Reading for the Real World Answer Key Reading for the Real World Intro Unit 1 Reading 1: Researching Ghosts Pre-reading Questions



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Reading for the Real World Answer Key
Reading for the Real World - Intro

Unit 1

Reading 1: Researching Ghosts
Pre-reading Questions

1. No, I don't believe in ghosts. I have never seen one.

2. I went on a tour of a ghost house, and the guide said he had seen a ghost. I didn't believe.

3. There is a story about a ghost in an old house in my city. The ghost does not cause any problems. It just appears from time to time.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. f 2. i 3. h 4. a 5. j

6. g 7. c 8. d 9. b 10. e
True or False

1. T


2. F

3. F


4. F

5. T
Multiple Choice

1. d

2. b


3. c

4. b


5. c

Summary

1. serious

2. haunted

3. inspection

4. process

5. objective

6. paranormal

7. hoax


8. stables

9. trail


10. transparent
Thematic Vocabulary

1. psychic

2. talisman

3. phantom

4. séance

5. curse


6. possessed
Root Vocabulary

para: paradox, parapsychology, paramilitary

exper(ri): experimental, experimentation, inexperienced
Discussion

1. No, I have never tried to call a ghost. I don't believe in them.

2. Some people try to do scary things because they want to show how brave they are.


Reading 2: The Search for Atlantis
Pre-reading Questions

1. Some famous places described in myths are Xanadu, El Dorado, Eden, and Mu.

2. I know Atlantis was supposed to be a great city that sank into the ocean.

3. People search for Atlantis because they think there might be valuable treasures there.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. j 2. f 3. c 4. e 5. h

6. i 7. b 8. a 9. d 10. g
True or False

1. F


2. T

3. T


4. F

5. F
Multiple Choice

1. d

2. a


3. d

4. b


5. a
Summary

1. fiction

2. civilization

3. enormous

4. trace

5. extent

6. description

7. landmass

8. coast

9. archaeologists

10. proof
Thematic Vocabulary

1. sham


2. Utopian

3. cartographer

4. continent

5. folklore

6. unravel
Root Vocabulary

spect: retrospect, inspect, spectator

fam(e): defame, fame, infamy
Discussion

1. In Western culture, many people believe in a wonderful place called Eden. Eden was different than Atlantis because Eden was not a city with a great civilization. It was where Adam and Eve lived in paradise.

2. I know the story of El Dorado. This was a city of gold in South America. Many explorers tried to find the city, but they couldn't. The story of the city probably just came from a legend. I don't think anyone is looking for El Dorado anymore.
Unit 2

Reading 1: Changing Music Media
Pre-Reading Questions

1. I use a CD player to listen to music when I’m on a bus.

2. In the past, people mostly listened to music at home with phonographs, radios, and cassette players.

3. In the twenty years, I think people will download music into mini-players that they can wear as jewelry.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. i 2. e 3. c 4. b 5. a

6. f 7. j 8. h 9. g 10. d
True or False

1. T


2. T

3. F


4. F

5. T
Multiple Choice

1. c

2. d


3. c

4. b


5. c
Summary

1. revolutionary

2. households

3. adopt


4. enthusiasts

5. turntables

6. signaled

7. converted

8. portable

9. dominates

10. media
Thematic Vocabulary

1. chart-topper

2. sold-out

3. burn


4. single

5. label


6. lyrics
Root Vocabulary

ary: literary, elementary, contemporary

ial: editorial, racial, financial
Discussion

1. It’s pretty important for me to take music with me wherever I go. Having good music to listen to helps making boring subway trips more fun.

2. I had a floppy disk drive on my old computer. It used the big, thin floppy disks. Now, those disk drives are obsolete.


