylvania. 279 & 350

1776/05/04 Rhode Island became the first colony to declare its independence from England.261

1776/05/15 The date one record states that James Cavender was born in New Hampshire, later married Rachel Butler and moved to Ohio. 12 (See also Document No.12) This may be the same James Cavender who apparently died in Scott County, Kentucky in 1860 at the age of 84 years.
1776/06/29 Virginia, under the Governorship of Edmund Randolph, adopted a constitution which contained the first American Bill of Rights and declared its independence form Great Britain. 261
1776/07/02 On this date, the Second Continental Congress adopted a resolution by Richard Henry Lee "to declare the United Colonies free and independent states", which resolution was passed by a narrow margin.
1776/07/04 The Declaration of Independence was proclaimed by the Second Continental Congress and a committee comprising Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert R. Livingston ("Robert Livingston") was appointed to draft a resolution of independence. Actually, the Declaration of Independence was drafted primarily by Thomas Jefferson, who drew on precedents that were well known to all educated Englishmen and Americans, especially on John Locke's often-quoted "Second Treatise of Civil Government" which was written in 1689 and considered to be an authorative pronouncement of established principles. Locke's ideas provided a ready argument for the American cause, and they were especially embarrassing to an English government whose own source of authority was based on them.J.W. Peltason "Understanding the Constitution", 8th ed

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