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The document was signed by Francis Caverner with his mark which consisted essentially of a handwritten capital (“A”) with both legs curled at the bottom.

At a Court continued and held for Richmond County, Virginia the third day of March 1719 Francis Caverner came into Court and acknowledged this his Deed unto James Skelly which was admitted to Record. Also, Joan Caverner (“Johanne Caverner”?, “Joan Cavenaugh”?, “Johanne Cavenaugh”?, “Johanne Cavender”?, “Joanne Cavender”? & “Joan Cavender”?), the wife of said Francis Caverner by virtue of a Power of Attorney which she made to Charles Lewis and proved in open Court yesterday. The said Charles Lewis this day in open Court relinquished her, the Joan Caverner’s right of Dower in the land conveyed in this deed unto the same James Skelly which was also admitted of record.441

(NOTE: After all is said and done, Francis Cavener (“Francis Cavenaugh”) purchased a total of 300 acres of land, immediately sold off 100 acres, and had a total of 200 acres left at this particular point in time, and which 200 acres of land was apparently inherited by his oldest child, John Caverner (“John Cavenaugh” & “John Cavender”) who apparently was only about 1-2 years old, or less, and probably the only son of Francis Cavenaugh when Francis Cavenaugh died at apparently an early age on about February 20, 1721 or February 20, 1922. It is also to be noted that Francis Caverner ("Francis Cavender") gave James Kelley ("James Kelly"?) and his wife, Elizabeth Kelly ("Elizabeth Kelley"?), only a life interest in the above land. At their death, the land would return to the rightful heir of Francis Caverner. Since Francis Caverner died intestate (i.e. leaving no will) under the laws of primogeniture then existing in Richmond County, Virginia, actual title to the land then would pass to his eldest son.



1719/04/01 Gilbert Metcalf, William Smith on the hill, William Smith by the pond and John Grower were appointed by the Court of Richmond County, Virginia to appraise the estate of Thomas Caverner ("Thomas Cavender"), deceased, which was to be administered by Stephens Wells who made oath that Thomas Caverner died intestate. Security bond was posted by Samuel Bayley (“Samuel Bailey”?) And John Simons (“John Seamen”?). Gilbert Metcalfe (“Gilbert Metcalf”?), William Smith by the ponds, William Smith on the hill, and John Gower were to do the appraisal of the estate. Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 8, p. 91

On the same date the following document was filed in the Court:



"Know all men by these presents that we Stephen Wells, Samuell Bayly and Jno. Simons ("John Simons"?) of Richmond County, Virginia are held and firmly bound unto the Worship Majesties: Justice of the Peace of said county in full and just sum of 100 pounds sterling; to ye which payment well and truly to be made we bind our selves our heirs firmly by these presents; Sealed and our Seals and dated the first day of April 1719. The condition of this obligation is such that: if the above bound Stephen Wells, administrator of all the goods, chattles and credits of Thomas Cavener (“Thomas Cavender”?), deceased, does make a true and perfect inventory of all the goods, chattles and credits of said decedant, and you same so made do exhibit into the County Court of Richmond, Virginia at such time as he shall be hereto required by the said court. All the same chattles and credits do well and truly administer according to law; and further to make a just and true account of his actings and doings therein when thereto required by the said Court. And shall pay and deliver unto such persons respectively as the Justices by their order or judgment shall direct pursuant to the laws in the case made and provided; and if it shall hereafter appear that any Last Will and Testament was made by the said decedant, and the executor or executors therein named do exhibit the same in Court making request to have it allowed and approved, accordingly, if Stephen Wells being hereunto required do render and deliver upon his letters of administration approbation of said testament being first hade and made in the said Court, then this obligation to be void and of non effect, otherwise to remain in full force and verte. Signed, sealed and delivered in the presence of Stephen Wells by his mark, Samuel Bayly (“Samuel Baily”? & “Samuel Bayley”?) and John Seaman (“Jno. Simons”, "John Simons", "Jonathan Simons", "Jonathon Simons", "Jonathan Simons" or "Johannes Simons). Acknowledged in Richmond County Court the first day of April 1719 by Stephen Wells, Samuell Bayly and John Simmons and ordered to be recorded.393 & 441