Reading 2: Hackers and Crackers
Pre-reading Vocabulary

1. I have received a few email messages with viruses attached to them, but I never opened those messages.

2. I took one course in programming a long time ago. I learned to program in C++.

3. When hacking causes people to lose data or money, I think it should be illegal.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. j 2. f 3. e 4. c 5. g

6. i 7. h 8. b 9. a 10. d
True or False

1. F


2. F

3. T


4. F

5. T
Multiple Choice

1. c

2. b


3. a

4. a


5. c
Summary

1. consider

2. malicious

3. pranks

4. figure out

5. probe


6. weaknesses

7. report

8. patched

9. ethical

10. freeware
Thematic Vocabulary

1. scan


2. back up

3. disinfect

4. adware

5. utility

6. attachments
Root Vocabulary

tech: technician, technophile, technophobe

not(us): notice, notification, unnoticeable
Discussion

1. I heard about a cracker in Germany who released an email virus. That virus caused lots of damage, so the person was arrested.

2. There are little pictures you can type in email or text messages. These pictures are supposed to show the emotion of the writer. These pictures are called emoticons--emotion + icon.
Unit 3

Reading 1: Healthy Self-images
Pre-reading Questions

1. I think my body is in pretty good shape. I’d like to lose a few pounds, but I look OK.

2. We can change our bodies through plastic surgery, dieting, exercise, special clothes (like girdles or platform shoes), etc.

3. A person's body shape is not as important as the person's idea about his or her own body image. If a person thinks they look nice, that is what is important.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. f 2. i 3. b 4. c 5. j

6. a 7. e 8. g 9. d 10. h
True or False

1. T


2. F

3. T


4. F

5. F
Multiple Choice

1. c

2. d


3. b

4. b


5. c

Summary 

1. value                

2. negative

3. self-esteem         

4. psychological

5. disappointed          

6. immediately

7. benefits            

8. stress

9. temporary         

10. impatient


Thematic Vocabulary

1. lift weights

2. flex

3. fast


4. aerobic

5. attitude

6. binge
Root Vocabulary

surger: postsurgery, surgeon, surgically

diet: overdiet, dietary, dietetic
Discussion

1. I only spend about ten minutes each day trying to look good. In ten minutes, I can shave, gel and comb my hair, and get dressed. I do all of this mostly just for myself, so I can feel good about the way I look.

2. After I see lots of ads or a TV show or movie showing lots of muscular guys, I sometimes feel pressure to lift weights or something to build up my muscles. Nevertheless, I never do it.
Reading 2: Pollution in Our Bodies
Pre-reading Questions

1. Things that can be polluted include air, water, soil, plants, animals, etc.

2. My country has lots of laws to control pollution by individuals and businesses.

3. I always wash fruit and vegetables thoroughly before I eat them. I try to wash all the chemicals and pollution off these things before I eat them.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. j 2. i 3. f 4. e 5. d

6. c 7. b 8. g 9. a 10. h
True or False

1. T


2. T

3. F


4. F

5. F
Multiple Choice

1. c

2. a


3. b

4. d


5. c
Summary

1. pristine

2. pollution

3. average

4. contain

5. seep


6. products

7. nutrients

8. crucial

9. reduce

10. remind
Thematic Vocabulary

1. pesticides

2. landfills

3. synthetic

4. contaminated

5. organic

6. carcinogens
Root Vocabulary

ide: sulfide, chloride, dioxide

chem: biochemistry, alchemist, chemotherapy
Discussion

1. Yes, I am concerned about the ingredients of foods. I read the labels on food to make sure the foods do not have too much fat, sugar, or salt in them.

2. Another way we can protect ourselves from too much pollution in our bodies is to use natural products instead of synthetic ones. We can also try to buy fewer products made from plastic, and we should never cook in plastic containers.
Unit 4

Reading 1: A Global Solution to Illegal Immigration
Pre-reading Questions

1. Yes, there are lots of workers from other countries in my country.

2. I think these workers help our economy. They work hard and do lots of necessary jobs.

3. I think the government should make it easier for people to come to my country to work.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. b 2. e 3. j 4. g 5. a

6. c 7. f 8. d 9. i 10. h
True or False

1. F


2. F

3. T


4. T

5. F
Multiple Choice

1. b

2. a


3. a

4. a


5. c
Summary

1. foreign

2. risk

3. smuggle



4. profitable

5. ignore

6. punishing

7. measures

8. enforce

9. fitting

10. immigrants
Thematic Vocabulary

1. deport

2. refugees

3. abroad

4. border

5. asylum

6. expatriates
Root Vocabulary

pen: penitentiary, penalty, penal

ig: ignominy, ignore, ignoramus
Discussion

1. If the economy is terrible or if there is a war, people might risk their lives to enter another country.

2. No, it should not be illegal to offer humanitarian help to people. Even if people are breaking the law, we should try to save their lives if we can.

