Tomás Luis de Victoria By : Permata Ardy



Download 113.58 Kb.
Date05.08.2017
Size113.58 Kb.
#26630
T
1.

he Life

Of


Tomás Luis de Victoria


By : Permata Ardy <3

T
2.



he Background of the RENAISSANCE
The renaissance is a period of time that started 1400 at and ended at the 1600’s. The renaissance is a time when new ideas were created and aspiring artists were born. The renaissance practically means “reborn” or “rebirth”. So many new ideas were found during the renaissance period, people found various cures for disease, people performed anatomy and the first picture of the human anatomy was drawn. The renaissance period was also known as the period of the arts, this means that during the renaissance people started to respect the work of art and people who work with the arts such as painters, sculptures and even composers. The particular composer that has an interesting story to his life is Tomás Luis de Victoria.

“This book is dedicated to all the people who post info on the web”


C
3.

omposers And Artists Of the Renaissance

There are many artists and composers during the renaissance period. These following artists and composers are some of the most important and influential artists, composers and Inventors of the renaissance time.


Artists:

1. Michelangelo: Michelangelo is a very famous painter, sculpture artist and architect of his time. Some of Michelangelo’s best works are



1. The Sistine Chapel Church Ceiling = the ceilings of the Sistine Chapel Church was painted by Michelangelo. He completed the task after 2 years. Michelangelo claimed to have done all the work by himself but experts today believe that it was impossible to paint the whole Sistine chapel church alone with the duration of 2 years, so experts believe that if Michelangelo worked for 2 years non-stop he at least has to be working with 11 assistants.

 The Sistine Chapel Church

2. The David = The David is a Sculpture created by Michelangelo. The challenge of the David sculpture was challenged and failed by 2 other sculptures but Michelangelo was determined to finish the David with pure perfection. After he finished creating the David he used a pulling contraption that he also created so that strong men could pull the David all the way to the center of the city.

4.

 The David




3. The Dome of St. Peters = The

Dome of St. Peters is an architecture work created by Michelangelo, he created new innovation during that time and he created a way so that the dome could stand perfectly without any clicks and cracks in between the Dome.

The Dome of St. Peters 

2. Leonardo Da Vinci = Leonardo was known as the mind of the renaissance, Leonardo Da Vinci was also well known for his most famous painting. The Mona Lisa. The Mona Lisa is a very famous painting but it holds so many mysteries. Some people believed that the Mona Lisa is a self-portrait of Leonardo Da Vinci because if you look closely to the painting on one side it looks like a woman but on the other side it looks like a man.
The Mona Lisa

C
5.



omposers of the Renaissance
There are a lot of composers during the renaissance era, below is a list of all the composers during the renaissance era that has music pieces that are still remembered until this very day.
Burgundian Composers

Johannes Tapissier (c. 1370–before 1410), also known as Jean de Noyers

Nicolas Grenon (c. 1375–1456)

John Dunstaple (c. 1390–1453), native to England

Pierre Fontaine (c. 1380–c. 1450)

Guillaume Legrant (fl. 1405–1449), also known as Lemarcherier

Jacobus Vide (fl. 1405?–1433)

Guillaume Dufay (1397–1474), also Du Fay

Gilles Binchois (c. 1400–1460), or Gilles de Bins

Johannes Brassart (c. 1400/1405–1455)

Johannes Legrant (fl. c. 1420–1440)

Reginaldus Libert (fl. c. 1425–1435)

Jean Cousin (b. before 1425, d. after 1475)

Arnold de Lantins (fl. 1423–1432)

Hugo de Lantins (fl. c. 1420–1430)

Gilles Joye (c. 1424/1425–1483)

Guillaume Le Rouge (fl. 1450–1465)

Antoine Busnois (c. 1430–1492)

Robert Morton (c. 1430–1479)

Adrien Basin (fl. 1457–1476; died after 1498)

Hayne van Ghizeghem (c. 1445–after 1476)


6.




English Composers



1370–1450

  • Forest, very probably John Forest (c. 1365/1370–1446), Dean of Wells. One credo setting and six antiphons by him survive in the second layer of the Old Hall Manuscript; two anonymous settings may also be by him.

