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1699/01/31 Francis Cavener or Francis Caviner ("Francis Cavenaugh", Francis Cavenough" & "Francis Cavender"), a servant of Daniel Occanny of Westmoreland County, Virginia, and was adjudged by the Court in Westmoreland County, Virginia to then be 17 years of age, and thus born about 1681-1682, and was ordered to serve according to law.

1699/01/31 Ellenor Cavenoh ("Eleanor Caviner"?, "Eleanor Cavener"?, "Eleanor Cavenough"?, "Eleanor Cavenaugh"?, "Elinor Cavender"? & "Eleanor Cavender"?), servant to William Carruther ("William Caruther"?), and was adjudged by the Court of Westmoreland County, Virginia to then be 16 years of age, and thus born about 1682-1683, and ordered to serve according to law.Westmoreland Cnty, Va. Order Bk 1698-1705, p 69a & 112
1699/03/26 Arthur Cavener ("Arthur Cavender"?) was one of the witnesses of the Last Will and Testament of Jonas Bowens ("Jonas Bowen") of Baltimore County, Maryland, together with Edward Collens ("Edward Collin"?) and Catherine Swotoson. On April 12, 1702, Arthur Cavenaugh ("Arthur Cavender"? & "Arthur Cavener") was a witness to the will of Martha Bowen, a widow (of Jonas Bowen"?), in Patapsco, Baltimore County, Maryland, together with Nic Rogers and Margaret Waldron. Apparently, these two Arthur Cavender's are the same person. And, see the subsequent entry dated 1701 where it appears that the surname was spelled Arther Cavennear. 199, 270, 392, 393 & 418

Arther Cavennear ("Arthur Cavennear"?, “Arthur Cavenaugh?, “Arthur Caverner”?, “Arthur Cavener”?, “Arthur Cavenough”? & "Arthur Cavender"?) was then living on the North Side of Paipsco Hundred (“Patapaco Hundred”), Baltimore County, Maryland in 1701.418



1699/06/07 Daniel Caveniow ("Daniel Cavender"?), servant to Edgecomb Suggett, was adjudged by the Court of Richmond County, Virginia to then be 11 years of age, thus born about 1687-1688, and ordered to serve as an indentured servant according to law.Sam & Ruth Sparacio ab Richmond Cnty, Va Order Bk, 1694-1699, p 399
1699/06/21 At a Council held at James City County, Virginia on this date: "Present, His Excellency in Council. Whereas, his Majesty by Royal Instructions to his Excellency direct ye nos Schoolmaster be hence forth permitted to come from England and to keep a School within this Colony of Virginia without ye Lycense of ye Lord Bishop of London and that nos other person now in this Colony or ye shall come hither from other parts be admitted to keep School without his Excellency's Lycense first had, therefore ordered ye several County Counts within this Domain doe as soon as convenient may be return to ye Council Office a particular account what schools ain in their respective Counties and whether ye Master thereof are licenced according to ye Instructions and to recommend such as are fit and capable for ye Imployment ye they may be licenced according which Lycences are to be granted them without any fee or any other charge”. Recorded 3d die 8br 1699. Jos. Tayloe ("Joseph Taylor"?), Clerk.Lancaster Cnty Order Bk, 1696-1702
1699/09/05 The date on which the Last Will and Testament of Willmott Hill was probated in Maryland (no county listed) in which John Cavinar ("John Cavender"?) was listed as a creditor.392
1699 (1) The Capitol of Virginia was moved from Jamestown, Virginia to Williamsburg, Virginia. 261

(2) The Last Will and Testament of Manus Handley was written and proved in Dorchester County, Virginia in 1699 and he mentioned his wife and daughters. The land was located on Foblin Creek in Dorchester County, Virginia. Witnesses to the Will were Partick Caven (“Patrick Cavender” & "Partick Cavender"?), Ellinder Stewart (“Eleanor Stewart”? & “Elinor Stewart”?), William Edmundson ("William Edmondson"?) and Daniel Dwane.393

