Terrae Incognitae Volumes 1-17



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Index to Terrae Incognitae Volumes 1-17

(1969-1985)

 

By Michael Kalen Smith – Volumes 1-12



(1969-1980)

“Michael Kalen Smith is in the history and social science division of the Dallas Public Library.  He is a professional bibliographer and indexer. Alistair Maeer produced the digital file for the index of volumes 1-12 which led to it being placed on the Internet.”


and Janette Lee Irving – Volumes 13-17

(1981-1985)
"Janette Lee Irving holds a Masters Degree in geography from Georgia State University,

and now manages a consulting firm in Atlanta.”

Alphabetization is letter-by-letter. Non-English personal names are alphabetized under articles but not under prepositions (e.g. La Cosa, Juan de; Duisberg, Jan van). Compound surnames are treated as single words (e.g. Rodíguez de Fonseca, Juan). Original (“native”) forms of names are preferred to Latinized forms. However, numerous exceptions to these rules occur as a result of emphasis on common usage: thus, “Columbus” instead of “Colón,” Pedro Álvares Cabral alphabetized under “Cabral,” and Peter Martyr under “Peter.”

Abassi, Ali Bey el- (fl. 1803-1807), travels in the Near East, IV 108

Abi-Serour, Issac, travels in West Africa, III 49-55

Abi-Serour, Mordochai (1831-1886), and Auguste Beaumier, III 45n, 49, 54, 56-58

-as French Agent, III 56-58

-biographical data on, III 48-49

-historical literature on, III 45n

-travels in West Africa, III 45-48; map III 46

-portrait III 58

Abrahams, Roger D. and John F. Szwed, After Africa. Extracts from British Travel Accounts and Journals of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries concerning the Slaves, their Manners, and Customs in the British West Indies (1983) (Review by Neville Hall), XVI 97-100

Acosta, José de (1539?-1600), theory of ocean currents, III 13

-theory of wind patterns, III 9, 11-13, 30

-Historia natural y moral de las Indias (1590), I 14

Across the Olympic Mountains (1967), by Robert L. Wood (Review by Ivan D. Steen), I 81

Adams of Bremen (d. 1076?), on Atlantic islands, I 38

-on Icelandic bishops, I 60-61

-on Vinland, II 32, 33n, 58; IV 53

-references to Greenland, IV 56, 62

Adams, Will (Pilot, 1575?-1620), residence in Japan, V 50

Adriatic Sea, on portolan charts, IX 41-43

Aduarte, Diego (Dominican, fl. 1598), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 77



Adventure at Astoria, 1810-1814 (1967), by Gabriel Franchère (Review by Phillip B. Gates), I 87

Aerial Photographes in the National Archives (1971), compiled by Charles E. Taylor and Richard E.

Spurr (Review by John A. Wolter), V 96

Aerssens, Francis (Diplomat, fl. 1604), and Dutch-French competition, II 62-63, 74

Africa, Chinese geographical conception of, 15th century, III 40, 42

-East, Chinese expedition to (1421-c1425), III 37, 40, 42

-exploration of, by missionaries, I 68-76

-geographical conceptions of, IV 85

-Holy Ghost Fathers, as missionaries in, I 74-75

-mission strategy in, I 74-5 ???

-North, Portuguese imperialism, XII 8

-Spanish imperialism, XII 7-9

-West, Arab economic interests in, III 45-48

-diffusion of iron technology into, IX 89, 91-94, 98; map IX 90

-English voyages to, 16th century, IV 111-112

-French economic interests in, III 45, 47-49, 55-58

-trade with Carthage, IX 93-95, 97-98

-travels in, by Isaac Abi-Serour, III 49-55

-by Mordochai Abi-Serour, III 45-58

-voyage of Columbus to (1482), I 32

-voyages of Diogo Cao to, I 31-32, 34

Africa and Its Explorers: Motives, Methods, and Impact (1970), edited by Robert I. Rotberg

(Review by Philip W. Porter), X 94-97



Africa since 1800 (1967), Roland Oliver and Anthony Atmore (Review by George J. Montafakis), I 90-91

African Slave in Colonial Peru, 1524-1650, The (1974), by Frederick P. Bowser (Review by Patricia Mulvey), XIV 130-133

After Africa. Extracts from British Travel Accounts and Journals of the Seventeenth, Eighteenth, and Nineteenth Centuries concerning the Slaves, their Manners, and Customs in the British West Indies (1983), by Roger D. Abrahams and John F. Szwed, assisted by Leslie Baler and Adrian Stackhouse (Review by Neville Hall), XVI 97-100

“After Columbus: Castile in the Caribbean,” by Bruce B. Solnick, IV 119-124

“Agents for Nautical Publications,” by Francis M. Rogers, III 107-110

Agramonte, Juan de, proposed voyage to America (1511), XI 67-69

Akee, grown in Jamaica, I 20

Á la carte: Selected papers on Maps and Atlas (1972), compiled by Walter W. Ristow

(Review by George Kish), V 69

Alagakhonara (King of Ceylon), defeated by Cheng Ho (1411), III 36

Alaminos, Antonio (navigator, fl. 1499-1520), X 65-67, 70

-and Francisco de Montejo, X 67

-and Francisco Fernández de Córdoba, X 65-66

-and Hernan Cortés, X 66-67

-and Juan de Grijalva, X66-67

-and Juan Ponce de Leon, X 65

-in Gulf of Mexico, X 65-66

Alardin, Kaspar (fl. 1696), on tea, VIII 42

Albagno, Andrea d’ (fl. 1570), and terres australes, IX 65-70

Albagno, Francesco d’ (fl. 1566) and terres australes, IX 64-70

Albemarle, Christopher Monck, Duke of, see Monck, Christopher (Duke of Albemarle)

Albert (Archduke of Spain, fl. 1600), as ruler of Spanish Netherlands, II 65, 67

Albert of Saxony (14th century), on Aristotelian cosmography, IV 32-33

Albinus, Peter (Historian, 1534-1598), and interpretations of America as Atlantis, X 36-37

Albuquerque, Luis de (Historian), on Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), V 52

-Contribuiçāo das navegoçōes do séc. XVI para o cohecimento do magnetismo terrestre (1970)

(Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 135-136

-Duas obras inéditas do Padre Francisco da Costa (Códice NVT/7 do National Maritime

Museum) (1970), (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 135-136

-Processo gráfico usado pelos marinheiros do século XVII na determinaçāo da amplitude ortiva



de um astro, Um (1970), (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 135-136

Alçáovas, Treaty of (1479), I 31; XII 6,9

Alcazaba, Simon de (f. 1524), and location of Molucca Islands, VI 55

Alcedo, Antonio de (Geographer, 1736-1789), Diccionario Geográfico-Histórico de las Indias