Reading 2: The Glass Ceiling
Pre-reading Questions

1. Most companies are controlled by men.

2. No, men and women do not have equal career opportunities. I think that men usually have better opportunities.

3. Yes, women can be as successful as men in business. There is no difference in business skills based on sex.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. d 2. b 3. e 4. g 5. h

6. a 7. c 8. f 9. j 10. i
True or False

1. F


2. T

3. F


4. F

5. T
Multiple Choice

1. b

2. b


3. a

4. d


5. a
Summary

1. nurturing

2. competitive

3. relocate

4. statistics

5. backwards

6. refused

7. barrier

8. shatter

9. progress

10. salary
Thematic Vocabulary

1. roles


2. milestone

3. sexual harassment

4. outdated

5. making a pass

6. lewd
Root Vocabulary

sur: surveyor, surpass, surcharge

type: typical, prototype, typecast
Discussion

1. I think female political leaders could come up with better solutions to international problems than starting wars.

2. I think Kumaratunga is right. Women use language differently than men. I think they use language better than men in many cases. This is a very useful skill for political leaders.
Unit 5

Reading 1: Living Near Volcanoes
Pre-reading Questions

1. I once experienced a small earthquake.

2. I would live somewhere that has natural disasters if I would be able to prepare myself.

3. I think natural disasters can be seen safely. Many scientists research volcanoes and storms firsthand.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. j 2. c 3. i 4. b 5. h

6. g 7. f 8. e 9. d 10. a
True or False

1. F


2. T

3. F


4. T

5. F
Multiple Choice

1. d

2. a


3. b

4. a


5. c
Summary

1. disaster

2. erupted

3. inhabitants

4. evacuated

5. perched

6. recreate

7. looming

8. famous

9. calm


10. geological
Thematic Vocabulary

1. blanket

2. tremors

3. Magma


4. plume

5. aftermath

6. insurance
Root Vocabulary

post: postdoctoral, postmodern, postscript

en: envelop, entry, reenroll
Discussion

1. I visit hot springs on the East Coast of my country for my health.

2. There are some volcanoes in my country, but they are all extinct. There are many active hot springs though.
Reading 2: The Future of Water
Pre-reading Questions

1. People around me are not concerned with the water supply.

2. I think people need to conserve water for future generations.

3. To prevent a water shortage, I think we can try to reuse more water.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. i 2. g 3. a 4. h 5. f

6. b 7. c 8. j 9. d 10. e
True or False

1. T


2. T

3. F


4. T

5. T
Multiple Choice

1. d

2. b


3. d

4. b


5. a
Summary

1. precious

2. swell

3. imminent

4. crisis

5. humanitarian

6. in tandem with

7. siphon

8. protect

9. aquifers

10. trickle
Thematic Vocabulary

1. Reservoirs

2. conservation

3. run-off

4. canal

5. faucet

6. irrigate
Root Vocabulary

con: conjoin, deconstruction, contact

wide: campus-wide, widespread, nationwide
Discussion

1. I try to eat organic foods. I think other foods have too many chemicals on them.

2. I probably use more water than other people do. I sometimes shower twice a day, and I often wash my clothes.

Unit 6

Reading 1: Anti-Smoking Laws
Pre-reading Questions

1. One of my friends smokes. She usually smokes after meals, outside.

2. No, I have never been pressured to smoke by my friends.

3. I think governments should control the behavior of their citizens when the behavior is harmful to others.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. g 2. h 3. f 4. c 5. e

6. b 7. d 8. i 9. j 10. a
True or False

1. F


2. F

3. T


4. T

5. F
Multiple Choice

1. b

2. c


3. b

4. a


5. d
Summary

1. cause


2. enact

3. forbid

4. took action

5. declined

6. illnesses

7. damage

8. entire

9. strict

10. repeal
Thematic Vocabulary

1. epidemic

2. nicotine

3. secondhand smoke

4. put out

5. habit


6. pipes
Root Vocabulary

en: enrage, enliven, enable

cent: centennial, century, centimeter
Discussion

1. Some celebrities, like rock star Ozzy Osbourne, actor Robert Downey Jr., and baseball player Barry Bonds are known for using dangerous substances like drugs.

