Remembering Jerusalem: Imagination, Memory, and the City

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Remembering Jerusalem: Imagination, Memory, and the City

6-7 November 2014

Strand Campus, King’s College London

Hosted by the AHRC-funded Research Network, Imagining Jerusalem, c. 1099 to the Present Day

Network coordinator: Hannah Boast (York)

Principal Investigator: Dr Helen Smith (York), Co-Investigator: Dr Anna Bernard (King’s)

Lead Members: Dr Michele Campopiano (York) and Dr Jim Watt (York)

@jerusalems1099 #Jerusalemconf


Perhaps the world’s most iconic city, Jerusalem exists both as a physical space and as a site of memory, ideas, and re-memberings. In art, literature, film, and history writing; in acts of public and private worship; and in communities across the globe, memories of Jerusalem have, for centuries, been created, invoked, and relived. This cross-period, interdisciplinary conference presents an international range of speakers, from academics to architects, artists, and curators, addressing the topic of Jerusalem and Memory, c. 1099 to the Present Day.


The conference will take place in two venues on the King’s College London Strand Campus: The King’s Building and the Macadam Building. The King’s Building is a white, grand-looking nineteenth-century building, and the Macadam Building is a newer, rectangular building. The map below gives the location of both buildings. The entrance to the King’s Building is via the main campus entrance on the Strand. The best entrance to Tutu’s – where conference registration will take place on the first day – is via the Macadam Building entrance of Surrey Street.

On the map, A (red) is the King’s Building, and L (light blue, bottom right) is the Macadam Building. You can view a larger version of this map online. The closest tube station is Temple, on the Circle and District Lines. This station is visible on the map, on the bottom right. For directions to the campus from specific points in London, we recommend using the Transport for London Journey Planner:

Directions to the Campus From Conference Hotels

Many of you will be staying in the Tavistock Hotel, which is just over a mile away from the campus. To walk to the campus from this hotel, turn right out of the hotel, then take the first right (at the East edge of Tavistock Square), then right into Southampton Row. Keep walking down past Russell Square (a park), then past High Holborn Station, where the road becomes Kingsway. Continue walking until you get to a big curving road, which is Aldwych. Across from this is King’s College, which you get to by turning left with the flow of traffic into Aldwych. Cross at pedestrian lights and turn right into the Strand, where you can either take the main entrance into the King’s Building (for most rooms), or turn onto Surrey Street (for Tutu’s).

Routes from the other hotels are similar: turn right out of the Royal National Hotel to get onto Southampton Row, then follow the directions above. Turn left out of the President Hotel, then left again onto Southampton Row.


Most panels will be in rooms in the King’s Building. These include the River Room, Small Committee Room (SCR/K0.31), Council Room (K2.29), seminar room K 1.27, the Entrance Hall, and the Anatomy Museum. The Council Room and River Room are on the second floor. The SCR and Entrance Hall are on the ground floor, and K 1.27 is on the first floor. The Anatomy Museum is on the sixth floor.

In the Macadam Building, we will be using the former students’ union venue, Tutu’s. This building is best entered from Surrey Street, a side street off The Strand that can be seen on the map above, to the right of the image of the main campus. Tutu’s is on the fourth floor of the building. Signs and student helpers will be present to help with getting between the two buildings.

Floor plans for the different levels of the King’s Building can be found here.


Detailed information about the accessibility of both buildings can be found on the DisabledGo website, here and here. If you have specific accessibility requirements, please let us know and we will do our best to accommodate them.

Conference Dinner

The conference dinner will take place on the 6th November at Tas, a nearby Turkish restaurant. It will include a selection of mezes to share, a main course, and half a bottle of wine per person. The restaurant is halal certified, but please note that it does not have kosher certification. Tas is around a twenty minute walk from the King’s Building, and we will walk or take taxis as needed after the wine reception. The address is 22 Bloomsbury Street, WC1B 3QJ.

British Library ‘Show and Tell’

Curators at the British Library have put together a Show and Tell visit for 'Remembering Jerusalem' conference delegates, during which participants will be able to view items in the Library's collection relating to Jerusalem.

The items will include Hebrew, Islamic and Persian books and manuscripts, and a selection of rare maps. There will also be a talk from the Endangered Archives team, who have recently digitised thousands of photographs of the Ottoman Middle East from the Maison Bonfils archive, as well as documents from the historical periodical collection of the Al Aqsa Mosque Library, East Jerusalem.