Occidentales o América (1796-1789), on El Dorado, VII 28

Alden, John (ed.) with assistance of Dennis C. Landis, European Americana: A Chronological Guide to Works Printed in Europe Relating to the Americas, 1493-1777, Volume 1: 1493-1600 (1980) (Reviewed by Richard W. Ryan), XIII 57-58

Alekeev, Fedot, fur-trading expeditions of (1647), V 9-10, 13

-probable passage of Bering Strait by (1648), V 10-11, 17-18

Aleutian Islands, explorations of, by Dmitri Bragin, II 87-93

-Russian fur-hunting in, 18th century, II 87-89, 91-93

Aleut Indians, and Russian American Company, V 28-29, 33-34, 37, 39

Alexander III (Pope, d. 1181), and Prester John, X 15, 18

Alexander VI (Pope, 1431?-1503), on Greenland, IV 54-55

Alfonso IV (King of Portugal, d. 1357), and foreigners in Portugal, I 28-29

Alfonso V (King of Portugal, 1385-1458), and foreigners in Portugal, I 30-31

-and Portuguese imperialism, XII 9

Alfonso X (King of Leon and Castile, 1226?-1284), and Castilian imperialism, XII 3-4

All Possible Worlds: A History of Geographical Ideas (1972), by Preston E. James

(Review by G.S. Dunbar), V 68-69

Allen, H. R., Buccaneer Admiral Sir Henry Morgan (1976) (Review by B. R. Burg and Patricia A.

Adank), XII 101-103

Allen, John Logan, Passage through the Garden: Lewis and Clark and the Image of the American

Northwest (1975) (Review by Ralph E. Ehrenberg), VIII 103-104

Allgemeines Wörterbuch der Marine (1969), by Johann Hinrich Roding (Review by Bruce B. Solnick),

II 119


Almagro, Diego de (Conquistador, 1475?-1538), and Alfonso Quintero, X 70

-and Bartolome Ruiz, X 68-69

Almanacs, nautical, III 107-108

Altolaguirre, Angel de (fl. 1914), on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 12

Alvares Machado, Francisco (Politician), and Russian expedition in Brazil (1821-1829), III 82, 90

America (see also: North America)

-discovery of (see also: Pre-Columbian explorations),

-maps relating to, VI 77-84

-geographical confusion of, with Asia, VIII 59-68, 70-71

-interpreted as Antilia, VIII 61-63

-interpreted as Atlantis, X 25-27, 34-43

-interpreted as the Hesperides, X 34, 36

-investments in, by German families, X 46-59

-proposed voyage to (1511, by Juan de Agramonte, XI 67-69

-Spanish imperialism in, and Bartolme de las Casas, XII 1-3, 10-12, 14-16, 18

-and definitions of conquest, XII 10-12, 14-18

-methods of, X 61-62

-voyage to (1524), by Giovanni de Verrazzano, XII 59-65; map XI 62

-Welsh in, English claims of, X 40-42

America B. C.: Ancient Settlers in the New World (1976), by Barry Fell (Review by Warren L. CooK),

IX 106-107

American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions, activities in Africa by, I 74

American Indians, enslavement of, by the Spanish, IV 123-124

-In England (1603), II 7-14

-theories of origin of, 15th and 16th centuries, VIII 69-71



American Maps and Mapmakers: Commercial Cartography in the Nineteenth Century (1985), by Walter W. Ristow (Review by Dennis Reinhartz), XVII 118-119

American Revolution, effect of, on Caribbean economy, I 19



American Revolution, 1775-1783: An Atlas of 18th Century Maps and Charts, The (1972),

by Naval History Division, Department of the Navy (Review by David Woodward), VI 89-90

Anaxagoras (500?-482 B. C.), geographical conceptions of, II 15

“Ancient Vermont” Conference, Castleton State College, October 14-15, 1977[report], X 81-85

Ancient Vermont”: Proceeding of the Castleton Conference, Castleton State College, October 14-15,

1977 (1978), edited by Warren L. Cook (Review by Vincent H Cassidy), XII 95-100

“Ancient Wisdom, the Golden Age, and Atlantis: The New World in Sixteenth-Century Cosmography,”

by Harold J. Cook, X 25-43

Andagoya, Pasual de (d. 1548), on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 9

Anderson, Bern, The Life and Voyages of Captain George Vancover: Surveyor of the Sea (1960)

(Review by George R. Tweney), I 83-85

Anderson, Charles (fl. 1863-1914), on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 10-11

Anderson, Paul S., “Isla Fuerte on the Juan de la Cosa Mappamundi of 1500: A Key to Interpreting the Historical Ethno-Geography of Colombia’s Caribbean Coast,” XVI 1-13

Anderson Ramus B. (1846-1936), on Vinland, II 41

Andrews, K. R., N. P. Canny, and P. E. H. Hair (eds.), The Westward Enterprise: English Activities in Ireland, the Atlantic, and America, 1480-1650 (1979) (Review by Francis Jennings), XIII 75-77

Andrews, Kenneth R. (ed.), The Last Voyage of Drake and Hawkins (1972)

(Review by Bruce B. Solnick), V 93

-“On the Way to Peru: Elizabethan Ambitions in America South of Capricorn,” XIV 61-75

-The Spanish Caribbean: Trade and Plunder, 1530-1630 (1978) (Review by B. R. Burg and

Patricia A. Adank), XII 101-103

Angelicus, Robertus see Robertus Angelicus

Angulo, Pedro de (Governor of Jamaica), letter on survey of Orinoco River (1587), IX 8-9

Ankudinov, Gerasim, fur-trading expedition of (1648), V 10



Anônimo-Antônio Sanches C. 1633 (Atribuiçāo da autoria de um carta náutica original da biblioteca do

Rio de Janeiro) (1970), by Max Justo Guedes (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), III 134

Antarctic Ocean, Chinese exploration of, III 40

Antilia, interpretation of America as, VIII 61-63

Antilles, see Caribbean



Antiquitates Americanae (1837), by Carl Christian Rafn, influence of, on Vinland scholarship, II 40-41

Antonides van der Goes, Johannes see Goes, Johannes Antonides van der

Antonio, Dom (Prior of Crato, 1531-1594), and English interests in the Caribbean, IX 9-21

-and Vasconselhos Duarte Pacheco, IX 14-16, 18

-as Pretender to the Portuguese throne, IX 9-11, 13

Apiaca Indians (Brazil), and Russian expedition of 1821-1829, III 88-89, 84-95

Arab economic interests in West Africa, III 45-48

Arabia, exploration of, by Carsten Niebuhr, IV 101-102

-by John Lewis Burckhardt, IV 105

-by Ulrich Jasper Seetzen, IV 101-102

Aragon, rivalry with Castile, XII 8-9, 11

Arasaratnum, Sinnapah (ed.), Francois Valentijn’s Description of Ceylon (1979) (Review by Michael

Aung-Thwin), XII 105-107

Arawak Indians, agriculture of, Spanish reaction to, I 12-13

-extermination of, 16th century, I 13

“Archival Research Opportunities in Discovery History at the Newberry Library,” by David Buisseret, XIII 35-36



Arctic Diary of Russell Williams Porter, The (1976), edited by Herman R. Friis (Review by Peter J.

