Software Pass Notice c-kermit for aos/VS, Re

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Software Pass Notice C-Kermit for AOS/VS, Rev. 5.188 November, 1992 This release notice provides information specific to the AOS/VS implementation of C-Kermit -- information which might not be supplied in the Kermit documentation written by Frank da Cruz and Christine Gianone of Columbia Univiversity and published by Digital Press. Please read all sections carefully. 1 Product Description . . . . . . . . . . 2 2 Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3 Enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 Notes and Warnings . . . . . . . . . . . 5 4.1 Known Problems . . . . . . . . . . . 5 4.2 Restrictions. . . . . . . . . . . . 5 4.3 Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 5 Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 6 Product Organization . . . . . . . . . . 8 6.1 File Listing . . . . . . . . . . . 8 6.2 Obtaining the Software from Columbia University 8 6.3 Obtaining the Software from a PC Diskette . . 10 7 Installation Instructions . . . . . . . . 12 7.1 Establishing a Communications Line . . . . 12 7.1.1 Serial Connections . . . . . . . . 12 7.1.2 TCP/IP Connections . . . . . . . . 19 7.2 Installing the Release Software . . . . . 20 8 User Notes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 DESKTOP GENERATION, ECLIPSE, and DASHER are registered trademarks of Data General Corporation. Kermit is a registered trademark of the Henson Associates. Hayes is a registered trademark of Hayes Microcomputer Products, Inc. UNIX is a registered trademark of AT&T Bell Laboratories. 2 1 Product Description Kermit is a file transfer and terminal emulation program that was developed by Columbia University in 1981. It runs on a wide variety of operating systems and is available to the public free of charge. Kermit's major features include advanced and efficient Kermit file transfer, terminal connection, support for asynchronous connections (either direct or via modems) and TCP/IP connections, a built-in DIAL command supporting a wide variety of modems, extensive support for national and international Roman, Cyrillic, and Japanese character sets, and a powerful, easy-to-use script programming language for automated operation. C-Kermit is the name used to describe the version of Kermit software (written in the "C" programming language) that runs on most UNIX implementations, DEC VAXes running VMS, NEXT workstations, OS/2, the Commodore Amiga, the Atari ST, OS-9, and now Data General AOS/VS. Revision 5.188 of C-Kermit for AOS/VS is based on release 5A(188) of C-Kermit. DISCLAIMER The C-Kermit software is provided in source code form by the Kermit Distribution Center at Columbia University. The software is provided "as is;" no other warranty is provided, express or implied, including without limitations, any implied warranty of merchantability or implied warranty of fitness for a particular purpose. Neither Data General nor Columbia University warrant C-Kermit for AOS/VS software or documentation in any way. In addition, neither the authors of any Kermit programs, publications or documentation, nor Columbia University nor any contributing institutions or individuals acknowledge any liability resulting from program or documentation errors. 3 2 Prerequisites To run C-Kermit for AOS/VS Rev 5.188, you need a Data General MV-series computer running AOS/VS revision 7.69 or later (DGC Model 3900 or 31133), or AOS/VS II revision 2.20 or later (DGC Model 31585). (Earlier revisions may work, but have not been tested with C-Kermit for AOS/VS.) To run C-Kermit for AOS/VS over a serial connection, you also need a line into a port on an intelligent asynchronous controller (DGC IAC or equivalent) on the MV. This line may be directly connected to another computer (e.g, a PC) via a null modem cable/adaptor, or it may be connected to a telephone line via a modem or a modem elimator. To use C-Kermit for AOS/VS over an INCOMING TCP/IP connection, a working TCP/IP connection is required. This connection may be provided either by AOS/VS TCP/IP (DGC Model 30997) or by AOS/VS II TCP/IP (DGC Model 31758). Refer to the release notices for those products for specific requirements. To use C-Kermit for AOS/VS over an OUTGOING TCP/IP connection, a working implementation of AOS/VS II TCP/IP, revision 1.10 or later, is required. For specific information about the software and hardware requirements for TCP/IP connections, refer to the AOS/VS TCP/IP or AOS/VS II TCP/IP release notices. 