2. My country has strict anti-smoking laws. Police fine anyone who smokes in public places.
Reading 2: Victimless Crimes
Pre-reading Questions

1. One of my friends was the victim of a crime. She was robbed.

2. Some crimes that don't hurt people are littering and illegal parking.

3. I break a law that I think doesn't hurt anyone. I sometimes jaywalk.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. j 2. h 3. a 4. g 5. f

6. i 7. d 8. b 9. c 10. e
True or False

1. T


2. F

3. F


4. T

5. F
Multiple Choice

1. b

2. a


3. c

4. d


5. d
Summary

1. opposed

2. point of view

3. requires

4. injury

5. law


6. estimate

7. victimless

8. issue

9. debate

10. meantime
Thematic Vocabulary

1. misdemeanor

2. perpetrator

3. fine


4. charge

5. perspective

6. inadvertently
Root Vocabulary

cracy: bureaucracy, autocracy, theocracy

jure: jurisdiction, jurisprudence, jury
Discussion

1. I know one story about a stupid criminal. When he robbed a bank, he used paper that had his address on it. The police just went to his address and arrested him.

2. I disagree with my country's traffic laws. They are too strict, and I think they waste a lot of time and money.

Unit 7

Reading 1: Bush's Address to Wellesley (1990)
Pre-reading Questions

1. One time, a famous writer visited my high school.

2. Graduation ceremonies in my country are long. First, teachers give speeches. Then, all the students go up to the front to get their degree and shake hands with the head of the school. After that, there are more speeches. After the ceremony, everyone takes pictures with their friends and family.

3. I think the key to success in life is to enjoy what you do.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. h 2. e 3. j 4. g 5. d

6. a 7. c 8. f 9. b 10. i
True or False

1. F


2. T

3. F


4. F

5. T
Multiple Choice

1. a

2. c


3. b

4. d


5. c
Summary

1. thrilled

2. commencement

3. instruct

4. choices

5. comprehend

6. career

7. eras


8. regret

9. worthy

10. irrevocable
Thematic Vocabulary

1. tassel

2. gown

3. valedictorian



4. undergraduate

5. degree

6. faculty
Root Vocabulary

maid: maid of honor, maidenhood, maidservant

grad: degrade, postgraduate, gradation
Discussion

1. I think historical accuracy is important in movies, so the audience doesn't get the wrong ideas about the past.

2. At my graduation ceremony, the teachers first gave speeches. Then, all the students went up to the front to get their degrees and shake hands with the president of the university. After the ceremony, we took pictures with our friends and family. The most interesting part of my graduation ceremony was when a famous writer gave a speech. His speech was very interesting and made me think about my future.

Reading 2: The Wolf and the Man
Pre-reading Questions

1. I don't like arrogant or aggressive personalities.

2. The best part of my personality is that I am easygoing.

3. In stories, wolves are usually fierce and dangerous, and foxes are usually sly and cunning.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. g 2. d 3. h 4. a 5. i

6. j 7. e 8. f 9. b 10. c
True or False

1. F


2. F

3. F


4. F

5. T
Multiple Choice

1. c

2. a


3. b

4. a


5. c
Summary

1. arrogant

2. attack

3. clever

4. boasting

5. humility

6. raised

7. bullet

8. sliced

9. stick


10. claw
Thematic Vocabulary

1. orally

2. storyteller

3. heritage

4. passed down

5. evolve

6. moral
Root Vocabulary

hum: humble pie, humiliate, humble

est: fiercest, toughest, longest
Discussion

1. A favorite story from my childhood is “Sleeping Beauty.” I liked it because there was a beautiful princess who was rescued by a handsome prince.

2. I like to read science fiction stories now.

Unit 8

Reading 1: Products from Space
Pre-reading Questions

1. I think government spending on space exploration is not a waste of money because we can learn many valuable things from it.