Anderson), X 97-98

Aristotle (384-322 B .C.), cosmography of, IV 21-24, 26-33, 40, 44n, 46-49

-impact of, on medieval Europe, IV 29-30

-physical concepts of, Nicolas Copernicus and, IV 21-22, 23n, 35-40, 44n, 46-49

-theory of wind patterns, III 8-9, 11-13, 15-17, 21, 24, 28, 30

Arngrimur Jónsson see Jónsson, Arngrimur

Arp, Jan van (Playwright, fl. 1630-1640), Chinese influence on, VIII 39

“Arquivo Histórico da Marinha, The,” by Oliver C. Dunn [index], VI 73-76

Art, 20th century, and the sea, XI 14-15

Ashby, Charlotte M. and Laura E. Kelsay (comps.), Cartographic Records Relating to the Territory of

Wisconsin, 1838-1848 (1970) (Review by John A. Wolter), V 95

Asia, Columbus’s conceptions of, VIII 59-64

-geographical confusion of, with America, VIII 59-68, 70-71

-on Vinland Map, IV 79-84, 90

-South, Chinese exploration of, III 33-44

Asia in the Making of Europe, Volume 2: A Century of Wonder, Books 2 and 3 (1977), by Donald F. Lach

(Review by Charles Trinkaus), XII 129-131

“Asia-in-the-West,” by J.H. Parry, with comment by Charles Gibson, VIII 59-72

Atahualpa (Inca, 1500?-1533), VII 24

Ataide, Luis de (fl. 1573), as viceroy of Goa, VIII 76

Atarazanas, etymology of, VII 65-66

Athappilly, Andrew, “An Indian Prototype for Prester John,” X 15-23



Atlantic Islanders of the Azores and Madeiras (1979), by Francis M. Rogers (Review by C. R. Boxer),

XII 108-109



Atlantic Islands: Madeira, the Azores, and the Cape Verdes in Seventeenth-Century Commerce and

Navigation (1972), by T. Bentley Duncan (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), V 84-85

Atlantic Ocean, North, Norse exploration of, IX 83

-volcanic activity in, IX 84-85, 87

Atlantic Pilot, The (facsimile of 1722 edition), by William G. De Brahm (Review by Thomas R. De

Gregori), VII 88-89

Atlantis, as basis of English claims in America, X 38-41

-description of, X 27-29

-Francis Bacon on, X 25-26, 42

-Francisco López de Gómara on, X 25-26, 34

-idea of, 16th century, X 25, 27, 29-30, 34-43

-interpretation of America as, X 25-27, 34-43

-Plato on, X 27-28, 35

Atlas (begun 1585) of Gerhardus Mercator and Jodocus Hondius, IX 62, 70-73

Atlas of early American history, projected, III 111



Atlas of Fantasy, An (1973), compiled by J. B. Post (Review by Vincent H. Cassidy), VI 94-95

Atlases Published in the Netherlands in the Rare Atlas Collection (1973), edited and compiled by Lou

Seboek (Review by John A Wolter), VIII 98

Atmore, Anthony and Roland Oliver, Africa since 1800 (1967) (Review by George J. Moutafakis), I 90-91

Aubespine, Charles de l’ (Abbé de Preaux) see Preaux, Charles de l’Aubespine, Abbé de



Australia Unveiled: The Share of the Dutch Navigators in the Discovery of Australia (1976), by Gunter Schilder (Review by Richard Boulind), X 89-92

“Auguste Pavie and the Exploration of the Mekong Valley, 1886-95,” by Patrick J. N. Tuck, XIV 41-60

Avalon, as Atlantic island, X 9

Avity, Pierre d’ (fl. 1614), on Japan, V 57

Axelson, Eric, Portugal and the Scramble for Africa 1875-1891 (1967) (Review by E. Bradford Burrs),

I 89-90


Azores, Ferdinand van Olm and, I 32

-Flemmish settlement of, I 31

-interpreted as Isles of the Blessed, IX 75-76, 79

-Martin Behaim, I 32

-Portuguese discovery of, I 30-31

Babcock, William Henry (1849-1922), on Vinland, II 53

Baccalaos, Esteban Gómez’s voyage to, I 25-28

Bacon, Francis (1561-1626), on Atlantis, X 25-26, 42

-theory of wind patterns, III 14-20, 22, 25, 27, 30

Baffin, William (Navigator, 1584-1622), expedition of (1616), and search for Northwest Passage, IV 92

Bagrow, Leo, History of Russian Cartography up to 1800, A (1975) (Review), VII 93; (Review by John A.

Wolter), IX 113-114

-History of Russian Cartography up to 1600, A (1975) (Review), VII 93; (Review by John A.

Wolter), IX 113-114

Baird, Spencer Fullerton (Zoologist, 1823-1887), and United States and Texas Boundary Commission,

VI 40, 42n, 48

Baker, James H (Surveyor, fl. 1886), on source of Mississippi River, VII 57

Balboa, Vasco Núñez de (1475-1519), and Bartolomé Ruiz, X 67

-expedition of (1513), list of members of, VI 17

“Balboa Historiography,” by Martin Torodash, VI 7-17

Banana, grown in Jamaica, I 18

Bandarra, Gonçalo Ane (Prophet, fl. 1540), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 79-80

Banks, Sir Joseph (Naturalist, 1743-1820), and John Lewis Burckhardt, IV 103

-and introduction of food plants to Jamaica, I 20

-in Brazil, III 69-70

Baranov, Alexander (Governor of Russian America, 1746-1819), and Russian imperialism in North

America, V 27-28, 31, 33-34, 40

-on Russian ship construction, II 89-90

Barcelos, Alfonso de (fl. 1531), V 61-62

Barcelos, Diego de (d. 1533?), voyage of, to Nova Scotia, V 61-64

Barcelos, Manoel de (fl. 1568), voyage of, to Nova Scotia, V 61-64

Barcelos, Pedro de (d. 1507), North Atlantic voyage of, V 61

Barents, William (Navigator, d. 1597), and the search for Northeast Passage, II 70

-Mediterranean rutter of, XII 55-56

Barman, Roderick J., “The Forgotten Journey: Georg Heinrish Langsdorff and the Russian Imperial