4 3 Enhancements The previous version of Kermit for AOS/VS, whose revision number (as obtained via the CLI REVISION command) corresponded to the revision of the "C" compiler with which it was linked, was based on Columbia University's C-Kermit version 4D(61), ported to AOS/VS in 1986. Since that time, there have been a number of enhancements to C-Kermit which are now included in C-Kermit for AOS/VS, including: * support for Kermit connections over TCP/IP connections * character set translations * an extensive script programming language * ability to specify what action Kermit should take when a filename collision occurs during file transfer * support for sliding windows and variable packet sizes * support for additional file attributes (e.g., "creation" date and time) 5 4 Notes and Warnings 4.1 Known Problems 1. Abnormal terminations may occasionally occur on expiration of certain timers (when, for instance, the local Kermit gets no response from the remote Kermit). 4.2 Restrictions 1. The MAIL command has not been implemented 2. The BYE command has not been implemented. 3. It is not possible to SUSPEND C-Kermit for AOS/VS sessions. 4. The WHO command does not accept arguments. 5. When C-Kermit for AOS/VS is receiving a file, and the file collision action is set to "update" (meaning that the incoming file should overwrite the existing file only if its "creation" date is more recent) and the incoming file is in fact newer, the modification date on the resulting file will actually be the date/time of the transfer (the real last modification date/time). This can cause succeeding "update" operations to fail. 6. Local Kermit commands that are implemented through CLI calls (WHO, DIR, etc.) cannot be interrupted except by entering BRK (CMD-BRK on a DG terminal) followed by ^C^A or, as a last resort, ^C^B. (The remote versions can be interrupted with ^C.) 7. C-Kermit for AOS/VS cannot determine the status of modem signals on a line. 8. C-Kermit for AOS/VS makes no attempt to determine, at runtime, whether AOS/VS II TCP/IP is running. Thus, if you attempt to make a connection over a TCP/IP stack when AOS/VS II TCP/IP is NOT running, there will be a wait until the request times out. 9. The user must ensure that the XLT characteristic on his terminal device is turned OFF, prior to starting C-Kermit for AOS/VS: ) CHAR/OFF/XLT 10. In some environments, it may be necessary to turn the 8BT characteristic ON, prior to starting C-Kermit for AOS/VS, in order to transfer binary files: ) CHAR/ON/8BT 6 4.3 Notes 1. When C-Kermit for AOS/VS is receiving a file whose name is the same as an existing file, and the file collision action is "backup" or "rename", the file that is renamed will have a . extension, rather than a ~~ extension. 2. When C-Kermit for AOS/VS is sending a file, question marks (?) and dollar signs ($) in the filename will be converted to upper-case X's. 3. When C-Kermit for AOS/VS is receiving a file, hyphens (-) will be converted to underscores (_). 4. C-Kermit for AOS/VS uses the last modification date/time rather than the creation date/time in all file transfer operations. 5. C-Kermit for AOS/VS mandates that source files (for file transfers) reside in the current working directory, unless a pathname is specified. 7 5 Documentation Kermit in its generic form has been extensively documented. In particular, the following publications from Digital Press are available at bookstores, or by mail order from Digital Press / Butterworth-Heinemann in Woburn, Massachusetts, USA: * Using C-Kermit Communications Software for UNIX, VAX/VMS, OS/2, AOS/VS, Commodore Amiga, Atari ST, and OS-9 -- by Frank da Cruz and Christine M. Gianone, Digital Press, 1993. * Using MS-DOS Kermit -- by Christine M. Gianone (1992) * Kermit, a File Transfer Protocol -- by Frank da Cruz (1987) Digital Press may be contacted directly at: Digital Press / Butterworth-Heinemann 225 Wildwood Street Woburn, MA 01801 USA Phone +1 800 366-2665 Fax +1 617 933-6333 Additional documentation about specific implementations of C-Kermit is available directly from Columbia University via "anonymous ftp" access to the following host: All source code is also available from this host, in kermit/test (test versions of C-Kermit sources) or kermit/b (current release versions). The AOS/VS-specific modules have filenames that begin with the prefix "ckd". Finally, you can receive an up-to-date Kermit software catalog, listing the hundreds of other Kermit software programs available, together with ordering instructions, and be placed on the mailing list to receive the free journal, "Kermit News", by writing to: Kermit Distribution, Dept CI Columbia University, Academic Information Systems 612 West 115th Street New York, New York 10025 USA Phone: 212-854-3703 E-mail: (Internet), kermit@cuvma (BITNET) 8 6 Product Organization This section describes the C-Kermit for AOS/VS software release organization. 