1719/05/06 Further appraisal and inventory of the estate of Daniel Caverner (“David Caverner”, "Daniel Cavender"? & “David Cavender”?) of Richmond County, Virginia per Court order dated November 6, 1718 by Giles Webb, Thomas Nash and Hugh Harris. Inventory shows a 2 year old heifer, etc. 2, 168, 393 & Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 8, p. 98
1719/05/06 Apparently another appraisal of the estate of Thomas Caverner ("Thomas Cavender"?) of Richmond County, Virginia per court order dated either April 1, 1719 or April 11, 1719 by Stephen Wells, administrator, with the appraisal being conducted by Gilbert Metcalfe ("Gilbert Metcalf"?) and William Smith. The record of the inventory showed 2 head of cattle, 1 sow, 3 shoats, etc. It is to be noted that it was usual for the wife to be the administrator of the estate of a deceased husband. However, no wife was mentioned in connection with either Daniel Caverner (“Daniel Cavender”?) and Thomas Caverner (“Thomas Cavender”), and the value of their estates suggests that they were unmarried men when they died. 2, 168, 393 & Richmond Cnty Va Will Bk 4, p. 44
1719/05/06 The Court of Richmond County, Virginia ordered the recording of the return of the appraisal of the estate of Daniel Caverner ("Daniel Cavender"?) and was so recorded. Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 8, p. 104 & Will Bk 4, p. 45
1719/10/26 The estate of Elizabeth Cavenear ("Elizabeth Cavender") was administered in Dorchester County, Maryland by Solomon Wright, Jr. and Charles Townes. Next of kin included Noshes Maclanahan (“Notha Maclanahan”, & “Notha McCalanahan”?) and Charles Cavenear (also “Charles Canniner” & "Charles Cavender"?). Creditors of the estate included Robert Phillips and Tobert Jones.393 & The Cnty Ct Note-Bk, Vols I-X, pp34
1720/10/18 John Cavender, blacksmith in Middleborough, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, sold a lot to Joseph Jennings of Bridgewater, Plymouth County. 245 & 308
1720/12/17 Brunswick County, Virginia was formed from Prince George, Isle of Wight and Surry Counties.
1720 (1) Approximate date of birth of the Charles Cavender who married Sarah Cotton on July 19, 1741 and who died on April of 1769 in Dorchester County, Maryland. 1QA47 , 261, 263, 266, 273, 278, 279, 281, 286, 302, 313, 337 & 355

(2) Brunswick County, Virginia was formed from Prince George, Isle of Wight and Surry Counties.

(3) The estate of Major Thomas Nevett, deceased, was administered in Dorchester County, Maryland. Debts due the estate include a debt owed by James Cavinder ("James Cavender"?).393


