Topics The Object of Lexicology. Etymological Analysis of Modern English and Ukrainian. Word-formationinModern English and Ukrainian. Semasiology. English Vocabulary as a System. Phraseology. Free Word-Groups



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теоретичні питання до іспиту з лексикології

Topics

  1. The Object of Lexicology.

  2. Etymological Analysis of Modern English and Ukrainian.

  3. Word-formationinModern English and Ukrainian.

  4. Semasiology. English Vocabulary as a System.

  5. Phraseology. Free Word-Groups.

  6. English Lexicography.


Questions for Testing


  1. Words of native origin and their characteristics.




  1. Foreign elements in modern English and Ukrainian.

  2. Assimilation of borrowings.

  3. Translation loans.

  4. Etymological doublets.

  5. International words.

  6. The morphological structure of a word.




  1. Productive ways of word-formation.

  2. Affixation.

  3. Prefixation.

  4. Suffixation.

  5. Semantics of affixes.

  6. Semi-affixes.




  1. Combining forms.

  2. Word-composition.

  1. Classification of compound words.




  1. The semantic aspect of compound words.

  2. The criteria of compounds.

  3. Pseudo-compounds.

  4. Conversion.

  5. Shortening. Lexical abbreviations. Clipping.

  6. Acronyms.




  1. Non-productive means of word formation.

  2. Blending.

  3. Back-formation.

  4. Onomatopoeia.

  5. Sound and stress interchange.




  1. Types of word meaning.




  1. Lexical meaning. Semantic structure of English words.

  2. Denotational meaning and connotational meaning.

  3. Implicational meaning.

  4. Polysemy.

  5. The semantic structure of a polysemantic word.

  6. Types of context.




  1. Causes of development of new meanings.

  2. Change of meaning.

  3. Broadening (or Generalisation) of meaning.

  4. Narrowing (or Specialisation) of meaning.

  5. Elevation and degradation of meaning of a word.

  6. Transference based on resemblance (Similarity). Metaphor.




  1. Transference based on contiguity. Metonymy.

  2. Synonyms. Criteria of synonymy.

  3. A synonymic group and its dominant member.

  4. Problem of classification of synonyms.

  5. Sources of synonymy.

  6. Homonyms.

  7. Paronyms.




  1. Classification of homonyms.

  2. Sources of homonyms.

  3. Euphemisms.

  4. Antonyms.

  5. Hyponyms, hyperonyms.

  6. The problem of definition of free word-groups.

  1. Structure of free word-groups.




  1. Meaning of free word-groups.

  2. Interrelation of structural and lexical meanings in word-groups.

  3. Motivation in word-groups.

  4. Lexical and grammatical valency.




  1. The problem of definition of phraseological word combination.

  2. Criteria for identifying phraseological units.

  3. Thematic (etymological) classification of phraseological units.

  4. The structural principle of classifying phraseological units.

  5. Formal and functional classification of phraseological units.

  6. Ways of forming phraseological units.

  7. Stylistic aspect of phraseology.




  1. Polysemy and synonymy of phraseological units.

  2. Proverbs, sayings, familiar quotations and cliches.

  3. Characteristics of World Englishes.

  4. Varieties of Language.

  5. English Lexicography.

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