6.1 File Listing The media distribution format for C-Kermit for AOS/VS is a disk file in AOS/VS DUMP format. The files that are included with the dumpfile are: CKERMIT.INI - the standard C-Kermit initialization file CKERMOD.INI.PROTO - the tailorable initialization file KERMIT.CLI.PROTO - a sample macro for starting Kermit - (a.k.a. "ckdker.cli") KERMIT.RN - the Kermit release notice (this file) - (a.k.a. "ckdins.doc") KERMIT.PR - the Kermit executable image KERMIT.ST - the Kermit symbol table file 6.2 Obtaining the Software from Columbia University The C-Kermit for AOS/VS software is available over the Internet from Columbia University, via "anonymous FTP" access to the following system: There are two versions of the software available on watsun. The first is the AOS/VS dumpfile itself, which must be transferred to your system using binary mode. Its path on watsun is: kermit/bin/ckdker.df 9 Alternatively, you may retrieve the dumpfile in uuencode format, which may be transferred over 7-bit connections where binary mode is not available. In this case you must also retrieve the source code for the uuencode program (called ckdecod.c). The pathname on watsun for these files is: kermit/b/ckdker.uue kermit/b/ckdecod.c Once you have compiled and linked ckdecod on your system, you must use the resulting executable ( to transform ckdker.uue into ckdker.df: ) XEQ CKDECOD CKDKER.UUE You should move the resulting file, CKDKER.DF to :UTIL, then follow the installation instructions later in this notice. 10 6.3 Obtaining the Software from a PC Diskette C-Kermit for AOS/VS is available, in dump file format, with the diskette that comes with the "Using C-Kermit..." book described in the documentation section of this release notice. The diskette includes both CKDKER.DF and CKDKER.RN (this file). There are a variety of methods available for transferring the software from the diskette to the target MV. All of them involve a PC. Those methods that are Data General-specific are described briefly here. Note that in all of these descriptions, the C-Kermit diskette is assumed to be in drive A of the PC. If CEO Connection is running on both your PC and the target MV, follow these instructions: 1. Establish a session with the MV system, which can be accomplished by choosing #6 (Utilities) from the CEO Connection main menu on the PC, then #1 (Log on) from the utilities menu. 2. Choose #4 (Send a file) from the main menu. 3. When prompted for the MS-DOS pathname, enter a:\ckdker.df 4. Then specify where the file should be stored on the MV. If you have the proper access privileges, store it in :UTIL. Otherwise, store it in your home directory (:UDD::CKDKER.DF), and then have the MV system manager install it for you. If your PC is active in a PC*I network (which consists of WTS and the Microsoft MS-NET Redirector software on the PC, and the MV Server for MS-NET software on the MV), follow these instructions (which assume that drive E on your PC is redirected to the MV disk): 1. Establish your redirected drive by issuing the appropriate "net use" command. 2. Change your working directory to a: C:\> a: 3. Copy the C-Kermit for AOS/VS dumpfile from drive A to drive E: A:\> copy ckdker.df e: 4. Where ckdker.df ends up on the MV will depend on the PC*I configuration there. Contact the MV system manager to locate it and install it. 11 Finally, if your PC and the MV participate in a Novell Netware network, follow these instructions (which assume that drive F on the PC is redirected to the MV): 1. Establish your redirected drive by issuing the appropriate map command. 2. Change your working directory to a: C:\> a: 3. Copy the C-Kermit for AOS/VS dumpfile from drive A to drive F: A:\> copy ckdker.df f: 4. Where ckdker.df ends up on the MV will depend on the Netware configuration there. Contact the MV system manager to locate it and install it. Once the dumpfile has been transferred to the MV, follow the installation instructions in Section 7.2 ("Installing the Software"). 12 7 Installation Instructions This section describes procedures for establishing a communications line to use with C-Kermit for AOS/VS and for installing the Kermit software. 