(3) The Last Will an Testament of John Leggett was probated in Princess Anne County, Virginia in 1699 and he named his 3 sons: John Leggett, David Leggett (who may have married a Sarah), and Alexander Leggett. The name of his wife was not mentioned and the witnesses were Michael Jones and George Booth. In 1722, Alexander Leggett gave property in Princess Anne County, Virginia to his son, Anthony Leggett, with the witnesses being Richard Crompton (“Richard Compton”?) an Jane Crompton (“Jane Compton”?).
1701 Arther Cavennear ("Arthur Cavennear"?, “Arthur Cavenaugh?, “Arthur Caverner”?, “Arthur Cavener”?, “Arthur Cavenough”? & "Arthur Cavender"?) was then living on the North Side of Paipsco Hundred (“Patapaco Hundred”), Baltimore County, Maryland.418
1702/03/11 Henry Whiteaker ("Henry Whitaker"?) died in Dorchester County, Virginia and Patrick Cavin ("Partick Cavender"?) was the appraiser of his estate.393
1702/04/12 Arthur Cavenaugh ("Arthur Cavennear"?, “Arthur Caverner”?, “Arthur Cavener”?, "Arthur Cavener", “Arthur Cavenough”? & "Arthur Cavender"?) witnessed the Last Will and Testament of Martha Bowen, a widow, in Patapsco R. (either “Patapsco Hundred” or Patapsco Parish”) in Baltimore County, Maryland. 392
1702/08/25 Prince George County, Virginia was formed from Charles City County. Prince George County was apparently named after Prince George of England who succeeded his father as King of England in 1727 and became known as King George II. King George III succeeded his father to become King of England in 1760 and who was to be at war with the colonies by 1776.
1702-1709 Patrick Cavin ("Patrick Cavender"?) purchased land from Darby Sulivant in Dorchester County, Maryland sometime between 1702-1709. 302
1703 (1) Anne became Queen of England and reigned until 1714.

(2) Thomas Cavenah (“Thomas Cavender”?) was claimed as a headright by Harry Beverley (“Harry Beverly”?) and John Smith for land located in Essex County, Virginia.393



1703/07/21 A Nancy Cavender was born on this date in Goucestershire County, Virginia, and a Nancy Cavender subsequently married a James Radburn (“James Rathburn”?) in either Gloucester, Virginia or in Gloucester County, Virginia in 1707. 291 & 294 And, still another Nancy Cavender married a John White on March 4, 1796 in Dorchester County, Maryland. It is to be noted that the date of birth and the date of marriage of Nancy Cavender to James Radburn are conflicting. In any event, they are the same person. 291, 294 & 397
1703/08/26 Charles Mackerley died in Dorchester County, Virginia and Patrick Cavin ("Patrick Cavender") was the administrator of his estate.393
1703/09/27 Elizabeth Cavender was christened by Thomas Cavender and Elizabeth Cavender on Hart Street, Saint Olave Parish, London, England. 140
1703 (1) According to the "History of Delaware, Past and Present", there were many Baptists among the settlers on the Welsh Tract in the Pencader Hundred, in New Castle County, Delaware and that it was here that the first Baptist Church in Delaware was founded and known as the "Welsh Tract Meeting House".

(2) Prince George County, Virginia was formed from Charles City County, one of the,"original" counties of the Colony of Virginia. Isle of Wight is an original county and was formed from Warrosguyoake County also an original county.