1721/01/03 Daniel Jones, servant to Francis Caverner (“Francis Cavender”?), was this day presented to the court for inspection into his age was adjudged 13 years old and ordered that he serve his said Master or his assigns according to law.441
1721/01/27 Francis Cavernor ("Francis Cavender") whose mark was a large "A" witnessed the deed by Alexander Clark and his wife Anne Clark to Anthony Sydnor ("Anthony Snyder"?, "Anthony Syndor"? & "Anthony Snydor"?). Other witnesses were John Forsie and William Gupton. Due to the fact the document is dated January 21, 1722 and recorded on March 7, 1721, the actual date of the document may be January 27, 1721, instead of January 27, 1722. However, the confusion may be explained that one date is by the so-called "Old Style" calendar and the other date is by the so-called "New Style" calendar.441 The so-called “New Style” Calendar became effective on January 1, 1751 and which was revised in order to compensate for earlier miscalculations. Thus, in 1752, the new year began on January 1 for the very first time. Previously, the year began on March 25. Therefore all dates before that day (that is, January 1-March 24, inclusive, of each year) would bear the date of the previous year. The so-called Gregorian Calendar was first adopted in Europe in 1582 and was later adopted in the British Colonies in on January 1, 1751.
1721/02/20 Frances Cavenor ("Francis Caverner" & “Frances Cavender”?) died on about this date in North Farnum Parish, Richmond County, Virginia. It is to be noted that this is the only Cavender referenced in the North Farnham Parish Register. If this date is by the so-called "Old Style" calendar, then he would have died on February 20, 1722 by the so-called "New Style" calendar.441 The so-called “New Style” Calendar became effective on January 1, 1751 and which was revised in order to compensate for earlier miscalculations. Thus, in 1752, the new year began on January 1 for the very first time. Previously, the year began on March 25. Therefore all dates before that day (that is, January 1-March 24, inclusive, of each year) would bear the date of the previous year. The so-called Gregorian Calendar was first adopted in Europe in 1582 and was later adopted in the British Colonies in on January 1, 1751.
1722/01/22 A bond given by Alexander Clarke (“Alexander Clark”, “Alex Clarke” & “Alex Clark”)of Farnham Parish ("North Farnham Parish"?) of Richmond County, Virginia and acknowledging himself to be indebted and stand firmly bound unto Anthony Sydnor (“Anthony Snydor”? & “Anthony Snyder”?) and Alexander Clarke’ heirs of the same Parish and County in full and just sum of twenty thousand pounds of good, sound and merchantable tobacco to on the condition the obligation is such that whereas Alexander Clarke (“Alexander Clark”?) to and with the consent of his wife, Anne Clarke (“Anne Clark”, Ann Clarke & Ann Clark”), had bargained and sold unto Anthony Sydnor a certain parcel of land containing two hundred and eighty acres and two rods (or roads), as may appear from Alexander Clarke and Ann Clarke, his wife, bearing date of October 1720; now if Alexander Clarke does well and truly observe and keep all clauses therein contained that then this present obligation to be void and of no effect otherwise to stand in full force and virtue. The obligation was signed by Alexander Clarke and witnessed by Francis Cavernor (“Francis Cavenaugh”, “Francis Cavenough”, “Francis Cavener” & “Francis Cavender”) with his mark consisting of a script capital (“A”) whose lower legs end in a curl, together with John Forsie and William Gupton with his mark consisting of a capital “M”. At a court held for Richmond County, Virginia the seventh day of March 1721? (Must be a change from the “New” style calendar to the “Old” style calendar.), Alexander Clarke in open Court acknowledged this his bond to Anthony Sydnor and was then admitted to record. 393 & 441 The so-called Gregorian Calendar was first adopted in Europe in 1582 and was later adopted in the British Colonies in 1752.
1722/04/02 Johanah Caverner (“Johannah Cavender”?,“Joanna Cavender"? & "Joan Cavender), “relick” (i.e., widow) of Francis Caverner ("Francis Cavener"?, "Francis Cavner"?, "Francis Cavenor"?, "Francis Cavornor"? & "Francis Cavender"?), who was then deceased, went into Court in Richmond County, Virginia, and made oath that the said Francis Caverner departed this life without making any will so far as she knows or believes and on her petition and giving security for her just and faithful administration of the said decedant estate, certificate was granted to her for obtaining Letters of Administration in due form. Inventory was by Alexander Clark, William Hammock and John Hughlett. His estate included one servant boy with 7 years service. Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 9, p. 38