7.1 Establishing a Communications Line 7.1.1 Serial Connections If you have not already established a communications line, you must connect your modem or direct connect line to a port on your intelligent asynchronous controller, and then describe the line to AOS/VS. This involves a physical line connection as well as running the appropriate software (VSGEN) to define the line for use by AOS/VS. These instructions assume that the line has already been defined via VSGEN. There are two ways to establish an asynch connection: * modem connect -- a line connecting a computer to a modem which in turn connects to another modem and computer via a phone line * direct connect -- a line connecting one computer to another For modem connections, an RS-232 modem cable (with pin 2 on one end wired to pin 2 on the other end, pin 3 to pin 3, etc.) should be used to connect the modem to the port on the aysynch controller. The modem configuration itself is beyond the scope of this release notice, but an example configuration using a Hayes Smartmodem 1200 is given below. (Note that even if your modem is Hayes-compatible, you may still need to adjust these settings for your configuration.) See your modem manual for details about your modem. 13 Switch Position Effect ------ -------- ------ 1 DOWN Normal DTR operation 2 UP Result codes are in English 3 DOWN Result codes are sent 4 UP Modem echoes commands 5 UP Enable auto-answer 6 UP Force Carrier Detect true (outgoing lines only) 7 UP Single-line RJ11 installation 8 DOWN Enables command recognition In particular, certain controllers that support modem signals (older IAC/8's, for example) require the presence of Carrier Detect in order to receive data from the modem, and Clear to Send in order to send data to the modem. On these lines, Carrier Detect must be strapped high on the modem itself. (Clear to Send will normally be supplied by the modem by default.) On newer controllers, it is possible to override the requirement for CTS with the /MDUA characteristics option, and the requirement for CD with the /SMCD characteristics option. Consult your hardware reference manuals, or contact your Data General service representative, for particulars on your controller. Some other points to remember include: * In general, AOS/VS support for a particular modem line is restricted to either incoming accesss or outgoing access, but not both. * In general, a given modem can only talk to another modem that supports the same communications parameters. For example, a 1200 bps modem can only communicate with anther modem that supports the same 1200 bps protocol. 14 As an alternative to using two modems, if the two computers you wish to connect are not more than 50 feet (or thereabouts) from one another, you can use an RS-232 null modem cable with the following pin-outs: Host Target Signal ---- ------ ------ 1------1 FG--frame ground 2 \ / 2 TD--transmit data \/ /\ 3 / \ 3 RD--receive data |--4 4--| RTS--request to send | | |--5 5--| CTS--clear to send |--6 6--| DSR--data set ready | | | 7------7 | Ground | | |--8 8--| CD---carrier detect | | |-20 20-| DTR--data terminal ready | | |-22 22-| RI--ring indicator Under AOS/VS, most communications parameters must be specified with the VSGEN program or the CLI CHARACTERISTICS command. These parameters include the baud rate, the number of data bits, and the parity. Certain parameters are limited by the hardware. For example, if you have a 1200 bps modem, you should not specify a 2400 baud line through the CLI CHARACTERISTICS command (or the Kermit SET SPEED command). Under AOS/VS, a modem line must be either originate or answer. Incoming modem lines must be under EXEC control; outgoing modem lines must not. 15 The following characteristics settings are recommended for modem lines being used with C-Kermit for AOS/VS: Signal VSGEN CHARACTERISTICS Setting ------ ----- --------------- ------- Flow Control ?MIFC IFC OFF ?MOFC OFC OFF Modem ?MMOD MOD ON for incoming line OFF for outgoing line Parity ?PAR0 PARITY NONE Data Bits ?COD3 CHARLEN 8 Stop Bits ?STP0 STOPBITS 1 Normally, the characteristics on a typical Data General console line are set to something like this: ) CHAR /605X/LPP=24/CPL=80/BREAK=BMOB/TCC=40000/TCD=5000/TDW=1000/ THC=2000/TLT=2000/CONTYPE=DIRECT /ON/ST/EB0/ULC/WRP /OFF/SFF/EPI/8BT/SPO/RAF/RAT/RAC/NAS/OTT/EOL/UCO/MRI/FF/EB1/PM/ NRM/MOD/TO//ESC/FKT/HOFC/SHR/OFC/IFC/16B/ACC/SRDS/XLT/AUTOBAUD/ CALLOUT/MDUA/HDPX/SMCD/RTSCD/HIFC/G1G0/DKHW/NLX The CHARACTERISTICS command can be used to modify the characterics settings so that they are suitable for use with a modem line. If you will be using a modem to dial OUT from an AOS/VS or AOS/VS II system, the console line to which the modem is attached must first be disabled from EXEC. This should be accomplished by the system manager, using the following command: ) CONTROL @EXEC DISABLE @CONnnn where nnn is a decimal number with one, two, or three digits (e.g., @CON2). The system manager may also need to modify the default characteristics on the modem line. In general, the characteristics should be set as follows (assuming a full-duplex