Places on this visit are strictly limited, and need to be booked in advance.

Directions to the British Library

Delegates attending the visit are expected to make their own way to the Library. The visit will begin at 11.30, but we will meet at the main reception desk at the Library at 11.15.

The British Library is in-between the Euston and King’s Cross Stations, or a half-hour walk from the conference venues down Kingsway and Southampton Row, past the conference hotels, until you reach a big main road, Euston Road, and turn right. The Library is a short distance from this junction, on the left.

Please ensure that you have already left coats and other belongings (large bags, umbrellas, food and drink) in the lockers or cloakroom on the lower ground floor before reporting to reception.

In case of difficulties, please call:

Hannah: 07743399136

Anna: 07709124088

King’s Building Reception: 02078365454


Thursday 6th November






Introduction and Welcome



First Plenary

Prof Anthony Bale, ‘Jerusalem and the Medieval Meme’

Chaired by Dr Michele Campopiano




* 11.15-13.00

British Library

Show and Tell Visit (limited to 25 participants, must be pre-booked)

Report to Library reception at 11.15. Tour begins at 11.30.


River Room

Memory and Political Futures

Chaired by Anna Bernard

  • Robyn Autry – Grave Decisions: Museums and the Politics of the Past in Jerusalem and New York City

  • Dana Hercbergs – Remembering the Future of the City: The Davidization of Jerusalem

  • Hava Schwartz – From Jewish Memory to Jewish Monumental Landscape: The Shaping of a National Symbolic Landscape around the Old City of Jerusalem

Council Room

Jerusalem in European Landscape: Imported and Local Memories

Chaired by Renana Bartal

  • Lotem Pinchover – The Holy Sepulchre Representation between Enclosure and Community

  • Laura Slater – Jerusalem in Northampton: Christian Histories and Local Memories

  • Shimrit Shriki – Jerusalem Remembers: The Role of Jerusalem in Secular Commemorative Practice





River Room

Women ‘Re-Member’ Jerusalem

Chaired by Claire Gallien

  • Ragnhild Johnsrud Zorgati – Fredrika Bremer and the olive tree – memory and representations of religious history in a 19th century protestant travel narrative

  • Sophia Brown – Looking up at our former home…I felt the years of separation’ – The impact of returning to Jerusalem in expatriate Palestinian women’s life-writing/‘I am Jerusalem’

  • Irene Fernandez Ramos – I am Jerusalem’: the engendered body as city, memory and site of resistance

Council Room

Absence and Loss in Narratives of Jerusalem

Chaired by Yuri Stoyanov

  • Tamar Boyadjian – Lament for the City: Re-Imagining Jerusalem in Crusading Literature

  • Nina Fischer – Place and Displacement: Palestinian Jerusalem Memories


Communities of Jerusalem

Chaired by Anthony Bale

  • Dotan Arad – Jerusalem in Karaite Jews’ Mind

  • Michele Campopiano – ‘Passion and Harmony’: The Holy Land, Jewish Traditions and the Franciscans in the Renaissance Venice, 15th-16th Centuries

  • Malka Greenberg Raanan – Shaping Belongings Through Contested Space: Experiences of Palestinian Women in Jerusalem



Coffee Break


River Room

Jerusalem in the Mahjar: Re-imagining the City, 1865-1950

Chaired by Roberto Mazza

  • Lauren Banko – “From the Arabs to the East, stay in your homeland and work for it”: transnational meanings of Jerusalem and Palestine from imperial to colonial control

  • William Clarence-Smith – Jerusalem and the "Syrian" diaspora in the Philippines, 1860s-1950s

  • Jacob Norris – Exporting Jerusalem in the nineteenth century

Council Room

Constructing Jerusalem: Architecture and Infrastructure

Chaired by Robert Jobbins

  • Michael Ehrlich – Topography-Shaped Memory: The 'Umar Mosque in the Christian Quarter of Jerusalem

  • Anna Gutgarts-Weinberger – The Worldly Landscape of the Heavenly City: The Development of Frankish Jerusalem's Urban Layout

  • Maier Yagod – Mémoire en route: Jerusalem's Route No. 1, a Study in Motion


Jerusalem in Art

Chaired by Sophia Brown

  • Isabelle Hesse – 'A Stubborn Little Slab of Reality': Remembering Mandate Jerusalem in Boas Yakin and Nick Bertozzi's Jerusalem: A Family Portrait