2. Some products that make life more convenient are computers, microwaves, and remote controls.

3. Astronauts need special fabric, materials, and machines in space.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. i 2. e 3. g 4. b 5. f

6. j 7. d 8. a 9. c 10. h
True or False

1. F


2. T

3. F


4. T

5. T
Multiple Choice

1. d

2. b


3. c

4. c


5. a
Summary

1. utilized

2. astronauts

3. fabric

4. insulation

5. traditional

6. material

7. flexible

8. installed

9. sensor

10. way of life
Thematic Vocabulary

1. vast


2. practical

3. prototypes

4. royalties

5. capability

6. cutting edge
Root Vocabulary

ultra: ultraliberal, ultrahigh, ultrasonic

proof: foolproof, waterproof, soundproof
Discussion

1. I would like to use the transporter beam from Star Trek. It would be fun to travel places in an instant.

2. My favorite science fiction story is "The Door into Summer" by Robert Heinlein. It is about time travel and how things can change in a life.

Reading 2: A New Space Race
Pre-reading Questions

1. I know that the US and the USSR were competing to see who could get to the moon first.

2. The benefit of competitions is that the people involved are motivated to do better.

3. A recent advance I have heard about is the Mars rover.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

1. g 2. i 3. b 4. d 5. e

6. f 7. c 8. h 9. j 10. a
True or False

1. T


2. F

3. T


4. F

5. T
Multiple Choice

1. c

2. c


3. a

4. a


5. d
Summary

1. feats


2. aviation

3. inspired

4. nationalistic

5. competed

6. emerged

7. exploration

8. spawn

9. fund


10. civilian
Thematic Vocabulary

1. countdown

2. launch pad

3. dehydrated

4. colonizing

5. assembled

6. probe
Root Vocabulary

space: spaceship, spaceman, spaceward

kilo: kiloton, kilowatt, kilobyte
Discussion

1. I think private companies will inspire more rapid advances in space travel than governments can because private companies are motivated by money.

2. I would like to take a space vacation to the moon. I would be willing to pay a million dollars.

Unit 9

Reading 1 – The History of Football
Pre-reading Questions


  1. My favorite sport to watch is boxing. My favorite sport to play is tennis. It’s much safer than boxing.

  2. In boxing, the fighters have to wear thick gloves for protection. In tennis, players have to wear certain clothes and be quiet when they play.

  3. A long time ago, boxers didn’t have to wear gloves. Too many boxers hurt their hands, though, so they started wearing gloves. In tennis, women used to have to wear dresses, and men had to wear long pants. All players could only wear the color white. Now, players can wear shorts and have different colors on their clothes.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

  1. g

  2. e

  3. c

  4. a

  5. i

  6. h

  7. f

  8. d

  9. j

  10. b


True or False

  1. F

  2. F

  3. F

  4. F

  5. T


Multiple Choice

  1. d

  2. b

  3. a

  4. d

  5. d


Summary

  1. popularity

  2. continent

  3. violent

  4. developed

  5. modern

  6. host

  7. tournament

  8. determines

  9. audience

  10. treasure


Thematic Vocabulary

  1. trophy

  2. recess

  3. consolation

  4. round robin

  5. referee

  6. scoreboard


Root Vocabulary

sim: simulate, dissimilarity, simile

to(u)r: return, tourniquet, tornado
Discussion


  1. I think soccer is so popular because it doesn’t require a lot of equipment to play—just a ball to kick.

  2. I really enjoy watching sporting events. I think it’s better to watch in person at the stadium because it’s more exciting with a big audience cheering.


Reading 2—Women in Professional Sports
Pre-Reading Questions

  1. Yes, I think some pro athletes are paid too much.

  2. The most famous female athlete I know is Serena Williams, the tennis player.

  3. Female and male athletes both train hard and love competing. They are different because male athletes are usually stronger and are paid more money.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

  1. a

  2. e

  3. d

  4. b

  5. h

  6. c

  7. j

  8. i

  9. f

  10. g


True or False

  1. F

  2. T

  3. T

  4. F

  5. T


Multiple Choice

  1. d

  2. c

  3. c

  4. b

  5. b


Summary

  1. gap

  2. status

  3. female

  4. respected

  5. attention

  6. audience

  7. case

  8. defeats

  9. decide

  10. victory


Thematic Vocabulary

  1. intramural

  2. highlight

  3. role model

  4. rival

  5. co-ed

  6. discrimination


Root Vocabulary

tele: telepathic, telephoto, telegram

ment: judgment, agreement, payment
Discussion


  1. No, I don’t think women’s sports teams would ever be as good as men’s teams. Men are just physically better athletes in general.

