This research intends to show what the current position of Croatia is in terms of transport and logistics. As it is known, Croatia became independent in 1991, and since that time all its efforts have been focused in reconstructing the country. These efforts are most reflected in the level of development reached currently in all economic sectors.
The transport sector counts for 8% of the total GDP of Croatia. There are three main branches: ground, water and air transport. They differ from each other in many aspects.
Ground transportation has also two branches: road transport (cars, buses and public transportation) and railroad transport. The road transport is highly developed and almost all the roads meet the European Union Standards and safety measures. The roads are safe and reach all the parts of Croatia.
Railroad sector is poorly developed and there are still huge infrastructure lacks. A lot of work can be done in this sector in order to reach better standards. Currently, major work is being done on those routes that are part of important corridors for international transport to increase line speed and capacity.
Water transport is one of the most important activities in the country and one of the crucial activities in the general economy. Water transport includes sea ports, transport in river and pipelines. Croatia has 3 big main ports that are very important for foreign investment: Rijeka, Split and Ploce. As of recent, major plans are discussed for revitalization of river transport which is stagnant and underused. River port of international significance is Port Vukovar on Danube.
Air cargo only represents an insignificant part of goods transport. Air passanger transport is fairly well developed and over past decade there is a constant increase in the number of passangers and investments in infrastructure were undertaken to increase the capacity, especially in summer months (tourist season).
In the field of logistics, Croatia has improved over the last couple of years and education in the field is available; but this is still regarded as a new business for the country.