On the same date, Johannah Caverner of North Farnum Parish ("North Farnham Parish") in Richmond County, Virginia and Thomas Newton went into court and acknowledged their bond for the said Johanah Caverner’s just and faithful administration of the estate of Francis Caverner, deceased, which was ordered to be recorded.Richmond Cnty Va Deed Bk 8, p. 122-123 Note that Captain Thomas Newton was of Westmoreland County, Virginia but had a mill in North Farnham Parish of Richmond County, Virginia. The actual document reads as follows:



"Know all men by these presents that we Johanah Caverner and Thomas Newton of Richmond County, Virginia are held and firmly bound unto the Worshipful his Majesties Justices of the Peace for said County in full and just sum of two hundred pounds sterling, to which payment well and truly to be made, we bind ourselves our heirs firmly by these presents; sealed with our seals and dated the fourth day of April 1722. The condition of this obligation is such that if the above bound Johanah Caverner, Administratrix of all the chattels and credits of Francis Caverner, deceased, do make or cause to be made a true and perfect inventory of all the goods, chattels and credits of said decedant, and the same so made does exhibit into County Court of Richmond at such time as she shall be hereunto required by said court; and administer according to law, and further do make a true and just account of her actings and doings therein when thereto required by said court, and deliver and pay unto such persons respectively as the Justices by their order of Judgment shall direct pursuant to the Law in that case made and provided; and if it shall hereafter appear than any last Will and Testament was made by said decedent, and the executor or executors therein named do exhibit the same into said Court making request to have it allowed and approved, accordingly if Johanah Caverner being hereunto required do render and deliver up her Letters of Administration approbation of such Testament being first had and made in said Court; then this obligation to be void and of none effect otherwist to remain in full force and virtue."

Signed by Johanah Caverner with her mark which consisted of four up and down markings ending with a curl and by Thomas Newton. The document was acknowledged in Richmond County Court on the fourth day of April 1722 by Johanah Caverner and Thomas Newton and ordered to be recorded.441 & Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 9, p. 39

On the same date the Court entered the following order:

Anthony Lidner?, William Hamoch (“William Hammoch”?), Alexander Clarke and John Hughlett, or any three of them, sometime between this and the next Court, are appointed to appraise all and singular the estate of Francis Caverner, deceased,___? shall be presented to their view in money, and make report thereof to the said next Court, Charles Barbergent or any other Justice of the Peace for this County is requested to administer an oath to the appraisers for their true appraisement of the said decedant’s estate as also to Johanah Caverner, the administratrix for her true discovery thereof."

The actual appraisal of the estate was conducted on May 2, 1722 by Alexander Clarke, William Hamock ("William Hammock"?) and John Hughlett. Apparently, the estate consisted of livestock and a servant boy by the name of Gervis who was then age 7, etc. Apparently, Francis Cavender left a 1-2 year old son named John Cavender when he died. 3, 168, 393 & 441

1722/04/05 Ellinor Caverner ("Elinor Caverner", "Eleanor Caverner", "Eleanor Cavenogh"? "Eleanor Cavenaugh"?, "Ellinor Cavender",? "Elinor Cavender"? & "Eleanor Cavender"?) of Richmond County, Virginia was on a long list of persons presented by the Grand Jury that were summoned into court as evidence against Thomas Twinley.441
1722/05/02 An appraisal of the estate of Francis Caverner (“Francis Cavender”?), deceased, per Court Order dated April 2, 1722 was recorded in the Court in Richmond County, Virginia by Alexander Clarke (“Alexander Clark”), William Hancock (“William Hammock”?) and John Hughlett. The inventory lists various livestock and a servant boy named Gervis who was age 7..441 & Richmond Cnty Va Will Bk 4, p. 51

On the same date, Johannah Caverner (“Joannah Cavender”?, "Joan Cavender"? & “Joanna Cavender”?), administratrix of the estate of Francis Caverner presented to the Court in Richmond County, Virginia, her account in tobacco against the said Decedant estate, and moved that the said tobacco might be valued in money, on consideration of which the court doth value the said tobacco at twelve and sixpence hund. 441 & Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 9, p. 51