  • Leonel Power (c. 1370/1385–1445)

  • J. Cooke (c. 1385–1442?)

  • Pycard (fl. c. 1410),

  • Roy Henry (fl. c. 1410), is very likely to be Henry V of England (1387–1422)

  • Damett, almost certainly Thomas Damett (c. 1389–1436/1437).

  • Byttering (fl. c. 1410–1420), possibly Thomas Byttering

  • N. Sturgeon, almost certainly Nicholas Sturgeon (fl. from 1413; died 1454).

  • Richard Smert (c. 1400–1478/1479),

  • John Plummer (c. 1410–c. 1483)

  • Henry Abyngdon (c. 1418–1497)

  • John Trouluffe (fl. from 1448; died c. 1473), or Treloff.

  • Walter Frye (fl. c. 1450–1475)

  • William Haute (c. 1430–1497), or Sir William Hawte

  • John Hothby (c 1430–1487), also known as Johannes Ottobi, an English theorist and composer mainly active in Italy

  • William Horwood (c. 1430–1484)

  • Richard Mowere (fl. c. 1450–1470), may be the same as Richard Mawere.

  • Richard Hygons (c. 1435–c. 1509)

  • Gilbert Banester (c. 1445–1487)

  • Walter Lambe (c. 1450–after 1504),.

  • Henry Prentyce (c. 1450s–1514), or Harry Prentes,

  • John Tuder (fl. c. 1470), or John Tudor.

  • Edmund Turges (c. 1450–after 1497/1501), may be the same as Edmund Sturges (fl. 1507–1508).

  • Hugh Kellyk (fl. late 15th cent.)

Thomas Tallis, c. 1505–1585


7.






1451–1500

  • John Nesbett (fl. 1475–1488),

  • Robert Wilkinson (c. 1450/1 – 1515 or later), or Wylkynson

  • John Browne (fl. c. 1490) Likely b. 1453.

  • Robert Hacomplaynt (c. 1456–1528), also written as Hacomplayne, Hacomblene. He has a single surviving work, a setting of Salve regina, in the A work known as Haycomplayne's Gaude, dated 1529, has been lost.

  • John Cornysh (late 15th cent. – early 16th cent.) Probably a relative of William Cornysh

  • William Cornysh the elder (fl. from 1479; died c. 1502),

  • Thomas Pack (fl. 1489–1499)

  • William Corbronde (fl. 1480–1500),

  • Robert Fayrfax (1464–1521)

  • Richard Davy (c. 1465 – c. 1507)

  • William Cornysh the younger (c. 1468–1523) Probably the son of William Cornysh the elder

  • Henry Petyr (c. 1470–after 1516),

  • Richard Sampson (c. 1470–1554)

  • Avery Burton (c. 1474–1542 to 1547) Also spelt Avere, Burnet

  • John Norman (fl. 1509–1545).

  • William Rasar (born c. 1491; fl. 1499–c. 1514), or William Rasor.

  • Thomas Ashewell (c. 1478–after 1513), name also written Ashwelle, Asshwell

  • John Strabridge (fl. before 1548),

  • Christopher Hoskins (fl. before 1548),

  • William, Monk of Stratford

  • Hugh Aston (c. 1485–1558) Also spelt Ashton, Assheton

  • Richard Bramston (? 1485–1554)

  • Nicholas Ludford (c. 1485–1557)

  • John Mason (c. 1480–1548),

  • Richard Pygott (c. 1485–1549), or Pigott.

  • Edmund Sturton (fl. late 15th – early 16th cent.)

  • J
    8.

    ohn Redford (c. 1486–1547)

  • Nicholas Huchyn (fl. late 15th – early 16th cent.)

  • Fawkyner (fl. c. 1480),

  • William Pasche (fl. late 15th – early 16th cent.) Also spelt Pashe

  • Robert Cowper (c. 1474–1535/1540), also written as Cooper or Coupar

  • Thomas Appleby (c. 1488–1563)

  • John Taverner (c. 1490–1545)

  • William Whytbroke (fl. 1520–1530)

  • Henry VIII of England (1491–1547)

  • John Dark (c. 1495–c. 1569?), or John Darke.