Scientific Expedition to Brazil, 1821-1829,” III 67-97

Barr, William, “The ‘Discovery’ and Exploration of Ostrov Bol’shoy Begichev 1908,” XVI 15-24

Barros, Joāo de (Historian, 1496?-1570), on Portuguese imperialism, I 24; VIII 74-75, 78

Barth, Heinrich, visit to Timbuktu (1853), III 47-48, 57

Bartlett, John Russell (1805-1886), and United States and Mexican Boundary Commission, VI 40

Bastidas, Rodrigo de (1460-1535?), and Juan de la Cosa, X 64

Basto, Pedro de (Prophet, d. 1645), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 80-81

Bates, H.W., XVII 4

Battuta, Ibn-, Travels of Ibn Battuta, The, Volume III (1972) (Review by Jeannette Mirsky), IV 139-140

Bayazit II (Ottoman Sultan, 1446-1513), and Turkish imperialism, VI 31

Beaglehole, J. C., Exploration of the Pacific, The (1966) (Review by R. A. Rauschenberg), II 115-116

Beall, Charles P., “Frisland: Myth or Realty?” IX 81-88

Beaufort, Sir Francis (1774-1857), and oceanography, XI 8-9

Beaumier, Auguste (Diplomat, fl. 1870), and Rabbi Mordochai Abi-Serour, III 45n, 49-50, 54, 56-58

Beauvois, Eugène (fl. 1889), on Zeno map, II 77

Bechamel, François (Jesuit), and search for Lake Parima (1674), VII 26

Becker, Marvin, Comment on “The Role of the Italian Merchant Class in Renaissance and Discoveries,”

by Thomas Goldstein, VIII 28

Becknell, William (Trader), visit to Santa Fe (1821), VII 39

Bederman, Sanford H., A Bibliographic Aid to the Study of the Geography of Africa: A Selected Listing

of Recent Literature Published in the English Language (1970) (Review by Roger E. Ritzmann),

III 133


-“A Centennial Appraisal of Stefan Rogozinski’s Polish Expedition to the Cameroons, 1883- 1885,” XVII 1-13

-and Jack I. Biles, “The Sojourn of Rabbi Mordochai Abi-Serour in Timbuctoo and French Trans- Saharan Interests,” III 45-58

Behaim, Martin (Cosmographer, 1459?-1507?), X 45-47, 58

-in the Azores, I 32

Belalcázar, Sebastián de (fl. 1530), and Juan Fernandez, X 69

-and search for El Dorado, VII 23

Belize, establishment of Planter society in, XII 83-84

-evolution of, into Britsih colony, XII 65, 80-84

Belov, Mikhail I., on voyage of Semen I. Dezhnez (1648), V 11-13, 15, 18, 20-24

Ben-Arieh, Yehoshua, “Pioneer Scientific Exploration in the Holy Land at the Beginning of the

nineteenth century,” Iv 95-110

Benbow, William (Pirate, fl.17th century), and logwood trade, XII 65, 74

Bennett, Charles E., (trans.), Three Voyages: René Lausonnière (1975) (Review by William S. Coker), X

105-106

Benton, Thomas Hart (U.S. Senator, 1782-1858), and Santa Fe, VII 39

Benzoni, Girolamo (1519-1570?), on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 9

Berceo, Gonzalo de see also Gonzalo de Barceo

Berg, Lev S. (1876-1950), on voyage of Semen I. Dezhnev (1648), V 18-22

Bergeron, Pierre (d. 1637), as edito of travel literature, VII 31-38

-biographical data on, VII 32-33

Bering, Vitus (Navigator, 1680-1741), first Kamchatka expedition of (1725-1730), V 25

-on voyage of Semen I. Dezhnev (1648), V23

Bering Strait, passage of (1648), by Semen I. Dezhnev, V 7, 9, 11, 16-26

-by Fedot Alekseev, V10-11, 17-18



Bering’s Voyages: Whither and Why (1978), by Raymond H. Fisher (Review by Henry Castner), XI 111-

112


Berkhofer, Robert F., Jr., The White Man’s Indian: Images of the American Indian from Columbus to the

Present (1978) (Review by Harold J. Cook), XI 83-88

Bernaldez, Andres (D. 1513?), and Columbus’s discoveries, VIII 62

Bernagie, Peter (Playwright, fl. 1686), on tea, VIII 38-39

Berrio, Antono de (fl. 1590), and search for Manoa, VII 24-25

Berry, Francis (ed.) I Tell of Greenland: An Edited Translation of the Saudharkrokur Manuscripts (1977)

(Review by James R. Enterline), XI 89-91

Best, George, and Martin Frobisher expedition (1576), IV 114

Béthencourt, Jean de (Navigator, d. 1425), expedition of, to Canary Islands (1402), VII 33-35

Béthune, Maximilien de (Duke of Sully, 1560-1641), and Dutch-French economic competition, II 74

Betts, Raymond F., The False Dawn: European Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century (1975)

(Review by Milton Israel), X 117-118

Beyond the Capes: Pacific Exploration from Captain Cook to the “Challenger,” 1876-1777 (1971), by

Ernest S. Dodge (Review by Mary Emily Miller), IV 137-138



Bhutan: A Physical and Cultural Geography (1967), by Pradyumna P. Karan (Review b G. S. Dunbar),

I 91-92


Bianco, Andrea (Captain, fl. 1436), XV 89

-mappa-mundi of (1436), compared to Vinland Map, IV 74-75, 79, 83, 89-90

Biblical interpretation of Columbus’s discoveries, VIII 69-70

Biblical prophecy, and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 79-82



Bibliografía general de los descubrimirntos australes (1975), by Carlos Sanz (Review), VII 92

Bibliographic Aid to the Study of the Geography of Africa: A Selected Listing of Recent Literature

Published in the English Language, A (1970), by Sanford Bederman (Review by Roger E.