On the same date, judgment was granted to Thomas Newton against Johannah Caverner, administratrix of the estate of Francis Caverner, deceased, for six hundred pounds of tobacco due by bill, making oath in court it is justify due, which is ordered to be paid out of the estate of said Decedant with costs als ex? 441 & Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 9, p. 51

On the same date, judgment was granted by the Court in Richmond County, Virginia to John Calley (“John Crawley”, "John Cralley", “John Caley”? & "John Crauley") against the estate of Francis Caverner, deceased, in the hands of Johannah Caverner, administratrix of the Decedant’s estate, for six thousand and eight hundred thirty seven pounds of tobacco due upon balance of a bill which is ordered to be paid out of the estate of said Decedant with costs als ex? 441 & Richmond Cnty Va Order Bk 9, p. 51



On the same date, the order made by the Court in Richmond County, Virginia last month for Thomas Twinley be taken into custody was continued until next and ordered that the Sheriff be given notice to Moore Fartleroy (“Moore Fauntleroy”), William Smith and the road and Chins overseer, to have their Negroes Jack, Peter and Opher at the next court concerning the said Thomas Twinley.441 & Richmond Cnty, Va Order Bk9, p51

1722/05/02 On this date, the order was made by the Court in Richmond County, Virginia that the sheriff take into custody of Ellinor Caverner (“Elinor Caverner”, “Ellinor Cavender”?, "Eleanor Cavender"? & “Elinor Cavender”?) of North Farnham Parish of Richmond County, Virginia who was then a servant belonging to Moore Fartleroy (“Moore Fauntleroy”), and her safeth keep, till she enters into bond with good and sufficient security for her appearance at next court concerning her having a bastard child supposed to be a mulatto, and that the sheriff give notice to John Wallen ("John Walker") who keeps the said child to have it at the said next court. She was convicted on July 1, 1724, fined and ordered to serve more time. John Walker was ordered to keep the child. 393 & 441 & Richmond Cnty, Va. Order Bk9, p51
1722/05/02 Suits were brought by Joanna Caverner (“Joanna Cavender” & “Joannah Cavender”), Thomas Newton and John Cralley (“John Crawley”?) against the estate of Francis Caverner (“Francis Cavender”).393
1722/05/05 At a court continued and held in Richmond County, Virginia on this date, and consisting of Justices Charles Barber, John Tayloe (“John Taylor”?), Charles Grymes (“Charles Grimes”?), Joseph Belfield, Charles Colston and Robert Tomlin, it was ordered that the Sheriff sometime between this and the next Court take into custody Thomas Twinley and him safely keep till he enters into bond with good and sufficient security for his good behaviour and appearance at next court to answer such things as shall then be objected against him, and that the said Sheriff summons Ellinor Caverner (“Elinor Caverner”, "Eleanor Cavender"? “Ellinor Cavender”? & “Elinor Cavender”?) of North Farnham Parish of Richmond County, Virginia to the next court as an evidence against the Thomas Twinley. 441 & Richmond Cnty, Va Order Bk9, p40