1704/03/xx Elizabeth Cavender married William Morgan in Church Honeybourn, Worcestershire County, England.
1704/09/27 Mr. William Graham made oath in the Court of Westmoreland County, Virginia claiming 8 headrights for importations in this Colony, 1 of whom was Elleanor Cavano ("Eleanor Cavender"? & "Elinor Cavender"?). The headrights were assigned to George Eskridge who was buying up several land certificates at the time. Westmoreland Cnty Order Bk, p 243a & 393
1704 Arthur Kavanah ("Arthur Cavennear"?, “Arthur Caverner”?, “Arthur Cavener”?,"Arthur Cavener", “Arthur Cavenough”? & “Arthur Cavender"?) was on the Rent Roll of Lands for Prince George County, Virginia in 1704 and apparently owned 60 acres at that time. On March 23, 1715, Hon. Alexander Spottswood granted to Arthur Kavenaugh ("Arthur Cavennear"?, “Arthur Caverner”?, “Arthur Cavener”?, "Arthur Cavener", “Arthur Cavenough”? & “Arthur Cavender"?) a patent for 175 acres of land located in Surry County, Virginia and in Isle of Wight County, Virginia.381
1705/03/21 or 1706/03/21 A certificate was granted to Captain George Eskridge for 450 acres of land in Northumberland County, Virginia for the importation of 9 persons, including Thomas Cavernott (“Thomas Cavender”?). It is important to note that these importations may have taken place many years earlier.393
1705 Eleanor Cavano (“Eleanor Cavender”? & “Elinor Cavender”?) was claimed as a headright by Augustine Smith for land in Essex County, Virginia.393
1706/01/24 Charles Prouse apparently died in Dorchester County, Maryland on this date, and his Last Will and Testament was administered in Talbot County, Maryland with Mary Caven ("Mary Cavender"?), wife of Partick Caven ("Patrick Cavender"), being appointed the administratrix.393
1707/03/12 The date on which the Last Will and Testament of William Woodhave ("William Woodhouse"?) was probated in Somerset County, Maryland and the following creditors were listed against the estate: John Cavinger ("John Cavennear"?, “John Caverner”?, “John Cavener”?, "John Cavener", “John Cavenough”? & "John Cavender"?), a Dent, Elizabeth Jackson, a Coleman, a Worthington, Enock Griffin, administrators of a Wilson, Col. Jenckins ("Jenkins"?), Robert Forde ("Robert Ford"), Robert Hodge, Blanch Jones, an Edgar, Capt. John Franklyn ("John Franklin"?), and Peter Dent. Executors of the estate were Walter Evans and George Day. 392 & 412
1707/07/11 The Last Will and Testament of Francis Settle of Farnham Parish ("North Farnham Parish"?) in Richmond County, Virginia was probated in the county court of Richmond County, Virginia. In his will, he mentioned his son John Settle; and his son Thomas Settle to whom he gave the plantation where he then lived and containing 200 acres which Francis Settle had purchased from Richard Rice. He also mentioned: his grandson named Francis Settle, the son of Francis Settle, to whom he gave a tract of land where Stephen Wells then lived and who apparently was subsequently named the administrator of the estate of Thomas Caverner (“Thomas Cavender”) on May 6, 1719 in Richmond County, Virginia; his grandson named Henry Settle, son of Henry Settle, deceased, the plantation on which Francis Settle then lived; his grandson named Francis Settle who was the son of Henry Settle, deceased; and, his wife Mary Settle. His wife, Mary Settle, his son Thomas Settle, and Thomas Williams were named executors of his will.441 On August 2, 1711, in the county court of Richmond County, Virginia, the suit in Chancery brought by Henry Settle, son of Henry Settle, deceased, against Mary Settle, widow and “relick” of Francis Settle, deceased, was dismissed ad the complainant did not prosecute and did not come into court from time to time as directed by the court.441
1707 (1) First meeting of the Baptist Association in Philadelphia. Five churches were represented.

(2) Nancy Cavender married James Rathburn in either Gloucester, Virginia or in Gloucester County, Virginia in 1707. The following children of James Rathburn (“James Radburn”) and Nancy Rathburn (formerly "Nancy Cavender") were: Phoebe Rathburn (“Phoebe Radburn”?) born in Virginia about 1727, and Elizabeth Rathburn (“Elizabeth Radburn”?) born in Virginia about 1728.291 &294


