The Atlantic Slave Trade Chapter 13 Section 2 Trades, Colonies, Mercantilism

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The Atlantic Slave Trade

Chapter 13 Section 2

Trades, Colonies, Mercantilism

  • The nations of Europe were creating trading empires

  • Mercantilism - the theory that the prosperity of a nation depended on a large supple of bullion, or gold and silver

The Slave Trade

  • The demand for enslaved Africans changed dramatically with the discovery of the Americas

  • The native population needed to work the plantations in the Americas had died off because of diseases brought from Europe

Growth of the Slave Trade

  • Triangular Trade –

  • Europeans ships carried European goods, guns, and cloth to Africa to trade for enslaved people

  • The enslaved were shipped to the Americas and sold

  • European merchants would buy tobacco, molasses, sugar, and raw cotton in the Americas and shipped them back to Europe

  • Many died on the journey to the Americas, known as the middle passage

Sources of Enslaved Africans

  • Europeans bought enslaved Africans from African merchants in exchange for gold, guns, and other European goods

  • Local rulers who traded in enslaved people viewed the slave trade as a source of income

Effects of Slave Trade

  • Led to the depopulation of some areas

  • Deprived many African communities of their strongest and youngest men and women

  • Led to increased warfare in Africa due to the need for constant supply of enslaved peoples

  • The use of enslaved Africans remained largely acceptable to European society.

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