  2. University sports teams benefit the health of students and can make students feel proud of their school. On the other hand, they can also reduce the study time and grades of student athletes.


Unit 10

Reading 1—The Architecture of Wright
Pre-Reading Questions

  1. The Temple of the Sacred Family is a famous church in Barcelona. It was designed by Antoni Gaudi.

  2. I would include a movie theater and a swimming pool with a waterfall in my dream home.

  3. I think creativity is important in designing. If there’s no creativity, the design will be boring.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

  1. g

  2. a

  3. d

  4. c

  5. f

  6. j

  7. e

  8. i

  9. b

  10. h


True or False

  1. F

  2. F

  3. F

  4. F

  5. T


Multiple Choice

  1. d

  2. a

  3. b

  4. d

  5. b

Summary

  1. architect

  2. philosophy

  3. form

  4. purpose

  5. harmony

  6. surroundings

  7. masterpieces

  8. expressed

  9. spiral

  10. descend


Thematic Vocabulary

  1. integrity

  2. aesthetic

  3. cookie-cutter

  4. blueprints

  5. school of thought

  6. landmark


Root Vocabulary

arch(i): archenemy, archconservative, archpriest

master: master plan, master key, masterstroke
Discussion


  1. I think it’s very important to protect historic places. If we don’t protect them, we might forget our past.

  2. Perhaps Friedrich Nietzsche has had the strongest influence on my life. His ideas taught me to question everything in life.


Reading 2—Of Nobel, Peace, and Prizes
Pre-Reading Questions

  1. I think the Nobel Prize represents working to improve the world.

  2. Yes, I think wealthy people should use their money to promote social clauses, because they have received a lot of good things from the world and should help out less fortunate people.

  3. I know that Alfred Nobel was from Sweden, and he started the Nobel Peace Prize.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

  1. f

  2. i

  3. j

  4. c

  5. a

  6. g

  7. d

  8. e

  9. b

  10. h


True or False

  1. F

  2. T

  3. F

  4. F

  5. F


Multiple Choice

  1. c

  2. b

  3. c

  4. a

  5. a


Summary

  1. instituted

  2. atone

  3. dangerous

  4. explosion

  5. conscience

  6. neutral

  7. support

  8. movement

  9. convinced

  10. activist


Thematic Vocabulary

  1. estate

  2. lobby

  3. pacifist

  4. donate

  5. philanthropist

  6. deterrent


Root Vocabulary

dyna: hydrodynamically, dynamic, aerodynamic

schola: scholarship, unscholarly, home-schooled
Discussion


  1. No, I don’t think the economics prize should have the same status as the other Nobel Prizes. Nobel began the prizes to honor people who help the world, but the economics prize was started by a bank, not Nobel.

  2. Many sports leagues give awards to players who contribute to society. For example, the Canadian Football League gives the Tom Pate Award every year for outstanding contributions to the community.


Unit 11

Reading 1 – Sons or Daughters?
Pre-Reading Questions

  1. I would prefer to have a son.

  2. I think sons and daughters usually have different roles in a family, but those roles change from family to family.

  3. In my country, mothers usually prefer daughters, and fathers usually prefer sons.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

  1. h

  2. d

  3. g

  4. a

  5. i

  6. e

  7. j

  8. c

  9. f

  10. b


True or False

  1. T

  2. F

  3. T

  4. F

  5. T

Multiple Choice



  1. d

  2. b

  3. b

  4. a

  5. a


Summary


  1. cultures

  2. favor

  3. generation

  4. save

  5. dowry

  6. local

  7. emotional

  8. stranger

  9. critics

  10. modernize


Thematic Vocabulary

  1. spoil

  2. orphaned

  3. rear

  4. adopt

  5. only child

  6. siblings


Root Vocabulary

crit: criticize, critique, criteria

ize: criticize, polarize, crystallize, mythologize
Discussion


  1. I think students study their subjects better in boys or girls only schools because there are fewer distractions for them. On the other hand, I think students learn more about socializing in co-ed schools.