1708/03/03 The lawsuit previously brought by Philemon Cavenaugh ("Philimon Cavender"? "Philenon Cavender" & "Philmeon Cavender"?) against the county official named Edward Barrow, Gentleman, in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia was dismissed as the plaintiff was not prosecuting. Also, an attachment by James Burnham against Philemon Cavanaugh for corn held by Edward Barrow. Richmond Cnty Order Bk p.19
1709/06/01 The Last Will and Testament of John Sherdon ("John Shordon"? & "John Sheridan"?) was probated in Lunenburg Parish, Richmond County, Virginia and named his godson John Dunn, the son of Patrick Dunn, and who was to receive 2 years of schooling. Daniel Cavenner (“Daniel Caverner”?, “Daniel Cavener”?, "Daniel Cavener", “Daniel Cavenough”? & “Daniel Cavender”?) was to receive either a "hat of a half-crown price" or “half of a half-crown piece”, and Ellen Eroche (actually “Elin Eaches”, "Eleanor Eaches" & "Elinor Eaches") and her son John ("John Caverner"?, "John Cavener"?, John Cavenough"? & "John Cavender"?) were to receive the remainder of his estate. Eleanor Eaches was named the Executrix and the Will was proved by Samuel Peachey and Richard Cooper 393 & Richmond Cnty, Va Will Bk 1, p.128-129 From at least 1686-1724, Samuel Peachey was apparently one of the Justices of the County Court in Richmond County, Virginia,Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 5, p. 175
1709/06/02 The lawsuit previously brought by Philimon Cavenaugh ("Philimon Cavender"? & "Philmeon Cavender"?) in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia against the estate of James Burnham was dismissed as the plaintiff was not prosecuting. Richmond Cnty, Va Order Bk 5 p.39

1709/07/06 Eleanor Eaches (“Elinor Eaches”) was ordered by the County Court of Richmond County, Virginia was ordered to present inventory of the estate of John Sherdon (“John Sheridan”?). The order was discontinued on September 8, 1709 as she did not appear in Court, apparently because she was either too ill or had died. 393

1709/11/19 Francis Cavenaugh ("Francis Cavender"?) was a Planter in the Parish of North Farnham Parish in the County of Richmond, Virginia and on this date purchased 100 acres of land under the ancient system known as "lease and release" from apparently his father-in-law John Cralle (actually, "John Crawly" or “John Crawley”), a Gentleman then living in Northumberland County, Virginia, which Indenture read as follows:

"Know all men by these presents that I Anne Cralle ("Anne Crawly" & “Anne Crawley”), wife of John Cralle ("John Crawly") a Gentleman then living in the Parish of St. Stephens, Northumberland County, Virginia Gent. do hereby in my place appoint my trusty friend George Eskridge of Westmoreland County, Virginia, Gentleman, my true and lawfull deputy and attorney for me to acknowledge in the county Court of Richmond, Virginia my right of dower to a certain deed of sale by Indenture bearing even date with these presents for 100 acres of land lying in the County of Richmond unto Francis Cavenaugh (“Francis Cavenough”, “Francis Caverner”? & “Francis Cavender”?) of Richmond County, Virginia in as large and ample manner as I my selfe might or could do if present in my own proper person allowing whatsoever my said attorney shall do or cause to be done about the premises by virtue of these presents; In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this twenty second day of November in the eight year of our Sovereign Lady Anne by the grace of God of Great Brittain, France and Ireland, Queen &c, and in the year of our Lord God 1709." The power of attorney was witnessed by William Dare and Ann Cralle (“Anne Crawly” & “Ann Crawley”) and was "proved" on September 6, 1710.

On the same date a second Indenture was executed which read:

"This Indenture made this nineteenty day of November in the eight day of the Reigne of our Sovereign Lady Anne by the grace of God of Great Brittain, France and Ireland, Queen &c, and in the year of our Lord God 1709: Between John Cralle (“John Crawly” & “John Crawley”) of the Parish of Northumberland County, Virginia, Gentleman, of one part and Francis Cavenaugh of the Parish of North Farnham, Richmond County, Virginia, planter, of the other part, Witnessed that the John Cralle for the sum of five shillings of lawful money of South Brittain to him in hand payed by Francis Cavenaugh by these presents do bargain and sell unto Francis Cavenaugh all the land containing one hundred acres lying in the County of Richmond and bounded upon the land of William Hamock (“William Hammock”), George Nicholls (“George Nicholes”?) and Mathew Wilcocks (“Matthew Wilcocks”?), which one hundred acres of land is one-half part of two hundred acres of land sold by Thomas Freshwater unto Robert Wood and by the said Robert Wood conveyed unto Edward Lewis and by said Edward Lewis (believed to be the father-in-law of Francis Cavenaugh) sold unto John Cralle (“John Crawly” & “John Crawley”) and his heirs as by the several deeds may appear: to have and to hold all the land with appurtenances unto Francis Cavenaugh and assigns during the full term of one whole year paying the rent of one pepper corn at the feast of the Nativity of our Blessed Lord and Saviour if demanded to the intent that by virtue of these presents and of the Statute for transferring uses into possession Francis Cavenaugh may be in actual possession of the premises and be enabled to accept the grant of the Inheritance thereof; In Witness whereof John Cralle hath hereunto set his hand and affixed his seal the day and date first above written." This Indenture was witnessed by Charles Loker by his mark, David Straughan and Jno. Cralle (“John Crawly” & "John Crawley") and was recorded on September 6, 1710.441

On the same date another Indenture was executed between the same parties stating:



"Witnessed that John Cralle the sum of six thousand and three hundred pounds of tobacco to said John Cralle in hand paid or good caution theretofore given by Francis Cavenaugh (“Francis Cavender”) by these presents have released and confirmed unto Francis Cavenaugh in his actual possession now being by virtue of a bargain and sale for one whole year and by force of the statute transferring uses into possession all that tenement of land containing one hundred acres lying in County of Richmond and bounded upon the lands of William Hamock (“William Hammock”?), George Nicholls (“George Nicholes”) and Matthew Wilcocks (various conveyances of the land as in the foregoing lease), to have and to hold the same tenement of land with the appurtenances unto Francis Cavenaugh his heirs under the rents and services that may be due hereafter to the Lord of the Fee without any lawful lett trouble of him said John Cralle, and John Cralle and his heirs will warrant and forever defend by these presents. In Witness whereof John Cralle hereto has set his hand affixed his seal the day and year first above written. Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of Charles Loker (“Charles Locker”? & “Charles Looker”?) by his mark, David Straughan and Jno. Cralle. At a Court for Richmond County, Virginia on September sixth 1710 John Cralle came into Court and acknowledge this his Deed of Release unto Francis Cavenaugh and was admitted io record; Also George Eskridge by virtue of a Power of Attorney from Ann Cralle, the wife of said John Cralle to him in that behalf made, relinquished her the said Ann Cralle’s rights of Dower in the land conveyed in this Deed unto the Francis Cavenaugh which was also admitted to record. signed and examined by M. Beckwith, Court Clerk." 441 & Richmond Cnty, Va Deed Bk 5, p. 242-243

(NOTE: The above is a classic seventeenth century real estate contract which specifies an annual rent of one pepper corn, an ancient British custom. In additional, it has been written by so-called authorities that one mans’s work raising tobacco in early Virginia generated an annual revenue of about 1,000 pounds of tobacco. Therefore, Francis Cavenaugh paid the equivalent of six year’s income for his land. Where did he get that much money within a 10 year period if on January 31, 1699 he was the person that the court adjudged his be 17 years of age and ordered to be an indentured servant in Westmoreland County, Virginia to a Daniel Occanny? It is to be further noted that Capt. John Cralle (“John Crawly” & “John Crawley”) was listed in 1712 as being a Vesterman of St. Stephen Parish (Upper and Lower) of Northumberland County, Virginia. Old Churches, Ministers, and Families of Virginia, Bishop Meade , Vol , p. 468