  • Robert Jones (fl. 1520 to 1538)

  • Thomas Preston (d. c. 1563)

  • Thomas Whythorne, 1528–1595

1501–1550

  • Hyett (fl. before 1548)

  • John Ensdale (fl. before 1548)

  • John Hake (fl. before 1548)

  • Walter Erly (16th cent.)

  • Arthur Chamberlain (early 16th cent.) Also spelt Chamberlayne.

  • John Ambrose (fl. 1520 to 1545) Few pieces survive

  • William Shelby (? – 1570) Also spelt Shelbye, Selby, Selbie, Selbye.

  • Robert Okeland (fl. before 1548) Also spelt Hockland, Ockland.

  • Thomas Tallis (c. 1505–1585)

  • Christopher Tye (c. 1505 – ? 1572)

  • John Wood (fl. 1530)

  • John Merbecke (also Marbeck) (c. 1510 – c. 1585)

  • Osbert Parsley (1511–1585)

  • E. Strowger (fl. early 16th cent.)

  • Thomas Knyght (fl. 1530 to 1535)

  • Philip Alcocke (fl. before 1548)

  • J
    9.

    ohn Sheppard (c. 1515–1559)

  • John Thorne (d. 1573) Exsultabunt sancti in a British Museum MS

  • Kyrton (fl. 1540 to 1550) Miserere for keyboard in a British Museum MS

  • John Black (c. 1520–1587)

  • Thomas Caustun (c. 1520/1525–1569), or Causton

  • John Blitheman (c. 1525–1591)

  • Richard Wynslate (d. 1572) Also spelt Wynslade..

  • Henry Stenings (fl. before 1548 – after 1600) Also spelt Stonning.

  • Richard Allwood (fl. c. 1550–1570) Also spelt Alwood

  • Richard Edwardes (1525–1566) Also spelt Edwards

  • Hugh Sturmys (16th cent.)

  • Thomas Wright (16th cent.) Also spelt Wrighte.

  • William Mundy (c. 1528 – before 1591) Father of John Mundy.

  • Robert Parsons (c. 1535–1572) Latin music.

  • Thomas Whythorne (1528–1595)

  • John Heath (16th cent.)

  • Clement Woodcock (1540–1590) Also spelt Woodcoke, Woodecock.

  • John Cuk (16th cent.)

  • Robert White (1538–1574) Also spelt Whyte

  • William Byrd (c. 1540–1623)

  • Richard Hunt (16th cent.)

  • Anthony Holborne (c. 1545–1602) Also known as Olborner

  • John Johnson (c. 1545–1594)

  • Thomas Woodson (d. ? 1605)

  • Thomas Warrock (fl. 1580–1590) Also spelt Warrocke, Warwick.

  • John Baldwin (before 1560–1615)

  • John Cosyn (d. 1609)

  • Edward Martyn (16th cent.)

  • John Northbrooke (16th cent.) Has

  • Picforth (fl. c. 1580)

  • Poynt (fl. c. 1580) Works survive in manuscript

  • Thomas Oldfield (?)

  • J
    10.

    ehan Oystermayre (?)

  • William Byrd, 1543–1623

1551–1570

  • John Marchant (? – 1611)

  • Richard Martin (fl. c. 1610)

  • Thomas Fardyng (16th cent.)

  • Edward Collard (d. c. 1600?)

  • Edmund Hooper (c. 1553–1621) Also spelt Hoop.

  • Elway Bevin (1554–1638) Possibly Welsh

  • William Inglot (1554–1621) Also spelt Inglott.

  • John Mundy (c. 1555–1630) Son of William Mundy.

  • Thomas Morley (1557–1603)

  • Nathaniel Giles (c. 1558–1634) Also spelt Gyles

  • Matthew Jeffries (c. 1558 – c. 1615)

  • Ferdinando Richardson (? 1558–1618) Also known as Sir Ferdinando Heybourne.

  • Richard Carlton (c. 1558 – ? 1638)

  • William Brade (1560–1630) Active in Denmark and Germany

  • William Cobbold (1560–1639)

  • James Harding (c. 1560–1626) Also spelt Jeames Harden.