  • Anita Paz – Collection and Recollection: Archives, Photographs and the Memory of Jerusalem in Emily Jacir's Ex Libris



Short Break


River Room

Re-Imagining Jerusalem in the Palestinian and Jewish Diasporas in the United States: Jerusalem in Narratives of Conflict, Displacement, and (Re)Placement

Chaired by Fariha Shaikh

  • Beverley Butler – The Obligation to Remember: Perspectives from Palestinian Refugee Camps in Jordan

  • Loren Lybarger – Remembering the ‘City of the Holy’ in Chicago’s ‘Little Palestine’—Myth, Metaphor, and US Multiculturalism

  • Atalia Omer – From Jerusalem to New York City: Provincializing Jerusalem and Jewish Palestine Solidarity activism


Virtual’ Jerusalem: Memories of the Holy City in Film and Literature

Chaired by Michele Campopiano

  • Laura Varnam – The Gift of Jerusalem: Remembering the Holy City in The Book of Margery Kempe

  • Anat Zanger – Jerusalem: Between Film and Memory

K 1.27

Hermeneutics and Jerusalem

Chaired by Nagihan Haliloglu

  • Matthew Gabriele – 'The Lived Hermeneutics of Jerusalem': Remembering a New Future of the Holy Sepulchre after the First Crusade

  • William Kolbrener – Jerusalem, Memory and Misprision


Entrance Hall

Drinks Reception



TAS Restaurant

Conference Dinner

Friday 7th November



Coffee and Arrivals



Second Plenary

Prof Nabil Matar, ‘The Cradle of Jesus and the Oratory of Mary in the Noble Sanctuary’

Chaired by Dr Helen Smith



Coffee Break



The Politics and Practices of Tourism in Contemporary Jerusalem

Chaired by Isabelle Hesse

  • Raphael Greenberg – Jerusalem Underground: Archaeological Tunnels as a Stand-In for the Imagined City

  • David Landy – The Tourist Gaze and Colonial Practices at Work in the 'City of David', Occupied East Jerusalem

  • Benedetta Serapioni – “Un devoir culturel qui s’impose à l’humanité tout entire”?: the Old City of Jerusalem in the UNESCO World Heritage list.​ 

River Room

Imagining the New Jerusalem

Chaired by Shazia Jagot

  • Ben Ambler – Parsing the New Jerusalem in the Medieval Pearl

  • Marina Prusac Lindhagen – Constantine’s Jerusalem

  • Emily Goetsch – From Spain to Jerusalem: Narratives of Struggle and Triumph

Anatomy Museum

Jerusalem at War

Chaired by Jacob Norris

  • Marina Lambrakis – Ungoverned City, City of Refugees: Jerusalem at War in the Work of George Seferis and Stratis Tsirkas

  • Roberto Mazza – A Woman, a Consul, a Soldier and a Musician: War-Time Jerusalem Remembered Through the Eyes of Its Residents, 1914-18

  • Yuri Stoyanov – Remembering and Invoking the Persian Capture of Jerusalem





River Room

Jerusalem 1000-1400: A Sneak Preview

Barbara Boehm and Melanie Holcomb

Chair TBC


Fictional and Fantastical Jerusalem

Chair TBC

  • Phillip Booth – Thietmar's pilgrimage (1217-1218) and the absent Jerusalem

  • Timothy L. Stinson – Confession, Vengeance, and the Destruction of Jerusalem

  • Robert Jobbins – More Real Than Truth

Anatomy Museum

Places of Memory

Chaired by Kristin B. Aavitsland

  • Nagihan Haliloglu – Sacral Lieux de Memoire in Evliya Çelebi's Account of Jerusalem

  • Catherine Hundley – Remembering, Forgetting, Re-Remembering: The Lost Holy Sepulchres of C12th England

  • Jesper Svartvik – Jerusalem: A Physical Space and a Site of Memory for Conrad Schick


Tutu’s & RR

Coffee Break


River Room

Jerusalem as a Spatial Dimension of Arabness Across Contemporary Cultural Genres: Cinema, Graphic Novel, Hip-Hop

Chaired by Hannah Boast

  • Valerie Anischenkova – Cinematic Space of Jerusalem in the Context of Palestinian Identity

  • Kari Neely – Arabs in the Graphic Space of Jerusalem

  • Kendra Salois – Representations of al-Quds in North African Hip Hop: Loss, Longing, and Translocality