Ritzmann), III 133

Bibliography, of discovery literature, XI 71-82; XII 85-94; XIII 37-45; XIV 117-125; XV 233-243; XVI 71-80; XVII 89-105

Bibliography of Printed Battle Plans of the American Revolution, 1775-1795, A (1975), by Kenneth

Nebenzahl (Review by John A. Wolter), VIII 102-103



Biblioteca maritime española: Obra póstuma (1968, reprint of 1851 edition), by Martin Fernández de

Navarrete (Review by Ursula Lamb), XI 103-105



Bibliotheca Americana: Catalogue of the John Carter John Library in Brown University: Books Printed

1471-1700 (1973) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), VI 90-91

Biet, Antonie (Priest, fl. 1664), and Compagnie de la Terre ferme, XI 43, 49, 55, 57

Bigges, Walter, A Summarie and True Discourse of Sir Francis Drake’s West Indian Voyage (1589),

publishing history of, X 71, 71n, 72, 77, 80

Biggs, Henry (fl. 1616), and search for Northwest Passage, VII 15

Biles, Jack I., and Sanford H. Bederman, “The Sojourn of Rabbi Mordochai Abi-Serour in Timbuctoo and

French Trans-Saharan Interests,” III 49-58

Bishop, Charles, The Journal and Letters of Captain Charles Bishop on the North-West Coast of America,



in the Pacific, and in New South Wales, 1794-1799 (1967) (Review by George H. Tweney),

II 114-115

“Bishop Geraldini’s Itinerarium of 1522,” by Martin D. Snyder, XII 21-35

Bjarni Herjólfsson (fl. 986), and pre-Columbian exploration, II 29, 39, 43, 51

-and Vinland, I 58, 64

-voyage of (985), and Vinland Map, IV 77-78,89

Black, Jeannette D. (ed.), The Blathwayt Atlas, Volume I: The Maps (1970) (Review by Roger E.

Ritzmann), III 127-128

-The Blathwayt Atlas, Volume II: Commentary (1975) (Review by J. B. Post), VIII 99

Black, Joseph (1728-1799), theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 21

Black Legend, IV 123-124

-historical literature on, IV 123n

-Pierre Bergeron on, VII 35

Black Separatism and the Caribbean, 1860 (1970), by James Theodore Holly and J. Dennis Harris

(Review by Donald E. Liedel), IV 144-146

Blaeu, Jan (Cartographer, d. 1673), maps of (1640-1647), Manoa on, VII 26

Blankaart, Stephen (Physician, fl. 1683), on medicinal properties of tea, VIII 36-37

Blathwayt, William The Blathwayt Atlas, Volume I: The Maps (1970), edited by Jeannette D. Black

(Review by Roger E. Ritzmann), III 127-128

-The Blathwayt Atlas, Volume II: Commentary (1975), by Jeannette D. Black (Review J. B. Post),

VIII 99


Bligh, William (1754-1817), and introduction of breadfruit to Jamaica, I 20-21

Blom, Richard, A Geographical Description of the Four Parts of the World (1700), on Lake Parima, VII

26

Blouet, Brian W. and Merlin P. Lawson (eds.), Images of the Plains: The Role of Human Nature in



Settlement (1975) (Review John Parker), IX 99-101

Blumenbach, Johann Friedrich (1752-1840), as teacher of Georg Heinrich Langsdorff,

III 71

Boazio, Baptista (Cartographer, fl.1600), X 71-72, 77, 80



-and Christopher Carleill, X 72, 77

-and Francis Drake, X 71-72

-historical literature, X 71n

-maps, accuracy of, X 77-9

“The Boazio Maps of 1585-86,” by Mary Frear Keeler, X 71-80

Bodin, Jean (1530-1596), and voyage of discovery, VIII 55

Bohun, Ralph (d. 1716), theory of wind patterns, III 28-29

Boland, Charles M., on Bishop Erik Gnupsson, IV 79

Bolinas Bay (California), as site of Francis Drake’s landing (1579), IX 55

Bolton, Herbert E. (1870-1953), and Sir Francis Drake’s plate of brass, IX 49-52, 58

Bonoeil, John (fl. 1622), and search for Northwest Passage, VII15

Bontekoe, Cornelius (Physician, fl. 1686), on medicinal properties of tea, VIII 36-38

Bontekoe, Willem Y. (fl. 1646), Voyage (1646), VIII 32

Books to Build an Empire: A Bibliographical History of English Overseas Interests to 1620 (1965),

by John Parker (Review by Dewitt C. Ellinwood, Jr.), I 93-94

Borchgrevink, C. E., First on the Antarctic Continent: Being an Account of the British Antarctic Expedition, 1898-1900 (1980) (Review by Herman Ralph Friis), XIV 136-138

Bororo Indians (Brazil), and Russian expedition of 1821-1829, III 86

Bosch, Lambertus van den (fl. 1672), travel literature of, VIII 40

Botero, Giovanni (1540-1617), on Japan, V 56

Boucher, Philip P., “A Colonial Company at the Time of the Fronde: The Compagnie de la Terre ferme de

l’Amerique ouFrance equinoxiale,” XI 43-58

Bougainville, Louis Antonine de, News from New Ceylon: A Report of Bougainville’s Voyage, 1766-1769


  1. (Review by Helen Wallis), IV 135-136

Bougainville et ses compagons de voyage autour du monde, 1766-1769 (1978), edited by Etienne

Tailemite (Review by Robert Vignery), XI 109

Borne, Rigoberto (Cartographer), Atlas Encyclopedique (1785), Lake Parimo in, VII 28

Bovill, E. V. (ed.), Missions to the Niger, II, III, IV. The Bornu Mission, 1822-25, Parts 1, II, III (1966)

(Review by Alexander Melamid), I 88-89

Bowser, Frederick P., The African Slave in Colonial Peru, 1524-1650 (1974) (Review by Patricia Mulvey), XIV 130-133

Boxer, C. R., Jan Compagnie in War and Peace, 1602-1799: A Short History of the Dutch East-India Company (1979) (Review by Jos van der Linde), XIII 74

Boxer, Charles R., The Church Militant and Iberian Expansion, 1440-1770 (1978) (Review by Thomas H.

Flory), XI 98-100

-“Faith and Empire: The Cross and the Crown in Portuguese Expansion, Fifteenth-Eighteenth

Centuries,” with comment by Ursula Lamb and John Parry, VIII 73-89

-Four Centuries of Portuguese Expansion, 1415-1825: A Succinct Survey (1969) (Review by

Bruce B. Solnick), III 115-116

-(ed.), Further Selections from the Tragic History of the Sea, 1559-1565 … (Review by Bruce B.

