Quarter Study Guide March 2014



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U.S. History 3rd Quarter Study Guide March 2014

  1. After the defeat at the Treaty of Versailles, the Republican administrations of the 1920s

Isolationist

  1. Which of the following best describes the administrations of Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge? (Quote)

The business of government is business!

  1. Droughts, high tariffs, bankruptcies, and low prices during the late 1920s had the greatest impact on

Rural America (farms)

  1. The case of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti in the 1920s best illustrated




  1. During the 1920s, a significant factor in the growth of cities was

African Americans moving from the rural south.

  1. Participation in WWI transformed the United States in the 1920’s in all of the following ways (this is an except question… know how it was transformed, so you know how it wasn’t)

  1. The U.S was the richest most developed country.

  2. Mass production of goods

  3. New forms of entertainment




  1. Which of the following statements about the American economy in the 1920s is NOT true?

The purchasing power of Americans rose.

Americans spent their savings



Farmers did not share in the prosperity

  1. How did the values of Rural and Urban society clash during the 1920’s?
    Rural: religious, nativism, traditional

Urban: Diverse, Consumerism, Entertainment


  1. The era of Prohibition in the 1920s created each of the following, (except question)

  1. A change in moral attitudes.

  2. Increase in gangsters and bootleggers

  3. A weakness of the Federal Governments control of people.

  1. An important cause of the Stock Market Crash of 1929 was the

Easy Credit policies

  1. When the Great Depression hit, what action did President Hoover take to deal with it?

He did very little, too little too late.

  1. The most important difference between the policies toward relief for the unemployed in the administrations of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Herbert Hoover was that Roosevelt supported

Federal sponsored Work Relief Projects.

  1. In order to deal with the crisis in banking at the time of his inauguration, Franklin Roosevelt

Declares a 4 day bank holiday.

  1. What led to the Dust Bowl?

Decades of over farming the land.


  1. The New Deal’s relief programs were significant because they

Marked a major expansion of the Federal Government

  1. All of the following statements about the Civilian Conservation Corps are true except:

  1. To Prevent soil erosion

  2. Employed men to restore forests, beaches and parks

  3. It was a part of the New Deal

  1. The Social Security Act of 1935 was a landmark piece of legislation because it

Government was now responsible for the welfare of the people.

  1. Under the New Deal, blacks

Benefited very little.

  1. A critic of the New Deal, Huey Long had his own idea for American prosperity. Which statement reflects his policy?
    Share the wealth program




  1. Which of the following best described the administration of Franklin Roosevelt? (Quote)
    The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.

  2. The thrust of Roosevelt’s “Good Neighbor’ policy was to




  1. The failure of the League of Nations to stop both Japan and Italy from expanding led to..

Hitler moving troops into the Rhineland.

  1. All of the following were steps taken by the United States to aid Great Britain prior to U.S. entry into World War II: (except question)

  1. U. S Navy would patrol the Atlantic

  2. Lend Lease Program

  3. Cash and Carry Policy.

  1. The underlying issue that led to the outbreak of war between the United States and Japan in 1941 was

Bombing of Pearl Harbor

  1. One effect of World War II on the American economy was that it

Limited the Growth of Labor Unions.

  1. In order to prevent the effects of inflation during the Second World War, the federal government

Imposed wage and price controls.

  1. The Nuremberg Trials at the end of World War II were important because they

It held leaders responsible for their deeds of their nation.

  1. Which of the following was the major reason Truman used to justify his decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima in August, 1945?

He felt it would shorten the war.


  1. All of the following arguments have been used by historians to criticize the United States’ use of nuclear weapons against Japan: (Except Question)

  1. The U.S was trying to intimidate the Soviet Union.

  2. Japan was close to surrendering.

  3. The U.S used the new weapon on a non-white race.




  1. Compared with U.S. involvement in other wars, what was the most significant change in U.S. policy at the end of World War II?

We are now more economically integrated with European nations.

  1. The Truman Doctrine was issued in response to

The threat of Communist expansion in Turkey and Greece.

  1. The Marshall Plan had all of the following consequences (except):

  1. It saved capitalism in Western Europe.

  2. Save Democracy in Western Europe

  3. Increased American Influence in Western Europe.

  1. Since the end of World War II, how has the United States changed its traditional attitude in regards to its foreign policy with Europe?

Formed a system of defensive alliances.

  1. How did the USSR respond to the United States Containment policy?

Cut of all traffic to Berlin in East Europe.

  1. What effect did McCarthyism have on the United States government?
    Not one confirmed Communist was in the U.S Government.

  2. During the 1940s, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People [NAACP] tried to destroy the "separate but equal" doctrine by

Urging the Supreme Court to end segregation

  1. Levittown, a phenomenon of the 1940s, is an example of a

Suburban housing development.

  1. United States Supreme Court Case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was significant because it

ordered the desegregation of all public schools.

  1. TV, Movies, and Advertisements of the 1950’s promoted…
    Conformity and stereotypes.




  1. All of the following statements about the North Atlantic Treaty Organization are true: (except)

Collective Security

Treaty of Alliance between U.S and Europe



Departure from previous American foreign policy.
41-45: Charts/Graphs
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