  2. I think parents have the same expectations of sons and daughters in school. Outside of school, the expectations may be different, but all parents want their sons and daughters to do well in school.



Reading 2 – Men, Affection, and Culture
Pre-Reading Questions

  1. Men in my culture often show affection to other men by shaking hands.

  2. Women show affection to other women by hugging and sometimes by kissing on the cheek.

  3. I don’t mind people of opposite sexes hugging or kissing a little in public, but anything more than that should be done in private.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

  1. a

  2. f

  3. i

  4. h

  5. d

  6. g

  7. b

  8. j

  9. c

  10. e


True or False

  1. F

  2. T

  3. T

  4. F

  5. T


Multiple Choice

  1. d

  2. b

  3. a

  4. d

  5. d


Summary

  1. open

  2. affection

  3. shame

  4. hug

  5. react

  6. scene

  7. gay

  8. tension

  9. brief

  10. proclaim


Thematic Vocabulary

  1. macho

  2. homophobia

  3. open-minded

  4. pat

  5. sissy

  6. peck


Root Vocabulary

able: flammable, reliable, noticeable

ance: nonchalance, disturbance, protuberance
Discussion


  1. Sometimes, I wear a traditional Scottish kilt, but not often. I have worn it to weddings and family reunions.

  2. One change in cultural behavior over the past few years is that more men have begun to use cosmetics.


Unit 12

Reading 1 – Business & Economics
Pre-Reading Questions

  1. I shop online two or three times a year.

  2. I often buy books or DVDs online. I won’t buy clothes online because I like to feel the material and see how it fits before I buy it.

  3. Two benefits to online shopping are not waiting in lines and being able to find cheaper prices. Two problems are not being able to tell as much about the quality of the product from looking at a picture and having to wait until your purchase arrives in the mail.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

 1. h        2. e       3. j       4. b        5. d

6. i         7. a       8. g       9. c      10. f

True or False


  1. T

  2. F

  3. T

  4. T

  5. F


Multiple Choice

  1. b

  2. c

  3. c

  4. b

  5. d


Summary

  1. familiar with

  2. brick-and-mortar

  3. panicked

  4. catastrophe

  5. habits

  6. competition

  7. pressured

  8. portion

  9. astonishing

  10. eventually


Thematic Vocabulary

  1. check out

  2. shopping cart

  3. storefront

  4. secure

  5. virtual

  6. receipt

2. Root Vocabulary

e: e-cash, eBay, e-business

(o)logy: physiology, morphology, theology


Discussion

  1. I bid on a digital camera once, but somebody bid more and I didn’t buy it.

  2. I’ve noticed that more and more products, like groceries for example, are available online.


Reading 2 – Credit Card Use
Pre-Reading Questions

  1. I own three credit cards

  2. I use my credit cards every month.

  3. Yes, I have spent too much on a credit card. I just paid the money off as soon as I could, and then the credit card company raised my credit limit.


Vocabulary and Idiom Preview

  1. j

  2. f

  3. e

  4. c

  5. b

  6. h

  7. i

  8. a

  9. g

  10. d


True or False

  1. T

  2. F

  3. T

  4. T

  5. T


Multiple Choice

  1. c

  2. b

  3. d

  4. a

  5. a


Summary

  1. outstanding

  2. balance

  3. owe

  4. debt

  5. undergraduate

  6. solicitations

  7. campuses

  8. seek out

  9. manage

  10. declined


Thematic Vocabulary

  1. phishing

  2. advance

  3. surcharges

  4. defer

  5. rate

  6. swipe

2.Root Vocabulary

per: per annum, per capita, percentage

clin: declination, inclined, recline


Discussion

  1. I feel pretty safe using credit cards, because I’ve never had a problem. I try to be careful with them, though.

  2. My father once had a problem with identity theft. Someone stole his credit card number and used it to buy things in Mexico. It was not too serious though, as the credit card company paid for everything.


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