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NDT SERVICES


Document No.:

Procedure No.:


AL-GEN-STI-B-021




SOTAM Inspection

Services Limited



LIQUID PENETRANT

INSPECTION



Rev.: R1.3



Page No.: of






[Year]








MICHHARRY AND COMPANY

NIGERIA LIMITED





SOTAM INSPECTION SERVICES










Project Title:

BRT DOMESTIC GAS PHASE 1 RESUSCITATION PROJECT

Document Title:



DYE PENETRANT INSPECTION PROCEDURE


Document Number: NGBT-3M-KPNDT-00-32291

Country and Facility Code

Originator

Discipline

Document

Type Code



Document Sub-Type

Equipment / Component Location Code

Sequential Document Number

NG

BT

3M

K

P

NDT

00

32291




Rev

Rev Date

Description

Prepared By

Reviewed By

Approved By































C

July 5th,2019

ISSUED FOR REVIEW

Alegbe, R

Ofili, N

Efedue ,O







B

June 13th,2019

ISSUED FOR REVIEW

Alegbe, R

Ofili, N

Efedue ,O







Rev

Date

Description

Prepared

Reviewed

Approved

MPN Approved

MPN Endorsed




AUTHORIZATION

PERSON

DESCRIPTION

SIGNATURE

DATE

Name: ALEGBE RICHARD

Position: QA/QC MANAGER



Prepared by

Alegbe Richard

July 5th,2019

Name: OFILI, NWOKEDI

Position: CONSTRUCTION ENGINEER



Reviewed by

Ofili Nwokedi

July 5th,2019

Name: EFEDUE, OVUEFE

Position: PROJECT MANAGER



Endorsed by

Efedue Ovuefe

July 5th,2019

Name:

Position:



Approved by








Name:

Position:



Endorsed by

(MPN)







Name:

Position:



Accepted by

(MPN)









Revision

Date

Description

B

June 13th,2019

Issue for review

C

July 5th,2019

Issue for review

































































LIQUID PENETRANT TESTING

PROCEDURE



DOCUMENT No.

AL-GEN-STI-B-021



REVISION STATUS




REVISION

R1.1

R1.2

R1.3

Signature

Prepared by:

O. Adewale

27 Oct. 200



O. Adewale

15 Oct. 2012



D. Daa-ue

15 Oct. 2015





Approved by:

D.Tobin

27 Oct. 2009



D. Tobin

15 Oct. 2012



D. Tobin

15 Oct. 2015





Company Approval














REVISION HISTORY

REV

Description of Change/Revision

Page, Section Change/Revised

R1.1

Initial Release for Contractor Approval




R1.2

No changes




R1.3

No changes






INDEX

1.0 PURPOSE


2.0 SCOPE
3.0 REFERENCES
4.0 DEFINITIONS
5.0 QUALIFICATION
6.0 TYPE OF PENETRANT MATERIAL
7.0 CALIBRATION
8.0 SAFETY
9.0 PROCEDURE
10.0 EVALUATION
11.0 ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
12.0 REPORT
13.0 DOCUMENTATION

1.0 PURPOSE

This procedure describes the method and techniques used in Liquid Penetrant Inspection, LPI using solvent removable or water washable, colour contrast, visible in day light or artificial light.


2.0 SCOPE

This procedure establishes minimum requirement for “Solvent Removable - Visible Liquid Penetrant Inspection” to detect crack and other discontinuities that are open to the surface such as crack, seams, laps, cold shuts, lamination, and lack of fusion and are applicable to in process, final and maintenance examination.


3.0 REFERENCES

ASME SEC V, A6 Non-destructive testing (ASME Boiler and Pressure vessel code -2004)

API 1104 Standard for Welding Pipelines and related facilities-20th Edition 2005, (REAFFIRMED Apr. 2010).

ASTM E 165 Standard Test Method for Liquid Penetrant Testing.

SNT-TC-1A Recommended practice for the qualification and certification of Non-destructive testing Personnel

QP 02 Control of Quality records

QPS 01 Project Quality Plan

QP 7.6 Control of Measuring and Monitoring Devices

QA-062.02 SOTAM Written Practice for Personnel Qualification

QP 6.4 General Health & Safety Procedure



4.0 DEFINITIONS


LPI / DPI

“LIQUID PETETRANT INSPECTION” (LPI)/DYE PENETRANT INSPECTION" (DPI) , the process of NDT whereby a special liquid dye is applied to the test surface and is subsequently draw into any surface breaking discontinuities and is later drawn back out by the application of special developers to reveal such discontinuities.

