Abstract The writer has tried to bring out the relevance of Home Economics for community development, family enhancement and for self-reliance in the absence of government jobs. Home Economics is of great significance to human life and development but it needs making a careful judgement in educational planning. The study programme needs to be planned rightly. Example when Home Economics centres are to be set, they have to be set adequately in capacity and furnished rightly for proper implementation of the set objectives as is stated by the government’s policies in relation to the entrepreneurial demands. There should be adequately and correctly trained teachers to see to the running of the programmes. There will be no adequate teaching personnel without sponsors for improvement in the fields of the knowledge. Home Economics programme is time, energy and money consuming. It needs creative people who are presering and innovative or business oriented for self-reliance, family improvement and community development. Vocational and Technical Education has great impact on productivity and economic development of any nation. It helps reduce poverty and unemployment through practical skill acquisition. Matthew, Ungbo Dawuda (2014) indicated that some problems faced in areas of vocational courses are lack of adequate facilities and equipment for practical and technical courses, luke warm attitude by government, misconception by society, lack of capital and lack of interest by students. There should be facilities to be used alongside the theoretical teachings given to students. Introduction
If societal problems and individual problems are to be solved or met then the people as custodians and managers of it must realistically understand, face and tackle the problems as they arise. One of the biggest family and individual problems facing people today is economic and means of survival. The best “drug” for it is self reliance through entrepreneurship skills as government cannot do it all alone.
Giving Home Economics programme a proper re-visiting in schools in terms of resourcing it, adequately funding it, furnishing the relevant departments, boosting teachers morale and encouraging the teachers in the relevant areas will go a long way in yielding power for businesses and for self reliance in the absence of government jobs. It will enhance communities and as well boost nations. Most Home Economics departments in schools are not adequately funded or furnished. Using Niger State, especially in the rural schools, there are inadequate staffs in Home Economics related areas. When students are not adequately trained, the products produced may find it difficult to compete and excel with other entrepreneurs in the job market of business.
Education must be relevant if it is to be accepted by students in today’s world. This is true of general education, related education and the speciality subjects. Relevance motivates learning and expedites teaching. It results from building a bridge between the world of work and the world of school.
Analyses of the world of work provides a realistic foundation for all courses related to vocational and technical occupations – general, related and speciality subjects. The related subjects should grow out of and support the speciality subjects. Application of the principles of learning enhances learning in related as well as in all classes.
Most effective learning result when general and related course content immediately, precedes and is integrated with the topics of the speciality subjects being studied. The content of related education should:
Result from occupational analysis.
Employ behavioural objectives
Evaluate performance in terms of identified behavioural objectives.