Solnick), I 94

-Mary and Misogyny: Women in Iberian Expansion Overseas, 1415-1815: Some Facts, Fancies,



and Personalities (1975) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), VII 90

-“A Note on the Triangular Trade between Macao, Manila, and Nagasaki, 1580-1640,” XVII 51- 59

-“The Sailing-Orders for Portuguese East-Indiamen of 1640 and 1646,” XII 37-48

Boyer, Paul (fl. 1654), and Compagnie de la Terre ferme, XI 53-54, 57

Bragin, Dimitri and Peter Simon Pallas, II 87-88

-exploration of Aleutian Islands by (1772-1777), II 87-93; maps II 88, 90

Brahm, William Gerard de see De Brahm, William Gerard

Brasil-Costa norte: Cartografia Portguêsa vetustíssima (1968), My Max Justo Guedes (Review by Bruce


  1. Solnick), III 134

Brazil, attempted Dutch colony in, III 68

-diamond mining in, 19th century, III 77-78,86-87

-European ignorance of, 19th century, III, 67

-Portuguese censorship regarding, III 68-69

-Portuguese discovery of, I 33

-Portuguese government-in-exile in (1807-1821), III 70

-Russian expedition to (1821-1829), III 75-96; map 80

Brazil (imaginary island), appearance on maps, IV 57-59

-English search for, VIII 91-93

-John Cabot and, IV 59

-on Vinland Map, IV 77

Breadfruit, introduction to Jamaica by William Bligh, I 20-21

Brendan (Saint, 484-577), and Islands of the Blessed, I 36-39

-and pre-Columbian exploration, II 29



Brendan Voyage, The (1978), by Tim Severin (Review by Vincent H. Cassidy), XI 91-92

Breton fishermen, on the Carolina coast, XI 69-70

Briceno, Ernesto Hernandez (fl. 1929-1945), on Balboa’s expedition (1513), VI 13

Bridia, C. de (Franciscan, fl. 1240), and Carpini mission (1245?), I 65-66; IV 83-84

Bridges, Roy C., “The Historical Role of British Explorers in East Africa,” XIV 1-21

Bristol (England), Atlantic voyages originating from, 15th century, VIII 91-92



Britain and the Conquest of Africa: The Age of Salisbury (1974), by Godfrey N. Uzoigwe

(Review by Philip W. Porter), X 94-97

British Association for Promoting the Discovery of Interior Africa, IV 103

British empire see imperialism, English



British Maps of the American Revolution (1972), by Peter J. Guthorn (Review by Christopher M. Klein),

V 76-78


Brixiano, Organtino (Priest), letter of, on Japan (1594), V 48-49

Broc, Numa, La Géographie de la Renaissance (1420-1620) (1980) (Review by Ursula Lamb), XVI 103-104



-La géographie des philosopher: Geographes et voyageurs français au XVIIIe siecle (1975)

(Review by George Kish), XI 110-111

Brochada, José I. F. da Costa see Costa Brochada, José Idalino Ferreira da

Brower, J.V. (fl. 1890), and source of the Mississippi River, VII 58-60

Brown, Joseph C. (fl. 1825), and survey of Santa Fe Trail, VII 40, 42, 44, 46-49

Brown, Lloyd A., Notes on the Care and Cataloguing of Old Maps (1970), reprint of 1941 edition)

(Review by Christopher M. Klein), V 76-78

Brown University (Providence), John Carter Brown Library, Bibliotheca Americana: Catalogue of the



John Carter Brown Library in Brown University: Books Printed 1675-1700 (1973) (Review by

Bruce B. Solnick), VI 90-91

-Bibliotheca Americana: Catalogue of the John Carter Brown Library in Brown University:

Short-Title of Additions: Books printed 1471-1700 (1973) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick),

VI 90-91


-The John Carter Brown Library Annual Reports, 1901-1966, with Index (1972) (Review by John

Parker), V 71-72

-Rare Americana: A Selection of One Hundred and One Books, Maps, and Prints Not in the

John Carter Brown Library (1974) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), VI 90-91

Browne, Patrick, Civil and Natural History of Jamaica (1756), I 15



Brule’s Discoveries and Explorations (1974, reprint of 1898 edition), by Consul W. Butterfield (Review

by Conrad E. Heidenreich), X 110-112

Brunetti, Cosimo, Three Relations of the West Indies in 1659-1660 (1969) (Review by Bruce B. Solnick),

II 120


Bry, Theodore de (Cartographer, 1528-1598), map of Guiana (1595), Manoa on, VII 25-26

Buccaneer Admiral Sire Henry Morgan (1976), by H. R. Allen (review by B. R. Burg and Patricia A.

Adank), XII 101-103



Buccaneer King: The Biography of Sir Henry Morgan, 1652-1688 (1978), by Dudley Pope (Review by

B. R. Burg and Patricia Adank), XII 101-103

Buccaneers see Pirates, Privateering

Bucher, Bernadette, and Basia Miller Gulati (trans.), Icon and Conquest: A Structural Analysis of the Illustrations of de Bry’s “Great Voyages” (1981) (Review by Stephen D. Glazier), XIV 139-141

Buckingham, James Silk (1786-1855), travels in Palestine and Arabia, IV 108

Buddhism, in Japan, 16th and 17th centuries, V 45, 51, 56

Bugge, Thomas (Geographer, 1740-1815), on Vinland, II 37

Buisseret, David, “Archival Research Opportunities in Discovery History at the Newberry Library,” XIII 35-36

Bullock, R. A., “Towards an Understanding of the Exploration of the Kenyan Hinterland by Coastmen, 1850-1880,” XVII 69-87

Burckhardt, John Lewis (Explorer, d. 1817), adoption of Arab costume and religion by, IV 107-108

-and British Association for Promoting the Discovery of Interior Africa, IV 103

-and Sir Joseph Banks, IV 103

-comparsion of achievements with Ulrich Jasper Seetzen, IV 106-110

-death of, IV 105

-Edward Robinson on, IV 105

-exploration of, in Arabia, IV 105

-in Egypt, IV 103-106

in Palestine, IV 95, 98, 100, 103-110; maps IV 96-97

Buridam, Jean (d. after 1358), geographical concepts of, IV 32, 39

-on Aristotelian cosmography, IV 32, 35n

Burland, Cottie A., The Travels of Marco Polo (1970) (Review by Vsevolod Slessarev), III 114-115

Burstyn, Harold L., “Theories of Winds and Ocean Currents from the Discoveries to the End of the

Seventeenth Century,” III 7-31

Bushnell, Amy, The King’s Coffer: Proprietors of the Spanish Florida Treasury, 1565-1702 (1981) (Review by Edward J. Goodman), XV 251-253

Butterfield, Consul W., Brule’s Discoveries and Explorations (1974, reprint of 1898 edition) (Review by

Conrad E. Heidenreich), X 110-112

Buxton, Sir Thomas (1786-1845), and African mission work, I 71-72

Buzanval, Paul Choat de (Diplomat, d. 1607), and Dutch-French competition, II 62-63, 67

Cabeza de Vaca, Álvar Núñez (1490?-1557?), on Brazil, III 67

Cabot, John (Navigator, 1450-1498), XV 116, 118

-and Atlantic cod fishing, VIII 92-93

-and Brazil (imaginary island), IV 59

-discoveries of, as basis of England’s territorial claims, VII 11-12, 19-22

-theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 7, 11, 14

Cabot, Sebastian (Navigator, 1476?-1557), X 50-51

-and Atlantic cod fishing, VIII 93-94

-and “line of demarcation,” VI 53

-and location of Molucca Islands, VI 56

-as Pilot Major of Spain, I 41-57

-lawsuit against Alonzo de Chaves, I 40-57

-theory of ocean currents and wind patterns, III 10

Cabral, Pedro Álvares (Navigator, 1460-1526?), and Indian Ocean expedition, VIII 74-75