NDE

Where used in this procedure indicates Non-Destructive Examination

NDT

Where used in this procedure indicates Non-Destructive Testing

SHALL

Where used in this procedure signifies a mandatory requirement.

SHOULD

The use of the word "should" in this procedure signifies a requirement which is to be implemented whenever possible.

SOTAM/ STI


Where used in this procedure indicates SOTAM Inspection Services Limited.

ASNT Level

I / II


Where used in this procedure indicates an inspector, technician, operator who has qualified to Level I/II as defined in, and in accordance with QA-062.02; SOTAM Written Practice for Personnel Qualifications. This procedure is based on the American Society of Non-Destructive Testing, ASNT Recommended Practice SNT-TC-IA “Personnel Qualification and Certification in Non-Destructive Testing.”


5.0 PERSONNEL QUALIFICATIONS
Personnel performing LPI/DPI Examinations of welds shall be qualified to a minimum of ASNT Level I or Level II. Interpretation and evaluation done by Level II
6.0 MATERIAL
All materials used in performing liquid penetrant inspection shall be of the type, or equivalent to, that specified in the contract
Materials used in performing the inspection shall be identifiable by a serial number or batch number, which is traceable to the manufactures Certificate of Conformity. These numbers shall be recorded on all applicable inspection reports to provide traceability.
PENETRANT

Penetrant shall be of the colour contrast, either solvent removable type or water washable type or both.


The family of Liquid Penetrant examination materials used as per this procedure.

Penetrant

Solvent removable

ARDROX HF- P OR KD-PT

Penetrant developer

Wet solvent suspended

ARDROX HF-D OR KD-DT

Penetrant remover

Solvent

ARDROX HF-R OR KD-RT

Or examination materials accepted as per international standard and Contractor.


Developer shall be of the wet solvent suspension or dry powder type, suitable for application by spraying.
Contaminant content shall not exceed that specified in ASME BPV Code, Section V Non-Destructive Examination, Article 6, T-625.
7.0 CALIBRATION
Not applicable.
8.0 SAFETY

8.1 All SOTAM employees shall respect and work in accordance with the safety requirements of the SOTAM General health & safety manual QP 6.4 at all times.




    1. Appropriate personal protective equipment for the task being carried out shall be worn. consideration shall be given to the working environment for example

- Construction site

- Fabrication shop activities

- Working in confined spaces

- Those associated with the material being used, note manufacture’s instruction.

- Those associated with the equipment being used and electrical connection etc
9.0 PROCEDURE
9.1 SURFACE PREPARATION
As-welded, as rolled, as cast, as forged surfaces are generally satisfactory. However the surface to be inspected shall be essentially clean, dry and free of contaminants such as dirt, oil, grease, loose rust or scale, lint, paint, welding flux/slag and weld spatter which may interfere with satisfactory inspection.
If only a section of a part such as a weld, including the heat affected zone is to be examined all contaminants, at least 30 mm area adjacent to the weld must also be cleaned by means of grinding and or solvent to the extent necessary to permit detection of indication.


      1. Minimum period of evaporation time for the cleaning solution should be at least 10 seconds. The operator / technician shall visually check and ensure that the cleaning solution has completely evaporated and the surface to be inspected has completely dried prior to penetrant application.

9.2 PENETRANT APPLICATION

Penetrant shall be applied by spray evenly to the test area in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. The temperature of surface under examination shall be between 16 to 52 degrees C. Outside of this range the adequacy of the products shall be checked by conducting a preliminary test.
[


    1. PENETRATION TIME

The test area shall remain wet for approximately 10 minutes, soak period, in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions.



    1. EXCESS SURFACE PENETRANT REMOVAL

Excess surface penetrant shall be removed by wiping with a lint free cloth or absorbent paper, repeating the operation until most traces of penetrant have been removed. The remaining traces shall be removed by lightly wiping the surface with cloth or absorbent paper moistened with solvent.

To minimize the removal of penetrant from discontinuities, care shall be taken to avoid the use of excess solvent. Flushing the surface with the solvent, following of the application of penetrant and prior to developing, is prohibited.