modem): ) CHAR/DEF/PARITY=NONE/CHARLEN=8/STOPBITS=1/BAUD=xxxx/ON/ ST/EB0/ULC/WRP/OFF/OFC/IFC/HOFC/HIFC @CONnnn 16 Some of these characteristics are described below. For information on all the options available with the CLI CHARACTERISTICS command, issue a "HELP/V CHARACTERISTICS" command at the CLI prompt. CALLOUT If on, allows host-initiated calls, if they are allowed by the controller. CHARLEN=x Specifies the number of bits per character, including stop bits. HIFC If off, disables the use of hardware (RTS/CTS) input flow control between the modem and the operating system. HOFC If off, disables the use of hardware (RTS/CTS) output flow control between the modem and the operating system. IFC If off, disables the use of software (XON/XOFF) input flow control between the modem and the operating system. OFC If off, disables the use of software (XON/XOFF) output flow control between the modem and the operating system. MDUA If on, allows ?WRITE system calls to be issued on the line, prior to establishment of a connection with a remote modem. Has no effect unless MOD is also on. MOD If on, specifies that a modem interface is in use on this line. Use of MOD may only be specified on lines that support modem signals (e.g., lines on IAC/8's). When specified, the system will 1) disconnect the line when loss of carrier is detected, 2) limit the amount of time a user has to log in, 3) require that users logging in over this line have modem privileges (as specified through PREDITOR), 4) require that the modem assert Clear to Send (CTS) before allowing writes to be issued on the line, and 5) require the presence of Carrier Detect before allowing writes to be issued on the line (unless /SMCD is also on). PARITY=xxxx Sets the parity for the line to the specified value, which may be ODD, EVEN, or NONE. STOPBITS=x Specifies the number of stop bits. 17 If you will be using a modem to dial IN to an AOS/VS or AOS/VS II system, the console line to which the modem is attached must be enabled by EXEC. The system manager should enable the line with the following command: ) CONTROL @EXEC ENABLE @CONnnn where nnn is a decimal number with one, two, or three digits (e.g., @CON2). The system manager may also need to modify the default characteristics for the line. The default characteristics will take effect the next time the line is opened. In general, the characteristics should be modified as follows (for use with a full-duplex modem): ) CHAR/DEF/PARITY=NONE/CHARLEN=8/STOPBITS=1/BAUD=xxxx/ON/MOD/ ST/EB0/WRP/ULC/OFF/IFC/OFC/HIFC/HOFC @CONnnn Descriptions of other characteristics options that you may find useful for modem lines are listed below. For a full listing, issue a "HELP/V CHARACTERISTICS" command at the CLI prompt. AUTOBAUD If on, specifies that the system should automatically determine the speed associated with the incoming call (in which case the remote user must press the NEW LINE or ENTER key three times, once the modems have connected, so that the system may determine the speed of the terminal). SMCD If on, directs the system to ignore Carrier Detect on modem-controlled lines. This characteristic is only valid on lines where MOD is set to on. 18 TCC=xxxx On a modem line, the number of milliseconds the system will wait for a carrier detect (CD) signal. TCD=xxxx On a modem line, the number of milliseconds the system will tolerate loss of carrier detect. TDW=xxxx On a modem line, the number of milliseconds after a modem connection that the system will wait before attempting I/O to the line. THC=xxxx On a modem line, the number of milliseconds after a modem disconnect that the system will wait for the modem to settle. 19 7.1.2 TCP/IP Connections C-Kermit for AOS/VS may be used to establish connections over existing TCP/IP networks. Installing TCP/IP is beyond the scope of this release notice, so see the relevent TCP/IP documentation for more information. Once TCP/IP is installed and running, there are no particular Kermit-specific installation requirements. An outgoing Kermit connection can be established by using the Kermit "telnet " command, where may be either a hostname found in the :etc:hosts file, or an Internet address in standard "dot" notation. This method of establishing a TCP/IP connection with Kermit causes the Telnet port (23) to be used on the connection. Alternatively, other ports may be specified using the format "telnet :