Cabral, Fifth Centenary of the Birth of Pedro Alvares, list of papers presented in honor of, IV 127-128

Cadamosto, Alvise da (1432?-1511?), voyages of, VIII 12, 15

Caicos Island, XV 92

-first landfall at Caicos Island, XV 32

Caillié, Réné, visit to Timbukto by (1828), III 47-48, 57

Calderia, William, and Sir Francis Drake’s plate of brass, IX 49-56, 58

-criticism of testimony, IX 51-55

Calicut (India), Chinese expedition to (1407), III 36

California Historical Society, and Sir Francis Drake;s plate of brass, IX 49-51, 53-54

“caminho ganhar almas e fazenda: Motives of Portuguese Expansion in Eastern Indonesia in the Sixteenth Century, De um” by John Villiers, XIV 23-39



Campaigns of the American Revolution: An Atlas of Manuscript Maps (1976), Douglas W. Marshall and

Howard H. Peckham (Review by Christopher M. Klein), IX 103-104

Campbell, Eila M. J., “Discovery and the Technical Setting, 1420-1520,” VIII 11-17

Campbell, Hugh (fl. 1860), as member of United States and Texas Boundary Commission, VI 46

Campbell, Robert and M. R. Delany, Search for a Place: Black Separatism and Africa, 1860 (1969)

(Review by Donald E. Liedel), IV 144-146

Campeche, Bay of (Mexico), and logwood trade, XII 70, 72-74, 76-82

-pirate settlement on, XII 65, 72-74, 76-82

-map (1729), XII 75

Canary Islands, expedition to (1402), by Jean de Béthencourt, VII 34-35

-interpreted as Isles of the Blessed, IX 75, 77-80

-Spanish conquest of, XII 5-7, 9

Canny, N. P., K. R. Andrews, and P. E. H. Hair (eds.), The Westward Enterprise: English Activities in Ireland, the Atlantic, and America,1480-1650 (1979) (Review by Francis Jennings), XIII 75-77

Cāo, Diogo (Navigator, fl. 1480-1486), west African voyages of, I 31-31, 34

Cape St. Augustin (Brazil), topography of, VI 53-54

Cape Verde (islands), XIV 97-98

-Portuguese discovery of (1455?), I 31

Cappon, Lester J., and projected atlas of early American history, III 111



Captain James Cook—After Two Hundred Years: A Commemorative Address Delivered before the

Hakluyt Society (1969), by R. A. Skelton (Review by Bruce B. Solnick), II 119

Captain James Cook and His Times (1979), edited by Robin Fisher and Hugh Johnston (Review by David B. Quinn), XIII 47-48

Caravel (see also: ships), 15th century, VIII 12-13

Carew, George (1555-1629), and search for Northeast Passage, II 73

Caribbean (see also: names of islands), cannibalism in, Alessandro Geraldini on, XII 33-34

-conquest of, by Spain, IV 119-124

-economy of, effect of American Revolution on, I 19

-English voyages to (1499-1519), IV 122

-exploration of, investments in by Guerra family, IV 120-121

-lack of historical research on, IV 119

-minor voyages to (1496-1500), IV 120-124

-Martín Fernández de Navarrete on, IV 120

-pirates in, and English colonial policy, XII 65-66, 68-69, 72-74, 77-78, 80, 82-83

-privateering in, proscription of (1667), XII 68

-slavery in, IV 122-124

-Spanish exploration of, Treaty of Tordesillas (1494), IV 122

-voyage of Alonso de Ojeda to (1499), IV 121-122

-voyage of Diego de Lepe to, IV 120

-voyage of Sir Francis Drake to (1586-1586), X 71-72, 77; maps 73-76

-voyage of Vicente Yáñez Pizón to (1499), IV 120

-voyages of Christopher Columbus to, IV 119-120, 122-123

Carignano, Giovanni da (Cartographer, fl. 1310), portolan chart of, IX 26, 31-32

Carleill, Christopher (fl. 1585), and Baptista Boazio, X 72, 77

Carles, Paul (1825-1896), XIII 36

Carolina, coast of, visited by Breton fishermen, XI 69-70

Caron, Francois, A True Description of the Mighty Kingdom of Japan and Siam (1636) (Review), V 54-55

Carpenter, Nathanael (fl. 1625), theory of ocean currents, III 17, 22, 25, 28, 30

Carpini, Giovanni de Piano (Franciscan, 1200?-1252?), and search for Prester John, X 16

-C. de Bridia and, IV 83-84

-Tartar Relation (1245?), association of, with Vinland Map, IV 73, 79-80, 83-84, 89-90

-Marian Plezia on, I 65-66

-relation of, to Vinland Map, I 59, 65-66

Carreira da Ìndia (Portuguese trade voyages), and Padron Real, VI 58-60

Cartagena (Columbia), XIV 98-99, 104

-Baptista Boazio’s map of, X 78-80

-geography of, X 78-79

Carthage (see also: Phoenician), as origins of Nok iron technology

-across the Sahara, IX 91-94

-by maritime route, IX 91, 94-98

-trade with West Africa, IX 93-98

Cartier, Jacques, XV 116, 118

Cartographic Records Relating to the Territory of Iowa, 1838-1846 (1971), compiled by Laura E. Kelsay

and Frederick W. Pernall (review by John W. Wolter), V 96-97



Cartographic Records Relating to the Territory of Wisconsin, 1838-1848 (1970), compiled by Laura E.