1722/05/08 The estate of Joseph Jennings, deceased, was administered in Queen Anne's County, Virginia. Payments from the estate were made to Patrick Cannanah ("Patrick Cavender"?) and Darby Cannanah ("Darby Cavender"? & "Darby Cavener"?). 393
1722/06/06 The Court in Richmond County, Virginia ordered the sheriff to summons to next Court Ellinor Caverner (“Elianor Caverner”, “Ellinor Cavender”? & “Elinor Cavender”?) of North Farnham Parish, Richmond County, Virginia and a servant belonging to Moore Fartleroy ("Moore Fauntleroy" & "Moore Fantleroy"), to answer presentiment of the grand jury against her for have a bastard born child, by report to be a mullato contrary to law.441 & Bk9, p50 A Major Moore Fauntleroy was apparently a very large landowner in the Northern Neck of Virginia. On April 4, 1651, he purchased a very large tract of land from a tribal King Accopatough which was located in two necks on the north side of Rappahannock Creek, beginning for breadth at the southernmost branch or creek of Macaughtions bay or run, and so up along the side of said river of Rappahannock unto a great creek or river which run-Totosha or Tanks Rappahannock Town, for length extending easterly with its full breath unto the bounds of the Potowmack River at the uttermost bounds of my land." "Old Churches, Ministers, etc", Bishop Meade, Vol IIpp 478-479
1722/10/03 Stephen Wells ("Steven Wells"), planter of Sittenborn Parish, Richmond County, Virginia and his wife, Elizabeth Wells, and Francis Settle, eldest son of said Elizabeth Wells, convey to David Cavender of Cople Parish in Westmoreland County, Virginia, planter, for 3,000 pounds of tobacco, 50 acres of land now in the tenure of Rice Cookman and located in North Farnum Parish, Richmond County, Virginia which was situated adjacent to the lands of Moore Fauntleroy, Thomas Williams, Katherin Deek (“Katherine Deek”) and Mary Deek, daughters of Joseph Deek, deceased, and Thomas Beal. The land was devised to Elizabeth Wells and her heirs by her father, Rice Williams, to become effective after the death of her mother. Witnesses were Samuel Godwin, Thomas Williams and Randle Douglas (“Randall Douglas”). The Indenture read as follows:

"This Indenture made the third day of October in the Ninth year of the Reign of our Sovereign, Lord George, by the grace of God, King of Great Brittain, France and Ireland, defender of the faith &c., Annoq: Domini 1722; between Stephen Wells, planter, of Sittenbourn Parish of Richmond County, Virginia and his wife Elizabeth Wells, and Francis Settle the eldest son of said Elizabeth Wells (whose husband apparently was also named Francis Settle. See 1707/07/11), of one part, and David Cavender of Cople Parish of Westmoreland County, Virginia, planter, of the other part: Witnessed that Stephen Wells and Elizabeth Wells, his wife, and Francis Settle in consideration of the sum of three thousand pounds of tobacco to them in hand paid, by these presents do bargain and sell unto David Cavender his heirs that plantation tract of land situated in North Farnham Parish, Richmond County, Virginia containing by estimation fifty acres and now in the tenure or occupation of Rice Cookman, which land was devised to Elizabeth Wells and her heirs after the death of her mother; by her father, Rice Williams in and by his last Will and Testament and is abutting and bounded by the lands of Thomas Williams, of Katherin Deek (“Katherine Deek”?) and Mary Deek, daughters of Joseph Deek, deceased, Capt. Thomas Beal and the land of Capt. Moor Fauntleroy ("Moore Fauntleroy" & "Moore Fantleroy"), now in tenure of James Coward, together with all houses, orchards, commodities and appurtenances: to have and to hold the parcel of land unto David Cavender and his heirs; and Stephen Wells and Elizabeth Wells, his wife, and Francis Settle and their heirs the land and premises with appurtenances against every person shall warrant and defend by these presents; In witness whereof the parties first within named to these Indentures have interchangeably set their hands and seals the day and year first above written. Signed by Stephen Wells with his mark, Elizabeth Wells with her mark, and by Francis Settle with his mark."

The Indenture was witnessed by Samuell Goodwin, Thomas Williams with his mark, and by Randale Douglas (“Randall Douglas”?) with his mark. At a court continued and held for Richmond County, Virginia on the eighth day of November 1722, Stephen Wells, Elizabeth Wells and Francis Settle came into court and acknowledged this their deed unto David Cavender of Westmoreland County, the said Elizabeth Wells being first privately examined, which was admitted to record. The memorandum of Livery of Seized was witnessed by the same witnesses and recorded the same day. Note the fact that Stephen Wells was administrator of the estate of Thomas Cavener ("Thomas Cavender"?) 393 & 441


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