". Note that outgoing TCP/IP connections can only be initiated with AOS/VS II TCP/IP. 20 7.2 Installing the Software Once you've retrieved the software, follow these instructions (which assume that the Kermit dump file is located in :UTIL) to load it onto your AOS/VS system: ) SUPERUSER ON ) DIR :UTIL ) CREATE/DIR KERMIT ) DIR KERMIT ) LOAD/V :UTIL:CKDKER.DF If you are installing C-Kermit for AOS/VS for public access, it is recommended that you copy the following files into :UTIL: ) COPY/V :UTIL:CKERMIT.INI CKERMIT.INI ) COPY/V :UTIL:CKERMOD.INI CKERMOD.INI.PROTO ) COPY/V :UTIL:KERMIT.CLI KERMIT.CLI.PROTO CKERMIT.INI is the standardized C-Kermit initialization file. It should not be edited. Instead, individual users should copy CKERMOD.INI into their home directories, then use an editor such as SED to make any changes they desire. KERMIT.CLI may be modified to suit your site's requirements. Now create the following link in :UTIL: ) CREATE/LINK KERMIT.PR :UTIL:KERMIT:KERMIT.PR The installation of C-Kermit for AOS/VS is now complete. 21 8 User Notes If you are accessing the Data General AOS/VS system via an incoming connection, some changes via the CHARACTERISTICS command may be required, depending on your terminal type. If you are accessing the Data General system using Kermit on a PC, you should use the d463 terminal emulator, which will allow you to emulate a native Data General terminal. The default characteristics for the line should be adequate in that event. If, on the other hand, you are not using a Data General terminal or terminal emulator, then your next best bet is to use a VT220 or VT320 emulator. When you log in with a VTxxx emulator, you may notice that certain keys don't operate as expected -- for example, the backspace and ENTER keys. In this case, you should issue the following command once you have logged in: ) CHAR/ON/NAS/XLT Here are brief descriptions of the NAS and XLT characteristics: NAS If on, specifies a non-ANSI standard terminal. On input, this causes a carriage return to be converted to a carriage return and a line feed, and a line feed to be converted to a carriage return. On output, it causes a line feed to be converted to a carriage return and a line feed. XLT If on, enables support for the VT100-compatible family of terminals. (Support for VT100-compatible terminals must have been specified by the system manager in advance during system generation. If you turn XLT on, but still have problems with the backspace key, check this with the system manager.) NOTE: The XLT characteristic must be OFF before C-Kermit for AOS/VS is used to perform file transfers. In order to use international character sets, you must issue the following command: ) CHAR/ON/8BT where 8BT impacts the line as follows: 8BT If on, causes all 8 bits of a character to be treated as data. 22 These changes to your console's characteristics via the CHARACTERISTICS command will only be in effect for the current session. To have them take effect in all of your terminal sessions, you can include the CHARACTERISTICS command that sets them to the desired values in your LOGON.CLI macro (or equivalent). Check with your system manager for more information. The name of the Kermit executable image is KERMIT.PR. To see if it exists on your system, issue the following command: ) PATHNAME KERMIT.PR If the system returns an indication that it found KERMIT.PR, then you should check the revision number on it by issuing a REVISION command: ) REV/V KERMIT.PR The revision should be, or greater. If it is not, it is an older revision of AOS/VS Kermit, and may not have the capabilities associated with other implementations of C-Kermit. If Kermit does not appear to exist on your system, or has an earlier revision number than, check with the system manager. Otherwise, check to see if the KERMIT.CLI macro exists: ) PATHNAME KERMIT.CLI You can use this macro to start AOS/VS Kermit: ) KERMIT If your system does not have a KERMIT.CLI macro, you can start KERMIT.PR directly by typing: ) X KERMIT 23 AOS/VS Kermit uses an initialization file called CKERMIT.INI. There should be a copy on your system in :UTIL. If there is, you can simply use that rather than creating a copy in your :UDD directory. (The KERMIT.CLI macro will check to see if there is a CKERMIT.INI in your :UDD directory. If there is, it will use that as your initialization file; otherwise, it will look in :UTIL.) CKERMIT.INI causes various initialization steps to be performed when Kermit starts up. Normally, CKERMIT.INI should not be modified. Instead, if there are changes you wish to make in the initialization procedure, you can create your own CKERMOD.INI in your home directory, using SED or another text editor. There should be a sample version of CKERMOD.INI in :UTIL that you can use as a template. (For information on using SED, enter X SED to start it up; once you are in, you can issue the HELP command for instructions on how to use it.) --- End of release notice ---

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