Jerusalem in Material History

Chaired by Ragnhild Johnsrud Zorgati

  • Nadine Mai – Materials and Memory in Late Medieval Reproductions of the Holy Sites of Jerusalem

  • Merav Mack and Benjamin Balint – Custodians of Memory: Jerusalem’s Libraries and Archives

  • Eivor Oftestad – Realization of Memory: The Temple of the New Covenant

Anatomy Museum

Rebuilding Jerusalem

Chaired by Helen Smith

  • Meg Bouton – 'Adorned with all manner of precious stones': (re)building Jerusalem in Anglo-Saxon England

  • Ewa Kubiak – Two Depictions of Jerusalem in Colonial Painting of the Viceroyalty of Peru

  • Lucy Underwood – Jerusalem, Rome and England: the appropriation of memories of Jerusalem by English Catholics after 1558


Short Break



Final Plenary

Prof Eyal Weizman, title TBC

Chaired by Dr Anna Bernard

Keynote Lectures

Thursday 6th November

9.30-10.30: Professor Anthony Bale (Birkbeck) – Jerusalem and the Medieval Meme

Chaired by Dr Michele Campopiano (York)

Jerusalem has consistently been reproduced, replayed, restaged, in formulaic ways, from pilgrims' souvenirs to theme parks. In this paper I seek to go beyond thinking of Jerusalem only in terms of its 'iconography' and instead use the term 'meme' to explore Jerusalem's reproduction and reproducibility. I will cover a range of medieval sources - starting with fifteenth-century Jerusalem pilgrims' accounts of the 1458 voyage from Venice to Jaffa - and will also talk about a contemporary Jerusalem, the Holy Land Experience in Florida.

Friday 7th November

9.30-10.30: Professor Nabil Matar (Uni. Minnesota) – The Cradle of Jesus and the Oratory of Mary in the Noble Sanctuary

Chaired by Dr Helen Smith (York)

The paper examines the Christian elements inside the Muslim Sanctuary, consisting of "mahd Isa"/cradle of Jesus and "mihrab Maryam"/oratory of Mary. These were mentioned in the writings of jurists and Sufis since the 10th century, but have received no attention from scholars. The paper traces the allusions to the cradle and the oratory in Arabic pilgrimage accounts and descriptions of Jerusalem and discusses their significance in the history of Islamic worship.

17.15-18.15: Professor Eyal Weizman (Goldsmiths) – Title TBC

Chaired by Dr Anna Bernard (KCL)

Abstracts (alphabetical order)

Ben Ambler

Department of English

Arizona State University, United States

Parsing the New Jerusalem in the Medieval Pearl: The Extratemporal Aspect
Medieval Christians would be hard pressed to think of Jerusalem without their imagination evoking that eternal city which it anagogically prefigured: the heavenly New Jerusalem. Borrowing from a visual tradition accompanying commentaries on the Book of Revelation, the fourteenth-century Middle English poem, Pearl, constructs the New Jerusalem in a way that provides its audience with direct, imaginative access to the divine eternity of the city. The poem recounts the dream vision of a man who encounters the soul of his deceased daughter who attempts to lead him — and the reader — to a better appreciation of God. Toward this end, the penultimate stanzas of the poem are an ekphrasis of the New Jerusalem.
In its sole surviving manuscript, the poem is preceded by an illumination of the New

Jerusalem that begins readers with their limited, mortal optic; it depicts one side of the exterior of the city. An 8-stanza written depiction of the city, however, allows the reader to imagine what illustration cannot convey: an intimate memory of the city, one that realizes its divinity not only with description, but through form of language. The dreamer recounts the physical qualities of the city, shown to him by God in an extra-spatial fashion: from a stationary position outside of the city, he sees both external walls on the far side as well as the city’s internal structures. When he fleshes out this textual image with what happens in the city, moreover, the poet realizes the divinity of the city by using grammar to remove it from time: shifting from the descriptive past tense of the previous seven stanzas into a present tense with a gnomic aspect, the poet, through the voice of the dreamer, casts the events he describes occurring in the city as a-temporal, ontological facts. Rather than moments transpiring in time, they are events that simply are. Understanding the means by which medieval Christians re-membered the New Jerusalem, sometimes even down to the grammatical level, may help us better apprehend the place the corporeal Jerusalem occupied in their imaginations. The phenomenological lines along which medievals plotted their lives transcended temporality itself: their ultimate destination, they hoped, was the New Jerusalem.

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