  • William Leighton (c. 1560 – before 1617)

  • Peter Philips (1560–1628)

  • Thomas Robinson (c. 1560 – after 1609)

  • Robert Hales (fl. 1583–1616)

  • John Bull (1562–1628) Exiled to the Netherlands

  • John Dowland (1563–1626)

  • Giles Farnaby (c. 1563–1640)

  • John Milton (c. 1563–1647) Father of the poet John Milton.

  • John Danyel (1564 – after 1625) Also spelt Danyell

  • Edward Johnson (fl. 1592/4)

  • Mallory (fl. c. 1580) Works survive in MS

  • M
    11.

    ichael Cavendish (c. 1565–1628)

  • Leonard Woodson (c. 1565–1641), wrote verse anthems.

  • John Farmer (c. 1565–1605)

  • George Kirbye (c. 1565–1634)

  • Thomas Campion (1567–1620) Also spelt Campian. The only English composer to experiment with musique mesurée and the first to imitate the Florentine monodists

  • John Hilton (d. 1608) Probably father of John Hilton 'the younger' (1599–1657)

  • Edward Gibbons (1568 – c. 1650) Brother of Orlando Gibbons

  • Richard Gibbs (1568 – c. 1650) Also known as R. Gibbs.

  • Philip Rosseter (c. 1568–1623)

  • Tobias Hume (c. 1569–1645) Responsible for the earliest known use of col legno in Western music

  • Nicholas Strogers (fl. 1560–1575) Also spelt Strowger, Strowgers.

  • Edward Blancks (fl. c. 1590–1620) Also spelt Blanke, Blanks, Blanckes

  • Thomas Bateson (c. 1570–1630)

  • John Cooper (c. 1570–1626) Also spelt Coperario, Coprario

  • Benjamin Cosyn (c. 1570–1652 or later) Also spelt Cosin, Cosens.

  • Francis Cutting (fl. 1595)

  • Francis Pilkington (c. 1570–1638) Lutenist

  • William Tisdale (b. c. 1570) Also spelt Tisdall

  • Henry Lichfild (d. 1613) Madrigalist

  • John Bull, 1562–1628

1571–1580

  • Thomas Lupo (1571–1627) Also known as Thomas Lupo The Elder.

  • John Ward (1571–1638)

  • Daniel Bacheler (1572–1618)

  • Alfonso Ferrabosco the younger (c. 1572–1628) Illegitimate son of Alfonso

  • Ferrabosco the elder

  • Martin Peerson (1572–1650) May be the same person as Martin Pearson.

  • T
    12.

    homas Tomkins (1572–1656)

  • Ellis Gibbons (1573–1603) Brother of Orlando Gibbons

  • John Wilbye (1574–1638)

  • John Bartlet (fl. 1606 to 1610)

  • John Bennet (c. 1575 – after 1614)

  • John Coprario (c. 1575–1626)

  • William Simmes (c. 1575 – c. 1625)

  • John Holmes (fl. from 1599; died 1629)

  • William Holborne (fl. 1597)

  • Thomas Greaves (fl. c. 1600)

  • John Maynard (c. 1576/7 – between 1614 and 1633)

  • Thomas Weelkes (1576–1623)

  • Richard Sumarte (d. after 1630)

  • Henry Lichfild (fl. 1613 – after 1620)

  • Robert Jones (c. 1577 – after 1615)

  • John Amner (1579–1641)

  • Michael East (c. 1580–1648) Probably the son of Thomas East

  • Thomas Hunt (fl. 1600)

  • Robert Hall (? – ?) 16th and/or 17th century.

  • John Hampton

  • Richard Dering (c. 1580–1630)

  • Thomas Ford (c. 1580–1648)

  • Richard Nicholson (d. 1639)

  • Thomas Vautor (b. c. 1580/90)

  • Henry Youll (b. c. 1580/90)

  • George Handford (fl. c. 1609)

  • Orlando Gibbons, 1583–1625

1581–1611

  • Robert Tailour (fl. 1615) Possibly Robert Taylor, also spelt Tailer, Taler.

  • Robert Johnson (c. 1582–1633)

  • T
    13.

    homas Simpson (1582 – c. 1628)

  • Orlando Gibbons (1583–1625)

  • Charles Coleman (d. 1646)

  • William Corkine (fl. 1610–1617)

  • George Mason (fl. 1611 to 1618)

  • Robert Ramsey (d. 1644)

  • John Adson (1587–1640)

  • John Lugg (? 1587 – 165?)