9.5 DEVELOPER APPLICATION

Developer shall be applied uniformly in a thin coating to the test surface as soon as possible and shall not exceed 5 minutes after removal of penetrant. Thick coatings and pools of wet developer shall be avoided.


9.6 DEVELOPING TIME

The developing time, length of time the developer is to remain on the part prior to examination to allow for bleed out of penetrant from discontinuities into the developer coating. The developing time shall not be less than 7 minutes for steel welds. Developing time begins as soon as the wet developer coating is dry.


9.7 EXAMINATION

The examination procedure to identify any surface breaking discontinuities shall be in accordance with ASME BPV Code, Section V, Article 6 and shall be reported in accordance with this procedure

Penetrant indications may be inspected in either natural or artificial white light. A minimum light intensity of 500 lux or 50 foot candles is required to ensure sensitivity during examination and evaluation of indication (ASME V, Art. 6, T-676.3).
9.8 Examination shall be conducted immediately at the time the developer is applied for any indications that bleed profusely. The length of time the developer is to remain on the part prior to examination shall be not less than 7 minutes. Maximum developing time shall be 30 minutes.
Re-examination, if it is not possible to make a clear evaluation of the indication then the entire examination process shall be repeated starting with initial cleaning. Repeat examinations are to be carried out using the same test medium as for the initial test.
9.9 POST CLEANING

All traces of penetrant and developer shall be removed using a suitable solvent or water (in case of water washable dye).





  1. EVALUATION

Discontinuities at the surface will be indicated by bleed out of penetrant however localized surface irregularities due to grinding marks / machining marks or other surface conditions may produce false indications.

Broad area of pigmentation which could mask indications of discontinuities are unacceptable, and such area shall be cleaned and reexamined.


11.0 ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA

The Liquid penetrant Indication interpretation shall be based on API 1104 Sect. 9.5

Any indication with a maximum dimension of 1/16 inch (1.6 mm) or less shall be classified as non-relevant.

Relevant Indications shall be unacceptable should any of the following condition exist.




  1. Linear Indication evaluated as crater cracks or star cracks and exceed 5/32 in. (4 mm) in length.

  2. Linear Indications evaluated as Incomplete Fusion (IF) and exceed 1 in. (25 mm) in total length in a continuous 12 in. (300 mm) length of weld or 8% of weld length

  3. Linear indications are evaluated as cracks other than crater cracks or star cracks..

  4. Rounded Indications shall be interpreted as per table below

The maximum dimension of a rounded indication shall be considered as its size.

Scatter

(cover pass)



Size ≤ 3 mm or 25% of the thinner

Of the wall thickness joined.




Distribution of scatter pore ≤ concentration permitted by Fig. 19 and 20 of API 1104

Cluster (cover pass)

Cluster Size ≤ 13 mm

Individual ≤ 2mm



Cluster size ≤ 13 mm in any continuous 300 mm length of weld


12.0 REPORT

The Liquid Penetrant Test Report shall be completed using the format attached, QC-009-12.1Identification method shall be established which will enable the test report, the component and the area tested to be identified with respect to each other at any time.


The report shall consist of the following as a minimum

Contract number, job number, identification of the weld, test object.

Surface condition, method of Examination

Standard in which the test was done, accept, and reject criteria.

Name, sign, level of inspector & date of test.

Finding and result (Accept or Reject)



Batch number of Penetrant & Developer


13.0 DOCUMENTATION
DPI Report SOTAM-QC-009-12.1





SOTAM INSPECTION SERVICES LTD

DYE PENETRANT INSPECTION REPORT


CONTRACTOR



CONTRACT NO.



REPORT NO.



PROJECT




DATE OF TEST




LOCATION




INSPECTOR




CLIENT




WORK REQUEST NO.







ITEM DESCRIPTION




SURFACE CONDITION







ACCEPTANCE STANDARD



PENETRANT(Solvent Remover)ARDROX HF- P




INSPECTION PROCEDURE NO.




REMOVER (Wet Solvent Suspended) ARDROX HF-D




LIGHTING

Natural

Artificial

DEVELOPER(Solvent) ARDROX HF-R






WELD NO.

WELDER

DIA

SCH.

DRW. NO.

SPOOL NO.

ACC

REJ

COMMENTS










































































































































































SOTAM


MICHHARRY


MOBIL

NAME:










QUALIFICATION:









QUA. NUMBER:













SIGNATURE:










DATE:










RESULT APPROVAL



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