1709 Estimated date of birth of James Cavender, Sr. based upon the dates of births of his children who were named in his Last Will and Testament which was probated in Sussex County, Delaware on October 24, 1792, and in which will he named his oldest son David Cavender (“David Cavenner”?, “David Caverner”?, “David Cavener”?, "David Cavener", “David Cavenough”? & “David Cavender”?) as the executor. On January 31, 1717, David Cavenaugh (“David Cavender”?) was involved in a lawsuit with apparently a Samuel Earle in Westmoreland County, Virginia.441 The above James Cavender, Sr. may have been the son of one of the two Scottish prisoners named James Kallender ("James Cavender"?) and David Kallender ("David Cavender"?) who were sent (probably "Transported", i.e., deported) from Scotland to Massachusetts in 1652 and who apparently were brothers. 253 & 254
1709-1716 Mary Caven ("Mary Cavender"?) sold land to William Spencer, Sr. of Dorchester County, Maryland. 302
1710/03/08 The court of Richmond County, Virginia ordered that George Heale, gentleman of another corner of this county, summoned Edward Barrow, gentlemen, to the next Court to then and there to answer a Bill in Chancery this day exhibited against him by Philimon Cavanaugh ("Philmeon Cavanagh", "Philimon Cavender" & “Philemon Cavender”?).441 & Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 5, p.262
1710/06/05 The inventory of the estate of Eleanor Eaches (“Elinor Eaches”) was granted in Richmond County, Virginia. It appears clear that John Sherdon (“John Sheridan”?) was the father of Eleanor Eaches’ son, which would explain why Elinor Eaches and her son inherited most of the estate of John Sherdon; that he left even something to Daniel Cavenner (“Daniel Cavender”) suggests that Eleanor Eaches was the Eleanor Cavanoh (“Elinor Cavender”?, “Eleanor Cavender”? & Elinor Cavanoh”) who was bound out in January 1699 or 1670, but no proof. Samuel Peachey was a county justice, which would explain why the unfinished business of the estates of John Shordon (“John Sheridan”?) and Eleanor Eaches fell to him. He died in 1714, and the inventory of his estate names four servants, Thomas Roberts, Mary Peacock, Isaac Eache and John Shurden (“John Shordon” & “John Sheridan”?). Query: is this John Shurdon the son of John Eaches and Eleanor Eaches? Who is Isaac Eache (“Isaac Eaches”). It might be possible to follow this further. A John Sheridon (“John Sheridan”) left a will in Fairfax County, Virginia in 1768.393
1710/06/07 Samuel Peachy was granted administration of the estate of Eleanor Eaches (“Elinor Eaches”), then deceased.

1710/07/05 Samuel Peachey ("Colonel Samuel Peachey"), administrator of the estate of Ellinor Eaches ("Eleanor Eaches" & "Elinor Eaches") returned an inventory of her estate on this date in the Court of Richmond County, Virginia.Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 5, p. 175

On August 5, 1724, Samuel Peachey was apparently was one of the Justices of the Court in Richmond County, Virginia Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 5, p. 175 and on December 1, 1686, a Samuel Peachy was one of the Justices of the Court of Old Rappahannock County, Virginia.



1710/07/06 The suit previously brought by John Crawly (“John Cralle”, “John Crawley”, “John Craley”?, "John Crauley" & “John Cralley) against Thomas Caverner (“Thomas Cavender”) in the county court of Richmond County, Virginia was continued until the next court. Apparently, on March 7, 1711, the suit was dismissed as the plaintiff did not appear to prosecute. 393 & 441

1710/09/06 John Cralle (“John Crawley”, “John Craley”? & “John Crawly”) acknowledged in the Richmond County, Virginia court his deeds and leases and released unto Francis Cavenaugh (“Francis Cavender” & “Francis Caverner”?) and they were admitted in the record. Mr. George Eskridge also appeared in Court and by virtue of a letter of attorney from Ann Cralle (“Anne Crawley” & “Anne Crawly”), the wife of said John Cralle, to him in that behalf made, relinquished her, the said Ann Cralle’s right of dower in the lands conveyed in the deeds unto Francis Cavenaugh ("Francis Caverner" & "Francis Cavender"?).441

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