SS8H11 – The student will evaluate the role of Georgia in the modern civil rights movement. EQ – How did Georgians impact the modern civil rights movement?
What were the major developments in civil rights and Georgia’s role during the 1940s and 1950s (include the roles of Herman Talmadge, Benjamin Mays, the 1946 governor’s race and the end of the white primary, Brown v. Board of Education, Martin Luther King, Jr. and the 1956 state flag)?
Herman Talmadge increased the number of months of the school year (9 months) and increased funding; accepted the status quo (same old same old) of segregation;
Benjamin Mays – Atlanta’s Board of Education; educational reform for the city
1946 Governor’s race – known as the “three governor’s episode”; 3 different governors in one year
Brown v. Board of Education – US Supreme court ruled that separate but equal facilities are unconstitutional (unlawful)
Martin Luther King, Jr. – leader of the civil rights movement; used non-violence as their means to gain their civil rights (Gandhi)
1956 state flag – Georgia adopts flag with Confederate flag on it; other former Confederate states also adopt the Confederate flag as part of their state flags too
How did Georgia and prominent Georgians impact the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s and 1970s?
Key People/Events/Vocabulary to include: the founding of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC); Sibley Commission, admission of Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter to the University of Georgia; Albany Movement; March on Washington; Civil Rights Act; the election of Maynard Jackson as mayor of Atlanta; and the role of Lester Maddox.
SNCC – focused on African American civil rights, where involved in the Albany Movement (”freedom riders”) and bus boycott
Sibley Commission – General Assembly in 1960 established a commission, led by Atlanta attorney John Sibley, to study the problem of integration of public schools; commission determined that local schools would make their own decision whether to integrate or not.
Admission to University of Georgia – January 6, 1961 University with GA Gov. Vandiver allowed two black students to be escorted into the school. Many protested and said they would rather have the university close rather than to have black students
Albany Movement – bus boycott in Albany, GA that prohibited blacks in “whites only” waiting areas
March on Washington – African Americans united and gathered in Washington, D.C. to support their civil rights; King made his famous “I Have a Dream” speech; prompted the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Maynard Jackson – 1st African American mayor of Atlanta
Lester Maddox – appointed more African Americans to state positions than any predecessor; early on he was a segregationist (did not believe in integration), which surprised many when he became governor; increased spending for teachers; appointed first African American to the Board of Pardons and Paroles
What was the impact of Andrew Young on Georgia?
One of the leaders of civil rights movement in GA
Atlanta Mayor who helped bring the Olympics to Atlanta