Kelsay and Charlotte M. Ashby (review by John A. Wolter), V 95

Carver, Jonathan, The Journals of Jonathan Carver and Related Documents, 1766-1770 (1976)

(Review by Warren L. Cook), IX 104-106

Cary, Mathew (Cartographer), General Atlas (1796), Lake Parima in, VII 28

Casa de Contratación (Spain), and Padrón Real, VI 57-60, 62

-and Spanish exploration, I 40-57

Casa de la Especiería (Spain), and voyages to North America, II 25, 27-28

Cassava, grown in Jamaica, I 12, 15-16

Cassidy, Vincent H., “New Worlds and Everyman: Some Thoughts on the Logic and Logistics of

Pre-Columbian Discovery,” X 7-13

-“Publication in the Aftermath of ‘Ancient Vermont,” XII 95-100

-The Sea Around Them: The Atlantic Ocean, A.D. 1250 (1968) (Review by David L. Hicks),

II 94-95


Cassini family (18th century), and geographical measurement, II 16-18, 22-23

Castanheda, Fernāo Lopes de (Historian, fl. 1528-1559), on Portuguese exploration, I 24

Castile, rivalry with Aragon, XII 8-9, 11

-rivalry with Portugal, XII 8-9

Castleton Conference see “Ancient Vermont” Conference

Castro, Joāo de, Obras comletas de D. Joāo de Castro: Ediçāo critica, Volume 1 (1968) (Review by

P. P. Witonski), II 104-107

Castro, Matheus de (Bishop of Chrysopolis, c1594-1677), and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 87

Caulin, Antonio (Historian, b. 1719), on El Dorado, VII 28

Cavazzi, Giovanni Antonio (Capuchin missionary, d. 1692?), in Angola, I 70

Cavendish, Thomas (1555?-1592), and opening of Pacific trade routes, IV 113-114

Cayapo Indians (Brazil), and Russian expeditions of 1821-1829, III 84

Cecil, Sir Robert (Earl of Salisbury, 1563?-1612), and American Indians in England (1603), II 7-9, 11

Celestina, La (15th century), by Fernando de Rojas, XII 5, 17

Celsii, Olavi (fl. 1725), on Vinland, II 36

Celsius, Anders (1701-1744), on Lapland expedition, II 19

Celtic mythology, imaginary islands in, IV 58-59

“Centennial Appraisal of Stefan Rogozinski’s Polish Expedition to the Cameroons, 1883-1885, A,” by Sanford H. Bederman, XVII 1-13

Center for the History of Cartography, Newberry Library, establishment of, III 111-112

Centurion, Manuel (Governor of Angostura), map of Guiana (1770), Lake Parima on, VII 28

Cerne (Senegal), as Phoenician trading post, IX 95-96

Cerralvo, Marquis (Viceroy of Mexico), and Manila galleon (1635-1636), IV 7,9

Cespedes, Andrés Garcia de see Garcia de Cespedes, Andrés

Ceylon, Chinese expedition to (1408-1411), III 36

Champlain, Samuel de (1567?-1635), on Sable Island, V 63

Champlain, Society, The (Toronto), comparative description og, VI 67-68

Changes in the Land, Indians, Conolists, and the Ecology of New England (1983), by William Cronon (Review by Mary Emily Miller), XVII 117-118

“Changing Concepts of the Sea, 1550-1950,” by Josef Konvitz, XI 1-17

Charles V (Emperor), and German investments in the New World, X 51-52, 55, 58-59

-and spice trade, II 25

-warfare with Ottoman Empire, VI 27-29

Charles IX (King of France, 1550-1574), and French imperialism, IX 64-65, 68-69

“Chart trade in Europe from Its Origins to Modern Times, The,” by C. Koeman, XII 49-64

Charter, New England (1620), territorial claims of, VII 13-18

Charter, Second Virginia (1609), territorial claims of, VII 13-18

Chartmaking, in England, 17th century, XII 59

-in France, 17th century, XII 59

-in Portugal, XII 56

-pilots and growth of, XII 54

Charts, nautical (see also: Maps; Rutters), availability of, 18th and 19th centuries, XII 63-64

-dealers in, III 107-110

-double-latitude scale on, I 45-46, 52-53

-pictorial embellishment of, XII 51, 61,-62

-portolan, IX 23-48; XIII 35, XV 77, 93, 101, 108

-Adriatic Sea portrayed on, IX 41-43

-Danube River delta portrayed on, IX 29-32

-dating methods for, IX 24-27, 29, 31-33, 36-37, 41, 43-45

-decorative use of, XII 50

-mileage scales on, IX 32-33, 36-39

-orthography of, IX 42-43

-Pieter Plancius and compilation of, XII 59

-printed on vellum, XII 53-54

-Rhone River delta portrayed on, IX 28-29

-scale, XV102, 103

-Skerki Bank portrayed on, IX 26-27, 29

-Syrtes Gulf portrayed on, IX 33-36

-units of measure on, IX 46-48

-Venice portrayed on, IX 39-41

-14th century, at Library of Congress, IX 23-46

-origin of, IX 39-41, 45-46

-trade in, and spread of geographical knowledge, XII 54

-compared to map trade, XII 64

-English, XII 60-61

-history of, XII 49-54, 56, 59-64

-Netherlands, XII 51-54, 59-62

-Northern European, XII 51

Châtelain, Henri (Cartographer), map of 1717, Lake Parima on, VII 26

Chaunu, Pierre, European Expansion in the Later Middle Ages (1979) (Review by Laura W. McCall), XIII 67-69

Chavante Indians (Brazil), and Russian expedition of 1821-1829, III 84

Chaves, Alonso de (Cartographer, fl. 1543), as Cosmographer Major of Spain, I 41-57

-lawsuit against, by Sebastian Cabot, I 40-57

Chaves, Hieronymo de (cartographer, b. 1524), I 52

-and location of Molucca Islands, VI 56

Cheng Ho (fl. 1405-1424), defeat of Alagakhonara by (1411), III 36

-exploration of, III 33, 36-37, 40-42; maps 34-35, 38-39, 41

Ch’eng-tsu (Emperor of China, fl. 1403-1424), exploration under, III 33, 36-37, 42

Ch’en Tsu-I (Chinese Pirate, fl. 1400), defeat of, III 36, 40

Chesapeake Bay, as a site of Vinland, II 44

-visits to, by Samuel Mace and Bartholomew Gilbert (1602-1606), II 10-12

Chiapelli, Fredi (ed.), First Images of America: The Impact of the New World on theOld (1976)

(Review by Bruce B. Solnick), IX 109-110; (Review by George Kish), X 98-99

Chickering, Allen L., and Sir Francis Drake’s plate of brass, IX 49-50, 56, 58

Chidley, John, voyage to South Atlantic (1589), IV 113-114

China, Islam in, 15th century, III 36, 42

-relations with Japan, 16th and 17th centuries, V 47-49

Chinese exploration, of East Africa, III 33-44

-of Indian Ocean, III 33-44

-of South Asia, III 33-44

-maps III 34-35, 38-39, 41, 43

Chinese influence, on Dutch technology, 16th and 17th centuries, VIII 29-30

Christian IV (King of Denmark, 1577-1648), Danish imperialism under, IV 88

-Greenland expeditions under, IV 87-88

Christian militancy, and Portuguese imperialism, VIII 73-88

Christian Society (Basel), missionary activities in Africa, I 74



Church Militant and Iberian Expansion, 1440-1770, The (1978), by Charles R. Boxer (Review by

Thomas H. Flory), XI 98-100

Church Missionary Society for Africa and the East, missionary activities in Africa, I 74

Church of England, XIV 103-104



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