  • Nicholas Lanier (1588–1666) Also spelt Lanière

  • Walter Porter (c. 1588–1659)

  • John Tomkins (1589–1638) Half brother of Thomas Tomkins.

  • Richard Mico (1590–1661)

  • Thomas Ravenscroft (c. 1590 – c. 1633)

  • Robert Dowland (1591–1641) Son of John Dowland.

  • John Jenkins (1592–1678)

Spanish Composers

1370–1450

  • Johannes Cornago (c. 1400–after 1475)

  • Juan de Urrede (c. 1430–after 1482), or Johannes de Wreede

1451–1510

Diego Ortiz, c. 1510 – c. 1570



  • Juan de Triana (fl. c. 1460–1500)

  • Francisco de la Torre (fl. 1483–1504)

  • Juan de Anchieta (1462–1523)

  • Juan del Encina (1468 – c. 1529)

  • Francisco de Peñalosa (c. 1470–1528)

  • Andreas De Silva (c. 1475/1480–after 1520)

  • Mateo Flecha the elder (1481?–1553?), or Mateu Fletxa el Vell

  • Juan Pérez de Gijón (fl. c. 1460–1500)

  • A
    14.

    lonso de Mondéjar (fl. 1502–1516), or Mondexar

  • Pedro de Pastrana (c. 1490–after 1558)

  • Luis de Milán (c. 1500–after 1560)

  • Cristóbal de Morales (c. 1500–1553)

  • Luis de Narváez (c. 1500 – between 1550 and 1560)

  • Bartolomé de Escobedo (c. 1505–1563)

  • Juan Bermudo (c. 1510 – c. 1565)

  • Juan Vásquez (c. 1500–c. 1560)

  • Antonio de Cabezón (c. 1510–1566)

  • Alonso Mudarra (c. 1510–1580)

  • Diego Ortiz (c. 1510–c. 1570)

  • Luis Venegas de Henestrosa (c. 1510–1570)

1511–1570

Tomás Luis de Victoria, 1548–1611



  • Tomás de Santa María (c. 1515–1570)

  • Joan Brudieu (c. 1520–1591)

  • Rodrigo de Ceballos (c. 1525/1530–1581)

  • Enríquez de Valderrábano (fl. 1547)

  • Francisco Guerrero (1528–1599)

  • Leonardo Meldart Fiamengo (fl. c. 1550–1600)

  • Juan Navarro (c. 1530–1580)

  • Miguel de Fuenllana (fl. 1553–1578)

  • Vicente Espinel (1550–1624)

  • Juan Navarro (c. 1550–c. 1610), active in Mexico

  • Mateo Flecha the younger (c. 1530–1604), or Mateu Fletxa el Jove

  • Hernando Franco (1532–1585), active in Guatemala and Mexico

  • Hernando de Cabezón (1541–1602)

  • Ginés de Boluda (c. 1545–c. 1606)

  • Ginés Pérez de la Parra (c. 1548–1600)

  • Tomás Luis de Victoria (1548–1611)

  • B
    15.

    ernardo Clavijo del Castillo (c. 1549–1626)

  • Ambrosio Cotes (c. 1550–1603)

  • Sebastián Raval (c. 1550–1604)

  • Alonso Lobo (c. 1555–1617)

  • Sebastián Aguilera de Heredia (1561–1627)

  • Juan Esquivel Barahona (c. 1563–after 1624?)

  • Joan Pau Pujol (1570–1626)

Other Composers

  • Paul Hofhaimer (1459–1537) Scottish'>Scottish'>Austrian

  • Robert Johnson (c. 1470 – after 1554) Scottish. Active in England and Scotland

  • John Lloyd (c. 1480–1523) Welsh. Also spelt Lloidd, Floyd. Active in England. Works include the complex Mass on O quam suavis

  • Robert Carver (c. 1484/1487–c. 1570) Scottish. Wrote a mass on L'Homme armé (the only known by a British composer) and a nineteen part O bone jesu

  • Ludwig Senfl (c. 1486–1543) Swiss. Active in Germany

  • Fridolin Sicher (1490–1546) Swiss

  • Bálint Bakfark (1507–1576) Hungarian

  • Sebestyén Tinódi, "Lantos" (c. 1505/1510–1556) Hungarian

  • John Angus (c. 1515–1596) Scottish

  • Robert Douglas (early 16th cent.) Scottish.

  • David Peebles (fl. c. 1530–1579) Scottish

  • Philip ap Rhys (fl. 1545–1560) Probably Welsh. Also spelt Ryce

  • Jacobus Gallus (1550–1591) Slovenian. Also known as Jacob Handl. Active in Moravia and Bohemia

  • Mogens Pedersøn (c. 1583–1623) Danish

  • Ivan Lukačić (1584?–1648) Croatian

T
16.



he Life Of Tomás Luis de Victoria

Tomás Luis de Victoria is a Spanish composer and organist. He was born in 1548 in Avila, Spain and died at August 20th 1611 in Madrid, Spain. Tomás luis de Victoria was sent to Rome in the year 1565 and entered the Jesuit Collegio Germanico where he met Palestrina, Palestrina was maestro di cappella at the nearby Seminario Romano, people have reason to believe that Tomás Luis de Victoria studied with Palestrina. Tomás may have also studied with Bartolme de Escobedo. In the year 1569 Tomás became a singer and an organist at S. Maria di Monstserrato (an Aragonese Church in Rome). The Collegio Germanico Hired him in the year 1571 to teach Music, in the year 1575 he was also known as maestro di cappella there, Tomás was maestro de capella until 1576 or 1577. Tomás was a priest in the year 1575, he joined the Congregazoine dei Preti dell’ Oratioro, and in 1578 he received a chapelaincy at S. Girolamo della Carità, which was held until 1585. During the time he published monets ( Motecta, 4-6 and 8 voices, Venice, 1572; Motecta, 4-6, 8, and 12 voices, Rome, 1583; Motecta festorum . . . , 4-6, 8 voices, Rome, 1585), Masses ( Liber primus: qui missas, psalmos, Magnificat... aliaque complectitur, 4-6 and 8 voices, Venice, 1576; Missarum libri duo, 4-6 voices, Rome, 1583), Magnificat settings ( Cantica beatae virginis vulgo Magnificat, una cum 4 antiphonis beatae virginis per annum, 4, 5, and 8 voices, Rome, 1581), and hymns ( Hymni totius anni secundum sanctae romanae ecclesiae consuetudinem, 4 voices, Rome, 1581), as well as music for Holy Week ( Officium Hebdomadae Sanctae, 3-8 voices, Rome, 1585).

In the year 1587 King Philip the 2nd of spain appointed Tomás as chaplain to his sister, the Dowger Empress Maria who lived in retirement with her daughter, Princess Margarita at the Monasteria de las Descalzas de S. Clara at Madrid. Until his death Tomás Luis de Victoria was appointe as maestro of the convent choir and then served as an organist. In the year 1592 he went to Rome to accompany the printing of his Missae, Liber scundus. 1600 a collection of polychoral Masses, Magnificat settings, motets, and Psalms was issued in Madrid entitled Missae, Magnificat, motecta, psalmi et alia quam plurima (3, 4, 8, 9, and 12 voices). The Officium defunctorum, in 6 voices (Madrid, 1605), was composed on the death of Empress Maria. Tomás Luis de Victoria was successful in publishing nearly his entire work that he has done his lifetime.

B
17.



ibliography
Michelangelo Movie – Miss Lis

http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_happened_during_the_Renaissance_time

http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20080123051735AAwz4kN

http://www.ipl.org/div/mushist/ren/index.html

http://musiced.about.com/od/renaissance/tp/RenaissanceComposers.htm

http://classicalmusic.about.com/od/renaissanceperiod/tp/renaissancecomp.htm

http://www.mos.org/sln/leonardo/

http://www.mymusicbase.ru/PPB/ppb13/Bio_1332.htm

http://www.answers.com/topic/tom-s-luis-de-victoria

http://www.hoasm.org/IVL/Victoria.html

Thank You For Reading!!! GBU <3

Download 113.58 Kb.

Share with your friends:




The database is protected by copyright ©ininet.org 2022
send message

    Main page